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duly could ensnre success, the Mission- by what means, except by h's human
aries would not preach in vain. sacrifices. They hail recourse to a
. "In their circuits, they have sue- most singular remedy: — Tbe body of
cessfully endeavoured to come at the s human victim, which he had sacri
exaci numl>er of the people. It is me- flced about rhrce weeks before, waa
lauchnly to add, that the population brought and stretched prostrate under
bat diminished in a decree which him, in hopes of appeasing the offend
threatens to render the country a de- ed divinity. His sudden death-was not
serr. Capt. Cook computed them- at very unreasonably imputed by some to
upwards of 100,000: the population the enormity of his crimes, as well in
lias now dwindled to 5000. On the this as in other instances. Should
arrival of the Duff, they exceeded 1 riple these impressions coptiuue, the mast
this number. beneficial effects may he expected.
"Mr. Jefferson had opened a school; None liad mare cause of rejret than the
but only one native attended: this was Missionaries, whose friend he had ever
the daughter of a Europe.au, one of the been: tlieirioss, I fear, is irrepara
"They apparently live together in dress, and indeed grace and majesty 3 the greatest love and harmony j and all he bad the appearance of ao uiicomof them present a laudable example inon man. The most singular trail ia of iudustry. Their situation, how- his character was a species of prudence ever, is by no means so comfortable as and foresight: a mind capable of formmany of our countrymen may be in- ing anil adhering to a certain proposed clined to iinagiuc; lor as their stock rule of conduct. His behaviour to toe til' European articles decreases, they Europeans and countenance of the Misroust proportionately lose their in- llonarics, were the effects of his polifluence over the natives." tical genius. Resisting the first imMr. Turnbull happened to be at Ota- pulse, which would have tempted a s*bcite when the regent, Poinarre, died; vage to plunder them without delay, ho and was the person who brought the formed a more refined plan, that of enintelligence of that event to the Mis- courag'uig and going shares in their sionary Society. Of this, he gives a present and future stock. This as eflco fuller account than we believe has hi- tually answered their purpose as his." tlicrto appeared:—
"He (Pomarrc) had got his hogs in the canoe, and was hall-way to the SOCIETY FOR MISSIONS
.hip, when he was seized suddenly TO Al,Ri(;A AN0 THE EAST, with a fit; ami falling with each hand
en the side of the canoe, expired. The Tun Report of this Society, pubpoor fellows in the canoe immediately lished with the Annual Sermon, by the paddled back as fast as possible to his Rev. Mr. Venn (see our Review, page house at Oparie; where, in her way ci 2) states, that their two Missionaries, to the ship, Edeah had by this time ar- Mr. lf.artw.ig and Mr. Henncr, sailed rived. Messenger after messenger was from Portsmouth, March 8, 1804, and dispatched to the Missionaries and arrived, April 14, at Freetown, Sierra their surgeon: they were earnestly in- Leone; where they were received in a treated to hasten to the house of Po- friendly manner by the gentlemen of niarre. The surgeon happened at this the colony. They had regularly pertime to be on board the ship, takiug a formed Diviuc Service on board during farewell of us on our departure. We the passage; and narrowly escaped becarnestly advised him, should he find iug captured by a b'reuch privateer. Pomarre still alive, not to venture to We are sorry to find that Mr. and prescribe for him; as in the case of Mrs. Hartwig had been severely athi» death, the natives would not fail 1o tacked by the fever of that climate, ui impute it to poison, and perhaps the commencement of the rainy season aieuge his supposed murder on the in June; from which they did not reMission. Not one moment was lost by cover till the close of the year. Sine* the surgeon; who, onbis arrival, found which, Mr. liar twig has becu able to the whole family in the deepest dis- proceed, according to the intention of tress. The brother of Ponaarre was the Society, into the Susoo country I deaf to all consolation; and could where, it is probable, that a Missionscarcely be withheld from suicide, ary Settlement will be formed at VY00Soine imputed his death to one cause, kapong, 011 the river Quiaport. The tome to another; but the opinion of head man at this place is l enda M6dii, the majority was, that he had offended a person of indueuce, and favourably the gods, tuough they could not agree disposed, towards the colony s there ia
crew of the Matilda.
