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EMBELLISHED WITH A PORTRAIT OF PRINCE LEOPOLD OF SAXE-COBURG.

MONTHLY MAGAZINES have opened a way for every kind of inquiry and information. The intelligence and discussion contained in them are very extensive and various; and they have been the means of diffusing a general habit of reading through the nation, which in a certain degree hath enlarged the public understanding. HERE, too, are preserved s niultitude of useful hints, observations, and facis, which otherwise might have never appeared.-- Dr. Kippis.

Every Art is improved by the emulation of Competitors...Dr. Johnson.

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PRE FACE

TO THE FIFTH VOLUME.

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IN reviewing the stage of our labours which is here brought to a conclusion, we are disposed to coincide with the general admission, that the farther our Work proceeds the stronger are its claims to public favour; especially as we have the satisfaction to know that the more extensive is the support with which it is honoured. To the consistency of our practice with our professions, and of both with that duty which we owe to our country, we ascribe effects so gratifying to our ambition. Let demagogues found Societies for Preventing War, and at the same time talk of the « infatuation of certain courts,” which did not choose " to remain at peace with him [Buonaparte) whose chịef boast and glory was that of having been the Pacificator of Europe."* Let the worthy disciples of Paine print tracts for the avowed purpose of extinguishing na. tional animosities, and at the same time lament the “ crifice" of the “ patriots of Grenoble,” and the “ proscriptions, imprisonments, and banishments, of the zealous adherents of French liberty and independence”+-that is to say, of those immaculate characters who most cheerfully joined their sanguinary Moloch in overturning a throne which they had but just sworn to defend. Let traitors to the human race, maddened with despair, vent sophistries, contradictions, and political blasphemies like these, which cannot fail to draw upon them the scorn and abhorrence of every virtuous mind, and finally to consign them to neglect and oblivion. Be it ours with steady pace to pursue the course marked out for us by Patriotism and Honour; to warn our countrymen against the insinuating arts of hypocrites who would banish the very name of both from the face of the earth ; and to seek in the utility of our labours the surest passport to public esteem.

Convinced as we are that nothing can tend more powerfully to the support of the present order of things than the diffusion of the sentiments which animate the numerous associations established on Pitt principles throughout the kingdom, we have endeavoured in this Volume to present

* Old Monthly Mag. July 1816, p. 558. ,

+ Ibid. p. 559. .

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a view of those institutions; and though we have not been enabled to give complete effect to our intentions, still enough, we trust, has been done to show the importance of the subject. We have likewise been desirous of directing the attention of our Correspondents to the state of IRELAND, that long-neglected portion of the British Empire ; and we here repeat our solicitation to be favoured with communications illustrative of its history, antiquities, and local beauties, and of the peculiar habits and moral 'character of its inhabitants

We have every reason to antici. pate, from the more extensive diffusion of this kind of io formation, an increased intercourse between the two countries, which must obviously be attended with great and reciprocal advantages.

At the present crisis, when Britain experiences that lassitude, which in nations as in individuals necessarily follows strenuous and protracted exertions, it has been our wish to lead the ingenious to the consideration of the best means of alleviating the distresses under which the working classes of the community more especially labour. In the confidence that this embarrassment is but of a temporary nature, we most earnestly recommend patience under privation to those who suffer, and to all who are blessed with the gifts of fortune a residence upon their estates, and such an employment of the poor in their respective neighbourhoods as local situation or particular circumstances may render most eligible. This principle, if universally acted upon, would certainly afford material assistance to any plan which may be devised for improving the condition of the industrious poor, if not go a great way towards removing that pressure which at present they so severely feel.

On a reference to our pages it will be seen, that though the welfare of our dear native land is naturally the para. mount object of our consideration, still we are far from overlooking whatever may occur of interest to literature, art, or science, in the other regions of the globe. We aspire not to be praised, quoted, or reprinted, by foreigners; and to gain such distinctions we shall never defame our country, lick the feet of a military despot, or fawn with spaniel. like servility upon a republican rabble. It was purely British feelings that prompted the establishment of our Work ; it is by a purely British spirit that we are ambitious of being distinguished; and to the applause of the BRITISH Nation alone we look for our reward.

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MONTILY MAGAZINES have opened a way for every kind of inquiry and information. The in telligence and discussion contained in them are very extensive and various; and they have been the means of diffusing a general habit of reading through the nation, which in a certain degree hath enlarged the public understanding. HERE, too, are preserved a niultitude of useful hints, observations, and facts, which otherwise might have never appeared.--- Dr. Kippis.

Every Art is improved by the emulation of Competitors.--- Dr. Johnson.

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ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

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THE GUARDIAN OF HEALTII. Brodun's pills, no Solomon's Balm of
No. V

Gilead, no Seltzer water, no cleansing
GENERAL RULES FOR THÉ PRESERVATION elixirs, no bleeding-nothing of the kind.
OF HEALTI.

It is quite enough that the sick should IS it possible that there can be people resort to medicines, since they alone can in the world to whoin health is a burden? experience utility in so doing. What It certainly would appear so; for upon end can a bealthy person who purges or what other principle can we account for bleeds have in view ? Perhaps to prevent the conduct of those who without any ail- some future disease. But who can tell ment whatever have recourse to medicine? what disease this will be? and what Farbeit froin me to find fault with any in- physician can prescribe for a disease of dividual who, perceiving the symptoms of the nature of which he has not the approaching indisposition, takes speedy slightest notion? measures for arresting its progress. But I shall deem myself most happy, if my why should such as enjoy the most ro; readers will attend to this my first adbust health determine for weeks, nay monition to abstain froin the use of all months beforehand to lose blood, or go medicines till they find that they sland , through a course of medicine at particular in need of them; and this will be the seasons, unless they were tired of that case, if, notwithstanding a regular mode state and considered it'expedient to in- of life, they should still be unwell, I cheerterrupt its longer continuance? How fully subjoin this limitation; for when too, can the physician set about pre- indispositions arise from irregularities in scribing for a patient who has no disease? the natural functions, they may in geneHe prescribes neither meat nor drink, ral be removed by correcting the latter. and these are the only things requisité For this reason I consider it better to defor a person in health. Physic can wei- bar persons in health from all preventher satisfy the appetite, nor nourish the tives and merely to recommend attenbody; since every medicine is the me- tion to a regular babit of body as the dium of producing new actions, which universal preservative against medicines are never of benefit but when instituied as well as diseases, than unnecessarily to to subvert those prejudicial ones already prescribe diet-drinks, mineral waters or existing in the system. Such is the ge- decoctions, with the fanciful but fallanuine object of the medical art. The cious view of purifying the blood. effects of medicines are deviations from But how are we to obtain that healthy health as well as the complaints against state of the body in which our ancestors which they are directed, and they accom- grew old without any preventives? It is plish a cure by substituting a inilder diso requisite that we imitate as much as posease, and thus interrupting the course of sible their mode of life. Tlaey dwelt in that which previously existed. But what forests and fields, where the sky was are they when there are no existing dis- their shelter, and the earth their couch. orders for them to oppose ?-diseases They breathed a pure, salubrious, balmy which thoughtless fools wantonly bring air, such as is nou to be found in any close upon themselves, when they are tired of apartment constantly inhabited by sevethe enjoyment of health,

ral persons. We must, it is true, again For the healthy there is no other ra- become barbarians like them, if we in tional way of remaining so than by con- these respects closely copy their example. forming to the dictates of nature-no But what kinders us from pursuing a NEw MONTELY MAG---No, 25. Vol. V.

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