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Lutheran Church Extension: Trinity, Oak Park, Ill., 86.39. Mission in Detroit: Iroquois Ave. Christ, Detroit, 100.00. City Mission in St. Louis: Congregations in St. Louis: Pilgrim, 22.91; Redeemer, 35.81; Mount Calvary, 129.91. ($188.63.) City Mission in New York: Grace, Bedford Park, N. Y., 30.00. City Mission in St. Louis-Colored: Mount Calvary Friendship Circle, St. Louis, 5.00. Deaf-mute Institute in Detroit: Mount Olive, Cleveland, 50.00; Calvary, Buffalo, 20.00; Grace Sunday-school, Cleveland, 25.00; Calvary L. A. S., Harrisburg, Pa., 5.00. ($100.00.) Concordia College in Bronxville: Calvary, Buffalo, 100.00. Concordia College in Conover: St. John's, Catawba Co., N. C., 7.00. Concordia College in Oakland: Christ L. A. S., San Francisco, 20.00. Deaf-mute Mission in St. Paul: Our Savior, St. Paul, 18.80. Bethesda Home in Watertown: Mount Calvary Friendship Circle, St. Louis, 5.00; Calvary, Buffalo, 15.00; Grace Sunday-school, Elyria, O., 11.73. ($31.73.) Home for the Aged in St. Louis: St. John's, Hannibal, Mo., 5.00; Redeemer, St. Louis, 6.96. ($11.96.) Lutheran Laymen's League: Grace Sunday-school, Elyria, O., 51.89. Hospital in St. Louis: Redeemer, St. Louis, 6.96. Sanitarium in Wheat Ridge: St. Mark's, Sheboygan, proceeds from sale of Christmas Seals, 11.00. Orphanage in Des Peres: St. John's, Hannibal, Mo., 30.00. Congregations in St. Louis: Mount Calvary, 325.00, from Friendship Circle, 5.00; Pilgrim, 193.00, from W. H., 50.00; Redeemer, 24.02; Mount Calvary, 2.10. ($629.12.) Galician Orphans: Pilgrim, St. Louis, 10.00. Chapel in Alexandria, La.: Trinity Sunday-school, Hammond, Ind., 20.50; Our Savior Sunday-school, Port Huron, Mich., 22.45. ($42.95.) Negro Missions Building Fund: Emmanuel Sunday-school, Baltimore, 75.00; Concordia Sunday-school, Akron, O., 60.00; Grace Sunday-school, Elyria, O., 20.43, from Dorcas Society, 10.00; Calvary Sunday-school, Harrisburg, Pa., 11.56. ($176.99.) Designated Students in India: Emmanuel Sunday-school, Baltimore, 35.00; St. John's L. A. S., Hannibal, Mo., 40.00; Calvary Dorcas Circle, Buffalo, 35.00. ($110.00.) Society of Missouri for Homeless Children: W. H., Pilgrim, St. Louis, 50.00; Redeemer, St. Louis, 2.90. ($52.90.) Pension Fund: Rev. E. H. Paar, Harrisburg, Pa., 2.50. Walther League Mission Fund: Grace Y. P. S., Elyria, O., 4.21; Trinity Walther League, Missoula, Mont., 4.35. ($8.56.) GRAND TOTAL: $10,059.95. January 3, 1925. WM. E. JUNGE, Treas., 3947 Labadie Ave., St. Louis, Mo. NORTH DAKOTA AND MONTANA DISTRICT. · September 15 to November 15, 1924: Synodical Treasury, $57.28; Board of Support, 800; General Home Missions, 110.82; Budget Treasury, 101.02; Synodical Building Fund, 954.82; other missions, 407.29; Home Missions, 6,358.08; Church Extension Fund, 205.50; Indigent Students' Fund, 93.08; Relief in Europe, 34.24. Total, $8,320.13. P. MEYER, Treas. NORTH WISCONSIN DISTRICT. November 15 to December 15, 1924: Budget, $2,909.93; Charities, 187.43; Miscellaneous, 3,279.50. Total, $6,376.86. W. H. DICKE, Treas. OKLAHOMA DISTRICT.- November 1 to December 31, 1924: Synodical Budget, $601.11; District Budget, 1,720.92; Synodical Building Fund, 1,312.75; Miscellaneous, 826.93. - Total, $4,461.71. F. H. PRALLE, Treas.

