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THERE is now appearing serially at Paris a In illustration of the advancement of learnHistory of the Bastille, from its foundation ing in Turkey, the London Literary Gazette in 1374, to its destruction in 1789. It is to mentions, that when the department of the contain a full parrative of its mysteries, its Ministry of Public Instruction was created prisoners, its governors, its archives, the tor- four or five years ago in Constantinople, it tures and punishments inflicted upon prison- became apparent that there existed a desideers, with revelations of the whole internal ratum of Moslem civilization necessary to be management of this great prison, and also a supplied as soon as possible—a Turkish Vo great variety of adventures, dramatic, tragi- cabulary and a Turkish Grammar, compiled cal and scandalous. The dish is to be com- according to the development of modern phipleted and spiced with some rich glimpses of lology. The Grammar has now been pubthe mysteries of the French police during lished, compiled by Fuad Effendi, mustesher the period referred to. The authors of this of the Grand Vizier, assisted by Ahmed Djes publication are Messrs. ARNOULD, ALBIOZE, vid Effendi, another member of the Council and MAGNET. The last named has sometimes of Instruction. Translations will be made been employed to help Alexander Dumas as into several languages, the French edition & playwright. These writers also announce being now in preparation by two gentlemen that when they have got through with the belonging to the Foreign Office of the Sublime Bastille, they shall attack the Castle of Vin- Porte, who have obtained a privilege of ten cennes, and give the history of the same from years for its sale. its foundation to the present day. They propose first to consider it as a royal palace, un- Sir EDWARD BULWER LYTTON bas just der which head they will narrate a variety brought out a complete collection of his of orgies and debauchery; next as a fortress, Poems, except only, we believe, the once when they will narrate sieges and battles; I pretty famous book of The Siamese Twins. and finally as a state prison, when they will His My Novel, or Varieties of English Life, give the history of the leading prisoners there is nearly finished, and he will give to the confined, with an account of the dungeons, world a new three volume novel in the course the torture chambers, &c., and kindred par- of the spring. He is also bringing out, with ticulars.* This work will be illustrated with final revisions, notes, &c., all his prose writsteel engravings.
ings, in a neat and cheap edition. In the new
preface to Alice, or the Mysteries, he says: COUNT MONTALEMBERT is engaged upon a “So far as an author may presume to judge of work whose materials has been fifteen years his own writings, no narrative fiction by the in collecting. It is to be entitled Historie de same band (with the exception of the poem of la Renaissance du Paganism, depuis Philip King Arthur) deserves to be classed before le-Bel jusq'à Robespierre (History of the Re- this work in such merit as may be thought to vival of Paganism, from Philip the Handsome belong to harmony between a premeditated to Robespierre.) Mr. Montalembert, who is conception, and the various incidents and agenuniversally known as an ultra Catholic, holds cies employed in the development of plot." that the noblest era in history was that part of the middle ages, when the Catholic faith LADY BULWER LYTTON has written two was at the climax of its influence and splen- extraordinary letters to the Morning Post, of dor. What distinguishes modern times is a review in that paper, of her School for paganism, and the essence of paganism is Husbands, hinting at what might have been modern education and science. Classical edu- said about some of the minor faults, had the cation is especially a bad thing. One great book been written by any body else, and hope of this age lies in the reëstablishment going out of her way, to remind us that her of the jesuits and the religious education they husband is a plagiarist. Repeating one of Mr. will confer.
