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of love, which has animated and unit- The first year of the existence of ed so many associations of Christians this our Society has been already sige in circulating the Holy Scriptures, their nalized by very numerous and conside exertions, we are confident, will, onerable enterprizes and actions. Bethat account, be the more zealous and side the distribution of the Holy Scripindefatigable; and the period, we hope, tures in different languages throughout is not remote, when, in their labors of several countries of this extensive love, they will not be a whit behind Empire, the Committee have partly the very chiefest promoters of Bible | begun and partly undertaken to print Societies. Their labors will be facili-them in the Sclayonic, German, Fintated by the local proximity of Eng-nish, French, Polish Armenian, and land and Holland, and by the constant Kalmuck or Mongol languages. The intercourse which the renewal of their number of Members and Benefactors political union has opened between in this salutary work increases daily; both nations; at the same time, we an- the most distant provinces of Russia ticipate the happiest effects from the are emulating the nearest, in active godlike example, the eage counsel, the contribution towards the success of it; liberal bounty, and the fervent prayers and the light of the word of God beof the Committee of the British and gins to illuminate the cottages of the Foreign Bible Society.

poor, the assylums of the helpless, the Now we beseech you, brethren, hospitals and the prisons. The prison-, for the Lord Jesus Christ, and for the ers of war partake of it; even the Healove of the Spirit, that ye strive to-then and Mahometans begin to receive gether with us in your prayers to God and feel it. In the mean time, the hap. for us; and be assured, that we cease|py effects of the establishment of the not to give thanks for you, making St. Petersburg Society and its Commitmention of you in our prayers, that the tee, has been, the production of similar God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Fa- committees, or rather parts of our ther of glory, may give unto you the General Committee, in several cities spirit of wisdom and revelation in the of Russia, such as Moscow, Riga, Yarknowledge of him.

oslaff, Dorpat, Reval, and Mitua.
We are, dear Sir, with regard, We entertain the most sanguine
Your sincere friends, and hopes from the co-operation of these
devoted humble servants, Committees in our general undertak-

W. H. NOLTHENIUS. The Committee, while they pros

trate themselves before the Almighty 2. From Prince Alexander Galitzin, Giver of all good, who, with one hand,

President of the St. Petersburg Bible hath delivered Russia from her out? Society. St. Petersburg, Jan. 20, ward enemies, and, with the other, 1814.

planted in her bosom an institution for My Lord,

disseminating more effectually His The Committee of St. Petersburg word, acknowledge with a heartfelt Bible Society have charged me, on satisfaction the instruments of his Hothe occasion of the departure of the ly Decrees. Rev. John Patterson for England, to The British and Foreign Bible Sowrite to your Lordship, in order to ex-ciety have acquired a sacred right to press their most unfeigned gratitude to the everlasting gratitude of the Societhe British and Foreign Bible Society of St. Petersburg; which cannot at ty, for having sent hither this worthy the same time but give a solemn testiMember, whose attention and cares mony to the indefatigable co-operahave been so hearty and so successful tion of their Member, the Rev. John for the benefit of the Bible Society in Paterson, in their splendid successes. Puesia.

Accept, my Lord, of the assurance

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of my esteem and most unfeigned res-y disappointed both his and our fairest pect for your person.

hopes. He will himself report to you I have the honor to be the particular impediments which Your Lordship's most humble caused this painful delay. The an

Aud most obedient Servant,|| nexed proof-sheet, will however show

Prince ALEXANDER GALITZIN. the execution of this edition of the To the Rt. Hon. Lord Teignmouth.

