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A REMARKABLE contribution to our know-) gives in it a mass of detailed instructions, in ledge of China, is M. Biot's recent translation order to make the officials aware of their duof the book called Tscheu-li. It seems that in ties and the precise limits of their authority. the twelfth century before Christ, the second Thus the work affords a quite exact picture dynasty that had ruled the country, that of of the social condition of China at that time. Thang, fell by its own vices, and the empire There is no other monument of antiquity with passed into the hands of Wu-wang, the head which it can be compared, except the Manus, of the princely family of Tscheu-li. Wu-wang the Indian book of law. The difference is, was a great soldier and statesman; he con- that in China the intellectual activity was alfided to his brother Tscheu-Kong, a man evi- together political, and the public organization dently of extraordinary political genius, the altogether imperial and political ; while in Inmoral and administrative reformation of the dia the mental activity was metaphysical, and empire. He first laid the foundation of a re- the public organization altogether municipal. form in moral ideas by an addition to the Y- The translation of the Tscheu. was not pubKing or sacred book, which the Chinese revere | lished till after M. Biot's decease; it was and incessantly study, but which still remains brought out by his father, with the assistance an unintelligible mystery for Europeans. Of of M. Stanislas Julien. his administrative reforms a complete record is preserved in the Tscheu-li, and nothing could The library of the famous Cardinal Mezzobe easier to understand.
fanti is about to be sold, and the catalogue is When the Tscheus thus came into power, already printed-in Italian, of course. It is one they found in existence a powerful feudal of the most extensive and valuable collection aristocracy, from which they themselves pro- of works in various languages ever made, and ceeded, and which they must tolerate. Ac- it is to be hoped that it may not be disposed cordingly, they recognized within the im- of at the sale, but pass all together into some perial dominions sixty-three federal juris- public library—that of some university would dictions, which were hereditary, but whose be most appropriate. To indicate the conrulers were obliged to administer according tents of the catalogue, we give the titles of to the laws and methods of the empire. llav- the different parts: Books in Albanian or ing made this concession, they abolished all Epirotic, Arabic, Armenian, American (Inother hereditary offices, and established in- dian dialects of Brazil, Mexico, Paraguay, stead, a vast system of centralization, such as Peru, United States), Bohemian, Chaldaic, the world has never seen equalled elsewhere. Chinese (Cochin-Chinese, Trin-Chinese, JaThe administration, according to the Tscheu-li, panese), Danish (Swedish, Norwegian, Iceis divided among six ministries, which were | landic, Laplandic), Hebrew (Antique, Rabalso divided into sections, and the executive binic, Samaritan), Egyptian, or Coptic-Egypfunctions descend regularly and systemati- tian and Coptic, Arabic, Etruscan, Phænician, cally to the lowest official, and include the Flemish, French (Breton-French, Lorraineentire movement of society. The emperor French, Provençal), Gothic and Visi-Gothic, and the feudal princes are restrained by for- and Greek and Greek-Latin, Modern Greek, malities and usage, as well as by the expres-Georgian or Iberian, Cretian or Rhetian, sion of disapprobation; and the officials of Myrian Indo-oriental (Angolese, Burmese every grade by their hierarchical dependency, or Avian, Hindostanee, Malabar, Malayan, and by a system of incessant oversight; and Sanscrit), English (Arctic, Breton or Celtic, finally, the people by proscription, and the Scotch-Celtic, Scotch, Irish, Welch), Italian education, industrial, as well as mental and (Fineban dialect, Maltese, Milanese, Sardinian, moral, which the State dispenses to them. Sicilian), Kurdistanee or Kurdic, Latin, MaThe sole idea in which this astonishing sys- ronite and Syriac Maronite, Oceanic (Austratem rests, is that of the State, whose office is lian), Dutch, Persian, Polish, Portuguese (vato care for all that can contribute to the pub- rious dialects), Slavonian (Carniolan, Serbian, lic good, and which regulates the action of Ruthenian, Slavo-Wallachian), Syriac, Spanevery individual with a view to this end. In ish (Catalan, Biscayan), Russian, Turkish, his organization, Tscheu-Kong excelled every | Hungarian, Gipsey. thing that the most centralized governments of Europe have devised.