Joseph Miller's anecdotes of a larceny of
brooms, ready made, she says. “And so it is SEVERAL eminent scholars are in the list with the great Bombastes of the Press— Sir of candidates for the Greek Professorship of E. Bulwer Lytton. Truly, therefore, may he Edinburgh, but the struggle is considered to exclaim:-be between Dr. William Smith, whose classi- '
Non ulla laborum: cal dictionaries have gained him a high repu-l
O Virgo nova ni facies inopinaque surgit,
Omnia percipi atque animo mecum ante peregi." tation, Mr. Price, for many years a successful And well may a sapient, moral, and impar. teacher at Rugby, Professor M‘Dowell, of|tial press uphold so great an empiric." Queen's College, Belfast, and Professor Blackie, of Aberdeen. The election occurs LORD COCKBURN, one of the Scottish judges, March 2d.
| is preparing a Memoir of Lord Jeffrey, with
selections from his correspondence." The Dr. J. V. O. Smith has just published ability, judgment, and taste of Henry Cock(Gould & Lincoln, Boston) A Pilgrimage to burn, as well as political sympathy and perPalestine, Embracing a Journal of Explora-sonal friendship," the Atheneum says, “ give tions in Syria, Turkey, and the Kingdom of him every fitness for being the biographer of Greece.
The last number of the London Quarterly nection with Alphonse d'Este, the proud Duke of Review presents a new candidate for the Ferrara, and the real causes of his imprisonment honor of the authorship of Junius, in the per- and liberation. Of course, the world was some son of the second Lord LYTTLETON-best what skeptical as to the truth of this appounceknown in his lifetime for profligacy, and ment; and Alberti either could not or would not since, for the curious circumstances attending
satisfy the doubts of the unbelieving by a plain his death, which are well related in Sir Wal
Sir w.. statement of how, when, and by what means these ter Scott's Demonology and Witchcraft. The
withint Thal precious papers came into his possession. Four reviewer proves Lord Lyttleton capable of
I years latter, however, Candido Mazzaroni, a book
seller of Ancona, purchased a portion of them for writing the letters; that he had motives to
publication,--and they were given to the world write them; that his conduct on other occa- | under the title of Interesting Documents on the sions is consistent with Junius's anxiety to Entrance of Torquato Tasso into the service of Al preserve his incognito; and that there are phonse d' Éste, Duke of Ferrara, and on the Precurious coincidences between his character senls he received at that memorable Period. In the and conduct, and many characteristic pas following year--that is, in 1839–Count Alberti sages in the letters. This directs research to sold the remainder of his manuscripts to Signor a new quarter ; but though a good prima Giusta, a bookseller of Lucca, who published them facie case of suspicion is made out, that is under the title of The real Causes of the Imprison all. Positive evidence is wanted. A writer ment and Liberation of Torquato Tasso proved bu in the London Athenæum, who long ago de History and authentic Documents. Now came the molished the claims of Sir Philip Francis to
| unpleasant part of the affair to the noble owner of be considered Junius (Lord Mahon's judg
the mysterious manuscripts. No sooner was this ment to the contrary notwithstanding), and
1 second book announced in the papers, than Signor
| Mazzaroni brought an action against the count for who has since pretty satisfactorily disposed
having sold him forged documents and autographs. of the dozen or more other prominent claim-On thi
On this charge Alberti was arrested, and in due ants, has, we think, conclusively answered |
time a commission was named by the tribunal to the Quarterly's claim in behalf of Lord Lyt-|
exainine the documents in question. In consetleton. We should like to know who the quence of the slowness which characterizes all critic of the Athenaum supposes to be the judicial proceedings beyond the Alps, it was not Great Unknown. In one of the volumes of until September, 1844, that this commission gave the Grenville Papers, just published in Lon- its opinlon, declaring the said documents to be don, the author says:
forgeries. Alberti was accordingly condemned to “ With respect to the letters addressed to Mr. seven years' imprisonment. He appealed against Grenville by the author of 'Junius,' which will the sentence, and demanded that the whole case be printed in the concluding volumes of this cor- | might be re-examined from the beginning. Thererespondence, it will be sufficient to say for the upon, a second commission was named, with larger present, that there is not a particle of truth in all powers; and before this body the count laid the absurd tales that have been invented, as to the proofs of authenticity which he possessed. their preservation or discovery. In the proper He proved to their satisfaction that the manuplace I shall have an opportunity of explaining scripts in question had been left by the Abbé that there was no mystery attaching to them, be Maranctonio to Prince Ottavio Falconieri, from yond the anonymous nature of the author's com- whose library they had come to him. The Court munication."
