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GUTZKOW's Ritter vom Geiste (Knights of A NEW contribution to an obscure but the Spirit) is at last finished, the ninth vol- most interesting part of European history is ume having made its appearance. It has Deutschland in der Revolutions periode ron faults of detail, and there are deficiences in 1522–26, (Germany, in the Revolutionary spots, but as a whole it is praised as eminent- Period from 1522 to 26,) by Joseph EDMUND ly successful, and truly a new work. The idea Jörg. The author has had access to a great in some respects recalls the Wilhelm Meis- mass of original and hitherto unused mateter of Goethe, and the Nathan the Wise of rials, especially diplomatic correspondence Lessing, but the execution has more force and and other documents in the Bavarian ara larger and more imperious movement than chives. His view of the subject is very dif. either. The Knights of the Spirit are a body ferent from that taken by ZIMMERMANN, in his of men who are combined in an order to Peasants' War, or by any other writer. He which they give that name, and this book is mocks at the idea that this revolution grew their history and that of the order. At the out of the evils and oppressions suffered by same time there is nothing mystical, supernat- the people, and finds its most powerful inural, or merely fantastic about it, though its pulse in the passion for innovation that spirit is humanitary and even socialistic. The sprung up along with the revival of classical, scene is in modern times, but though the studies in the middle ages. names of the heroes are German, and the circumstances in which they are placed German, Tue antique fashion of presenting poetic the author has succeeded in producing a truly works to the public, is revived in Germany cosmopolitan romance. The nine volumes with great success. Professor GriePENKERL Of are sold in Germany for about $8 00. | Brunswick, whose tragedy of Robespierre

made a great sensation a year or more since, HENRY Taylor, the author of Philip Van is now reading his new play of the GironArtevelde, is the subject of an article in the dists to large audiences in the principal cities. Grenzboten. The writer takes him, as the ac- He has already been heard at Brunswick, knowledged first living dramatic poet of Eng- Leipzig, Dresden, and Bremen, and proposes land, to be the best illustration of the nature to visit other places on the same errand. The and characteristics of the English drama. play, which is a tragedy of course, is much This drama is said to be more remarkable for admired, though it is not thought to be adaptsharply-outlined and detailed characters, than ed to the stage. The Girondists were not for the invention of exciting and consistent men of action, but orators and thinkers. The action. The characters in all their peculiari- final scene in the play is the famous banquet ties are first created, and situations are made before they were taken to execution. Charand arranged for them afterward. The evil lotte Corday is among the characters; the of this is, that the whole thus becomes frag- women are said not to be drawn as truly and mentary, and the particulars outweigh and powerfully as the men. obscure the general spirit and intention of the piece. Even Shakspeare, with his gi | CARLYLE's Life of Stirling is criticised in the gantic genius, was not free from this defect. Grenzboten, which calls Carlyle the strangest His Merry Wives of Windsor, for instance, is of all philosophers. This book is said, howrich in comic situations and figures, but they ever, to be, on the whole, clearer and more are arbitrarily put together, and every scene intelligible than most of his former produchas the character of an episode; the action tions. Still, like most works of the new rudoes not go forward in a true and consistent mantic school in England, of which Carlyle course. Now-a-days the evil is worse, because is the chief, it aims rather to give expression it is the fashion to substitute reflection for to the ideas and abilities of the author, than natural feeling. Taylor is like those portrait to do justice to its subject. But it is in Warpainters who paint the features so carefully I ren's Lily and the Bee, that the school apas to destroy the general character of the pears in full bloom. This is said to consist face. His men and women are not alive and mostly of exclamation points, and is written genuine. Still their language is grave and in a sort of lapidary style, that deals in ridnoble, their thoughts comprehensive, often dles, pathos without object, sentinentality striking, and their emotions, though arti- with irony, world-pain, and allusions to all ficial, are elaborated with great insight and the kingdoms of heaven and earth, without knowledge of the world. Compared with any explanation as to what relation these althe wretched creations of the French roman-lusions bear to each other, and with a Titanic ticists, they are worthy of all praise. The pessimism as its predominating tone, which critic then proceeds to analyze Isaac Com- first rouses itself up to take all by storm, and nenus, Philip Van Atevelde, and Fair Ed- finishes by being soothed into happy intoxicawin, setting forth with great fairness the ex- tion by the odors of a lily. This is better treatcellencies and faults of each.

ment than The Lily and the Bee gets at home.

