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war against France. A treaty of peace between Russia and Prussia about the same time.
10. The Russians enter Hamburgh.
16. Wittgenstein, the Russian general, issues a spirited proclamation, calling upon the Germans to join him in the great work of national deliverance.
20. The British land at Cuxhaven, and the people of Hanover declare in favor of their old government.
27. The Prussian manifesto against France published.
30. The American ports, New-York, Charleston (S. C.), &c. declared in a state of blockade.
During this month, Leipsic was the head-quarters of Bonaparte's army, and Hanau, on the Rhine, the head-quarters of his army of observation.
April 1. Bonaparte introduces his wife into the council of state, and makes her provisionally Empress Regent.
2. The Russian general Tettenborn cuts off the whole French detachment under Morand at Luneburg.
4. A Russian division enters Leipsic. 5. Wittgenstein defeats Beaubarnois near Magdeburg. French loss, 3,000.
13. Suchet defeated near Valencia by Sir John Murray. French loss, 2,500. Loss of the allies, 600. 15. Bonaparte leaves Paris for his armies; arrives at Mayence in two days.
; 27. The American army under Gen. Dearborn takes Lttle York, the seat of the British government in Upper Canada. Gen. Pike killed, and 100 others, by the explosion of a mine.
30. The Russian, Prussian and French armies were forming near each other Fr. head-quarters at Naumberg. The Elbe nearly the line of demarkation.
May 1–5. Gen. Harrison was besieged six-days in Fort Meigs by the British and Indians. Loss during the seige 81 killed and 186 wounded. At the same time Gen. Clay's detachment was taken by the British almost entire. American loss, 50 killed and 600 prisoners. British loss not known.
1-2. The battle of Lutzen, between Bonaparte and the allies. Loss supposed to be nearly equal, about 15,000 on each side. The allies held the field of battle, but were obliged, immediately after, to retreat and cross the Elbe.
6—8. The British sent 15 barges, with troops, from their squadron in the Chesapeake, and burnt Havre de Grace, Georgetown and Fredericktown, in Maryland.
8. Messrs. Bayard and Gallatin sailed for St. Petersburgh, to negotiate a peace with G. B. under the mediation of Russia.
10. The French army enters Dresden, which the month before had been the head-quarters of the Russian army.
19-21. The battles of Konigswartha, Bautzen and Wurtzchen, usually called the battle of Bautzen, between Bonaparte at the head of his great army, and the Emperor of Russia and King of Prussia with their united forces. The loss nearly equal ; about 20,000 on each side. The alliés obliged to retreat.
24. Congress meets.
27. The American army under Gen. Dearborn, having some time before left Little York, landed in U. C. near Newark, with little resistance. The British blew up their magazines at Fort George, and abandoned it.
28. The British took 100 American dragoons.
An armistice agreed upon between Bonaparte and the allies, not to expire till July 26, unless with six days notice.
29. The British landed at Sacket's Harbor, and caused the Americans to burn all the military and naval stores.
31. The French left Madrid for the 4th and last time. June 1. The U.S. frigate Chesapeake taken by the British frigate Shannon, apt. Broke, after a short action. Captain Lawrence of the Chesapeake, morally wounded early in the battle. American loss 47 killed, 98 wounded ; British loss 27 killed, 58 wounded. > 2. The U. S. frigates United States and Macedonian chased into New-Lonlon by a British squadron.
The Growler and Eagle, American sloops, taken by the British on Lake Champlain.
4. The armistice between the French and allies in Germany, completely adjusted. The French occupy all Saxony ; the allies all Prussia.
6. An American detachment surprised in U. C. and Generals Chandler and Winder, and about 150 men, taken prisoners.
12. The French evacuated Burgos, and blew up the citadel.
21. The allied army in Spain under Lord Wellington, obtains a decisive victory over King Joseph and Gen. Jourdan. All the French artillery, 151 pieces, military chest, 415 waggons, and many prisoners were taken. Loss of the allies, 5000; of the French, 20,000.
22. The British attack Craney Island, in the Chesapeake, and are repulsed Kwith considerable loss.
25. The British take Hampton, (Vir.)
A detachment of 570 men under Col. Bærstler, taken by surprise and stratagem, about 15 miles from Fort George, by a small detachment of British and Indians.
26. Joseph Bonaparte enters France with the remnant of his army. July 6. Death of Granville Sharp, an illustrious benefactor of mankind. 8. The land-tax bill passed H. of R. 97 to 70.
19. H. of R. refused to consider a resolution approving the conduct of the President of the U. S. respecting the diplomatic intercourse with the French government.
21. The Royal assent was given to an act of Parliament renewing the East India Company's charter, in which there was a provision for permitting Christian missionaries to go to India and reside there.
23. Marshal Soult, having been sent to cominand the French arinies on the Spanish frontier, issues a vaunting proclamation. 24. A loan bill passed H. of R. for $7,500,000.
