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sometimes, to the meadows where the dai- It clung to her days as she sat in her little ses grew in tufted grass; and little Agnes was chair leaning on pillows; and nights it crept wont to braid them in a wreath around her to her feet as she lay upon her couch dreainbrow. She said one day on returning that ing of the angels. Its white fleece seemed to she would soon wear a wreath of stars. As grow more white, and its eyes more tender regularly as the Sabbath came, they went to and beautiful. And it often looked at the the chapel together, side by side. The sex- fading child, and at the far blue sky, shining ton made a path for thein, as they walked up through the lattice, and its glance seemed to the broad aisle which was now crowded with say–Heaven is waiting for this little slip of earnest and devout listeners. Their accus- earth, and it must soon go. tomed place was on the cushioned seat that Autumn came at last, and the child was ran around the altar. When the choir sang dying. It was morning, and she lay on her their anthems, the voice of the child was couch, with half the village around her. Her heard above the deep bass singers, and the eyes were fixed upon the sky, and her arins full-toned organ; yet it was softer and sweet- were entwined about the lamb, who lay with er than the voice of a dove. When the vicar its head in her bosom. The vicar knelt down, read the morning and evening service, her re- and prayed. He could not bear to lose the sponses fell on the hearts of all like dew ; light of his household, though he knew that and a halo seemed to encircle her as she lis- the angels were waiting for her on the threstened to the words of life.
hold of heaven. When he arose she slept. The people began to consider it a miracle. Ages have passed since then, and she still Cock-fighting and bull-baiting fell into disre- sleeps; and will sleep till the heavens and the pute; drinking and gaming, to which the earth shall have passed away. The next day greater part of them had been bred from was the Sabbath, and they bore her to the litchildhood, lost caste as amusements, and tle churchyard where her mother was buried. other vices declined in proportion. It was Their graves were dug side by side. All the evident that a great change was going on in children and maidens, dressed in white, followthe hearts and habits of all. Profane oaths ed her bier; and half the mothers in the village and light jests, which even the gentry con- wept as if she had been their own child; and descended to indulge in (as they did in other the Lamb, looking whiter than ever, walked things better left to their inferiors), were in their midst. But when the services were banished from all society, even that of trav- over and the coffin lowered into the grave, elling tinkers, time out of mind a coarse set of it looked once at the far blue sky, and then fellows. Feuds handed down from father to turned away, and walked down the path son were dropped at once, and old enemies which little Agnes had taken at her mother's met with kind greetings, and parted friends. funeral. No one dared to stop it; but all Every body seeined to prosper, and nobody watched it with breathless attention until it was the worse for it. Beggars began to lay disappeared among the grave-stones. Some aside their tatters, and wear good substantial of the boldest, and the vicar among the rest, garments. There was no longer any need to followed to where it seemed to disappear, but beg, for work was plentiful. Cottage win- could find no further traces. Nobody was ever dows, once stuffed with old hats, rejoiced in able to account for it, but every body believthe possession of new panes of glass; and ed it to have been a miracle, inanifested for new cottages were being builded every where, their salvation, notwithstanding a wise phiand every body declared it was the work of losopher who wrote a large folio to prove the White Lamb.
that it never existed at all. Its memory is Spring melted into summer, and summer still preserved with veneration in that counwas now on the verge of autumn. The fields try, and from that day to this, the people were full of harvesters, reaping and binding have continued godly and pious. up yellow sheaves, and barns were open all And so ends the story of the White Lamb. day, and boys might be seen within, storing up fruit for the winter. Every day added. M. Romieu, an ultrarnontane writer, quoted some new grace to the child; but those who with much parade by the Tablet, says of were experienced in such inatters, mostly France :-" The most exact picture of our mothers who had lost children, said she epoch is drawn in the phrase, 'that not a was dying. Her bloom was too unearthly, woman is brought to bed in France who does her eye too spiritual to last. She was no not give birth to a Socialist.?" On this the longer able to run to the woods and fields: a Nation remarks:-“In what a dissolute con-walk to the little summer house at the end | dition la jeune France, with all its bibs and of the vicar's garden, only a stone's throw tuckers, must certainly be! Only imagine from the door, was sufficient to make her Madame de Montalembert brought to bed of very weary. Nor could she visit the chapel twin Phalansteriens! The lady of M. Jules unless carried thither, which was a source of | Gondou, redacteur de l'Unirers, of a horrid great grief to all the villagers.
little Fourierist! The nursery of M. de FalDay by day she grew more lovely and loux in red pinafores, squalling out Soc.-defeeble ; and the lamb grow more fond of her: moc. canticles! Never before such danger they could not for a moment separate them. J in swaddling clothes!"