SOUTHERN DISTRICT. - Up to and including November 19, 1924: Budget Treasury, $276.69; Synodical Building Fund, 967.98; Mindekranz account Negro Missions (from pastors and teachers of New Orleans, in memory of Teacher D. Meibohm), 50.00; Miscellaneous, 4.45. Total, $1,299.12. Up to and including December 22, 1924: Budget Treasury, $236.74; Synodical Building Fund, 870.65; Miscellaneous, 87.22. Total, $1,194.61. M. J. HELLMERS, Fin. Sec. SOUTH WISCONSIN DISTRICT. December, 1924: Budget Treasury, $7,786.79; Synodical Building Fund, 37,472.75; Miscellaneous, 2,139.05. Total, $47,398.59. A. Ross, Treas.

TEXAS DISTRICT. - September 15 to December 15, 1924: Current Expenses, $35.18; Indigent Students' Fund, 904.23; District Home Missions, 15,294.12; District Church Extension Fund, 1,132.30; Synodical Treasury, 1,149.73; various missions, 411.82; Board of Support, 678.26; Synodical Building Fund, 2,996.46; European Relief, 296.35; Texas College Fund, 852.02; loans for District Church Extension Fund, 5,500.00; Miscellaneous, 351.07; from General Treasury for District Home Missions, 5,000.00; Foreign Missions, 135.84; payment on loans to Church Extension Fund, 1,077.00; Missionaries' Auto Fund, 286.37; Negro Missions Chapel at Salem, Ala., 172.43; from mission-places for District Home Missions, 1,617.44. Total, $37,890.62. H. T. BIAR, Treas.

Acknowledgment.

The receipt of $6.00, contained in an envelope postmarked "St. Louis & Kansas City R. P. O.," and of 10.00, contained in an envelope postmarked "Woodhaven, N. Y.," is gratefully acknowledged.

FRED C. PRITZLAFF, Treas., L. L. L.,

288 E. Water St., Room 701, Milwaukee, Wis.

The Southern District of Our Synod

will convene, God willing, February 18 to 24 in Mount Calvary Church, cor. Grand Route St. John and White St. Prof. L. Wessel will conclude his essay on the First Epistle of St. Peter. All pastors and teachers, also the duly appointed lay delegates, are requested to inform the Rev. Miles Gebauer, 2900 Grand Route St. John, whether or not they will attend the convention. WM. WEDIG, Secretary.

Conference Notices.

The Pastoral Conference of Southwestern Missouri will convers D. v., January 27 at Springfield, Mo. (the Rev. A. Woker, pastor Sermon: Rev. Schreyers. The brethren are requested to notify E Woker whether or not they expect to attend. A. ROHLFING, See

The Circuit Conference of Springfield and Vicinity will mee D. v., January 27 and 28 at New Berlin, Ill. Sermon (English Rev. F. Hein (Rev. A. Schliesser). Confessional address (English Rev. P. Schulz (Rev. E. Wegehaupt). A bus leaves Springfield at and arrives at New Berlin at 10 A. M. W. C. REDEKER, Sec.

Result of Elections.

The Rev. O. C. A. Boecler has been elected to fill the chair at Concordia Seminary, St. Louis, Mo., made vacant by the death # Prof. E. A. W. Krauss, D. D., and the Rev. W. G. Polack for the chair at the same institution. THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE. F. E. BRAUER, Secretary.

Let Your Witness Do Mission-Work! Any one willing to give up his copy of the LUTHERAN WITNES<} or Lutheraner, after having read it, is requested to communica with the Mission Board of the Alberta and British Columbia District The Board will be glad to supply such readers with addresses # lumber camps and other places, where these papers might rende a blessed service. REV. C. THIES, Secretary of the Mission Board, Wetaskiwin, Alta., Can.

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Kindly consult the address label on this paper to ascertain whether your subscription has expired or will soon expire. "Jan 25" on the labe means that your subscription has expired. Please pay your agent or the Publisher promptly in order to avoid interruption of service. It tak about two weeks before the address label can show change of address ( acknowledgment of remittance.