1 The French historian MICHELET, deprived The Tscheu family remained in power for of his professorship in the College of France, five centuries, and was finally broken down is devoting himself more than ever to literaby the feudal element they had preserved. ture. His last work, of which an authorized But so deep was the impress of Tscheu-Kong translation has just appeared in London, is upon the nation, that after centuries of revo- The Martyrs of Russia. lutions and civil war, it returned to his institutions and principles, and it is by them and I MICHEL NICOLAS, one of the ablest among in a great degree in their exact forms, that the French theologico-ethical writers, has China is now governed.
published a translation of the Considerations In form the Tscheu-li is like an imperial on the Nature and Ilistorical Developments almanac of our own times. It is, however, of Christian Philosophy, by Dr. RITTER, of much more complete, because Tscheu-Kong the University of Gottingen.
M. SCHONENBERGER, & music-publisher at | M. Guizot is about to publish a new volume Paris, has purchased from the heirs of Paga- at Paris, with the title of Shakspeare et son nini the copyright of his works, and is now Temps (Shakspeare and his Times). It is to be publishing them, under the editorial supervi-composed of his Life of Shakspeare, and the sion of M. ACHILLE PAGANINI, the son of the articles that he has written at various times great violinist. The edition will comprise upon different plays. The only novelty in it is every thing that he left behind in writing. a notice on Hamlet which was prepared exHector Berlioz speaks with enthusiasm in the pressly for this publication. He regards both Journal des Debats of the two grand concertos Macbeth and Othello as better dramas than which have just appeared, one of them con- | Hamlet, but thinks the last contains more taining the marvellous rondo of the campa- | brilliant examples of Shakspeare's sublimest nella. Berlioz speaks in high praise of Paga- beauties and grossest faults. “Nowhere," nini's genius as a composer. A volume would says Guizot, "has he unveiled with more be required, he says, to indicate the new ef- originality, depth and dramatic effect, the infects, the ingenious methods, the grand and Inost state of a great soul: but nowhere has noble forms which he discovered, and even he more abandoned himself to the caprices, the orchestral combinations, which before him terrible or burlesque, of his imagination, and were not suspected. In spite of the rapid to that abundant interperance of a mind progress which, thanks to Paganini, the vio-pressed to get out its ideas without choosing lin is making at the present day in respect of | among them, and bent on rendering them mechanical execution, his compositions are striking by a strong, ingenious, and unesyet beyond the skill of most violinists, and in pected mode of expression, withont any rereading them it is hardly possible to conceive gard to their truth and natural form." The how their author was able to execute them. French critic also thinks that on the stage Unfortunately he was not able to transmit the effect of Hamlet is irresistible. to his successors the vital spark which animated and rendered human those astonishing LA CAPITAL work on Paris has just been prodigies of mechanism.