In the second volume of Shakspeare as / Dr. HAGBERG, a professor at the University Protestant, Politician, Psychologist and Poet, of Upsal, has just published at Stockholm a by Dr. Ep. Vense-spoken of as being “even version of the complete works of Shakspeare, more uninteresting than the first," we find the first ever made in the Swedish language. the two following extraordinary ideas. First- It is in twelve thick octavo volumes. The ly, that Sbakspeare followed a theory of Shaksperian Society of London having rephysical temperaments in his characters--ceived a presentation copy of this translation, that Hamlet was a representative of the mel- has returned a vote of thanks to Dr. Hagberg, ancholy or nervous, Othello of the choleric, accompanied by forty volumes of the Society's Romeo of the sanguine, and Falstaff of the publications, all relating to the great dramatphlegmatic. Secondly, that in Falstaff, ist and the state of dramatic art in his time. Shakspeare parodied-himself! Or to give his own words, “We may suppose that Dunlop's Ilistory of Fiction has been transShakspeare's physical constitution inclined lated into Gerinan by Professor Liebrecht of to corpulence, and inspired in him the dispo- Liege, and enlarged so as to be much more sition to the life of a bon vivant. His inti- complete than the original. The version macy with the Earl of Southampton may bears the title of Geschichte der Prosadichhave favored this disposition, since they led tung oder, Geschichte der Romane, Novellen for a long time a dissipated tavern-life, and und Mährchen (History of Prose Poetry, or were rivals in love matters!” The work is History of Romances, Novels and Traditional principally made up of extracts from Shaks- Tales). It gives a complete account of the peare's plays, to every which extract we find most prominent fictions from the Greek roappended “How admirable,"~" Excellent,” mances down to the present day, and is quite and similar aids to those who are not familiar as valuable for those who like to take their with the English bard.

| novels condensed, as for those who make a

historical study of literature. We commend to the attention of philologists Das Gothische Runenalphabet, (or The HOLTEI, the German poet, has published a Gothic Runic Alphabet,) recently published four-volume novel, called Die Vagabunden by Hertz of Berlin. “Before Wulfila, the (The Vagabonds). It is a curious and successGoths had an alphabet of twenty-five letters, 1 ful book. It treats of the various classes that formed according to the same principles, and get their living by amusing others, not merely bearing nearly the same names as the Runes of theatrical and musical artists, but of cir of the Anglo-Saxons and Northmen, and pro- cus-riders, ventriloquists, jugglers, rope-danobably arranged in the same order of succes- ers, puppet-showmen, &c. Indeed, actors and sion. Wulfila adopted the Grecian alphabet, musicians are only introduced casually, while which through his modification was received the lower classes, if we may so call them, of by the Goths to the old twenty-five letters." wandering artists, make up the book; and This is the theory propounded in the work, they make it up not in the form of caricaturex which is not wanting, as we learn, in instruc- or exaggerations, but as genuine living cha tire information. In connection with this we racters, with the faults and virtues that really may notice a book which has been deemed belong to men of their respective professions worthy of a modern English republication in The story is a good one, and is varied with elegant style, the often referred to Scriptural all sorts of strange adventures. Poems of CÆDMON, in Anglo-Saxon, an edi. tion of which, by R. W. BOUTERWEK, with In poetry we observe the attractive titleran Anglo-Saxon Glossary, has recently been of The Æolian Harp of the World's Poetry, published by Bædelier of Elberfeldt.

a collection of poems of all countries and

ages, “dedicated to German ladies and The Preussische Zeitung states that M. maidens," by FERD, SONMIDT. Also by the Hanke, a learned Bohemian, is publishing, in same collector, a Household Treasury of the Pragne, a fac-simile of the Gospels on which most beautiful Ballads, Romances, and Poetic the Kings of France have always been sworn Legends of all Times and Nations; by BRUNO at their coronation at Rheims. The manu LINDNER, Four Tales, and from the Countscript volume is in the Slavonian language, ess AGNES SCHWERIN, a new edition of and has been preserved at Rheims ever since What I heard from the Bird. Were we the twelfth century, but it has only been lately confident that the Countess were intimately discovered in what language it was written. familiar with English poetry, we should feel

half inclined to accuse her of having takon Tae eleventh volume of the Monumenta this title from Germania Historica inde ab anno Christi 500 “High diddle ding, I heard a bird sing." usque ad annum 1500 auspiciis societ, aperi- G. Puslitz has “thrown forth," as Bacchus endis fontibus serum German medii ævi edid, threw the wreath of Ariadne, a “garland of G. H. PERTz, has just made its appearance. Stories," entitled What the Forest Tells. This work is regarded as a stupendous effort Whether, like the wreath alluded to, it will of erudition and historical acumen, even in reach the stars, we must leave our readers or Germany.

