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through him the only one living and true God. corporation is administered by the various members there. of obeying one head and law, as the provinces of a vast kingdom are administered by many persons clothed upon with the authority of the king, and following his ordinance of government, so shall it be with the earth during the thousand years, with the earth and with all creation for ever and ever. This is the best account which I can render of the mode of things, which, for my own profit, I seldom think of in their mode, but always in their essence. Now the essence of the promise before us is, that we who are faithful and true to Christ's name here on earth, and uphold it in all its authority and power, shall receive from Him that name of his God, and carry it ever written upon our forehead, to be seen and read of all. Christ, whom we confess to on earth, shall confess to us in heaven, and he with whose humility and crucifixion we took part on earth, shall bestow upon us part of his honour and glory in the heavens. That holy office over the creatures, which lie now for a long time hath held, the High Priest of God, he will, if we be faithful unto him, as he was faithful unto his Father, share with us, and call upon us to be faithful and merciful rulers over the house of God. We shall have the mercy and the .grace, the forgiveness and the goodness of God to dispense, and we shall have the gratitude and blessedness of the creatures to render back again unto that God which is in Christ Jesus. As high priests, we are Christ's brethren ; but we offer all the worship unto a God revealed only in him, and in him only approached. We share his manhood, bùt we worship Godhead in him also. This I believe to be the mystery of his writing upon us the name of his God.
The next inscription wbich Christ promiseth to make upon those who overcome, “ The name of the city of my God, new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God,” derives great illustration from that name which is written upon the forehead of the woman who cometh up out of the wilderness riding upon the beast with seven heads and ten horns, to which the devil gave his seat, and his power, and great authority. After a description of her person, as the harlot of kings, “ arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, with gold and precious stones
OF THE EARTH
and pearls," and of her attitude as the sorceress of the earth, “ having a golden cup in her hand, full of abominations and filthiness of her fornications,” it is said, “ And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS, AND ABOMINATIONS
(Rev. xvii. 5). Babylon the Great," is the name of a city, the city of confusion, the city of wickedness ; that city which reigneth over the kings of the earth, and sitteth upon seven mountains, Rome, the renowned for the mystery of iniquity ; but no where so well described as in these words, “ the mother of the harlots and the abominations of the earth.” The woman is all throughout this book the symbol of the church, the betrothed and well-beloved spouse of the Lamb, whose original beauty and investment of glory and power is set forth in the xiith chapter, together with the rabid and destructive purpose of the dragon to make away with her, and her children. But to such an awful degree doth she corrupt her ways, that when she comes up out of the wilderness, she hath made her peace with the dragon, and rides upon his back thus apparelled, and thus described by the handwriting upon her forehead. Which description doth signify that she had advanced herself from the outcast and widowed condition in which her Master left her to prove the fellowship of his trials, even to the dignity of being the queen of cities, from a houseless, homeless, and persecuted woman, to become a city, and to rule over the whole earth, and to make all the inhabitants of it drunk with her abominable mixtures, concocted in the darkness of midnight, and under the eclipse of the lights of heaven.
Taking this for our guide, we understand by the promise of writing the name of the new Jerusalem upon the foreheads of his saints, that Christ promiseth they shall grow up from being strangers and pilgrims upon this earth, who seek a city, to become themselves the inhabitants and the potentates of a mighty city, the new Jerusalem which cometh down from heaven, the tabernacle of God, in which God dwells, and from which he sends forth his rule and government unto the world's end. To these Philadelphians who had but a little strength, he promiseth the strength of pillars in the temple of his God: to the same people who were poor and despised, though faithful and true, he promiseth the honour of being the inhabitants of that Jerusalem, in the light of which the nations walk, and unto the gates of which the kings of the earth do bring their honour and their glory. Therefore the church singeth continually, “We have a city, salvation is for walls and bulwarks.” To this city of God, the Lord of hosts cometh at the head of his people, and summoneth the angel warders of its gates : “ Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.” They ask, “Who is this. King of glory?" It isanswered, “ The Lord of hosts, he is the King of glory” (Psalm xxiv. 9, io). And the strong angels who keep the twelve gates thereof give order, “ This is the gate of the Lord into which the righteous shall enter : set ye open the gates, that the righteous nation which keepeth the truth may enter in.” To the most part of Christians, little acquainted with the mystery of the New Jerusalem, as laid down in all the Scriptures, it will perhaps bring little consolation to be told that they shall be written and stamped citizens of the New Jerusalem. But how much Abraham esteemed it, is declared by the Apostle : “he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God;" as also did all the patriarchs, of whom he saith in the same place, “ But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly : wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God; for he hath prepared for them a city” (Heb, xi. 16). And the Apostle, in writing to the Philippians, made high account of this, when he said, in contrast with those who mind earthly things,