Bible; and we beg leave to call your

kind attention to the smallness, of the 3. Address from the Bible Society at letter, which although legible enough

Abo in Finland. Merch 29, 1814. by young people, will not answer the Beloved Christian Friends, and Hon-purpose satisfactorily for those of more

oured Members of the London Bible advanced years; especially of such as Society;

in the more distant parts of this counAr the time that the Bible Society try inhabit thousands of cottages, which for Finland have the greatest satisfac- have no chimneys, but merely holes tion in transmitting to the British and through the roof for letting out the Foreign Bible Society in London, their smoke; and which is no doubt the Report of what they have endeavored reason why the eyesight of those into do during the year 1813, in order habitants, early becomes greatly ento give effect to the kind and benevo-feebled. It is with feelings of ansious lent assistance afforded them by the concern for the everlasting good of London Society, for printing, on stand-those numerous poor people, that the ing types, an edition of the Finnish Society contemplate a quarto edition, Bible, they feel it no less incumbent with proportionably larger letter-press, on them, to express, in the strongest|| a3 soon as it shall please God to enaterms, their warın and heartfelt gratible them to undertake this good and tude, for the further donation of 2001. i needful work. sterling, so opportunely presented to The Subscriptions and Collections this Society, and paid accordingly by towards the Bible-cause in this poor the Rev. Mr. Paterson in the course | country, which but a few years ago, of last summer, with a view of being had been desolated by war and faexpended in the purchase of Swedish || mine, have greatly exceeded the Bibles, for the supply of those parish- highest expectations of the Society. es in Finland, where the Swedish still For this, no doubt, you will join us continues to be the vernacular lan-jin blessing God; inasmuch as it afguage.

fords a decisive proof, that the prevaWhat this Society has been enabled lence of infidelity, of indifference to to do, in pursuit of this latter object, is Divine things, and of a practical levity, related in the Report herewith trans- not less destructive than either, has mitted ; and it will ever give them the not extinguished, in the breast of this highest satisfaction to be made active generally poor, but inanly and indusinstruments in the hands of God for trious nation, an ardent love for the spreading abroad an experimental Word of God; and a pleasing hope knowledge of the Doctrine of our God that He will lift upon them the light of and Saviour Jesus Christ; such only his reconciled countenance in Christ, as it is revealed to us in its original and with temporal peace and quiet, purity in the Sacred Volume. grant them that peace of God which

Notwithstanding the most diligent, passeth all understanding, and which judicious, and persevering zeal, inani- shall end in everlasting rest in a betfested at all times by the Rev. Mr. ter world. Paterson in the affairs of the Society On behalf of the Bible Society, at St. Petersburg; still the casting of (Signed)

STEINHEIL, the printing types proceeded at such Governor General of Finland, Lieuan unexpected slow rate, as to have tenant General and Commande

in Chief of the Army in Finland ;|| these sentiments of humility and zeal, Knight of the Imperial Order of we ordain, on the present occasion, St. Alexander Nevski, First Class; that throughout our whole Empire, and order of St. Anne, Frist every temple of God be opened; that Class, &c. fc. President of the in every church solemn thanksgiving

Bible Society in Finland. be presented on bended knees, to the The following Imperial Ukase, or Prol that all present tears of the warmest

Maker and Disposer of things; and clamation, was read at the General

gratitude to Him for the unspeakable Meeting of the British and Foreign

mercy shewn us.

By the power of Bible Soceity, on Wednesday May 4. hís Almighty Arm He hath drawn us 1814, by the Rev. Mr. Pinkerton, out of great deeps, and placed us on from Moscow, as evincing the lively the pinnacle of glory: What shall we interest which the Emperor Alexan-| render unto him but tears of gratider takes in the cause of religion.

tude and joy! TRANSLATION.