VOL. V.-NO. III.-27
Authors and Books. A CURIOUS work, which will not be devoid We observe a German version of The Poof interest to tire historian or belles lettres pular Nomenclature of American Plants, unantiquary, has recently been published at der the title of Die Volksnamen der AmeriLeipzig, under the title of Die Alexandersage kan Pflanzen, by BERTHOLD SEEMANN, pubbei den Orientalern (or the Legend of Alex-lished at Hanover, by Rümpler. Of this ander as it exists in the East), by Dr. Fre- book a German reviewer remarks, that "the DERIOK SPIEGEL. With the exception of King knowledge of the popular local names in sysArthur, no personage plays a more extended tematic botany has hitherto been neglected rôle in the romantic European legends of the in such an unaccountable manner, that the middle ages, than Alexander ; but our read-appearance of the above-cited work has awakers may not be generally aware that the feats / ened a joyful surprise among all who are of this great conqueror are still perpetuated capable of appreciating its value. This wellunder a thousand strange forins even on the deserving traveller, whose name at present remote East, generally under the name of is in every mouth, has in a great measure by Iskander. “No historic material has ever his own exertions, and partly from the works been more widely extended than this history and indications of Aublet, Bridges, Cruickof Alexander, and there are even yet races in shanks, De Candolle, Gardner, Gilles, Hookthe interior of Central Asia who declare er, Humboldt and Bonpland, Lindley, la Llare themselves directly descended from him;" — and Lergarga, Martius, Miers, Pursch, Ruaz precisely, no doubt, as certain very respecta- and Pavon, Torrey and Gray, Cervantes and ble families extant at the present day in Bustamente, carefully and scientifically colHungary and Italy prove themselves lineal lected above two thousand of the names with descendants of Julius Cæsar, Æneas, and even which the different races of the Ainerican Noah. “In the earliest times, even in the Continent designate the most important of very scene of his exploits, Alexander became their plants. Moreover, he has fully succeeda hero of legend-like and exaggerated histo- ed in conforming these names, almost withries, a collection of which, bearing the name out exception, to the systematic scientific of Pseudo-Callisthenes, as editor, is yet pre-terminology by which they are known, or at served; and from this came the innumerable least has given their family. With this work Alexanderine romances of the middle ages, a path has been opened which will prove which at length totally obscured the true ac- servicable not only to the botanist but also counts of the conqueror. In the East, also, to the philologist, and which we trust will in and particularly in Persia, he has been made future be trodden frequently by the author the subject of many great epic poems. The and other travellers." relation existing between all those legends, which have sprung up at such difforent times, Of the interesting historical compositions and under such extremely varied circum- lately published, we may cite by Fr. GERLACH stances, is an interesting problem for the lit- | Die Geschichte der Romer (or History of erary historian, and the book we have men- the Romans), and Die Geschichtschreiber der tioned is valuable, since in it every thing re- Deutschen Vorzeit (or The Historians of the lating to the Persian portion thereof, is given early German Times), the fifth volume of in full.” From the index, an admirable an- which has just appeared, containing the alysis of its contents, and a somewhat extended Chronicle of Herimann, according to the ediabridgment, which we have perused, we may tion of the Monumenta Germania. We have assert that few works more curiously interest- also, with a colossal title which we in part ing have for a long time been published. Somit, three volumes of the Fontes Rerum
| Austriacarum (or Austrian Sources of HisOF great interest to antiquaries and positive tory), published by the historical commission utility to artists, is the Trachten des Christ- of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Vienna. lichen Mittelalters (or Dresses of the Chris- This is spoken of as a really wonderful coltian Middle Age), by J. Von HOFNER. As lection of curions documents. The sources they are all taken froin contemporary works of Austrian history have been at all times of art, they may be relied on for correctness. sadly neglected, and this work may in a great The part last published consists of the second measure supply the deficiency. In the saine division, embracing guises of the fourteenth department we have also the second volume and fifteenth centuries. Among others, the of Migner's History of Mary Stuart, from reader may find Armour of the sixteenth an English version of which we have already century, the Dress of a lady of rank in the quoted somewhat largely in this magazine. middle of the same century, a French dress of the fifteenth century, and a tournament to the historian and geographer COUNT helmet of the same period. Such books serve KARL FREDERIO Vox Hugel's account of better than any reading to impress on the Karbul-Becken and the Mountains between minds of the young correct ideas of past the Hindu Kosch and the Sutlej, will be found manners and times.
| fresh and interesting.
