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“ Whenever I approached a peafant's “ house towards night-fall," he used to say, “I played one of my most merry “ tunes, and that generally procured me "not only a lodging, but sublistence for * the next day: but, IN TRUTH” (his constant expression) “I must own, when "ever I attempted to entertain persons of “ a higher rank, they always thought my " performance odious, and never made “me any return for my endeavours to “ please them.”

On his arrival at Geneva, he was recommended as a proper person for a travelling tutor to a young man, who had been unexpectedly left a considerable sum of money by his uncle Mr. S****** This youth, who was articled to an attorney, on receipt of his fortune determined to see the world ; and, on his engaging

with his preceptor, made a proviso, that he should be permitted to govern himself: and our traveller foon found his pupil understood the art of directing in money concerns extremely well, as avarice was his prevailing passion.

During Goldlinith's continuance in Switzerland, he asiduously cultivated his poetical talent, of which he had given some striking proofs at the college of Edinburgh. It was from hence he fent the first sketch of his delightful epistle, called the Traveller, to his brother Henry, a clergyman in Ireland, who, giving up fame and fortune, had retired with an amiable wife to happiness and obscurity, on an income of only forty pounds a year. The great affection Goldsmith bore for this brother, is thus expressed in

the

a 4

the poem abovementioned, and gives ą striking picture of his siçuation.

Remote, unfriended, melancholy, Aow,
Or by the lazy Scheld, or wandering Po;
Or onward, where the rude Carinthian boor,
Against the houseless stranger shuts the door;
Or where Campania's plain forsaken lies,
A weary waste expanding to the skies;
Where'er I roam, whatever realms to see,
My heart untravel'd fondly tựrns to thee:
Stili to my brother turns, with ceaseless pain,
And drags at each remove a length’ning chain ;
Eternal blessings crown my earliest friend,
And round his dwelling guardian saints attend;
Bleft be that spot, where chearful guests retire,
To pause from toil, and trim their evening fire ;
Bleft that abode, where want and pain repair,
And every stranger finds a ready chair ;
Bleft be those feasts with fimple plenty crown'd,
Where all the ruddy family around,
Laugh at the jefts or pranks that never fail,
Or sigh with pity at some mournful tale

tale;

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Or press the balhful ftranger to his food,
And learn the luxury of doing good.

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From Geneya Mr. Goldsmith and his pupil proceeded to the south of France, where the young man, upon some disagreement with his preceptor, paid him the small part of his salary which was due, and embarked at Marseilles for England. Our wanderer was left once more upon the world at large, and passed through a number of difficulties in traversing the greatest part of France. At length his curiosity being gratified, he bent his course towards England; and arrived at Dover, the beginning of the winter, in the year 1758;

His finances were so low on his return to England, that he with difficulty got to the metropolis, his whole stock of cash

amounting

amounting to no more than a few halfpence! An entire stranger in London, his mind was filled with the most gloomy reAlections in consequence of his embarrafred situation! He applied to several apothecaries in hopes of being received in the capacity of a journeyman, but his broad Irish accent, and the uncouthness of his appearance, occasioned him to meet with infult from most of the media cinal tribe. The next day, however, a chymist near Filh-street, ftruck with his forlorn condition, and the simplicity of his manner, took him into his laboratory, where he continued till he discovered that his old friend Dr. Sleigh was in London. That gentleman received him with the warmest affe&tion, and liberally invited him to share his purse till some establishment could be procured for him. Gold

smith,

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