(Signed) ALEXANDER. Beloved Subjects! A year is elaps- Given at the Head-Quarters, ed since we were called upon to re-|Carlsruhe, Dec. 6, 0. S. 1813. turn thanks to God for delivering our realms from the hands of cruel and On the 5th of Sept. last, a Moral Sopowerful enemies. Scarcely is the ciety was forined in the town of Westpresent year expired, and already our moreland. It consists of upwards of a victorious banners are erected on the hundred members, and has evidently banks of the Rhine. Edrope, which thus far, had a very beneficial effect was armest against us, is now volunta- in checking vice and in strengthening rily marching with us! All the nations the hands of the virtuous. which lie between Russia and France The object of this Society, is the follow our example; and, having unit- promotion of good morals, particulared their arms with ours, turn them a-ly to suppress Sabbath breaking, ingainst the oppressor of the nations. temperance and profane language, and

So great a change upon earth could if necessary, to' countenance and suponly have been effected by the special port Magistrates, and all other persons, power of God. The destiny of na-in all prudent and lawful endeavours, tions and states rises and falls by the tò convict offenders against the statute power of his Almighty arm. Who is laws of this state, for suppressing im-, powerful without Him? Who is strong morality; and that each member of and stable, unless by his will ? Let us the Society, shall so far as his exam: turn to Him with our whole heart and ple, advice or authority avail, discourmind. Let us not be proud of ourowo age vice of every discription. deeds. Let us never imagine we are more than weak mortals. What are On Wednesday the 19th of Octowe? So long as the hand of God is ber last, the Rév. Noah Coè was in with us, we are in possession of wis- stalled over the Presbyterian Church dom and might: but, without him, we and Society in New-Hartford, (Oneida are nothing. Let all the praise of man, county.) The Rev. Mr. Mills, of Litchtherefore, be silenced before Him-- field, presided, and made the concludLet each of us present the sacrifice of ing prayer. Rev. Mr. Clinton, of praise to Him to whom it is due.-Lowville, made the introductory prayOur true glory and honor, is humility er. Rev. Mr. Snowden, the predeces

| before Him. We are convinced that sor of Mr. Coe, preached the sermon. each of our faithful subjects always Rev. Mr. Frost, of Whitesborough, feels this, and especially after so much gave the charge to the pastor, and Divine goodness has been poured out Rev. Mr. Dwight, of Utica, to the Soupon us.

Animated, therefore, by ciety.




JANUARY, 1815.

No. 7.


ministry, and, with that view, took OF THE VENERABLE FATHERS OF NEW-ENGLAND. much pains with his education. But (Continued from page 179.)

on a discovery of his inclinations, as

he advanced towards manhood, this GOVERNOR EATON.

object was relinquished, and he was edNo one of our venerable fathers is lucated for a merchant. In his youth better known in the histories of New- he was distinguished for sobriety, and England than the celebrated founder an uncommon diligence in business. of the colony of New-Haven. His tal- | Such habits, united with a quick apents, his piety, his persevering zeal, his prehension, and a sound judgment, uncommon sacrifices for the establish- could hardly fail of commanding sucment of these colonies, will ever enti-cess in his pursuits. Settling in the tle him to the higii veneration and city of London, he engaged in the grateful remembrance of posterity.- East-India trade, and soon became a No men could have less inducements merchant of great credit. He became of a personal nature, to exchange the a member of the East-India Company, felicities of their situation in their na-iland was chosen deputy governor of tive country for the perils of a wilder, the company. For several years, he ness, than Mr. Eaton and Mr. Hopkins. was agent for the King at the Court of But their zeal for the church of Christ Denmark. For his services and fidelwas paramount to every other consid-ity, he received testimonials of particeration. Rather, God had now de- cular acknowledgment from the Eastsigned, in his adorable mercy, to es- India Coinpany, and from the Datablish Christian settlements, and gos- nish King. pel churches in the American land.

