« FöregåendeFortsätt »
“ Descend, prophetic Spirit! that inspir'st
The human soul of universal earth." Wordsworth refers his reader to Shakespeare, Sonnet 107, ll. 1, 2:
“Not mine own fears, nor the prophetic Soul
Of the wide world dreaming on things to come." I. 341. Wordsworth illustrates his description ou the Pedlar's calling by a reference to Heron's Journey in Scotland, I. 89.
I. 341-347. Compare Wordsworth's language in his preface to the second edition of Lyrical Ballads (1800): "Humble and rustic life was generally chosen, because in that condition the essential passions of the heart find a better soil in which they can attain their maturity, are less under restraint, and speak a plainer and more emphatic language.
I. 703. “ trotting brooks.” Mr Thomas Hutchinson suggests that Wordsworth was thinking of Burns's phrase, “some trotting burns meander" ("The Muse, no poet ever fand her," etc.).
1. 934-939: This passage as it stands dates from 1845, and like others of the same date, II. 952-955 of this book, V. 824-826, VI. 766-774, and IX, 225228, shows, as Dowden remarks, the added importance which Wordsworth in his declining years attached to the Christian 11. 117 " of people," the villagers of alth
co Langdale” (Knight, English Lake District, 2nd ed. p. 156). II. 314, 315.
Not moving to his mind." Mr Thomas Hutchinson writes : “ The quotation is taken from George Dyer's 'Lines on Gilbert Wakefield' (conclusion) :,
Till sickness comes, and with it gloom of thought ;-
Dyer's Lines' originally appeared in the Monthly Magazine, and were reprinted in the Poems in two volumes published in 1802. (See Vol. I. p. 109.). a dreary plain,"
,", is the summit of Lingmoor” (Knight, ib., p. 156). II. 443, 444
a Novel of Voltaire, His famous Optimist.”. Candide, ou l'Optimiste, published 1759. IL. 692.
two huge Peaks.' The Langdale Pikes, though they could not actually be seen from the Solitary's supposed dwelling, Blea Tarn Cottage. (Knight, ib., pp. 163, 164.)
III. 112. Wordsworth has the following note on this
passage : Since this paragraph was composed, I have read with so much pleasure, in Burnet's Theory of the Earth, a passage expressing correspondent sentiments, excited by objects of a similar nature, that I cannot forbear to transcribe it.” He then gives the passage, Burnet, Telluris theoria sacra, etc. (ed. secunda) p. 89: "Siquod verò ... mihi memorandà !”
III. 549. Source of the quotation not traced.
III. 931. Wordsworth illustrates this line by a passage from the notes upon The Hurricane, a poem by William Gilbert. A man is supposed ... therefore he soars”), and adds, " The Reader, I am sure, will thank me for the above quotation, which, though from a strange book, is one of the finest passages of modern English prose."
III. 947.'“the ... melancholy Muccawiss." Mr Knight, in his editions of Wordsworth, shows that the poet borrowed this term for the whip-poor-will from Carver's Travels, ch. xviii.
“'Tis by comparison, an easy task
Earth to despise," etc. See, upon this subject, Baxter's most interesting review of his own opinions and sentiments in the decline of life. It may be found (lately reprinted) in Dr Wordsworth's Ecclesiastical Biography (2nd ed. 1818, Vol. V. pp. 559, etc.). (W. W.).
IV. 205, 206, etc. This subject is treated at length
in : the Oderit-" Intimations i of 'Immortality.” (W. W.)arri-07 tie
IV. 324-331, The passage quoted from Daniel is taken from a poem addressed to the Lady Margaret, Countess of Cumberland, and the two last lines, printed in italics, are by him translated from Seneca. The whole poem is very beautiful (W. W.). The lines (in which Wordsworth has made two trilling changes) form Stanza xii. of the poem. See Chalmers, English Poets, III. 530.
IV. 387. “ feathery bunch," source not traced.
IV. 602. the !'dreadful appetite of death," source not traced.
IV. 956. “Oh ! there is laughter at their work in heaven!" Was Wordsworth thinking of Milton's Paradise Lost, VIII. 75, etc. ;
“if they list to try
And calculate the stars”?
Voltaire's triumphal return to Paris after thirty years' absence took place in 1778, just before his death on 30th May, 1778. V. 318-320. Milton's Paradise Lost, I. 156, 157.
“The Arch-Fiend replied:
And have the dead around us.
Or half these graves ?
For eight-score winters past,
of the essay
V. 671. “yon dark mountain." " The mountain is Lingmoor” (Knight's English Lake District, p. 102).
1. V. 975. Wordsworth refers us to Southey's Retrospect, l. 140;
"And suffering Nature grieved that one should die." Southey's lines really run:
"Affection then will fill the sorrowing eye,
And suffering Nature grieve that one should die." V. 978. Wordworth's note on this line introduces his Essay on Epitaphs (originally published in Cole, ridge's periodical, The Friend, 1808), as the sentiments
are dictated by a spirit congenial to that which pervades this and the two succeeding books.”
VI. 19. And spires, whose "silent finger points to Heaven." : An instinctive taste teaches men to build their churches in flat countries with spire-steeples which, as they cannot be referred to any other object, point as with silent finger to the sky and stars, and sometimes, when they reflect the bražen light of a rich though rainy sunset, appear like a pyramid of ftame burning heavenward." See The Friend, by $. T. Coleridge, No. 14, p. 223: (W. W.)
VI. 260. Milton's "Paradise Eost, v. 899 (said of Abdiel).
VI. 525. " yon white torrent,»! the Wray Ghyll Force which descends between Silver How and Easdale” (Knight, ib., p. 103). VI. 532, 533.
too quick a sense
Of constant infelicity' Dr Knight (Wordsworth's Works, 1896) refers to Jeremy Taylor's Holy Dying, I. v. 2, “How many people there are that : weep with want and are mad with oppression, or are desperate by too quick a sense of a constant infelicity!"
VI, 829. " Oread on Dryad." Cf. Milton's Paradise Lost, IX. 387
" like a wood-nymph light, Oread or Dryad."
"" The length of road,” “the Keswick road over Dunmail-Raise” (Knight's English Lake District, p. 105). VII. 63. “the Priest,
," "the Rev. Joseph Sympson of Wytheburn, whose household were for many years the principal associates of the Wordsworth family in Grasmere (Knight, ib., p. 104).
VII. 283. “In one blest moment.” Mr Sympson was found dead in his garden in 1807 in his ninety-second year, a year and a half after the death of his wife. Both are buried in Grasmère Churchyard (Knight, ib., pp. 108, 109).
VII. 316. Å Priest abides. Wordsworth here refers to the Rev. Robert Walker, called “the Wonderful Walker," whom he has described in the sonnet on Seathwaite Chapel in the “Duddon" series as ja
"A Pastor such as Chaucer's verse portrays;
And tender Goldsmith crowned with deathless praise !" and at greater length in his note on that sonnet. Mr Walker died on 25th June 1802, in the ninetythird year of his age, and the sixty-seventh of his curacy of Seath'waite.
VII. 536, "wisdom, married to immortal verse." Cf. Milton's L'Allegro, 136, 137.
“Lap me in soft Lydian airs X
Married to immortal verse.'
“That sycamore, which annually holds
Within its shade, as in a stately tent" Wordsworth refers us to Coleridge (Inscription for a Fountain on a Heath, ll. 1, 2):
“This Sycamore oft' musical with Bees;
Gold-rill side.” The Greens, the family here described, lived at Pavement End, Grasmere.