his to decide. VOL. V.-NO. 11.-18

In Science, we observe the publication of Nieul's Bürgerliche Gesellschaft (Civil Soa piece of eccentric nonsense such as ema- ciety) is greatly praised by critics, as the most nates at the present day only from a weak valuable work lately published in Germany, brother in Germany, or occasionally from a or indeed in Europe, upon the State of Sowould-be original in New England. The ciety and the causes operating to change it. work to which we refer is the Natur und Especially good are its pictures of the differGeist (or Nature and Spirit) of Dr. JOHANN ent classes in Germany, such as the nobility, RiChers. In the second volume he attempts the peasantry, the industrious middle class, to utterly overwhelm, confound, and destroy and the proletaries. These pictures are said Newton's Theory of Attraction, by such an to have the minuteness and fidelity of daargunent as the following.” “Let any man guerreotypes. The chapter on the “proletajump from a height, in descending he feels ries of intellectual labor,” gives any thing but no attraction to the Earth. How hasty and a flattering account of the literary classes on absurd therefore is it to attribute the inove the continent. Those classes are held up as ment in question to such an attraction! in a great measure perverted, empty, and

dangerous. Niehl divides Society in Germany A NEW collection of German Domestic Le- into four great classes, namely: the peasangends (Haus Mährchen) has been published try, the aristocracy, the bourgeoisie or midat Leipzig, by J. W. WOLF, a distinguished dle class, and the proletariat, or mere laborGerman philologist. His Legends closely re-ers for wages. The last he regards as the semble those collected by Grimın, and, like decaying and corrupting class, a sort of scum them, are curious and instructive. He ob- in hot effervesence. This is, however, one tained them, one froin a Gipsey, others from of the classes that produce social movement; peasants in the mountain districts, and others the other is the middle class; the conservafroin some companies of Hessian soldiers. tive or stationary classes are the peasantry He remarks that many such ancient legends and aristocracy. The learned professions he are yet floating about among the German reckons among the middle class. He makes people, and that they ought to be collected no distinction between the proletaries who before they are lost.

live by the soil, and those who live by work

ing in connection with manufactures and meZEND Avesta, or on the things of Heaven chanical trades. and the World beyond the Grave, is the title of a new book in three volumes just publish- ANOTHER contribution to Goethean literaed at Leipzig, in German, of course, by Gus- ture is the Correspondence between the great TAV Theodor FECHNOR. The author attempts Poet and his intimate friend Knebel, which to prove the possibility, if not the certainty, bas just appeared in Germany in two volof a future life of the individual after death. umes. The letters extend from 1774 to 1832, His demonstrations are drawn from the anal- and contain the free expression of Goethe's ogies of the natural world. He exhibits a opinions on a great variety of important subwide acquaintance with nature and with lite- ljects, as well as many interesting particulars rature, but is not thought to have made any in his personal history, hitherto unknown. positive additions to psychological science.

Mr. WETZSTEIN, Prussian Consul at DaTHOSE who are conversant with the curi- mascus, has returned to Europe, bringing a osities of the Middle Ages, and have read the valuable collection of Arabic, Turkish and entertaining history of “ Ye Nigromancer Persian manuscripts, which he expects to sell Virgilius,' in which the Mantuan bard lives to the Royal Library at Berlin. Of especial no longer in the magic of song, but that of value is a history of Persia during the fifliteral sorcery, will peruse with pleasure the teenth and sixteenth centuries, which casts Virgil's Fortleben im Mittelalter, or The light on several portions of Persian history Life of Virgil continued in the Middle Ages, that have hitherto been obscure. by G. RAPPERT. Of all the wild romantic legends which the romantic time brought LONGFELLOW's Evangeline has been transforth, none surpass in singularity and interest |lated into German and published at Hamburg. this singular narration.

The name of the translator is not given. The

critics find that the poem has a very marked reTEMPERANCE Tales are produced in Ger- semblance to Goethe's Herinan and Dorethea. many as well as elsewhere. JEREMIAS GOTTHELF is the best author who there cultivates Dr. Mayo's Berber has been translated this style of composition. His Dürsli, the into the German by Mr. L. DUBOIs, and pubBrandy drinker, has just passed through a lished at Leipzig. fourth edition, and Hor five Maidens miserably perished in Brandy, to a second. Gotthelf has A NEW and splendid edition of the Pilthe talent of combining great dramatio inter-grim's Progress has been published at Leipest and artistic freshness of narration, with zig, in German. It is curious to see the good a moral parpose. Hence the popularity of old book discussed by the critics as if it were these little books.

la new production.

