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foundly ; perspire'd sometimes; and now and then emited large quantitys of blood at the mouth. In the above year, she was in a very languid way, and stil threw up what she drank. * Many additional instanceës, it is believe'd, are known to medical men, some of which, if multiplication had appear'd necessary, might have been here adduce'd.

Since a single fact wil out-weigh a number of arguments or reasons, if it can be prove'd that nations or individuals, who have forborn the use of animal food have, in all respects, been as wel adapted to the most active or laborious life as those who have derived from it their chief or fole nutriment, there can remain little doubt of the fallacy of the above assertion.

The athletae, or wrestleërs, who contended in the publick games of Greece, before the time of Gnatho Dipacënks, the first of them that are animal food, were accustom'd to eat nothing but fig-cheese.t

If we go back, says M. D'Arnay, to the first ageës of Rome, we shal find that the Romans live'd mostly upon roots and milk, or upon a

* Pennants Tour in Scotland MDCCLXXII, part Ho London, 1776, 4to. Ap. Num. IV.

† Pausanias, B. 6, C. 7.


very coarse kind of pottage callid pulmentum, which served them for bread ; and that they ate Aesh onely upon extraordinary occasions. Then, says Seneca, were seen illustrious old men cover'd with glory and with laurels, fiting by their fire-sides, and makeing their repafts of the roots which they themselves had cultivateëd, and ga: ther'd in their garden. Ignorant of the art of ordering a feast, they possess’d that of conquers ing their enemys in war, and of governing the citizens in peace. *

i If the use of animal food were absolutely rea quisite to men in any situation, it would be the exercise and fatigue of a military life : but that it is not essential on this occasion wil be fuffin ciently prove'd.

“ As i pass’d,” fays Howe, is one of his letters, “ some of the Pyreney-hills, i perceive'd the poor Labradors : fome of the country-people live no better than brute animals in point of food; for their ordinary commons is grass and water; onely they have, allways, within their houseës, a bottle of vinegar, and another of oil ; and, when dinner or supper time comes, they

* The cmbassadours of the Samnites found M. Curins at his farm, with nothing for his repaft but fume routs, which he ate by the corner of his fire-fide.


go abroad and gather their herbs, and fo cast vinegar and oil upon them; and wil pass thus two or three days without bread or wine : yet are they STRONG, LUSTY MEN, and wil STAND STIFLY UNDER A MUSKET.

In one of the Engleish regiments employ'd in America, dureing the war, was a German soldier, who had, on some account, conceive'd an utter aversion to flesh-meat, of which he used to ex: change his mess with any of his comrades for bread. This man was healthy, active, and endure'd the greatest fatigues of the campaign as wel as any one in the regiment.t

The following is a stil more'singular instance: « One Patrick O'Neale, born in the year 1647, marry'd his seventh wife in 1760. He served in the dragoons, in the seventeenth year of the reign of Charles II., and in different regiments til 1740, when he obtain'd his discharge. He had made all the campaigns of king William and the duke of Marlborough. This extraordinary person never drank any thing stronger than small beer, and live'd upon vegetables. Notwithstanding his great age (ads the account) he

* B. 1, L. 23.

+ From the parol information of the captain, furname'd Mackenzie.

is wel in health, walks without a crutch, is hardly ever unemploy'd, and, every funday, goes to his parish-church, accompany'd by his childeren, grandchilderen, and great-grandchilderen.”

« The Russian grenadiers, fays a letter from the Helder, "are the fineëst body of men iever faw, not a man is under six feet high. Their allowance consists of eight pounds of black bread, four pounds of oil, and one pound of salt, per man, for eight days; and were you to see them you would be convince'd that they look as well as if they liye'd on roastbeef and Engleish porter.”+

The Saracens, who, under Mahomet, and his immediate successours, subdued a considerable part of the then known world, were remarkable for a hardynefs of constitution, and a firey spirit, which enabled them to undergo the greatest fatigues, and render'd them the terrour of their enemys. Their chief drink was water; their food consisted, in a great measure, of milk, rice, and the fruits of the earth. Even the great Omar, who was Mahomets contemporary, and the second of his fucce-fours in the caliphate, live d entirely on barley-bread, which he usually are with a little falt. His onely drink was water. * It is not likely that animal food would have render'd such men more active, courageous or robust, though it, undoubtedly, might have made thém, like the bear in the note, t more favage and ferocious. * The Bedouins, or modern Arabs of the defärt, are a most alert and military race, and yet,

* Citeëd by Rousseau, from an Engleish newspaper, in a note to Emilius, I, 48. * Sun, Sep. 25, 1799.

Ockleys History of the Saracens, I, 311.

it is an undoubted fact, that the quantity of food - ufually consumed by the greatest part of them does not exceed fix ounceës a day. Six or feven dates, foak'd in melted butcer, serve a man a whole day, and he esteems himself hapy, when he can ad a sinall quantity of coarfe flour, or a little ball of rice.” †

Those, who exercise the laborious employment of couriers in Barbary, travel on foot a journey of three or four hundred miles a day, without takeing any other nourishment than a little bread, or a few figs, and some water, and have no other shelter at night than a tree : and yet it is

* Ibi, 317

+ Volneys Travels, I, 393.

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