reason to hope that he will patronize the Missionaries, huiM them a house, and ei.e them land. Here it i; expected that the Missionaries may reaide together for a time, acquire a knowledge of the native language and ci.ii.m-, and make occasional excursions among the people of the neighbourhood. It appears expedient, that the first settlement attempted should tie where the Missionaries may maintain their intercourse with the colony, in a popalou, part of the Susoo nation; and where excursions maj readily be made into the interior< —all which advantages appear to meet in Wonkapong, which is within a few days sail north of Sierra Leone, and contains about jooo inhabitants.
Mr. Rentier ^extracts from whose Journal are inserted after the Report) resided, for the present, at Freetown, where lie had happily escaped the usual fever; and, the colony being destitute of a chaplain, had undertaken I lie charge of its spiritual concerns while be continued there.
Five Missionaries, of the Seminary ■t Berlin, are engaged for the set vice of this Society, who are now in London, acquiring the English tongue. Four of them ha»e been ordained ministers of the Lu'heran church. Thejr will continue in (his country until a favourable opportunity occurs for their removal to Africa.
The Society has procured 750 copies of an Arabic Tract, written against the Mahometan errors, by Mr. isrunton, now a Missionary from the F.dinburgh Society at Harass; which will be distributed in Africa.
The Funds of the Society have been considerably augmented during tbc past year.
SxtraB of a Letter from Virginia, dated Srpttmber, 1804.
"It gives me pleasure to be able to Inform you, that the revival of religion, of which I have formerly spoken, continues to extend. There is every rea•on to hope that its effects w ill not he transitory! for, in many parts of the couutry, decent houses for public worship have lately been erected; and where such accommodations arc wanting, multitudes assemble, and continue encamped for days in the open fields.This is a crisis of which enlightened and influential Cbristunj should avail themselves.."
Ert'tS of a letter from m Gerftman in f*e" IVnlirn Part of the State of Philadelphia, near V TWw, Feb. iS, 1805.
"I tttvr no doubt but it will be satisfactory to yon to hear that there are s*ill favourable appearances in the church, in this western country. Exfraordinarr bodily exercises are no* so common as 'hey have been; yet, as far a« I can learn, there are sf'll some who are exercised in this way in almost even- congregation where this work has formerly prevailed. Many of »he subjects appear to give scriptural and comfortable evidences that they hare re. 11 y experienced a work of grace; The enemies of the work continue to make violent opposition; some to such a degree, as to manifest a malicious disposition against those who are its friends. — I have just finished visiting and catechizing the. people of my charge; and am happy to say, that there arc promising appearances among a number of them. I find that the books given by the General Assembly to this Presbytery, answer a very valuable purpose; as they are circulated from one to another of those who are, in a treat measure, destitute of bonks, and of means to acquire them. They not only have a tendency to excite their attention to divine and eternal things, but their attachment to the Presbytery Cause; while they discover the attention of the superior judicatory of our church to their spiritual 1
Extraci from the Minutes o f the Meet' ing nf the Presbytery of Philadelphia in April last.
Whereas it was stated, that some of the congregations belonging to this Presbyl.'ry, in consequence of the difficulty of assembling on a week-day, ore not in the habit of meeting quarterly, for joining in the Concert-Prayers for the Revival of Religion and the Extension of the Redeemer's Kingdom, which is observed by somechurches, much to their Christian comfort and cd ideation, —
Presbjtery, therefore, resolved to recommend, and do hereby recommend, to the pastors of the said congregations, to employ a part of the Sabbath preceding the first Tuesday in every quarter, in calling the attention of their people specially to ibis subject in their discourses; and by setting apart some portion of the day for special prayer, lor the ctfu>iou of Uta Iptrit of grace on themselves, on their »ister churches, on .Missionary efforts for the conversion of the Heathen, and that the knowledge of God may cover the earth at waters do the seas.
Dec. 5, 1804. The new Episcopal church in Arlington, Vermont, was dedicated to the service of God.