GERMAN Historical Literature has lately. We learn from the last number of the been enriched by numerous valuable works. Journal Asiatique, that M. WÜPOKE, a matheAmong these we notice WENCK's Fränkische matician who devotes himself to Arabic Reich (Frankish Empire), which treats that studies, has discovered in some Arabic manusubject, from A. D. 843 to 861, with instruc- scripts two works purporting to be by Euclid, tive thoroughness and philosophical insight; wbich have not been preserved in the Greek two essays by FICKER, the one on Reinhald original, nor are any where referred to as von Dassel, the Chancellor of Ferdinand I., his by ancient mathematical writers. One is and the other on the attempt of Henry VI. a treatise on the lever, and the other on the to render the German empire hereditary; division of planimetric figures. The authenARNTHEN'S History of Carinthia; Rink's | ticity of the two is thought to be perfectly Tirol ; PALAZKY's History of Bohemia ; Mi-established by collateral evidence. NUTOLI'S History of the Elector Frederic I.; RIEDEL's Ten years of the History of the An- The Hungarian author, Baron Eötvös, bas cestors of the Royal House of Prussiu ; the just published a work called Ueber den EinHistory of Schleswig Holstein, by GEORGE fluss der Neuen Ideen auf den Staat (On the Waitz; Ruckeer's Annals of German His influence of new ideas upon the State). He tory; G. Philip's Outlines of the History of argues that the students of social and politithe German Empire and German Law; GEN- cal science should confine themselves strictly GLER's History of German Law; the Coins to the method received in the natural scienof the German Emperors and Kings in the ces, and employed there with such success; Middle Ages, a large work by CAPPE; the first establish what are the genuine experiCelts and Ancient Helsetians, by J. B. Brozi; mental phenomena, and then by induction setand the Campaigns of the Bavarians from 1643 tle the law which produces and governs them. to 1645, by J. HEILMANN; Mayr's Mann von | Rinn (Man of Rinn) deserves special inention. We expect a treat from MORITZ Wagner's The man of Rinn is Joseph Speckbacher, the Reise nach Persien und dem Lande der Kurhero of the war of 1809 in the Tyrol. His den (Journey to Persia and Kurdistan) the deeds, and those of his countrymen, are here first volume of which is advertised in our last narrated in a style as attractive as the facts files of German papers. Wagner is one of are authentic.

the best of travellers, and we shall look for the

book itself with some impatience. The seIn all the States of the German Confedera-cond volume is announced as to appear in tion there are 2,651 booksellers, 400 of whom three weeks after the first. deal only in their own publications, 2,200 sell books, but do not publish, and 451 keep The second part of the third volume of general assortments of books, and publish HUMBOLDT's Kosmos, has just appeared at also. At Berlin there are 129 booksellers, at Stuttgart. It treats of the heavenly nebulae, Leipzic, 145, at Vienna, 52, at Stuttgard, 50, suns, planets, comets, aurora borealis, zodiacal and at Frankfort, 36. A hundred years ago light, meteors, and meteoric stones. This there were only 31 at Leipzic and 6 at Berlin, completes the granological part of the descripand at two fairs held at Leipzic in 1750, only tion of the physical universe. Humboldt has 350 German booksellers' establishments were already begun his fourth volume, and expects represented. No one is allowed in Germany to finish it before June next. to become a bookseller without a license from the government, and in Prussia the appli- Kossuth is speculated on by a German cant has to pass a special examination. bookseller, who advertises a work giving a

complete account of his sayings and doings THOSE desirous of acquiring languages by since the capitulation at Vilagos, including wholesale, may try a recent work by Captain his flight to Turkey and his residence there, J. NEPOMUK SZÖLLÖZY, with which the scholar the negotiations for his release, his journey can learn, according to the Ollendorffian sys- from Kutahia to England, and his tarry there tem, French, German, English, Italian, Rus- up to sailing for America, with a portrait. sian, Spanish, Hungarian, Wallachian and Tarkish. Phrases and vocabularies of all the TAE Rev. HENRY T. CHEEVER's Life in the languages are appended.

Sandwich Islands (noticed by us lately in the

International), is reprinted in London, by A SECOND edition of ADOLF STaur'Preus- Bentley, and translated in German for a pub. sische Revolution, has appeared in Germany, lisher at Berlin. revised by the author and dedicated to Macaulay. No recent book in Germany has SILVIO PELLICO, so famous for his works, been more successful than this.

his imprisonments and sufferings, is passing

the winter in Paris. Max SCHLESINGER'S Wanderings through London are announced at Berlin; the first The complete works of CLEMENS BRENvolume is already published. One of the Tano, have been brought out at Frankfort, in chapters treats of" Linkoln's-In-Fields." seven volumes.