When paying your subscription, please mention name of publication desired and exact name and address (both old and new, if change of address is requested). CONCORDIA PUBLISHING HOUSE, St. Louis, Mo.

Change of Addresses.

Rev. F. A. Baepler, c. r. m., R. 1, Box 100, Edgar, Wis.
Rev. W. D. Bauer, Desboro, Ont., Can.
Rev. P. Beck, Box 367, Foley, Minn.

Rev. H. Behning, R. 1, Cross Plains, Ind.

Prof. P. Bretscher, 528 Monroe Ave., River Forest, Ill.
Rev. E. B. Cozart, Box 56, Vredenburgh, Ala.

Rev E. Glock, Gifford, Idaho.

Rev. W. G. Lobeck, 1015 E. Taylor St., Kokomo, Ind.
Rev. E. F. Loessel, Box 261, Berthoud, Colo.
Rev. W. F. Luebke, 2068 Bourdan St., Muskegon, Mich.
Rev. Th. Luft, 357 Miller St., Pembroke, Ont., Can.
Rev. L. Meyer, 11 Milan Terrace, Hankow, China.
Rev. E. E. Rossow, 14877 Wark Ave., Detroit, Mich.

Rev. E. J. Rudnick, 1130 S St., Fresno, Cal.

Prof. A. Schmieding, 521 Bonnie Brae, River Forest, Ill.

Rev. P. F. H. Schwan, P. em., 2094 Brunswick Rd., East Cleve land, O.

Rev. F. A. Schwertfeger, Horicon, Wis.

Rev. H. Thiede, R. 1, Box 232 B, Petaluma, Cal.

Rev. M. A. Treff, P. em., 319 Orange St., Riverside, Cal.

Rev. L. Wessling, 551 21st St., Richmond, Cal.

M. C. Ahlschwede, Lockwood, Mo.

J. D. Bruns, R. 2, Elmhurst, Ill.

W. R. Hillger, 3130 Pranell Ave., Chicago, Ill.
Aug. B. Huebner, R. 14, La Salle, N. Y.

J. G. Rieck, 3518 Sunnyside Ave., Chicago, Ill.
L. E. Stolper, 1019 Main St., Clinton, Iowa.

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Published biweekly by Concordia Publishing House, St. Louis, Mo. Subscription price, $1.25 per annum, payable strictly in advance.
Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at St. Louis, Mo., under the Act of March 3, 1879.
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized on July 5, 1918.

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Sin, although given so little thought and attention by most people and held to be nothing more than "growing pains" by some, the modern theologians, for instance, is, nevertheless, a very serious matter. It is the transgression of God's holy Law, 1 John 3, 4, an offense against the just and holy God, and calls down upon the guilty one God's wrath and displeasure, temporal death, and eternal damnation. Nothing is more clearly taught in the inspired Word than this: "The soul that sinneth, it shall die." Ezek. 18, 4. 20.

Nor is there any difference as to the number of a man's sins or as to their nature. One sin or a thousand, open or secret sins, sins of commission or omission, if a desire, thought, word, or deed is in violation of a commandment of God, or if one fails, neglects, to do what has been commanded, it is a sin on the part of him who is responsible for it, a coming short of the glory of God, and God cannot tolerate it. The soul guilty of less offenses as well as that which is guilty of many shall die.

Truly, sin is not to be trifled with, not only because of the fact that it turns God against man with all that this implies for eternity, but also because of the baneful effect it has upon man's temporal well-being. Sin is a "reproach" to man. Prov. 14, 34. He that sins sells himself to sin, Rom. 7,14; sin becomes the master, he, the slave. Sin dominates, corrupts, and finally destroys him. Sin makes a man "impudent and hard-hearted." While a man lives in trespasses and sins, he is spiritually dead, Eph. 2, 1; and if he dies in this condition, he will nevertheless live forever, but in the habitations of the damned.

Considering this, are you glad that you are not a sinner, dear reader?

But you are a sinner. Do not deny it. The infallible Scriptures say: "All have sinned and come short of the glory of God." Rom. 3, 23. This "all" includes you. Again we read: "There is not a just man upon earth that doeth good and sinneth not." Eccl. 7, 20. Be frank, then, and confess with David: "Behold, I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me," Ps. 51, 5, and with St. Paul: "I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing," Rom. 7, 18. "Who can understand [keep a record of] his errors?" Ps. 19, 12.

