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“ Has god, thou fool! work'd solely for thy good,
“ Know, Natures children all divide her care ; The fur that warms a monarch, warm'd a bear. While man exclaims, “ See all things for my
use!!! “ See man for mine!" replys a pamper'd goose; And just as short of reason he must fall, Who thinks all made for one, not one for all.
“ Nor think, in NATURES STATE they blindly trod; The fate of nature was the reign of god : Self-love and social at her birth began, Union the bond of all things, and of man. Pride then was not ; nor arts, that pride to aid; Man walk'd with beast, joint tenant of the shade; The same his table, and the same his bed ; No murder clothe'd him, and no murder fed .... Ah ! how unlike the man of times to come! Of half that live the butcher and the tomb; Who, foe to nature, hears the general groan, Murders their fpecies, and betrays his own.
But juft disease to luxury succeeds,
* Popes Essay on man, epiş. iii, v. 12, a
ANIMAL FOOD NOT NECESSARY FOR THE
PURPOSE OF STRENGTH OR CORPULENCY.
Among the many pretenceës to which men are driveën to defend or palliate a practice at which human nature, when divested of the habits and prejudiceës of society, would not fail to revolt, it is not one of the lealt trite and hackney'd, that, to such as are compeld or accustom'd to a laborious or active life, animal food is absolutely necessary, without which they would be allmoft, if not alltogether, unable to discharge the dutys require'd in their respective stations. This, however, like the rest, is a mere naked assertion ; for which, at least, the onely argument that can be adduced is that men used to hard labour, or uncommon exertions, rçquire a greater proportion of food, and that, perhap, of a more nutritive or substantial nature, than those who are not: which, though an indisputable fact, wil, by no means, prove what it is brought to do.
Evidence of a satisfactory and convinceing nature has been allready adduce'd that, in what are called the early ageës of mankind, the use of animal food was totally unknown; and that, in some countrys, it remains fo to this day : whence they are universally suppose’d to have been, at that period, a more stout, healthy, robust and active race, than has ever existed since animal food was adopted.
Gluttony, luxury, and prejudice, no doubt, are not to be reason'd with. It may, however, be demonstrateëd, that a vegetable diet is, so far from being less, even much more, favorable and conducive to strength and vigour than animal food. It is wel known to be not the quantity of any thing takeën into the stomach, but the degree of nutriment derived from it, the quantity of chyle takeën up by the lacteals, and thence transmited into the system, to which the body is indebted for strength and vigour. That species of food, therefor, of which a giveën quantity produceës the greatest proportion of chyle, must, of course, be the most nutritious and invigorateing: and this appears to be the case with good wheaten-bread; which is so justly term’d the staf of life, as being sufficient for all its purposeës. “ Some,” says doctor Cheyne, “ have affirm'd, that nothing but solid food can nourish, and that broths, soups, milk, and such aqueous food, weaken, waste and liquefy, the constitution and habit: but these are poor philo. sophers; for, in truth and realty, no food can nourish, i. e. increase the quantity of Aeíh and blood, [and] supply the waste of action and liveing, and the necessary secretions, but what is liquid and extremely thin, and whey wil nourish more quickly than beef, though not so durerablely, as is known to every one who understands the animal economy. Let one swallow down what he wil, that part of it which nourish'd must be thiner and more fluid than the whey of affes milk ; nay, possiblely, as thin as vapour, else it can never enter the lacteals (the onely passageës by which nourishment, or new chyle can get into the blood), or, at least, pafs through some of the extremely minute canals, much less than a hair : the rest onely scratches (or tickles) the palate, and the organs of sense, and poisons the world afterward."*