25. The British attempt to take St. Sebastian's, by storm, and are repulsed with the loss of nearly 1,000.
28-30. A series of severe battles between Marshal Soult and Lord Wel. lington, the result of which was, that the French army was again driven back into France.
30. Saragossa surrendered to the Spaniards.
Aug. 2. The British attack an American fort at Lower Sandusky, and are repulsed with great loss.
9: Two American schooners, the Scourge and Hamilton, sunk in a gale of wind on Lake Ontario; 70 persons drowned.
10. Two other schooners, the Julia and Growler, taken on Lake Ontario, by the British.
The allies in Germany give notice that the armistice will cease, and hostilities commence on the 16th.
11. Austria declared war against France, and joined the allies with all her forces.
nd Wurtzcha head of hison eir united for des awyear
essage to Cape ing some e resistance
14. The U. S. brig Argus taken by the British brig Pelican, after a battle o: 45 minutes. Captain Allen, of the Argus, mortally wounded. The Argus threw 456 pounds of metal at a broadside; the Pelican, 536. The Pelican bad 116 men, the Argus, 127.
17. Hostilities commence between the French and allies along the whole line, from the vicinity of Hamburgh to Dresden.
20. The manifesto of France against Austria published.
21. Bonaparte in person attacks the allied centre under Blucher, on the Bobr, and compels it to retire. Bonaparte took with him 110,000 men.
22. He repeats the attack with the same result. Blucher retires behind the Katsbach.
A gale at Charleston, S. C. which destroyed much property.
23. Bonaparte returns to Dresden, leaving M'Donald's corps to withstand Blucher.
24. A violent and destructive hurricane at Turk's Island.
25. Blucher utterly defeats M'Donald's corps, taking 15,000 prisoners, and 100 cannon.
26. The allied Austrians and Russians, under Swartzenberg, advanced upon Dresden, 140,000 strong.
27. A battle under the walls of Dresden. The allies repulsed with loss. Moreau mortally wounded. This battle was fought in a tremendous storm of wind and rain. Bonaparte commanded the French in person.
30. A French corps of 15,000, under Vandamme, which had pursued the allies into the Bohemian passes, was there overwhelmed and cornpelled to surrender, with 60 pieces of cannon.
The Creek and Choctaw Indians attacked the fort on the Tensaw, took it by storm, and put to death in the fort and vicinity, 247. Americans.
31. St. Sebastian's taken from the French by storm. British loss about 2400.
At the same time, the French, under Soult, attacked the Spanish lines on the Biddassoa, and were several times repulsed.
In this month, the British Parliament passed a new bill for the relief of insolvent debtors, with benevolent provisions.
Sept. 1. A strict blockade of the ports south of the Chesapeake declared by Sir J. B. Warren.
3. The U.S. brig Enterprise, lieut. Burrows, mounting 16 guns, took the British brig Boxer, capt. Blythe, mounting 18 guns, after a battle of 45 minutes, Both commanders killed. American loss, 5; British loss, 45.
6. The battle of Dennevitz, in which the French, 70,000 strong, under Ney, were defeated by Bernadotte. The Fr. loss in this wing of the grand army, on this and a few preceding days, was about 20,000, and 50 pieces of cannon
10. The American squadron on Lake Erie, under Com. Perry, captured a superior British squadron, under Com. Barclay, consisting of 2 ships, 2 brigs, I sloop, and I schooner.
13. The allied forces advance from Bohemia into Saxony.
19. Te Deum sung by public authority in Paris, on account of the victory on the 27th ult. at Dresden.
23. The Americans under Gen. Harrison advance into Upper Canada. 27. Gen. Harrison enters Malden. 28. A partial engagement between the hostile squadrons on Lake Ontario. No vessels lost on either side.
Detroit evacuated by the British, and entered by the Americans. 30. Czernicheff, with his Russian cavalry, entered Cassel, the capital of Westphalia, far in the rear of the French army.
A battle between the Royalists and Revolutionalists of Venezula; the former defeated.
Oct. 3. The Prussians, under Blucher, defeat the French, under Bertrand. 4. Bernadotte crosses the Elbe at Dessau, and establishes a bridge at Achen.
5. Bonaparte leaves Dresden with his main army, and concentres his forces toward Leipsic.
Com. Chauncey takes 5 small vessels, and destroys 2, on Lake Ontario; British prisoners, 308.
Gen. Harrison defeats the British under Gen. Proctor, near Moravian town, E, U. C. American loss very small; nearly all the British force taken prisoners.
7. A part of Lord Wellington's army enters France, after a severe action be on the Bidassoa.
11. Bernadotte's and Blucher's forces post themselves behind the Saale, in the rear of Bonaparte's army. Bonaparte then makes a feint towards Berlin, i crosses the Elbe at Dessau, and destroys Bernadotte's bridge at Achen. Ber
nadotte re-establishes his bridges at Dessau and Achen, and recrosses the Elbe with part of his army.