Dec. 18, 1S04. The new Independent church at Beaufort, South Carolina, was opened. The Rev. Mr. Palmer, the pastor, preached from P>. Ixxxii 3.
On Saturday, March i, the new Baptist church at Blockley, uear Philadelphia, was opened. Dr. Rogers preached from Ps. Ixxxiv. 4. On Sunday the 3d, the Rev. Mr. Rutter preached in the morning; and the Rev. Mr. Hey (formerly of Bristol, England) pastor of the Independent church in Philadelphia, in the afternoon.
March 3. A new church (eighty feet Py sixty) was opened in the north part of Philadelphia. Dr. Green preached in the moming, from 1 Chron. vi. 40, 41; and the Rev. Jacob Janeway in the evening, from 1 Kings viii. 20.
The following Minister! havt lately
Dr. Eli. Forbes, at Gloucester (Mastacbusets) aged seventy-eight. He was formerly a Missionary to the Oneidas; and planted the first Christian church at Onoquagie, on the river Susquehannah.
The Rev. Nathan Ker, at Goshen, Orange County, aged sixty-nine.
The Rev. Seth Higby, of Wallingford, Connecticut.
BAPTIST MISSION. Part of the last Missionaries sent out sty the Baptist Society, have arrived safely at Serampore. M. and B. stopped at Madras,on account of Mrs. M.'» lying-in. They all narrowly escaped being taken by the French. They were within hearing of an engagement with a privateer, that had been very successful against the English ; but which was t.ik' n after a hard light. , ,.
.„• EARTHQUAKE. '.hi "When tlte judgments of God arc in the earth, the inhabitants of the world "will learn rigUHeoinueiS."—This is ua
questionably the duty of all men. Divine judgments arc calculated to rouse the careless, to alarm the guilty, and to bring sinners to repentance* The judgments referred to in the scripture just quoted, seein to be the destruction of cities, by whatfVsri raeins enacted: "for he bringeth down then that dwell on high, the !- fty city he layeth it low, he layeth it low, even to the ground, ho brin.'tth it U the dust." (Isa. xxvi. 5.)^ Such lias la'ely been the fate of several towns and villages in Italy, by the dreadful earthquake which happened there on the 26th of July last) some account of which, we suppose, will be acceptable to our readers.
Extracts of Letters from Naples.
"In the morning of July z6, wc felt a heat much greater than the preceding days. About six in the evening a north-west wind arose, bringing with it some thick clouds; but which insensibly dispersed. At three quarters after nine, the sea, which had been extremely tranquil during the day, began to be disturbed. Several persons, who were bathing, felt the earth fail them under their feet; and the fish mounted to tint surface of the water, greatly agitated.
At three minutes before ten, a shock was felt, at Hist, with a slight trembling; and afterwards with a strong undulation, which lasted from fortyfive to fifty seconds. At eleven there was another shock, but weaker; and at three quarters past twelve a third, still slighter. The sky was perfectly screue; but, on the surface of the earth, there was a sort of fug, from which emanated a strong smell of sulphur. The first shock shook all the bells; which rang spontaneously. All the clocks and dials in the city stopped at three minutes before ten, —the precise moment of the first shock.
The Queen, the Princesses, and Prince Leopold took refuge in the' King's stable*; and passed the night in di lerent carriages. More than 100 bouses have become uninhabited; among wji.ch arc those which were the most solidly built; and 4000 arc said' to be damaged. Forty churches have been shaken to their foundations. Few persons, however, lost their lives: it is said, only four; and the number of wounded is inconsiderable: a cirounv stauce almost miraculous in the midst of so many ruins, and so much tumult.