No. 2.

Having sinned and sinning daily, how will you escape the curse? Is there an escape?

Thank God, there is.

It is by way of forgiveness. The psalmist puts it this way: "If Thou, Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? But there is forgiveness with Thee." Ps. 130, 4.

"Forgiveness"

a gracious gift of Him against whom our sins are directed. God forgives our sins, that is, He makes us free from them, Rom. 6, 18, does not impute them to us, Rom. 4, 8; 2 Cor. 5, 19, does not mark them against us, Ps. 130, 4, but hides His face from them, Ps. 51, 9; washes and cleanses us from them, Ps. 51, 2; puts them away, 2 Sam. 12, 13; behind His back, Is. 38, 17; casts them into the depths of the sea, Micah 7, 8; covers them up, Ps. 32, 1; remembers them not, Ps. 25, 7; blots them out, Is. 43, 25; 44, 22; Acts 3, 19. To him whose sins the Lord forgives He says: "Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment." Zech. 3, 4. What prompts God to forgive the sins of men? What is His motive? Is it because of man's own merits?

The Christmas-message: "Fear not; for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day, in the city of David, a Savior, which is Christ the Lord," this message, in the light of the occurrences which we commemorate on Good Friday and Easter, gives the answer. It tells us of God's great love for man as it revealed itself in the sending of His only-begotten Son into the world that He might be delivered for our offenses and raised again for our justification in order that by faith in Him, the Redeemer, we may live and not perish. "He [the Father] made Him [the Son] to be sin for us, who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him." 2 Cor. 5, 21. On Calvary forgiveness of sins was made possible. There God's innocent Son, bearing our sins, voluntarily and cheerfully atoned for them. For His sake our sins are forgiven; by His stripes we are healed.

Forgiveness of sins, this rich gift of God's grace, purchased with the blood of the innocent Christ, is now offered to sinners freely and free in the Gospel. In the Gospel, God's hand containing this treasure is extended to men, while His lips plead: Come take rejoice! Come in the attitude and with the prayer of the publican: "God be merciful to me, a sinner." Then you shall be justified.

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THE LUTHERAN WITNESS

is an official organ of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri, Ohio,
and Other States. It is published biweekly, and is edited by an Editorial
Committee, consisting of Prof. Th. Graebner and Prof. Martin S. Sommer.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, $1.25 per annum. In St. Louis by mail or
carrier, as well as in Canada and all other foreign countries, $1.50.
Payable strictly in advance.

ALL ARTICLES intended for publication in the paper should be addressed
to Prof. M. S. Sommer, 3627 Ohio Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
ALL CHURCH NEWS, Announcements, Acknowledgments, Notices, also
Books for Review, should be sent to Prof. Th. Graebner, 3618 Texas Ave.,
St. Louis, Mo.

ALL REPORTS of ordinations, installations, dedications, jubilees, mission-
festivals, and changes of addresses should be sent to the Statistical
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NEW SUBSCRIPTIONS may begin at any time.
CHANGE OF ADDRESS is secured by giving both the new and the old
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An AGENT is desired in every town. Correspondence invited.
ADDRESS ALL BUSINESS MATTER to CONCORDIA PUBLISHING HOUSE,
St. Louis, Mo.

Oh, how we ought to cherish the forgiveness of sins if
we consider not only what it cost to gain this heavenly
treasure for us, but of what inestimable value it is to the
soul! Sin damns the soul. Forgiveness means the soul's
salvation. What all the material wealth of the world could
not accomplish, forgiveness of sins does it gives peace of
conscience and the assurance of eternal life. No wonder
Jesus says: "Seek ye first the kingdom of God and His
righteousness."

May all whose sins are forgiven exclaim: Lord, Thou
hast freed me from sin, its bondage, its service, the ruin it
works, at a tremendous cost to Thyself. Thou forgivest me
daily anew. In gratitude I would now serve Thee all the
days of my life!