published at Berlin, from the pen of Fried
Rich SZARVADY, a Hungarian, who has reM. PIULARETE CHASLES, one of the literary | sided for several years in Paris. The titles critics of the Journal des Debats, has publish- of the chapters are :-Paris in Paris ; Straned, at Paris, a book called Etudes sur la Lit- gers in Paris; Parisian Women; Street Eloterateur et les Mæurs des Anglo-Americanis, quence; the Temple of Jerusalem (the Bourse); which abounds in those curious blunders that Salons and Conversation; Dancing, Song, some French authors seem to be destined to and Flowers; the Ball at the Grand Opera; when they write upon topics connected with Artist Life; the Press; the Feuilleton ; Hisforeign countries. For instance, he makes tory ou a Public Square; Lamartine, Cavaig. the pilgrims of Plymouth to have been the nac, Thiers; Louis Bonaparte. Szarvady obfounders of Philadelphia, New-York, and serves sharply, and writes with as much grace Boston. Buffalo he sets down opposite to and esprit as a Frenchman. Nothing can be Montreal, speaks of the puritans of Pennsyl- more taking than his pages. They deserve a vania as near neighbors of Nova Scotia, and translation from the Gerinan into English. extends Arkansas to the Rocky Mountains. At New-York bis regret is that a railroad has 1 Vulergas, the Spanish historian, who in destroyed the beauty of Hoboken, and at New one of his recent works drew a parallel be. Orleans he laments that marriages between tween Espartero and Narvaez which excited whites and Creoles are interdicted. Of Coop- great attention at Madrid and in other parts er, Irving, Bryant, Andubon, and Longfellow, of Spain, has just been condemned by the he speaks in terms of just praise, but Willis is court which has charge of the otfences of the not mentioned. Bancroft and Hildreth are press, to a fine of twenty thousand reals, or mentioned as historians, Prescott is spoken twenty-five hundred dollars, for the sin of briefly in connection with his Ferdinand against public order and private character and Isabella, while his other works are not contained in that parallel. alluded to. To Herman Melville, M. Chasles devotes fifty pages, while Mr. Ticknor bas not An interesting and valuable series of artieven the honor of a mention. The author of cles reviewing historically the systems of this work is very far from doing justice either land tenure which have prevailed in different to American literature or to himself.
countries, is appearing in the Journal des
Débats from the pen of M. IIENRY TRIAXOX. Five of the nine intended volumes of LA- The systems of India and China have already FUENTE's General History of Spain from the been examined. remotest times to the present day, have appeared in Paris,
The termagant wife of Sir Edward Bnlwer
Lytton has just published The School for HurIn Paris a new edition is announced of the bands, a novel founded on the life and times best French versions of FeyiMORE Cooper's of Moliere. Probably her own husband is works-six or eight illustrated voluines, shot at in all the chapters.
The books on modern French history would The Rev. Joun Howard Hinton, author already fill an Alexandrian library, and every of a well-known History of the United States, month produces new ones. M. LEONARD has published, in London, a volume under the Gallois, a well-known historical writer, an- title of The Test of Experience, in which he nounces a History of the Revolution of Febru- has presented a masterly argument for the ary, 1848, in fire large octavos, with forty-one voluntary principle in matters of religion. portraits. M. Barante's History of the Conren- The “test of experience" is in this, as in all tion will consist of six octavos, of which three other things, the best of tests, and the reliare published, and the last is accompanied by gious institutions of the United States can well a biographical sketch of each of the seven bear its application. One of the most noticehundred and fifty meinbers. The period em- able results of the non-interference of the braced in this work is from 1792 to 1795, in- State is pointed out in the following passage: clusive. There is a new History of the City of “To travellers in the United States, no fact has Lyons, in three octavos, by the city librarian. | been more immediately or more powerfully strik
ing than the total absence of religious rivalry. The Letters and unpublished Essays of Amidst such a multitude of sects, an inhabitant of Count JOSEPH DE MAISTRE have been brought
mbit the old world naturally, and almost instinctively out at Paris, in two volumes octavo.