« Our citizenship (Tolitevpa) is in heaven, from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ; who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself” (Phil. iii. 20, 21). And in another place he saith, “ We are come unto Mount Zion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem." And again, “ The Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us ail.” That can be no mean mystery, to describe which, as the consummated glory and perfection, the two last chapters of this book are taken up. And yet they have so dishonoured
and disallowed this excellent mystery of the New Jerusalem, as to have permitted it to be used opprobriously of a beretical and schismatical sect, from whom no endeavours are made to reclaim it. Thus we despise our mother, and allow her name to be dishonoured. * Behold what honour God putteth upon that city, and what dignity he esteemeth this citizenship to be. Give heed, I say, ye faithless mockers, and stand in awe ; otherwise fear greatly that ye shall never enter within her walls. “ His foundation is in the holy mountains. The Lord loveth the gates of Zion, more than all the dwellings of Jacob. Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. I will make mention of Rabab, and Babylon, to them that know me; behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia : this man was born there. And of Zion it shall be said, This and that man was born in her: and the Highest himself shall establish her. The Lord shall count when he writeth up the people, that this man was born there. As well the singers as the players on instruments shall be there: all my springs are in thee." (Psalm lxxxvii.)
I feel, therefore, that I have a most important function to discharge for the church, while I endeavour to exhibit, as is proper to the topic of a discourse, the mystery contained under this name, “ the New Jerusalem;" for which we have ample materials in the Holy Scriptures. The meaning is, that the church, which is a captive in Egypt, shall
grow into a polity, and that the head polity, the metropolis of creation: this is her destination,-out of captivity to be brought by the Captain of her salvation, and exalted to be the ruling power, the capitol of the world. And this hope we should cherish as we would wish to honour the power, and be thankful for the goodness of our God. Let us trace the progress of this mystery as it is shadowed forth in the type, which is the Jewish people. Abraham and the Patriarchs, as appeareth from the quotations made above, had received from God the promise, and comforted themselves in all their wanderings with the sure hope, of this heavenly city, whose builder and maker is God. But first their seed must be brought into captivity to Pharaoh, who, with sensual and idolatrous Egypt, doth personate the dragon ruling in this beastly flesh, this benighted world, the corrupt and hideous grave. Thither being brought down into the bondage of a cruel lord, they represent the seed of Christ, chosen in him before the world was, and in the fulness of time to be glorified along with him, brought forth of flesh under the law of sin and death, into this world which obeyeth the oppres. sive rule and government of the prince of the power of the air. Generation after generation come under the same oppression, pass beneath the same yoke, and are grievously tormented if they shew any signs of recollecting their high original, in the eternal purpose of God. This the common condition of all those who shall inherit the glory of the New Jerusalem is set forth by the condi. tion of the people of Israel groaning and grieving and crying to God in the land of Egypt. From thence being delivered by Moses, who is the prophet like unto Christ, and baptized in the Red Sea where Pharaoh and his host were drowned; and being made to eat of the manna, which is Christ's flesh; and being made to drink of the waters of the rock, which are the Holy Ghost, (not blood or natural life, but Holy Ghost or spiritual life,) issuing from his stricken flesh; that same people, thus delivered and sustained in the wilderness forty years, do represent the second state of the church brought from under the thraldom and dominion of the flesh and the world, sojourning in this valley of tears, and making her way onwards to the land of her inheritance and the city of her habitation. We all are in this condition at present, dwelling in tents, and having God with us, within the curtains of this frail tabernacle. And should we be satisfied? we should be content, but not satisfied ; press forward and pray for the inheritance and the city, as it is set forth in the cvii th Psalm: " They wandered in the wilderness in a solitary way; they found no city to dwell in. Hungry and thirsty, their soul fainted in them. Then they cried unto the Lord in their trouble ; and he delivered them out of their distresses. And he led them forth by the right way; that they might go to a city of habitation.” If such were our feelings, we should know much more of that city, and have more frequently in our mouths the name of that city towards which we are plodding our weary way through this valley of Baca, digging for wells as we go ; looking up to Heaven to refresh our faintness with showers in the