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May Lutherans join singing societies which occasionally
or at stated seasons sing religious compositions, but have a
membership not restricted to our Church? Such societies
exist in all our larger cities, and our people have freely
associated themselves with them. Such choral clubs will sing
Haydn's Creation, Haendel's Messiah, Mendelssohn's Elijah,
or will sing a cantata or motet containing religious sen-
timents.

Does the principle which in our last issue was applied
in the case of assisting in the musical part of a sectarian
church apply in all these cases also?

Manifestly it does not. No one who can speak at all
from experience will say that either in participating in such
choral work or by being present as a listener he was conscious
of taking part in public worship. Those who participate have
joined, not for the purpose of worship or for religious exer-
cise, but in order to cultivate the art of music. In that art
the religious composition has a recognized place, even as there
is religious architecture, religious sculpture, and religious
painting. Some of our organists hold membership in the
American Guild of Organists, whose concerts are usually
given in houses of worship. Again, no one here would speak
of participation in a religious service, though the music and
the place may be religious.

We have in many of our churches the Christus of Thor-
waldsen, the Danish sculptor. Even when we know that
Thorwaldsen was an enthusiast for Hellenic (ancient Greek)
culture and had little or no Christian sentiment, his won-
derful statue for that reason does not become offensive.
Pictures representing scenes and characters from sacred his
tory can be enjoyed by Christians regardless of the painter's
religious faith or lack of it. Some of the most wonderful
representations of the Holy Night, of the Crucifixion, of the
Ascension, and of the Last Judgment are the work of
Romanists. Similarly in the case of music, which differs
from these and other arts only in that it requires personal
participation. And since it is an art that is cultivated re-
gardless of its religious content and certainly (in the in-
stances quoted) without a religious purpose, a Christian is
able to participate without violating his conscience. There
is a certain beauty and grandeur in religious composition
which a Christian can enjoy, as he can enjoy any other
branch of art which has a religious subject-matter, without
identifying himself in a spiritual way either with the com-
position or with those who join him in its production.

The same reasoning applies to the employment of non-
Lutheran conductors or directors by singing societies or
ganized by our people for the purpose of giving public recitals
and programs. We cannot see that the hire (to use a some-
what harsh term) of a non-Lutheran director of choruses is
in any sense different from hiring a non-Lutheran architect
to build our churches or a non-Lutheran painter to decorate
them. We prefer to employ Lutherans; we are not debarred
from employing others. We simply make use, in such cases,
of certain natural abilities for achieving certain outward re-
sults, even as we may use the scientific and literary labors
of non-Lutherans in order to achieve results in sacred lit-
erature, public speaking, etc. As Dr. Walther many years
ago, in recommending a handbook of New Testament Greek
written by a rationalist, remarked: "Even as the Israelites
employed the heathen Gibeonites as hewers of wood and car-
riers of water, so we may employ the aids supplied by un-
believers for the sake of cultivating the field of religion."

In all activities which involve participation with non-
Lutherans through a community of interest in art as above
referred to we should be slow to make rules and restrictions.
We should not pronounce that unclean which pertains to the
domain of Christian liberty. On the other hand, we should
not so use our liberty as to offend the brethren. It may well
be that the presence of those with whom we identify ourselves
in choral work, etc., are an offense to Christians on account
of their evil lives or because of their pronounced antichristian
habits of thought and speech. Men and women of scandalous
lives, or such as parade their unbelief, cannot be employed
for such purposes without giving offense. Also where par-
ticipation in oratorio work or any other practise of the
musical art, jointly with "outsiders," is seen to disturb the
minds of our people and offend their sentiment, we should
in the interest of internal harmony refrain from such par-
ticipation. Peace, harmony, good feeling among the brethren
is worth more to us than the harmonies of Haydn, Mozart,
and Bach.