The looks for one that sets up exclusive pretensions'
and possesses an actual predominance, But ho letters show the celebrated author in a new
| finds nothing of the kind. Neither presbyterianand pleasing light; a tone of genial unreserve in
ism, or prelacy, nor any other form of ecclesiastiprevails in many of them, which those who cism. makes the slightest effort to lift its head have become fainiliar with his brilliant, dogabove its fellow. And with the resignation of exmatic, and paradoxical intellect, in his more clusive pretensions, the entire ecclesiastical strife elaborate writings, would hardly suppose him has ceased, and the din of angry war has been capable of. No writer, of this century at husbed; and here, at length, the voluntary princi. least, has more powerfully set forth the doc- ple is able to exhibit itself in its true colors, as a trines of the Roman Catholic Church than he. lover of peace and the author of concord. It is
busied no longer with the arguing of disputed The Political Situation of Cuba, a volume claims, but throws its whole energy into free and published in Paris, by Don Antonio Saco. is combined operations for the extension of Christiancommended in the Revue des Deux Mondes. ity. The general religious energy embodies itself Don Antonio was one of the most distinguish
in a thousand forms; but while there is before the ed intelligences and liberals of the precious
church a vast field to which the activities of all
are scarcely equal, there is, also, a fair field and island: he argues against independence, or
no favor,'-a field in which all have the same adannexation to the American Union: he sug
vantages, and in which each is sure to find rewards gests various, arrangements by which Spain
proportionate to its wisdom and its zeal. This incould safely establish political freedom in Cu- l estimable benefit of religious peace is clearly due ba, and he thinks administrative and judicial
to the voluntary principle." reforins to counteract the worst ills of her present situation, might be accomplished. I Junius, since the publication of his Letters,
never figured more conspicuously than during A new edition of SHARON Turner's His- the last month. The Paris Revue des Deux tory of the Anglo-Saxons has just appeared | Mondes has a very long article on the great in London, with important additions and re- / secret by M. Charles Remusat, a member of vision. The first edition of Turner's History the Institute, well known in historical critiwas published in London more than fifty cism. He arrays skilfully the facts and reayears ago. At the time when the first vo- sonings which British inquirers have adduced lume appeared, the subject of Anglo-Saxon in favor of Sir Philip Francis, and the other antiqnities had been nearly forgotten by the most probable author, Lord George Sackville. British public, although the most venerated He seems to incline to the latter, but does not laws, customs, and institutions of the nation decide. He pronounces that, on the whole, originated before the Norman conquest. The Junius was not “a great publicist.” Ilis Anglo-Saxon manuscripts lay unexamined in powers and influence are investigated and archives, and the important information they explained by M. de Remusat with acuteness contained had never been made a part of ge- and comprehensive survey. Lord Mahon, in neral history. Mr. Turner undertook a care- his new volumes, says, “ From the proofs adful and patient investigation of all the docu- duced by others, and on a clear conviction of ments belonging to the period preserved in my own, I affirm that the author of Junius the kingdom, and the result of his labors was was no other than Sir Philip Francis." We the work in question, which at once gave rise think not. The London Atheneum, last year, to an almost universal passion for the records we thought, settled this point. It is underand remains of the Anglo-Saxon people, and stood that the editor of the Grenrille Papers, called forth general applause from the best now on the eve of publication, in London, is minds of England. A good edition of his in favor of Lord Temple as a claimant for the History was published several years ago by authorship of Junius. The January number of Carey and lart of Philadelphia, but it is the Quarterly Reriew contains an article on now, we believe, out of print.
I the subject.
The Natural History of the Human Species, ! The following works, all of which have by Lieutenant-Colonel CHARLES Hamilton promising titles, will soon be published by SMITH, is the title of a duodecimo volume J. S. Redfield: Men of the Times in 1852, from the press of Gould & Lincoln of Bos. comprising biographical sketches of all the ton. An American editor (Dr. Kneeland) has celebrated men of the present day; Characadded an introductory survey of recent liter-ters in the Gospels, by Rev. E. H. Chapin; ature on the subject. The whole perform. Tales and Traditions of Hungary, by Thereance is feeble. The author and his editor sa Pulzky; The Comedy of Lore, and the endeavor to make out something like the in- History of the Eighteenth Century, by Arfidel theory of Professor Agassiz, which, a sene Houssaye; Aytoun's Lays of the Scotyear or two ago, attracted sufficient atten- tish Cavaliers ; The Caraliers of England, and tion to induce an investigation and an intelli- The Knights of the Olden Time, or the Chicgent judgment, in several quarters, as to the alry of England, France and Spain, by Henreal claims of that person to the distinctions ry W. Herbert; Lectures and Viscellanies, in science which his advertising managers by Henry James; and Isa : a Pilgrimage, by claim for him. We have not space now for Caroline Chesebro. any critical investigation of the work, and therefore merely warn that portion of our The Westminster Rerier says of ALICE readers who feel any interest in ethnological CAREY, whose Clovernook we noticed favorastudies, of its utter worthlessness.
