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with vegetable nutriment, and whose nurse, allso, should live entirely on vegetables, would ever be subject to worms."*
“ Under their abstemious mortifying diet, the Bannians maintain as good a habit of body, are: as comely and proportionable as other people, and live to reckon as many years as those that pity their spare food. But, in their thoughts, they are often more quick and nimble, by that course of liveing they choose to delight in, which renders their spirits more pure and subtle, and thereby greatly facilitates their comprehension of things. In a word, they keep their organs clear, their spirits lively, and their constitutions free from those diseaseës, which a grofser diet is apt to create in these warm climates." +
The common diet of the Otaheiteans is made up of, at least, nine tenths of vegetable food; and it is, perhap, oweing to this temperate course of life, that they have so few diseaseës. $ They
* Emilius, I; 54: “ Can it be suppose'd that a vegetable diet should be the best adapted for a child, and animal food for its nurse? There is an evident contradiction in the no. tion.” Ibi, 56. “ Nor is this to be wonder'd at, since animal substanceis, when putrefy'd, are cover'd with worms, in a manper never experience'd in the substance of vegetables.” Ibi, 53. + Ovingtons Voyage to Suratt, P. 317.
Cook's Voyages, II, 148.
seldom eat flesh; their children, and young girls, never any; and this, doubtless, serves to keep them free from all our diseaseës. *
Nothing, in fact, is so light and easey to the stomach, most certainly, as the farinaceous or mealy vegetables ; such as pease, beans, millet, oats, barley, rye, wheat, fago, rice, potatos,
and the like it but bread, after all, is the lightest • and properest aliment for human bodys. I
· That a vegetable diet promotes longevity is inferable from several instanceës. The great Aurungzebe, from his usurpation of the throne, never tasteëd flesh, fish, nor strong liquors, and lived in good health to near a hundred years. That of old Parr, who dyed at the age
152 years and 9 months, was old cheese, milk, coarse bread, small-beer, and whey: and his historian tels us, he might have live'd a good while longer, if he had not change'd his diet and air. Old Henry Welby, who live'd at his house, in Grubstreet, forty-four years, unseen by any, did not, in all that space, taste either Alesh or fish. He dye'd in 1636, aged 84.4 In July 1737, was
Dr. Arbuthnots Essay concerning aliments, p. 51.
liveing in St. Margarets work-house, Weftminster, Mary Patten, age'd 136 years, whose onely food was milk.* On the 25th of December 1772, dye'd at Brussels, aged 101, Elifabeth de Val, who never ate a bit of flesh, or tasteëd of any kind of broth or foup, dureing the whole course of her lifc.f A few years ago, dye'd at Coombe in Northhumberland, Joseph Ekins, age'd 103; who never knew a weeks ilness, and subsisted entirely on bread, milk, and vegetables, for the last thirty years. I A shepherd dye’d, not long fince, at Gompas, in Hungary, in the 126th year of his age. His manner of liveing was extremely simple: he never ate any meat, but subsisted entirely on milk, butter, and cheese, and had never been il in his
Onc great advantage, according to doctor Cheyne, a vegetable diet has over an animal one, is, that, in the weakest digestions, and the most dangerous and obftinate distempers, the patient may allways fil his belly, and satisfy his hunger,
* Gentlemans Magazine, VII, 449. The trustees, it is Say'd, had her picture painted, to succeed her when the dye'd. + Scots Magazine, XXXIV, 696.
From a newspaper.
without fear, remorse, or suffering; at least, he may do it to a great degree, til he comes to be. far advance'd in years : and, if he should hapen, at any time, to exceed, he feels none of those pungent and acute symptoms, nor those dureable cffects, and profound finkings, he would feel from a full mcal of high meats, and strong drinks...... A plain, natural, and philofophical reason, why vegetable, food, he says, is preferable to all other, is, that, abounding with few or no falts, being soft and cool, and consisting of parts that are caseyly divideëd and form'd into chyle, without giveing any labour to the digestive powers, it has not that force to open the mouths of the lacteals, to distend their orificeës, and excite them to an unnatural activity, to let pass too great a quantity of hot and rank chyle into the blood, and so overcharge, and inflame, the lymphaticks, and capillarys, which is the natural, and ordinary, effect of animal food, and, therefore
cannot so readyly produce diseaseës. Such food, :he continues, requires little or no force of di
gestion, a little gentle heat and motion being „ sufficient to dissolve it into its integral particles, and into a thin watery emulsion, such as is chicken-water, afs's milk, or thin broth, „which is all that is required for the purpose of nutrition,
and all of the food that can enter into the lacteals.....so that no more being admited into the blood than the expenceës of liveing require, life and health can never be endanger'd on a vegetable diet. But all the contrary hapens under a high animal diet.*
Haveing allready fay'd, that real lunacy, madness, and a disorder'd brain, can possiblely be accounted for from no other natural cause but a mal-regimen of diet; and that the best phyficians have no other method of cureing such diseaseës, but great, proper, and frequent evacuations of all kinds, and then braceing by vegetables, astringents, or cold baths, all the rest being but trificing, he proceeds as follows: Bue people think they cannot possiblely fubfist on a little meat, milk, and vegetables, or any low diet, and that they must infalliblely perifh if they be' confine'd to water onely; not considering that nine parts in ten of the whole mass of mankind are necessaryly confined to this diet, or pretty nearly to it; and yet live with the use of their senseës, limbs, and facultys, without diseaseës, or but few, and those from accidents or epidemical causeës, and that there have been
* Natural method of cureing diseases, p. 68.70.