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great measure, upon the cocoa-nut. A little rice and this nut together, without any other food, , do generally allay the hunger of the common people.*
The Peruvians in the hot countrys, which were moft fruitful, sow'd little or nothing, but contented themselves with herbs and roots, and wild fruits, and with that which the earth produced of itself; for they, requireing no more than natural sustenance, live'd with little, and createëd no accidental necessitys for the support of life.t
The dumpleërs are a plain and peaceable religious fect of Germans in Pennfylvania. Their common food consists wholely of vegetables, not because they think it is unlawful to eat any other, but because that kind of abstinence is look'd upon as more conformable to the spirit of Christianity, which has an averfion to blood. I
The father of mistress Wright, so wel known by her ingenious talent of modeling likenesses in wax, was (for that part of America where he live’d) esteem'd among his neighbours to be a very rich, and a very
honest man ;
* Voyage to Surat, p. 121.
he had large tracts of land, houseës, horseës, oxen, sheep, poultry, and, in Mort, every kind of liveing thing, and earthly grain, which man can really want, for the support and comfort of life; but, being one of that fect called Quakers, he became to fingularly conscientious, that he could not bring himself to believe, that god permited men to spil the blood of animals for their dayly food. He, therefor, neither ate flesh himself, nor permited it to be eaten by any one within his gates. His ten children were twice ten years old before they tasteëd flesh.*
Vegetables and fish, according to Bougainville, are the principal food of the inhabitants of Otaheite. They feldom eat flesh, their children, and young girls, never any; and this, he fays, doubtless ferves to keep them free from allmost all our diseases.
To omit mentioning many other instancës, it is wel known, that the people who are condemn’d to work in the galleys, as well as many others, can make shift with a certain portion of bread and water onely; and, likewise, that the inhabitants of the Apennine mountains live allmost entirely upon chesnuts.*
* New profe Bath-guide for 1778 (by Philip Thicknesse, esquire), p. 57. . It is remarkable that the writeër, or compileër, of the prelent book ceased to tafte it, from the fame age. * + Voyage (by Forster), p. 248. That this is allso the case in other of the South-sea ilands, fee Sparrmans Voyage to the Cape of Good-bope, II, 228, &c.
The young favage of Aveyron, when wild in the forest, subsisted upon acorns, roots, raw chesnuts and potatos ; which last, but boild (and, frequently, by himself) have been fince his principal food. When thirsty he disdains to take wine, and onely wishes for water.f
In Engleland, Wales, and Scotland, great numbers of the inhabitants, particularly the labouring part of the community, live chiefly, and stil
greater, solely, on vegetable food. The usual diet of labourers, in the parish of South-Tawton, Devonshire, is milk and potatos ; barley or wheaten bread; and, occasionally, a little bacon. I
A labourer, in Leicestershire, supports him. self, and five children, chiefly on bread; useing little or no milk or potatos; feldom geting any butter, nor useing any oatmeal; but occafionally buying a little cheese, and haveing fome
* Sparrmans Voyage, II, 236.
† Mitards Account of a favage man, &c. p. 13, 30, 45, 83, 104.
I Sir F. M. Edens State of the poor, p. 140.
times, meat on a Sunday: bread being the chief support of the family, which, however, had far from a sufficiency of that article, and would have use'd much more if they could have procure'd it. *
At Monmouth a labourer has about three pints of milk a day, which, with a litile bread, serves his children for breakfait ; his wife drinks tea: their dinner is bread, potatos, and salt ; with, sometimes, a little fat or driping, if it can be procure'd cheap: their supper, generally, bread or potatos.t
Bread and cheese, potato3 and (milk-] porridge, and a thick flummery, made of coarse oat-meal, are the usual diet of the labouring people in Pembrokeshire. I
The breakrait of the labouring part of the community in the neighbourhood of Lancaster, usually confifts of milk-poitage or hastey-pudding, which is there cali'd water-pottage: and dinner, of potatos, with a little butter, and falt; filh, bacon, or but hers-meat, being, however, aded, according to the season, and circumstanceës of the family
The yeomanry and labouring poor throughout
the greater part of Westmoreland and Cumberland live alltogether without animal food. Even substantial statesmen, as they are there call’d, who cultivate their own land, do not fee a piece of flesh-meat at their table for weeks or months together. Their chief diet is potatos, milk, and oat-cakes; wheaten-bread being allmost as great a rarity as beef or mutton. Of this the compileër was partly an eye witness, and partly obtain'd information on the spot.
The provifions use’d in the township of KirkbyLonsdale by the labouring poor, are, chiefly, milk, oat-bread, haftey-pudding, onions, potatos, and, now and then, a little butchers
Sir F. M. Eden has giveën the income of a weaveër in Kendal,with a wife and seven children: their provision is chiefly oat-meal, potatos, milk, and butter : no animal food whatever.t
He has, likewise, stateëd the earnings and expenditure of a poor woman in Cumberland, who “ seems perfectly hapy, content, and cheerful,” with the considerable income of 41. if. 7 d. Her yearly charge for butchers-meat is if. 6d.
* State of the poor, p. 772. + Ibi, 769