If the reader has followed us this far, he will notice the
absence of Scriptural quotations. And precisely because we

are unable to quote any text of Scripture against such activities as are here described, we refrain from submitting any rule to which there must be general consent in our Synod. This is not the same, however, as expressing an opinion favorable to such participation of our people in religious mixed choruses which produce sacred music, or an opinion favorable to the organizing of Lutheran choruses under nonLutheran directors. As for his own sentiments, the writer will say that it grates on him to see a mixed assembly of Lutherans, Catholics, Jews, and Christian Scientists singing songs with any references to the Lord. He will say to himself: "This is not an hour of worship, these are not worshipers, religious belief is not involved, it is merely the art of solemn harmonies wedded to exalted sentiment that I have come to feast upon❞— and still the essential disharmony of uttering religious thoughts for a non-religious purpose is going to destroy even the artistic delight which he would otherwise take in the performance. As for seeing a nonLutheran, unchristian, at least churchless individual conducting a mass chorus of Lutherans on some festival occasion -this tends to destroy much of the delight which we could otherwise derive from such singing. We mean again such delight as is ordinarily produced by a work of art. There is something inherently inartistic in a performance which, on the one hand, bids our souls "rejoice in the Lord" and, on the other, bids us admire the ability of a conductor whose rejoicing is applause, wages, or anything else than the Lord. We have been up against this, and we know how it impressed us. But that is not the same as saying that such practises are unchristian and divisive of the Church. If some of our people will say that they "see no wrong in this," our answer is, "Neither do we." And where God's Word does not prohibit, we should be slow to speak. There are enough sins as it is. Let us not invent new ones. G.

Must We Live in Fear of the Pope?

The Pope seeks to inspire fear and dread or admiration and awe. And with many he is eminently successful. In his own Church there are millions, from the highest to the lowest, who live in mortal fear of him. And outside of his own Church there are many who are afraid of his agents.

There are, for instance, Protestant business men who contribute regularly, at times quite large sums, to Catholic institutions and the Catholic Church because they fear the power and influence of the Church of Rome. There are Protestant writers who do not dare to give utterance to their true sentiments concerning the papacy for fear of the Pope and his minions. There are large secret societies which have been organized through fear of the Pope. The hooded members of the Ku Klux Klan are hooded for fear of the Romanists. They fear the persecution to which they would expose themselves if they became known as members of this organization. During the late election, men who were accused of being members of the K. K. K. issued public statements, aye, some attached their oaths thereto, declaring that they were no members of this order. Fear of the Pope drove them to do this, though they lost votes by their action.

Those who follow this course tell us that there is just cause for such general alarm and fear. They point to the

Pope's power. The Roman Catholic Church is numerically far larger than all Protestant churches put together; it is unified, being externally united under one visible head, and it has a firm grip upon its financial resources. Then they point to the seeming helplessness of Protestant denominations. Think of poor Protestantism torn with factions! Not one of the denominations about us has been able to rid itself of those who within their own camps and fortresses are sapping the strength of the churches. Indeed, it almost seems that some of these denominations harbor secret agents of Rome. One of the lay members of the big Baptist denomination lately gave one million dollars toward a Catholic church. And if we look upon the comparatively little flock of those who have, confess, and teach the Word of God in its truth and purity, what are they compared with their opponents? What a lamb is to a full-grown tiger. Certainly, if ever it was true, then it is surely true to-day: "With might of ours can naught be done, soon were our loss effected."

But remember, the situation becomes entirely different if one other factor is mentioned: "But for us fights the Valiant One, whom God Himself elected." It was this consideration which gave that little monk Luther such amazing power and such lionlike courage against his mighty opponents. If this is kept in mind, then there is no cause at all for fear and alarm.

The papacy, after all, is comparatively a very weak power. The papacy is weak because it stands for untruthit has not the truth. It has for all times tied up with the sinking, leadlike weights of untruth and deceit. That in itself constitutes no small hole in its vessel. Romanists are

constantly compelled to pump water. We notice when we read their publications that they are forever on the defensive. Nobody on this earth is so afraid of truthful publicity as the Romanists. They have so much to hide, so many questions that they dare not discuss; so much to defend by rude force or by subterfuge that their entire fabric is constantly atremble. As long as they can keep others intimidated, they have some success; but let their opponents but gain courage to throw light upon their shams and to attack them, as Luther dared, and many a Roman castle will sink into ruins because it was built upon sand.

Another vulnerable point in the Roman Catholic Church is its opposition to the Bible. Romanists are afraid of the Bible. It is true, they have been forced to publish Bibles of their own, but they have always been careful to add their own comment, their own introductions, and their own perversions. Whoever is afraid of the Bible and has the Bible against him occupies a very weak position. Hence, after all, the power of the Pope is in reality so insignificant that we can say with Luther: "One little word can fell him."

