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the captain went in search of water, and was conducted to some ponds, in one of which the water was tolerably good, but at a considerable distance from the shore. He went over, therefore, to the adjacent island, and found better water than had yet been discovered.
A hut was erected near the house given by the king, and the horses, cattle, and sheep were landed, with a party of marines to guard them. The observatory was also set up. Mr. King took up his residence on the shore to direct the observations. A party was stationed to cut wood for fuel and planks for the ships, and the gunners were appointed to carry on commerce with the natives, who flocked from all parts with such things as the island produced,
To the westward of the tent, the country for the space of 'two miles was entirely uncultivated, but covered with trees and bushes growing spontaneously with the greatest vigour. Beyond this, is an extensive plain, adorned with some mall plantations and cocoa-trees. Near the creek, which runs west of the place where the tent stood, the land is 'perfectly fat, and overflows with the tide.
Here was seen a work of art, which displays no small portion of ingenuity and perseverance in the natives. On one side is a narrow causeway which gradually increases in breadth, and rises with a gentle ascent to the height of ten feet, and there the breadth is ten paces. Adjacent to this is a kind of circus raised above the causeway some feet, and is in diameter about thirty paces, having soine trees planted in the centre. On the opposite side is another causeway, which is partly in ruins, and not above forty paces in length. The whole is built of large coral stones, with earth on t
sur: face, overgrown with shrubs and low trees. What ever might be its original use, it appears now to be totally useless, and several marks of decay show its antiquity. All that could be learned of the natives concerning this singular appearance of art in a rude country, was, that it belonged to Paulaho one of the chiefs, and was called Etchee.
Eroa liez south-east of Tongataboo, at the distance of about four leagues. Tasman discovered this island, but did not land there;
and Captain Cook appears to have been the only navigator wlio landed on this island. He places the eastern extremity in 174 degrees west longitude, and its southern extremity in 21 latitude. The circumference is about ten leagues : and it rises to an elevation above any of the other islands in that quarter. The other isles in this cluster are generally level, but here the land, rising gently, presents an extensive prospect, where groves, in beautiful disorder, are interspersed at irregular distances. The shore is shaded with a variety of trees, among which are the habitations of the natives. On the south-east coast rise the towering hills, but that on the north-west is filled with val. leys, meadows, and plains of considerable extent; which, being adorned with clusters of trees, and small plantations, exhibit the most luxuriant prospect. While Captain Cook was beholding this enchanting prospect, his mind was elated with the future prospect of these fields and meadows being stocked with English cattle grazing upon them. The soil upon the high grounds is composed of a soft sandy stone; but in the low grounds, of a deep reddish clay. On the most elevated part of the island was a round platform, supported by wall of coral rock, which was erected by the chief, and thither the principal people of the island sometimes resorted to drink kava. At a small distance, was a spring of excellent water. The best anchorage was found upon the north-west side, in a gravelly bank extending two miles, with twenty or thirty fathoms of water. There is also a creek which affords convenient landing for boats at all times of the tide. - This island is superior to Tongataboo, on account of the pleasantness of its situation, and the quality of the water, and there is little doubt but the clinate would be found very agreeable to an European constitution.
The manner in which those who actually visited this island along with Captain Cook express themselves, will afford the reader the most accurate idea of that place. Speaking of the dangers they underwent in reaching that harbour, in their passage from Eooa, they say,-- We had now been sixty days on a passage, which, in a direct course, would not have exceeded ten, and had been exposed to severe trials, owing to some fatality in pursuing a track, of which every seaman on board disapproved. How it happened is not easily accounted for, as it was next to a miracle that any creature on board the Resolution remained alive to reach our present harbour. Had not the copious rains, that fell almost incessantly from the time that we passed the tropic ull our arrival here, supplied us with a daily consumption of water, not only the animals, but the men must have pcrished,
Happy we were now, however, in finding ourselves on a friendly coast. We forgot the dangers we had escaped, and thought only of enjoying, with inexpressible pleasure, the sweets of
these happy islands, whose spontaneous productions perfume the air, to a considerable distance, with a fragrance inconceivably reviving, and whose plantations exbibit a richness of prospect, as we approach them, owing to the beautilul intermixa ture of the various blossoms with the vivid green leaves of the trees- of which the most animated description can afford but a faint idea.
• Add to these, the iufied clumps which adorn the little rising hills, that appear every where in. terspersed delightfully among the verdant lawns, and' rich, low, surrounding valleys. Nothing in nature can be more pleasing to the eye, or more grateful to the sense. We were no sooner moored in the harbour, than we were encircled with innumerable little boats or canoes, most curiously constructed and ornamented, the sides polished so as to surpass the blackest ebony, and the decks inlaid with mother-of-pearl and tortoise-shell, equal to the best cabinets of European manufacture, in which work these islanders seem to excel.'
This luxuriant island is situated in the latitude of 20, and in the longitude of 147 degrees, and at the distance of eighteen leagues from Tongataboo.. It is of a triangular form, and none of its sides extend above four miles. . The area is also greatly lessened by a large salt lagoon, which cuts
off its south-eastern angle. Small islets, sand banks, and reets surround the whole coast. A harbour is formed by these on the south-western side of the island with anchorage in ten or twelve fathoms, with a bottom of coral sand. It is well sheltered, but there is a disñculty of obtaining fresh water.
The island which next merits attention is called Hapaee. When Captain Cook approached this
island, it appeared to form three islands, and a fourth suddenly presented itself. Each of them appeared to be similar in aspect and elevation, and six or seven miles in length. Their names are Haamo, Foa, Letooga, and Hoolaiva ; but they are all included in the general appellation of Hapaee. Anchorage was found abreast of a reef joining Lelooga to Foa, of twenty four fathonis depth, about a quarter of a mile from the shore, and good landing at all times for the boats.
Scarcely had the captain moored his vessel, when he was encircled with the natives and their canoes, loaded with all the commodities the coun. try afforded, which were exchanged for European trifles.
Shortly after landing the captain was introduced to the king, who, having asked some questions, caused the strar.ger to sit down by his side, and exhorted his subjects to consider Captain Cook as a friend, who meant only to remain a few days among them ; that, therefore, during his stay in the island, they should be careful not to pilfer any thing from him, nor give him the least offence; and that they should bring the produce of the country to be exchanged with his articles of com
The ceremony of audience was then terminated by a mutual exchange of presents.
Cook also visited Letooga, which he found in isome respects superior to Annamooka ; for the plantations were both more numerous and estensive. Owing to the sandy nature of the soil, various parts are waste and barren ; but the interior part of the island is fertile, and the signs of population and improved culture are every where conspicuous. Many of the plantations are so arranged, that their tences run parallel from spacious