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Unless they banquet on the wretch they flew,
Devour the corps, and lick the blood they drew !
What, think you, wou'd Pythagoras have fay'd
Of such a feast, or to what desart fled?
Who flesh of animals refuse'd to eat,
Nor held all sorts of pulse for lawful meat ?*

Even, of late days, says Pliny, to go no further than to the other side of the Alps, there be those that kil men for sacrifice, after the manner of those Scythian people, the Cyclops and Lystrigones, of which he has been speaking, and that, he ads, wants not much of chewing and eating their flesh.t This unnatural propensity was not entirely extinct in that couniry at a very


period : a woman of the city of Chalons in Cham. pagne ate her own sister ; another devour'd her husband; and, a third, haveing murder'd her children, falted their bodys, and ate of them every day as a delicious morsel. I

* Satyra xv.

+ B. 7, c. 1. Pliny, in his pursuit of these foreign anthropophagi, forgot that even in Rome (as we are told by Tertullian) Bellonas priests regale’d all their votarys with human blood ; and that in the Circensian games, those that had the falling sickness suck'd the blood of the wounded gladiators: that boars and lions, fatten'd with human flesh, were the dainty's on which they fed ; and that the entrails of a wild beast that had just devour'd a man were very acceptable. (Apology for the Cbristians.)

Man a macbine, p. 42.

After the siege of Leyden was raise'd, there were certain Hollanders who found a Spaniard, open’d him, cause’d his heart to be dress’d, and

ate it. *

The ancient Britons, like the other Gauls, thought it criminal to take the life of a hare or a goose, but would sacrifice (as we have seen), and even eat,t a man with the utmost composure. They would have shudder'd with horrour at the profaneness of a philosopher, who should have had the courage to tel them that it was no less criminal to kil, for the purpose of food, a man than a goofe : pretty much, no doubt, as their more hu. mane and polish'd successors would do, at present, on hearing it seriously maintain’d that they had an equal right by nature to kil both.


Scaligerana, p. 236. + Diodorus Siculus relates, that the Britons who inhabited Iris (now Ireland) devour'd human flesh (B. 5); which is corroborateëd by Strabo (B. 4). The Gauls conducted by Brennus into Greece did the fame. (Pausanias, Pbocicks.)

St. Jerome says that he himself, when a boy, in Gaul, law the Scots, a Pritish nation (i. e. in present Ireland), eat human flesh, and that when they found herds of swine, or other cattle, they used to cut off the buttocks of the herdsmen, and breasts of the women, which they esteem'd the onely daintys. (Adversus Jovinianum, C. 2.)

'These Irish Scots, transported into the north of Britain, are Yay'd to have been anthropo; bagi even in the reign of William


There is a recent instance of cannibalisin in Engleland. At the Lent assizeës for Chestery

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the conquerur, who punish d them for it, (Monast:con Arglicinum, I, p. 72): nor was the race quite extinct, for some cen'turys lateör, as we are inform'd by two of their own historians. Thus Andrew of Wyotown, under the year 1339:

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“ A karle, thai say'd, wes nere thare by,
That'wald set fettys comownaly
Chyldyr and women for to fla,
And swanys, that he mycht oure-la,
And ete thame all, that he get niychi;
Crystyne Klek tyl name he hycht.
That lary lyf contenwyd he,
Qwhil wast but folk wes the cuntre."

Thus, also, Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie :-“ About this time, under the year 1460, there was apprehended and taken, for a moit abominable and cruel abuse, a brigand, who haunted and dwelt, with his whole family and houshold, out of all mens company, in a place of Angus, called The fiends den. This mischievous man had an execrable fashion, to take all young men and children, that either he could seal quietly, or take away by any other moyen, without the knowledge of the people, and bring them home and eat them; and, the more young they were, he held ihem the more tender, and the greater delicate.

For the which damnable abuse he was burnt, with his wife, bairns and family, except a young lass of one year old, which was save'd and brought to Dundee, where. the was fuster'd and brought up. but, when she came to wo: mans years, the was condemn'd and burnt quick, for the same crime her father and mother were convicted of. It is say'd, That, when this young woman was comeing forth to the

in 1777, one Samuel Thorley, A BU "CHERS FOLLOWER, was try'd for the murder of Ann

place of execution, that there gather'd a great multitude of people about her, and specially of women, curseing and warying that she was so unhapy [i. e. mischievous] to commit such damnable deeds : to whom she turn'd about, with a wood [i. e. mad] and furious countenance, saying, Wherefore chide ye with me, as i had commited an unworthy crime? Give me credit, and trow [i.e. believe] me, if ye had experience of ea:ing mans and womans flesh, ye would think the same so delicious, that ye would never forbear it again." (History of Sco:land, p. 65.) This young woman was by no means singular in the preference she gave to human flesh : the cannibals, according to doctor Moffet, praiseing it above all other, as Oforius writeeth : " and Cambletes king of Lydia, haveing eaten of his own wife, say’d he was forry to have been ignorant so long of so good a dish.” (Healtbs improvement, p. 160-1.) “Dureing a dreadful famine in India," says J. de Lonseiro, “ which destroy'd more than a hundred thousand persons, when the roads and streets were cover'd with dead bodys, i saw several have the resolution to preserve their lives by this disgusting food [human flesh]; but some of them, though not many, found it fo delicious, that, when the famine was at an end, they retain'd such an irresistible propenfity to human flesh, that they lay in wait for the liveing, in order to devour them :" ading, in particular, two instanceës, of a mountaineer and a woman. (Observations on the inducements to eating human flesh, Philosophical magazine, for August 1799.),

In 1768 the ravageës of famine were so great at Patna, a large city in the kingdom of Bahar, that hundreds of Indians perifh'd dayly for want of food. The surviveërs began even


Smith, a ballad-finger, about twenty-two years

He decoy'd her, lay with her, murder'd

of age.


to attempt satisfying their craveing hunger with the flesh of the dead, in order to preserve their own existence. Stavorinus, Voyages to the E. Indies, I, 152. (This dreadful calamity, he observes, may chiefly be attributed to the monopoly which the Engleish had made of the rice.)

Moryson, haveing made mention of the Engleith army in Ireland, “destroying the rebels corn, and useing," as he says, "all meanes to famish them," proceeds, by two or three examples, to fhew the miserable estate to which they were reduce’d. Sir Arthur Chichester, sir Rich. Moryson, and the other commanders of the forceës, sent against Brian Macart, in their return homeward, saw a most horrible spectacle of three children (whereof the eldest was not above ten years old), all eating and gnawing with their teeth the entrails of their dead mother, upon whose flesh they had fed twenty days past. ...Captain Trevor, and many honeft gentlemen, lying in the Newry, can witness, that some old women of those parts used to make a fier in the fields, and divers little children driveing out the cattel in the cold mornings, and comming thither to warm them, were by them surprise'd, kild, and eaten." (Itinerary, Part 2, page 271.)

About the year 1652 and 1653 the plague and famine had so swept away whole countrys, that a man might travel twenty or thirty miles, and not see a liveing creature, either man, bealt, or bird ;' they being all dead, or haveing quited these desolate placeës..." I have seen,” says the writeër, “ those miserable creatures [ageëd men, women, and children] plucking stinking carrion out of a ditch, black and rotten; and have been credibly inform’d, that they digged corpses out of the grave to eat. But the most tragical story i ever heard

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