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and some of them had the confidence to plead in favour of it! The unnatural and inhuman behaviour of man, or rather of the Fngleishman, toward his fellow-creatures, is represented, with singular energy, by William Cowper, in the fole lowing beautyful passage:
“ Thus harmony and family accord
Within the confines of their wild domain!
Task, B. 6. “ The king travelled with so much expedition to Cheltenham, that three hack-horses were killed on the road. Di
Thomson, haveing slightly touched upon “the sportsman's joy," or, “ rural game," proceeds with the following lines :
“ These are not subjects for the peaceful muft,
The chace of the hare and stag is no less eloquent and pathetick; but is not likely to have
rections were given to the drivers to proceed with the utmost expedition, which they took as a hint not to spare the beasts. His majesty paid for the horses; one of them cost thirty pounds.” (Morning Herald, July 18, 1788.)
much effect on the savage monsters devoted to those pursuits.
It is indeed, obferves Plutarch, a hard and difficult talk to undertake (as Cato once fay’d) to dispute with mens bellys that have no ears... and it is no easey talk to pul out the hook of flesheating from the jaws of such as have gorge'd themselves with luxury, and are, as it were, nail'd down with it. It would, indeed, be a good action, if, as the Aegyptians draw out the ftomach of a dead body, and cut it open and expose it to the fun, as the onely cause of all its evil actions, so we could by cuting out our gluttony and blood-Sheding, purify and cleanse the remainder of our lives ... But if this
may not be, and we are ashame'd, by reason of custom, to live unblameablely, let us, at least, sin with discretion : Let us eat flesh, but let it be for hunger, and not for wantonness. Let us kil an animal, but let us do it with forrow and pity, and not abuseing and tormenting it, as many now-a-days are used to do, while some run red hot spits through the bodys of fwine, that by the tincture of the quench'd iron the blood may be to that degree mortify'd, that it may sweeten and foften the flesh in its circulation : and others jump and stamp upon the udders of lows that are ready to pig, that so they may take off (Oh ! pia»
cular Jupiter !), in thevery pangsof delivery, blood, milk, and corruption,* (destroying the young ones beside), and so eat the most inflame'd and disease'd
of the animai: others fow up the eyes of cranes and swans, and so shut them up in darkness to be faten'd, and then sowce up their flesh with certain monstrous mixtures and pickles. * By all which it is most manifest, that it is not for nourishment, or want, or any necessity, but for mere gluttony, wantonnessy, and expensiveness, that they make a pleasure of villainy... The begining of a vicious diet is presently followid by all sorts of luxury and expensiveness : and what meal is not expensive, for which an aniinal is put to death? Shalwe reckon a soul to be a small expence? I wil not say, perhap, of a mother, or a father, or of some friend, as Empedocles did; but one participateing of feeling, of seeing, of hearing, of imagination and of intellection, which each of them hath receiv.d from nature for the acquireing of what is agreeable to it, and the avoiding what is disagreeable. Do but consider with yourself, which sort of philosophers render us most tame and civil, they who bid
* This wil, doubtless, be particularly disgusting to the humane Engleish reader, for whom similar crueltys, or others at least equally shocking, are every day commited.