"For some davs alter this event, Naples presented an unusual and awful spectacle. The inhabitants remain night and day without thei( houses, in 3 U
the plains and roads; and sleep in car. past nine o'clock, they became frequent, riages, or on the ground. The general and I observed, when they fell, that distress sosc to the highest pitch; and, the mouth of Vesuvius appeared still it is certain, that if the earthquake had as a furnace. I was then on the terbeen succeeded by some more shocks, race of my country-house, at St. Jeriv, the whole city of Naples would have west froin Vesuvius, and very near it. been destroyed. The greatest order, Mrs. Falconnet had just left me tozit however, was happily preseryed among down to supper in the dining-room next the populace; and not a single rob. the terrace, and wished me to come; bery or murder comorirted.
but the awful scene kept me some Tire damage done in other parts of the minute's longer: I joined her, and had country is far more dreadful: At not sat down a minute when her Eng. (apua, tweuty, soldiers perished under hish maid called to us that the eruption the ruins of the barracks. The town was beginning. In an instant we were of Isernio, which contained 7000 inha on the terrace, and observed its having bitants, is entirely destroyed; and up- overflowed on the same side as last wards of 1500 persons perisfied. At year, and rushed down with such rapiCampo Basso, and at Bajano, most of dity, as to run more than half a mile in the inhabitants were destroyed. Ave- ten minutes : and in a very sbort time it lino, Montesarchio, Benevento, and reached the valley to vards Torre det Averso, have suffered amazingly. At Greco. This stream of lava was it€'userta, 'the upper stories of the houses
niense, and extended with amazing ratenhled down ; and the Palaee is so
pidity over the country: it divided itmuch damaged, that it cannot stand.
self into three branches, one of which, Bassanello, Loppozuto, Pieriabond beyond the Torre del Greco, surrounded ante, Macchia, and several other small
the country-house of the cardigal archplaces, in the coumty of Molise, are bishop or Naples; and before morning also 'neatly destroyed. Hieros
reached the sea, and continued running * This is the most dreadful earthquake into it. The stream of lava is much that has visited this country since that diminished; but when it broke out las of Calabria, in the year 1783; and it might; about ten minutes after ten is supposed that 20,000 persons Irave o'clock, until twelve, it was a grand host their lives in various places. W
and splendid sights and as it rán from north to south, and I was west of it, it
represented the back scenery of He ERUPTION : at an opera!!! Figure to yourself anim.
mense sheet of flames rising at leas OF MOUNT VESUTIUS. half a mile from the ground, and
crowned by a black cloud which ya. Extract of a Letter from Mr. Falconet, nished by degrees ! a respectable Marchant at Naples. " Many very valuable vineyards and on Vonies. August 12. farm-lonuses have been destroyed ; and
as the lava rusled out with very little expressed to you by my former ler.. noise and great rapidity, I am afraid ter nu regret that no eruption of Mount some babitation's on the brow of the Vestuvius took place, and that, on the hill have been surrounded before the contrary, the little columns 'of fire that
people could be aware of the danger, arose now and their were less since the
ce the or had time to escape ; but a great enrthquake, and how desirable it was
I was part of the lava ran on that of us that a vent should be given by an erup.. year 1770, which readers the ruischief tion to tlie inflammable matter that léss, It surprizes many strangers hoy seemed to cxist in the bowels of the people will cultivare and live on sucht, eartlanI did not expect to have this day à spoti as the lava constantly takes to announce to you, that my wishes were that direction, soathi and south-east; accomplished last nighi, by an abundant but the land is so very productive, that eruption of lava fponi Mount Vesuvius, the temptation is ' easily. comwhich, though we did not feel any freshi bated. T his sbock of earthquake since July 26, yet KOY All my family were perfectly com: now relieves us, in my humble dpinion,' posed during the whole of tbe éruproom airy further apprehension of new tion, and returned quietly to bed at shocks.' i . ,
midnight, as I had olien taught thema ." In the course of yesterday, fill se
to wish for it since the earthquake, as ven o'clock in the evening, Vesutins was
a security Trom new shwęks.. very quiet, cmitting but little smoke; it . One canzot but regret that a beauthen incred, with tuotesat intervale; tifat country as this, the red with an
admirable soil, fine situation, healthy climate, Ti I pure sky, should he liable to such draw hacks and convulsions of nature. But in this wurid we cannot expect enjoyments without some alloy; and we must submit to Providence, who has perhaps decreed in its wisdom, that a people too Hindi inclined 10 viee and immorality, should be npw, and then called to a sense of its duties by such uncommon events, which hap)>cn when least thought of."