And think for one moment what the papacy has not been able to do! The Pope would like to have learning restricted to his own language, the Latin language; but he was not able to do it. We have to-day, in spite of the Pope's power, much finer and more exquisite literature in English and in German than in Latin. The Pope, from the beginning, condemned Bible societies and wished to put a stop to their activities, but — to-day the Bible is by far the best seller. You see, the Pope is not as mighty as he seems to be. The

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Pope would, if he could, stop our publications, stop the publication of Luther's Small Catechism, stop the mailing of our periodicals, in which his shams are continually exposed. But he is forced to allow all this to go on.

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Why, in Rome itself, overtopping the Vatican, Protestants are building their church-buildings. The Pope has protested, he is supposed to be very mighty in Italy, and in Rome they would not lose him because he brings money to that city, and yet he has not been able to stop the Protestants from building churches in Rome and in Italy. Somehow there is a mighty power against the power of the Pope. It is not the money power or the press or the politicians, it is God Himself.

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Besides all this, it dare not be forgotten that God can at any time raise up a man mightier than Luther. At one time the Pope thought he had all Christendom in his pocket; however, God took a little farmer boy and made of him such a giant that the Pope could not conquer him, but came forth from the battle with that lad so thoroughly worsted that he had to be glad to be able to pick up the scraps, gather the remains, and take his refuge to secret diplomacy and bloody warfare in order to hold what he had and to try to regain what he had lost. And now, after four hundred years, he has regained little or nothing.

When people advised Martin Luther to spare himself because Christendom needed him, and because the poor, tyrannized Christians could not afford to lose their champion, Martin Luther told his friends that God is able to raise up ten Martin Luthers mightier than the one who was then living. That is still true to-day. The arm of the Lord is not shortened. If the Pope is against God and God is against the Pope, which is the true condition of affairs, then we have nothing to fear. That is to say, those have nothing to fear who are able to say, as Luther was able to say: "Take they our life, goods, fame, child, and wife: let these all be gone, they yet have nothing won; the kingdom ours remaineth."

The arm of the Lord is not shortened. That Man for whom the stone upon the grave of Lazarus and the death which worked in his body were no more than so many spider's webs is still alive and just as powerful as He was on the day on which He vanquished death itself. Yes, and He can produce ten, twenty, or one hundred Martin Luthers at any moment and give them such success that all Catholic cathedrals would resound with the wail of the vanquished foes of Christ. We feel sorry for those Protestants who still look to the arm of flesh. But those who trust in the Lord of Sabaoth have nothing to fear from the Pope. Let him do his worst, the promises of God are ours, the Savior from sin is ours, the victory over death, sin, and the grave is ours, heaven is ours. Why, God has determined upon the destruction of Antichrist; and if God is God, then this destruction is assured. 2 Thess. 2, 8.

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Frederick Pfotenhauer, D. D.,
President of the Missouri Synod.

President Pfotenhauer was born at Altencelle, near Celle, Hannover, Germany, April 22, 1859. He first at tended the Latin school at Celle and later entered our Concordia at Fort Wayne. He graduated from Concordia Seminary, St. Louis, Mo., as candidate of theology in 1880 and was ordained at Odessa, Minn., during the same year. For seven years he bore the hardships of missionary life on the northwestern frontier of civilization. Many a German La theran settlement in Minnesota and North Dakota was visited by him. Frequently his missionary tours took him far beyond the facilities of travel by rail. He was thus part and parcel of the expansion of the American nation into the great North west and one of the band of faithful missionaries, who with the least possible encouragement in the way of salary and of the comforts of life, with the persistence of a great faith in the Lord of the Vineyard, laid the foundations of our Synod deep and strong in a well-instructed laity.

Rev. Pfotenhauer was installed at Lewiston, Minn., in 1887 and at Hamburg, Minn., in 1894.

His first synodical office was that of Secretary of the Minnesota and Dakota District. Later he was Visitor and then President of the District. In 1908 he was elected Vice President of the Missouri Synod, and since 1911 he is its President, having been reelected in 1914, 1917, 1920, and

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