During the time in which Mr. Eaton Such instruments were necessary to was engaged in his mercantile pur. accomplish this great design. He who suits, the settlement of the Massachuholds all hearts at his will, disposed || setts colony was projected, on the them for the work.

principles of religion, for the establishTheophilus Eaton was born at Strat- inent of Christian churches according ford in Oxfordshire, in the year 1590. to the precepts of the gospel. In this His father was the minister of the undertaking, Mr. Eaton cordially, enplace ; but removed soon after and gaged, and afforded important assist became a minister in Coventry. He He was one of the original there contracted, in his childhood, thatpatentees of the colony, and at the orpeculiar friendship with Mr. Daven.ganization of the company in England, port, whose father was an eminent mer- he was chosen one of the Assistants. chant in the town, which continued He did not then design to remove to till their deaths. In Coventry, under America, but by his influence and his the care of an able father, Mr. Eaton property he afforded much assistance enjoyed the privilege of a good aca- in the prosecution of the arduous err demic education, which was very prof-terprize. At that time Mr. Davenitably improved. His parents inten-port was a minister in London, highly ded this son for the work of the gospel esteemed and was very active in p!



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moting the estabilshment of the New-|| sustained in his native country, joined England colonies. As Mr. Eaton en- with his talents and integrity, procured joyed the ministry of this companion him universal confidence. Indefatigaof his youth, as they were mutually ble in his labors, his care, his exertions, engaged for the spread of the gospel of his property, were always devoted salvation in parts of the earth which to the interests of the colony. His talhad long been the seat of paganism, ents, his disinterestedness, his devotion their friendship grew to an attachment to the public welfare, gave him an influnot to be broken.

ence and a command of the minds of The persecution of the Non-con- men, which very few men have ever formists, which under the administra- possessed. Having engaged in this artion of Archbishop Laud, raged with || duous work for the honor of God and increased vigor, rendered the situation the service of the church of Christ, the of those who scrupled to comply with consideration of personal convenience, the prescribed ceremonies peculiarly much less the temporary impulse of pounpleasant, if not highly dangerous.- pular applause could never influence Mr. Davenport was obliged to fly to his conduct. The tempests of adverHolland, and was absent about two sity could never divert his purpose,

for years. After his return, the burden-|| he had cast anchor within the veil. some imposition of ecclesiastical rites As a civilian, the views of Mr. Eacontinually increasing, he and a num-ton were, for his time, uncommonly ber of his friends. resolved to imitate liberal and extensive. He was the the faithful servants of Christ, who had most influential agent in establishing for his sake been made a spectacle unto the connection and union of the Colothe world, to angels, and to men. Àtnies of New-England, which laid the the hazard of all worldly good, they foundation of their permanent securiwould attempt the establishment of alty and increase. From the formation settlement, in the uno pied wastes || of this union in 1643, he was always of America, the chief object of which one of the commissioners till his death. should be the service and glory of God. He was ever attentive to all objects In this undertaking, Mr. Eaton cordial- which concerned the common welfare, ly engaged. A company was formed and perceived the true interests of the which was one of the most opulent and colonies with the most discerning judgrespectable that ever came to New-ment. Great reliance was placed on England. They arrived at Boston in Mr. Eaton to guard the plantations athe summer of 1637, and the spring fol-gainst the encroachments of the Dutch lowing began the settlement and colo- from Hudson's River, and his vigilance ny of New Haven.

and prudence were equal to public Mr. Eaton was, at all times, the head expectation. I believe no man in the and father of the colony. At the first United Colonies possessed a greater General Election in 1639, he was cho- weight of character than Governor Easen Governor, and was rechosen every ton. year to his death, in 1657. The colo- As a magistrate, he was equalled by ny had too great a sense of his worth, very few of his time. A fact evincive and of their own interest, ever to enter-|| of this, is, the colony of New Haven tain a thought of a change. Mr. Ea-was distinguished above all the others ton was erninently calculated to be for union, harmony, and internal tranthe leader of a colony. He possessed|quility. This excellent magistrate ina large interest, the greater part of spired even the natives with such a which was brought to this country.- confidence in his justice and his ascenHe was thoroughly versed in business, dancy over his own people, that the and was always fruitful in expedients colony suffered very little from any of in times of unexpected difficulty and their hostile machinations. In his danger. The high character which he public administrations, he maintained

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