bly in the last International, that “no Ame
rican woman can be compared to her for An Englishman, Mr. Francis Boxynge, re- genius ;" the Paris Débats refers to her as a cently froin the East Indies, has come to this poet of the rank of Mrs. ELIZABETH BARRETT country at the instance of our minister in BROWNING in England ; the literary critic of London, for the purpose of bringing before The Tribune (the learned and accomplished as the subject of introducing some twenty of RIPLEY whose judgment in such a matter is the most valuable agricultural staples of the beyond appeal) prefers her Clocernook to Miss East, among which are the tea, coffee, and Mitford's Our Village, or Professor Wilson's indigo plants, into the United States. He Lights and Shadows of Scottish Life. gives his reasons for believing that tea and indigo would become articles of export from MR. DANIEL S. CURTiss has availed himself this country to an amount greater than the well of large opportunities for personal obwhole of our present exports. He says that servation, in his volume just published under tea, for which we now pay froin sixty-five to the title of Western Portraiture, and Emione hundred cents per lb. may be produced grant's Guide, a description of Wisconsin, Ilfor from two to five cents, free from the nox- linois, and Iowa, with remarks on Minnesota ious adulterations of the tea we import. He and other territories. It is the most judicious has published a small volume under the title and valuable book of the kind we have seen. of The Future Wealth of America, in which his opinions are fully explained and illustrated. HERR FREUND, the Philologist, is in Lon
don, engaged in constructing a German-EngThe first volume of a work on Christian lish and English-German dictionary upon his Iconography, by M. Didron, of Paris, opens new system; and Professor Suite, the learnto the curious reader a new source of intel- ed editor of the Dictionary of Greek and Rolectual enjoyment, both in the department of man Antiquities, announces a dictionary of ancient religious art, and in the archæology Greek and Roman Geography, the articles to of the early paintings of the Catholic Church. / be written by the principal contributors to The rich, profuse, and quaint plates of the his previous works. original work are used in a translation ably made by E. J. Millington, published in Lon- | The CHRISTMAS Books of the present seadon by Bohn, and in New York by Bangs. son in England have not been very remarka
ble. Mr. DICKENS, in an extra nuinber of his Sir Francis Bond Head, so well known Household Words, printed What Christmas in this country as one of the former gover-is to Everybody ; and we have from WILKIE nors of Canada, and as an author of remarka- COLLINS, A Nero Christmas Story ; by the ble versatility and cleverness, has published anthor of “The Ogilvies," Alice Learmont, a an agreeable but superficial book on Paris- Fairy Tale of Love ; by the author of "The the Paris of January, 1852—under the quaint / Maiden Aunt," a pleasant little book entitled title of A Bundle of French Sticks; and Mr. The Use of Sunshine. Putnam has reprinted it in his new library.
Under the title of Excerpta de P. Ocidii A REMARKABLE book published in Louis- Nastonis, Blanchard & Lea of Philadelphia ville, Kentucky, in 1847, by J. D. Nourse, I have published a series of selections from a nnder the title of Remarks on the Past, and poet whose works, for obvious reasons, are its Legacies to American Society, has just not read entire in the schools. The extracts been reprinted in London, with an introduc- present some of the most beautiful parts of tion by D. T. Coulton.
Ithis graceful and versatile poet.
The Fine Arts.