15. Bonaparte concentres his armies near Leipsic, and the allies press upon him on the north, the east, and the south.
The Russians enter Bremen.
16. The first great battle of Leipsic, between Bonaparte's concentred forces, and the armies of Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Sweden, with the allied si sovereigns at their head. On the southeast, the battle was nearly equal.
Murat lead a tremendous charge of cavalry, which broke the allied ranks for a while; but at night the allied line was in the same place as in the morning. On the east and northeast, Bernadotte and Blucher gained considerable advantages; but the battle was far from being decisive. About half a million of men were engaged, drawn from almost every country in Europe, and under the control of a greater number of experienced military commanders than
ever before directed in a single battle. 9
17. The Sabbath.-The French and allied forces in a state of the most active and anxious preparation for resuming the battle the next day.
18. The second battle of Leipsic; one of the greatest which was ever fought, and one which decided the campaign against Bonaparte, and was a La signal token of his approaching downfal. The Saxons and Westphalians de
serted his standard by regiments in the midst of battle, and turned their arms tolke against him.
His loss was full 60,000 on this single day. Some judgment of this batile may be formed by the declaration of Bonaparte that he dischar
ged 220,000 cannon balls at the enemy in two days, and that he had not enough Feel left for two hours' use. In the succeeding night he began his retreat across
the Elster by a single bridge.
19. Bernadotte's troops entered Leipsic by storm, tevo hours after Bonaparte had left it: 20,000 French prisoners taken this day. The bridge over the Elster blown up in the inidst of the French retreat. Prince Poniatowski drowned in the Elster. Many French generals taken; some escape on foot, after swimming the Elster.
24. The remnant of Bonaparte's army reached Erfurth.
26. An affair of outposts between the Americans under Gen. Hampton, and the British forces, just within the boundaries of Lower Canada. The American detachment returned.
30. Bonaparte is met at Hanau by the Bavarians, under Wrede. He cuts his way through them with the loss of
many thousands. Nov. 4. The British-ministry send a proposal to America to negotiate for il peace, at Gottenburg or London.
5. The Emperor of Russia, has his head-quarters at Frankfort on the Maine.
6. Gen. Wilkinson, at the head of his invading army, issues a proclamation to the inhabitants of Lower Canada.
7. About 300 Creek Indians slain in battle by the Americans under Gen. Jackson.
9. Bonaparte arrives at Paris.
The allied sovereigns at Frankfort declare to a French functionary, that they are willing to make peace with Bonaparte, on the basis that France shall be confined within her ancient limits; Holland, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Spain, being taken out of French control.
10. Marshal Wellington attacked Marshal Soult, and wrested from him the first line of defences before Bayonne.
11. Dresden surrendered to the allies. The garrison, with St. Cyr at their head, amounted to 15,000.
A battle between a part of Gen. Wilkinson's army and a British detachment, at Cornwall, in Canada. The Americans retire, and give up the expedition to Montreal.
13. A violent and destructive gale at Halifax. 14. Holland rose and asserted its liberties.
Bonaparte made a speech to his Senate, in which he said, “ A year ago all Europe was with us; now all Europe is against us.”
18. More Creek Indians killed; above 60 in number. 20. A forınal proclamation in Holland in the name of the Prince of Orange. 29. The Antossee town, belonging to the Creek Indians, and containing 400 houses, burnt, and 200 Indians killed.
Dec. 1. The allied sovereigns publish to the world that they are willing to make peace with Bonaparte, on terms honorable to France, and allowing her to retain larger dominions than under her kings.
Dantzic is surrendered to the allies.
The Prince of Orange lands at Scheveling, in Holland, after an exile of 19 years.
6. Congress meets. 7. The President of the U. S. sends his message to Congress. 9. The President sends a message to Congress, recommending an embargo.
10. Bonaparte makes a speech to his Senate, in which he says he has acceded to the terms proposed by the allies.
11. Fort George evacuated by the American army. Newark, in U. C. burnt by order of Gen. M'Clure ; and his forces withdrawn to the American side of the river.
Bonaparte made a hasty treaty with Ferdinand VII. and released him from captivity.
11-14. Severe but indecisive battles between Soult and Wellington, near Bayonne.
17. An embargo law passed ; 85 to 57 in II. of R.; 20 to 14 in Senate. 19. Fort Niagara, on the American side, taken by surprise by the British.
21. The allied armies enter the Swiss territories, and issue their proclamations.
22. A great fire in Portsmouth, N. H. the work of some incendiary.
Bonaparte sends Commissioners Extraordinary, with despotic powers, into all the departments of France.
30. The British cross at Black Rock, and burn Buffalo and other villages on the Niagara frontier, in retaliation for the burning of Newark.
Despatches by the Bramble reached gov't, bringing overtures for peace.
Bonaparte issues a proclamation, calling vehemently upon France to repel invasion, and declaring that he no longer contemplates retaining the conquests which he had made.