The third continuation of the third year of ONE of the most practical handbooks of a the Historisches Taschenbuch (or Historical higher order for the use of the learned, in Pocket-book), of FREDERICK VON Raumer, Roman Antiquities, is that by W. BEEKER, published by Brochkaus of Leipzig, has just ex-Professor at Leipzig—the third part of made its appearance. The most interesting which has just made its appearance. The article which it contains is entitled, “The parts already published contain the first part Sikhs and their Kingdom," by Karl Frieder- of the State Government of ancient Italy; ich Neumann. “Such an account by so well- the Provinces (of which we have here for informed a writer," says a German review, the first time a complete statistical account'); " is of no little interest.” As every eminent and the State Constitution. The publisher European scholar, who has distinguished promises that in the coming volumes there himself by manifesting an interest in Ame- will be given the departments of Finance and rican affairs, deserves to be particularly War, Jurisprudence, Religion and Private known in this country, we translate for the Antiquities. In connection with this we may International a short account of Professor cite the Legis Rubriæ pars superstes, a beauNeumann, which we partially extract from tifully lithographed fac-simile of this classic a MS, sketch written by himself in the sum- curiosity, and also by Dr. Adam Zinzow De mer of 1847. Carl Friederich Neumann, | Pelasgicis Romanorum Sacris, which is a treaProfessor of Oriental Languages and History tise on those oldest of the Roman locallegends at the University of Munich, and one of the which the author considers as Pelasgic. most learned sinologists of modern times, was resident in China during the years 1829 and In our forgetfulness of such "opium read1830. In Canton, he became possessor of a ing" we are oft apt to imagine the days of large library of Chinese books, from which mysticism and the supernaturalism gone by. he has since drawn the materials for works Germany, however, occasionally reminds us distinguished by their originality, erudition, that the world is ever prone to return to the and untiring industry. Previous to this visit spectre-haunted paths trodden by its foreto China, and to better qualify himself for it, fathers. One of the latest recallers of this he had, after finishing his studies at the Uni- description, is a second and very considerably versities of Heidelberg and Göttingen, re- enlarged edition of Dr. JOSEPH ENNEMOSER'S mained for a long time at Venice, Paris, and Historio-Physiological Inquiries into the OriLondon, occupied exclusively in the studies gin and Eristence of the Human Soul. Of a of Oriental languages and history. After his soinewhat similar school, we have the second return from China, he was appointed in 1838 volume of the collected works of Franz VON Professor of the Chinese and Armenian Baader, and separate from these, by Dr. tongues at the University of Munich. Pro- FRANZ HOFFMANN, Franz Baader in his relafessor Neumann has ever been remarkably I tions to Spinoza, Leibnitz, Kant, Jacobi, anprejudiced with regard to America, and Fichte, Schelling, Hegel and Herbart. Six we were first induced to seek his acquaint- groschens worth of stout and vivid abuse of ance on hearing his frequent praises of our the atheist FEUERBACH has also been publishcountry, while attending these lectures. He ed by Bläsing of Erlangen. is the author of a number of works in the Latin, French, German, and English lan- ! We have already called attention to the guages, all of which he writes with facility. tenth edition of BROCKHAUS's ConversationsHe also ranks high as a mathematician and Lexikon, now publishing serially at Leipzig. student of natural philosophy. His most The twenty-first part is before us, and we curious work is contained in a small pamph- again take occasion to commend the work to let, entitled The Chinese in California and our readers. We know no other encyclopæMerico in the Fifth Century, proving from dia which compares with it in universal exancient Chinese chronicles, whose accounts cellence and utility, and this edition is a great are substantiated by our subsequent know- improvement upon its predecessors. In the ledge of natural phenomena therein describ- biography of living personages of distinction ed, that those countries were, in the fifth it is especially rich ; in this respect alone it century, visited by Buddhist priests at the deserves to be found in the libraries even of time mentioned.
those who own the earlier editions. The
biographies of American statesmen and scholA Late number of the Europa contains a ars are given with detail and correctness. notice of the London Art Journal. We have not time to read the article, but suggest that A Work which may be of some interest to the least which a Leipzig reviewer should the belles-lettres antiquarian, has just been say of this periodical, is, that it contains in-published by Schmidt, of Halle: The Sources finitely more news relative to the present of Popular Songs in German Literature. condition of art in Germany, than the Kunst Such a performance is more necessary for the Blatt, or Munich Art Journal itself. There songs of Germany than for those of any other is hardly any magazine of which we make nation, since no where else is there so much more use in the International, than the Lon- which really requires explanation to the don Art Journal.