Two books of travels in Scandinavia have' SIXTEEN German books were prohibited in just appeared in Germany. One is the Bil- Russia in August last; among them were Fonder aus dem Norden (Pictures of the North), TAINE's Poems, Görre's Christian Mysticism, by Professor Oscar SCHMIDT of Jena; and Kutz's Manual of Sacred History, Schmidt's the other Hägringar, or a Journey throngh Death of Lord Byron, KINKEL's Truth without Sweden, Lapland, Norway, and Denmark, in Poetry, and STRAUSS's Life Questions. Of 1850, by a young author. Professor Schmidt eleven other works, a few pages from each amply repays the reader, which is more than were prohibited; among these was the Gercan always be said of the author of Hagrin- man version of Lieutenant Lynch's United gar. Both works are, however, especially States Expedition to the Jordan and the Dead worthy the attention of those who wish to Sea. These works are allowed to enter Russia study the natural history and ethnography of after having the objectionable pages cut out. the countries in question.

The science of landscape gardening is enMADAME Von Werer, widow of the com- riched by a new work of value just published poser, who has for some years resided at Vi- at Leipzig, by Rudolpu LIEBECK, the director enna, has applied to the Emperor of Austria of the public garden in that city. It is called for permission to dispose of the three origi- | Die bildenden Garten Kunst in seinen Modernal MSS. scores of her husband's operas, Der nen Formen (The Modern Constructive Art Freischütz, Euryantle, and Oberon. These of Gardening). It has twenty colored plates. were in the Roval Library at Vienna; and she purposes otfering them to the three sove- Cotta, of Stuttgart, is preparing to publish reigns of Saxony, Prussia, and England, --in a splendid illustrated edition of Goethe's which respective countries they were origin- Faust. The designs are to be by an artist ally produced. The Emperor has caused the well known in Gerinany, Engelbert Seibertz. MSS. to be delivered to her.

The work is to be published in numbers.

PROFESSOR NUYTz, whose work on canon The historical remains and letters of GEORGE law was recently condemned by the Holy See, SPALATIN have been published at Weimar. has resumed his lectures at Turin. The lec- | They are a valuable addition to the history ture-room was crowded, and the learned pro- of the Reformation. fessor was received with loud applause. He adverted to the hostility of the clergy, and | It is remarkable that the only oriental nato the Papal censures of his work, which cen- tion whose literature has much resemblance sures he declared to be in direct opposition to | to ours, and has a direct practical value for the rights of the civil power. He expressed us, is the Chinese. For instance, the works his thanks to the ministry for having refused of this people upon agriculture abound in to deprive him of his chair.

practical information, which may be made

| immediately useful in Europe and America. A VALUABLE contribution to Italian history We noticed, some time since, the treatise on is Die Carafa von Maddaloni, Neapel unter the raising and care of silk worms, translated Spanische Herrschaft (Naples under Spanish and published at Paris, by M. STANISLAS JUDomination), just published in Germany, by LIEN, which was so warmly welcomed in ALFRED VON REUMONT, a member of the Prus- France as a timely addition to what was sian Legation at Florence, who, more than there known upon the subject. It seems that almost any other man, has made a study of the this work was but a small portion of an exhistory of that part of Italy, and who in this tensive Cyclopedia of Agriculture in use in work has had access to a great mass of new China, where the science of tilling the soil documents. He writes as a monarchist, but has in many respects been developed to an his facts may be relied on. The work is in astonishing degree of perfection. This cyclotwo volumes.

pedia, M. Hervey, a French scholar, whose

knowledge of the Eastern languages is aoEvery body remembers the noise made in companied by an equally profound love of New-York some fifteen years since by the farming, has undertaken to translate entire. revelations of Maria Monk. We notice a This is a difficult and tedious enterprise, estranslation of her famous disclosures adver-pecially on account of the mass of botanical tised, with all sorts of trumpet blowing, in and technical expressions which occur in the our German papers.

work, and of which the dictionaries furnish

no explanation. Meanwhile M. Hervey bas An edition of the complete works of KEP- published some of the results of his studies in LER is preparing in Germany, under the su- a work called Investigations on Agriculture pervision of Prof. FRISCH, of Stuttgart. The and Gardening among the Chinese. He menmanuscripts of the great astronomer, pre- tions several varieties of fruits, vegetables, served at St. Petersburg, have been examined and trees, which might advantageously be infor the purpose, with rich results. It is also troduced into France and Algiers; he also proposed to erect a monument to Kepler at analyzes the Cyclopedia, and shows wbat are Stuttgart.

I the difficulties in translating it.

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