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prehensions commonly occafion'd by the proximity of such neighbours, no longer disquiet the minds of the natives. Hapy effect of those mild and innocent manners, whence have arisen peace and protection to all the inferior animals.*

“ The people of Cambaia,” says Pietro della Valle, "are most part gentiles, and here, more than elsewhere, their vain superstitions are observe'd with rigour : wherefor we caufe'd ourselves to be conducted to see a famous hospital of birds of all forts, which, for being sick, lame, deprived of their mates, or otherwise needing food and cure, are kept and tended there with diligence; the men allfo who take care of them are maintain'd by the publick alms; the Indian gentiles conceiveing it no less a work of charity to do good to beasts than to men. The most curious thing i saw were certain little mice, which, being found orphans without fire or dam to tend them, were put into this hospital; and a venerable old man with a white beard, keeping them in a box amongst cotton, very diligently tended them with his spectacles on his nose, giveing them milk to eat with a birds feather, because they were so little as yet they could eat nothing else ; and, as he told us, he intended, when they were grown up, to let them go free whither they please’d.*

* Ibi, 22.

“The next morning,” continues thịs intelligent traveler, going about the city, we saw another hospital of goats, kids, sheep, and wethers, either fick or lame, and there were allso some cocks, peacocks, and other animals, needing the same help, and kept together quietly enough in a great court; nor wanted there men and women lodge'd in little rooms of the same hospital, who had the care of them. In another place, we saw another hospital of cows and calves. Among the beasts there was allso a Mahometan thief, who had both his hands cut off. Moreover, without one of the gates of the city, we saw another great troop of cows, calves, and goats, properly maintain'd at the publick charge.”

* P.35.

* P. 36, 37. See a further account of this hospital in Stavorinuses Voyageës to the E. Indies, II, 488 ; and of others, for the same purpose, in Ovingtons Voyage to Surat, p. 300; and Niebuhrs Travels, II, 405. 6. Once a year," ads the former, “ the charitable banian prepares a set banquet for all the flys that are in his house, and sets down before them, upon the floor or table, large shallow dishes of sweet milk and fugar mixt together, the most delicious fare of that liquorish little creature. At other times he extends his liberality to the pismires, and walks, with a bag of rice under his arm, two

In the city of Amedabad, in the province of Guzerat, according to M. Theveno?, was a hospital for birds, wherein the gentiles lodge'd all the fick birds they found, and fed them as long as they lived, if they were indispofe'd. Fourfooted beasts had theirs allso. “ I saw in it," sayshe, 6 feveral oxen, camels, horseës, and other wounded beasts, who were look'd after, and wel fed."*

“The bramins and banians, whoreligiously obferve the law, not to kil any thing which has life and sensation, wil make the most moveing petitions, even in favour of loathsome vermin.”+

The Gentoos never taste the flesh of any thing that has breathe'd the common air, nor pollute themselves with feeding on any thing endue'd with life; and are ftruck with astonishment at the voracious appetites of the christians, who heap whole bisks of filh upon their tables, and sacrifice whole hecatombs of animals to their gluttony. They cannot be tempted, either by the delicacy of the food, er for prevention of either fickness or death, to fo enormous an offence as the tasieing of fiesa. Vegetable products, and the milk of cattle, rice, and other sorts of grain, which nature affords in plenty, and they with innocence can enjoy, is the lawful nourishment they delight in."*

or three miles foreward into the country, and stops, as he proeeeds, at each ant-bill that he meets with, to leave behind him his benevolence, a handful or two of rice straw'd upon the ground, which is the belove'd dainty on which the hungrey pismires feed, and their best reserve and store in time of need."

* Travels in the Indies, p. 11. See allso in The voyage and travaile of fir Jobn Maundevile, c. 19, « of the monkes that zeven here releef to babewynes, apes, and marmelettesy, and to other beftes."

+ Toreens Voyage to Surato


“I ask'd the bramin," says a Danish missionary, * if he thought it unlawful to eat fish or flesh. He reply'd that, “ Nature has plentyfully provideëd us with other food, so that we have no need of eating our fellow-creatures ; and 'tis writen in our law, that these very creatures, if devour'd by men in this, wil be their tormentors in the next world, biteing and tearing them with their teeth or trampleing them under foot: and because you Europeans drink strong liquors, and kil and eat your fellow.creatures, endue'd with five fenfeës as wel as your felves, i confess, we have an inbred aversion for you and all that belongs to you.”+

Ovingtons Voyage to Surat. + Thirty-four conf.rences, &c. p. 276: see, allso p. 195.

The sins ftri&tly forbiden in the Malabarish law. are murder and kiling any liveing creature.

“ We," says a Malabarian, “ neither kil nor eat of any liveing creature, because we believe the transmigration of souls, loaded with sins, into beasts. This opinion is strictly maintain'd among us, except onely by one sect who eat fish and fowl; and the poorer sort of them feed on the flesh of cows and rats (for which reasons they are consider'd by the rest of the nation as unclean, and therefor oblige’d to keep at a distance from other men].”+

“ Some among us," it is a Malabarian who speaks, “ eat nothing but marakari (or all sorts of garden-herbs and roots)... The other sorts of meat, are kirei (a garden root very much in use here), wareikai (or green figs ... made into soup), kadarikai (a sort of round fruit of a very agreeable odour), pawakai, (a fruit prickle’d without, ful of kernels like beans), mankai (a green fruit, which, when boil'd, is good for eating), with se.veral other fruits, which are eaten with milk, and sometimes with butter, or in broth prepared with several sorts of herbs. We keep to these simple eatables because they have been the food of many ageës pass’d; and we have a constant

* Account of the Malabarians, p. 17. + Ili, p. 19.

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