A most agreeable book is Schiller and his l The History of German Literature pow Paternal House, lately published at Stuttgart, publishing at Leipsic by Dr. Henry Kurz, by Herr Saupe. The great poet is here de- seems to be one of the most perfect and adpicted in the midst of his father's family, all mirable works of the kind ever undertaken. of whom loved him dearly, and respected as It will contain in all 1600 octavo pages with much as they loved.
I portraits, fac-similes, monuments, residences A Hamburg journal says a good and sharp of authors, and every sort of pictorial illus. word about the mania of the Germans for tration that can increase the value and intehunting up the literary remains of Goethe rest of the work. Copious extracts will be and Schiller. The volumes of memoirs, cor- given from the writers spoken of, and from respondence, diaries, and other relics of these the whole range of German literature. Two great men, would make a library far exceed- parts have already been published; the first ing in quantity all the volumes they publish- goes back to the earliest times and comes ed themselves. Nothing so much proves the down to the middle of the twelfth century, absence of great and significant persons in and the second to the middle of the fourthe literature of the present day as this al- teenth. Though printed in elegant style, inost convulsive clinging to the immortal and adorned with so many fine wood cuts, deceased, and the endless endeavor to talk the parts are sold at about twenty-two cents: and write about them, and publish every twenty-five parts complete the work. thing that can be twisted into a connection with their history or writings. Presently J. E. HORN has published, by Wigand of we shall hear of the republication of the Leipsic, two volumes on LUDWIG Kossttischool-books they studied, with all the thumb- the first volume treating of Kossuth as agi. marks and pot-hooks then scribbled by the tator, and the second of Kossuth as minister. future great men. This is said on occasion of “We have in the author a most deterniined Dörixg's Schiller and Goethe, which the wri-admirer of the Hungarian chief; one whose ter thinks might as well have been unwritten. respect for the hero is not however expressed
in enthusiastic encomniums; but he attempts The number of books on military subjects by a clear and sensible analysis of his deeds, published in Germany, must astonish the of the circumstances upon which they deAmerican not accustomed to see at every pended, and the consequences to which they corner a gendarme, or behold his bayonet have led, to excite in the reader a corresprotruding occasionally from behind the ponding conviction." scene-paintings of a theatre, where he is posted to preserve order. In two numbers. The reader who likes to take history in of a weekly review, we find notices of no an entertaining form is recommended to less than fourteen books on strictly inilitary Bense's History of the Austrian Court, Nomatiers. For readers who take an interest bility, and Diplomacy, of which two volumes in such subjects, we translate the titles of a are just published in Germany. They can few: The Battles of Frederic the Greut; The make no just claim to philosophical thoroughArmies of the Present Day and their Future ness, but are full of readable anecdotes and Destiny; Military Fireworks in the Royal interesting glimpses of character. Prussian Army; The Organization and For-| mation of the Bararian Army and the Mili. Anong recent curious translations of Oritary Budget; and A Short Abridgment of ental literature published in Germany, we obNaral Artillery. With these works we may serve the Quarante Questions Addressées par also cite De Gustav Simon's new essay On les doct Juifs au Prophéte Nahomet (or The Gunshot Wounds, which is said to contain val Forty Questions addressed by the learned uable contributions to this branch of surgery. Jews to the prophet Mahomet.) The work
is accompanied with a Turkish text and glosThe thirtieth volume of The Library of sary, for the use of Orientalists. Collected German Literature, contains Der Walsche Gast (or the Italian Guest), by Tho- The second volume of the second edition MASIN Von ZIRELARIA: an old German poem of Böcki's celebrated Die Staatshaushaltung of the Middle Ages, now published the first der Athener (or Political Economy of the time, with philologic and historical remarks Athenians), has just been published by G. by Dr. HEINRICH RUCKERT; and by K. A. Reimer, of Berlin. So thoroughly has this Hann we have Die Echten Lieder von den edition and particularly this volume been reNiebelungen (or The True Songs of the Niebe-vised, and so materially increased, that it lungen), according to LEOKMAny's criticisms. may be regarded as almost a new work.
A BIOGRAPHY of the late eminent philolo-1 Anong artistic philosophic works, we see gist, KARL LACHMANN, written by his pupil, mention of one entitled Aesthetic Inquiries MARTIN HIERTz, has recently been published into the Vodern Drama, by IIEYMANLETTNER. by W. llerz of Leipsic. With the Life itself With its merits we are not acquainted, but are given several important posthumous lit- the subject, if properly treated, miglit serve erary relics of the great scholar.
for an extremely interesting and useful work.