Another eye-witness oT this awful icene, wtto, wi;h some of his friends, was ahout to visit the Crater, gives the following account:
"We set oil immediately to see this wonderful and tremendous phenomenon nearer. From the place of our <ic. arture we saw the whole course of the lava, which extended already two miles from the crater to the houses that join the two towns. The light was the most magnificently frightful, that cotdd he wen. I contemplated the cascades of flame pouring from the top of the mountain, ami shuddered at teeing an immense torrent of lire ravage the Jiuest fields, ov erthrow houses, .and destroy, in a few minutes, the hopes and resources of a hundred families.
A line of fire marked the profile of the mountain; a cloud of smoke, which seemed to seuil forth, from time to time, flashes of lightning, hang over the scene; and the ntoun appeared to be pale. .Nothing cm adequately describe the grandeur of the spectacle, or give an accurate idea «f the horror of it. As we approached the spot ravage! by this river of Jlell, ruined inhabitants having quitted their houses--desolatetl families tryiug to save their lyruiture, or provisions, last and fceJjtc resource—au immense crowd of furious persons, retreating step by. «!cp from the advancing lava, and testifying, by cvtraurdiuary cries, tlieir wonder, fear, and pily—!he frightful bellowing of the mountain, the frequent explosions which liiirst from the bosom of the torrent, the crackling of the trees devoured by the lUuies, the noise of the waifs falling, and the lugubrious sound of a bell, which the religious of the Lalmadulesv isolalcd on a little bill, aud -suiTotiade.l by t*o' torrents of lite, ruug iu their distress: such are llie details' of- the frightful scenes to which J was a witness.
The moment we arrived, llie lava was crossing the great rwail below Torre a>l liivoo.' To see it belter, we got
into a beautiful house on I he road-side. I'rom the terrace we saw the fire at no more than i; p ices, frqm us: in a minute we descended, aud ;o miuues afterwards there remained of the hoit^e but three large walls. I approached as near as the heat and flow of the current would permit me; 1 attempted at different,times to hum the end of my handkerchief in it: 1 could only do it by lying it to my cane. The lava does) not run in liquid waves: it resembles an immense quantity of coals on fire, whichan.invincible strength had heaped uf), aud pushed on with violence. When it met with a wall, it collected to the"height of seven or ten feet, burnt it, ami overthrew it at once. 1 saw some walls get red hut, like iron, and melt, il I,may use the expression, into the lava. In its greatest speed, and on an horizontal road, 1 reckoned tlsat the torrent travelled at tltc rate of eighteen inches a minute, its smell resembled that of iron red hot."
On perusing this tremendous relation, may not Ike reader say wim the prophet, "<) Lord, 1 have heard thy speech, and was afraid?" How awful is the voice, of (Jod in these destructive judgments! and who will nolfcurhuu, who can so readily turn a fruitful) country into a heap of ruins, and deso-, late in as hour the garden of liuropc? Uefvr* h'un went th<- (earthquake as well as the) ptstilenu; and, in this case, literally, /turning coals went fortk (it hix feet, How awful is this (Jod, when "he arises to shake terribly the earth!" "The mountains quake at turn, and the hills melt, and the earth is liurut at his presence. \\ ho can staid before his indignation i — and who can abide in the fierceness of hi," anger i His fury is poured out like lire, — with au over-ruutung flood he wilt make an utter end of the placet, thereof. He looks on the earth, aud it trembles I he touches the hills, ami* they smoke!'' ■
"Arise then, O sleeper, and call upon God i" 1 lee to C hrist, the only refuge for a sinner,. "lie is a tutting-* place from the wind, and a cavert from the tempest.''
And thou, O believer, rejoice, ami be exceeding glad; for 11 (iod is our' refuge antl strength; therefore, will nut we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the inottiituius be carriedinto the iiitdst of the sea. The Lord1 of hosts is with us, the Uod of Jncob is our Refuge." "Itlessed are all they that trust in him!"