The American Art Unions have not been, In our musical world there have been sesuccessful in the last year, unless an excep- veral noticable facts in the last month. The tion may be made in regard to that of New opera company, perhaps from the utter inEngland, at Boston. The American, at New-capacity of its director, has been divided, and York, deferred indefinitely its annual distri- the best portion of it has been singing at Nibution of pictures, on account of the small blo's Theatre. Jenny Lind's farewell series number of its subscriptions; and the Pennsyl- of concerts was prevented by intelligence of vanian, at Philadelphia, by a recent fire in the death of the great singer's mother, in that city has lost its admirably - engraved Sweden. Catherine Hayes has been successplates of Iluntington's pictures from the Pil- ful in several concerts at Tripler Hall, and grim's Progress, the last of which was just Mrs. Bostwick, whom the best critics of the completed and placed in the hands of the city regard as superior to any singer who has printer. It will make no distribution. appeared among us, except Jenny Lind, has
given a second series of her subscription conA Sicilian artist, residing at Naples, has certs, which were extremely well attended. amused himself, and probably pleased his sovereign, by composing a life-sized group, re- A CORRESPONDENT of the Athenæum, writpreseuting Religion supporting King Ferdi-ing from Egypt, urges that a few young artDand, and guarded by an angel, who places ists should be sent out with orders to copy his foot on an evil spirit. On the other side all the hieroglyphics on the most important of this group is a child bearing the scales of temples, as well as the numerous tablets and justice. “How much," writes a correspond- fragments which are daily brought to light, ent of the Athenaum, " the artist is to get for “ A work pursued with such materials—all this plaster blasphemy, I know not ; but a theories and arbitrary classification being exmore impudent caricature (at the present mo- cluded-would ever remain as a lasting moment) it would be difficult to imagine.” Ano-nument, and would reflect great credit on the ther artist has, however, beaten the Sicilian Government which should order its execusculptor quite out. A sınall bronze group re- tion." Less than one-half of the money re. presents Religion triumphing over Impiety quired for the reigoval of the Obelisk would and Anarchy. Impiety is represented by a amply cover all expenses. female figure, under whose arın are two books inscribed Voltaire and Luther! Anarchy has A CORRESPONDENT of Kuhne's Europa writes taken off her mask, and let fall two scrolls, on from Dresden that a number of humorous which are written Communismo and Constituto. drawings, sketched by the pencil of Schiller,
and accompanied by descriptions in his own Professor Zann, who has been engaged | hand, have been found in the possession of during a period of more than twenty years in a Swabian family, with whom the great poet examining the ruins of Pompeii and Hercula- | became acquainted during his residence at neun, has exhibited at Berlin a collection of Loschwitz. casts unique in their kind. These are 8,000 | in number; and comprise all the remarkable In Berlin, M. von Prinz, a pupil of Kiss, sculptures of the above places, besides those the sculptor, is erecting a group which he found at Stabiæ, and those of the vast collec- calls The Lion-killer, in imitation of the tion of the Museo Borbonico and other mu- | Amazon. Kiss himself is engaged on a set of seums of the Two Sicilies. The casts from groups from a fox-hunt. Rauch has almost the Museo Borbonico are the first ever made, completed a bust of Humboldt, and statues of -the King of Naples having accorded the General Gneisenau and of Hope. privilege of taking these copies to M. Zahn alone, in royal recompense for the Professor's A colossal statue of the Emperor Nanogreat work on Pompeii and Herculaneum. leon, thirty feet high, is to be placed on the
| top of the Triumphal Arch, at the end of the A BOOK which all students of art should Champs Elysi es, in Paris. possess, is Dr. Kugler's Geschichte der Kunst (History of Art), with the Illustrations (Bil- KAULBẠCH has undertaken to draw a set deratlos) which accompany it, and which are of sketches for an illustrated edition of Shaksnow being published at Stuttgart. The an-peare, which will shortly be published by cient and modern schools of Art-Painting, Nicolai, at Berlin. Sculpture, and Architecture-are here represented in outlines of their most celebrated MR. GREENOUGH, is now in New York, and characteristic works. Eleven numbers awaiting the arrival of his splendid group for of these Illustrations have appeared, and the the Capitol, from Italy. Ile will soon be enwhole work will be completed in the course gaged on his statue of his friend the late Mr. of the coming year.
I Cooper, to be erected in this city.