ALMOST evory writer on Egyptian theology, 1 ONE Herr Frost, who flourishes as Direcfrom Jablonsky to Bunsen, has endeavored to tor of the Institution for the Blind at Prague, identify, among the manifold gods of their has published a novel under the title of the Pantheon, the eight older deities mentioned | Wandering Jeu. It is intended to counterby Herodotus, in the 145th chapter of the act the bad influence of Eugene Sue's roEuterpe. In a note to his Chronologie der mance of that name. The hero is a great Aegypter, Lepsius announced the discovery, believer in Sue's socialist theories, and atthat this series originally consisted only of tempts to instruct a rural community in soven, and was subsequently enlarged to eight. them, but is repelled and put to shame by In a quarto volume, first issued at Berlin, their sturdy good sense. Uber den ersten Aegyptischen Götterkries und seine geschichtlich-mythologische Entet. By the learned and celebrated jurist Mitchung. (On the First Series of Egyptian Gods, TERMAIER, of Heidelberg, we have The Engand its Historico-Mythological Origin,) a dis-lish, Scottish, and North-American systems sertation read before the Royal Academy of of Punishment, in connection wiih their PoBerlin, he supplies the monumental and other litical, Moral, and Social Circumstances, and evidence of this discovery, and gives the the particulars of Practical Law. The work names of these deities majoram gentium. is represented by a reviewer as fully indicat
ing, by the singular copiousness of its conSMIRDIN, a publisher of St. Petersburg, who tents, " its author's wonderful and greatly celsome time since cominenced the issue of a ebrated industry in collecting (sammelfleiss). uniform edition of the more prominent authors of Russia, of which he has already pub- MITTERMAIER, the eminent German jurist, lished thirty volumes, has now begun a new has just published at Erlangen an elaborate edition of Karamsin's History of the Russian work upon The English, Scotch, and AmeriEmpire. It will be completed in ten volumes; can Criminal Practice, in its relations with the first is already published. This is regard- the political, moral, and social situation of ed as the best history of Russia extant, though those countries. The work goes into the minit notoriously misstates many facts in order ute details of the subject. It is calculated to flatter the imperial house and sustain its to exercise a profound influence upon crimiabsolute authority. It has previously passed nal practice in Germany. through five editions, and it is estimated that twenty-four thousand copies of it are in Rus- Mr. HERMANN Weiss is about to publish in sian public libraries and the hands of private Germany A History of the Costumes of all persons.
| Ages and Nations.
The traditional literature of Germany, al- A VERY valuable and interesting chapter of ready very rich, has received an important French literary history, is M. DE BLIGNIERE'S addition in the Sagenbuch der Bairischen Essay on Amyot and on the French TranslaLande (Book of Traditions of the Bavarian tors of the Sixteenth Century, lately published Provinces), of which the first volume has at Paris in an octavo voluine. Amyot was just been published at Munich. These sagas the first to render Heliodorus, Plutarch, and are collected by the editor, Mr. A. SCHÖPPNER, Lenginus into French, and his excellence confrom the mouth of the people, from out-of-sists in a naive sincerity, which, while it the-way old chronicles, and from the ballads seeks only the true version of his author, of the poets. They are full of natural humor lends to it unconsciously the most pleasing and poetic beauty.
impression of the translator himself. S. DIDUNG has lately written The Funda- A NEW French translation of the works mental Laws of Art, and the German Art of Silvio Pellico has appeared at Paris, from Language, with Poers dedicated to the Ger- the pen of M. LEZAUD." It includes the Meman Spirit. This singular mixture of sub-moirs of the celebrated Italian, and his Disjects under one title seems peculiar to Ger-courses upon Duties. The translation is praismany, where authors occasionally have re-ed by no less a.critic than Saint Marc Girardin. course to curious expedients in book-making.
A FRENCH translation of the Rig Veda, PROF. WILHELM Zaun has printed the fourth that is, of the most ancient of all the Vedas, part of the third continuation of The most is just finished at Paris, where the fourth Beautiful Ornaments and most Remarkable and last volume appeared about the middle Pictures from Pompeii, Herculaneum and of January. The translator is M. LANGLOIS Stabic, with several Sketches and Views, and of the Institute. a new German edition of HaGYANN's Sketches, got up in excellent style.
In the year 1851 there were published in
| France 7,350 works in different languages; Miss Bremer's records of her visit to the the average yearly product of the previous United States will appear as Homes of the ten years was only 6,456; of musical works in Nero World.
(1851, there were 485.