| admitted his evidence, quashed the former seuThis is rather unfavorable, as far as it goes, tence, and ordered the prisoner to be set at liberto the hypothesis of Lyttelton's having been ty. The cream, however, of the affair is, that the the author. It throws us back upon Sir Da
It throwa na back upon Sir Da second Commission took nearly seven years to arvid Brewster's claim in behalf of Mr. Mac-rive at this conclusion, --so that the Count's imlean. Upon that theory, probably, the ar- pri
rohobusthear prisonment had about expired by efflux of time chives of London House could throw some
when the Sacra Consulta declared it to be unmerited. light. It may be mentioned, with reference
Mr. Bancroft is about publishing a history to this subject that the Grenville Papers go far to substantiate Lord Shelburne's title to
of the American Revolution in three volumes.
It is announced by Bentley in London, and the designation of Malagrida.
will be brought out here by Little & Brown, We find in the Athenæum an account of a
of Boston, the publishers of his History of the curious case, having considerable interest for
United States. The present book is altothe lovers of old Italian literature, which has
gether distinct from that history, upon which just been decided by the Sacred Council in
the anthor is still busily engaged. During
the years of his foreign residence, Mr. BanRome.
CROFT has been storing the richest materials * About seventeen years ago the Count Alberti, then a sub-lieutenant in the Roman army, an
for his great work; and the public, which in nounced to the world, that he had in his posses- | the broad perception and brilliant style of the sion, many of the unpublished papers of TORQUATO first volumes of his History recognized the Tasso, written with the poet's own hand; and also master, awaits with eagerness the conclusion, a large collection of documents, throwing new light After the long silence of Mr. Bancroft, the on certain passages of his career, -particularly on present volumes will be doubly welcome. those, which up to that time, had been considered The first volume, which will appear before the the most mysterious and disputable-his first con- others, treats of the causes of the Revolution. The Hon. JOHN G. PALFREY, L.L.D., has Rev. H. N. HUDSON continues bis admirajust published (by Crosby and Nichols, of ble edition of Shakspeare. Early drawn to Boston) the third and fourth volumes of his the study of the poet, and pursuing that very able work on the Jewish Scriptures and study against every disadvantage, until he Antiquities. It is about ten years, we be- had embodied, in a series of lectures, his lieve, since the first and second volumes ap- views of Shakspeare and impressions of his peared. Without finding fault with Dr. Pal-plays, we well remember the excitement frey's politics, we are glad to chronicle his which greeted his public reading of them in return to the pursuits of scholarship.
Boston, before the literary aristocracy of the
Athens of Massachusetts. A shimmering MR. GEORGE W. Curtis has in press brilliancy played along his analysis, rather of another volume of Eastern travel, in which fancy than of imagination,-alinost rather of the public will welcome the sequel to his very conceit than thought; but they approved successful Nile Notes of a Hovadji, one of hiin a most competent critic, and this edition the most brilliant books the last year added shows his admirable editorial qualities. to English literature. We understand, from those who have been favored with a sight of The History of Classical Literature, by R. the manuscript, that the Houwadji in Syria W. Browne, which has lately been much will be somewhat graver in its tone than its praised by London critics, has been repubpredecessor, as befits a book which records | lished by Blanchard & Lea, of Philadelphia. the impressions of Palestine and the Arabian The volume commences with Homer and desert, but, that it will breathe the same closes with Aristotle ; and the plan pursued Oriental atmosphere, and abound in the same is to give a biography of each author, an acgraceful humor and flowing imagination which count of the period in which he flourished, lent so great a charm to that work. No tra- and then a criticism on the character of bis veller so truly reproduces the soul and senti-works. All the chapters are written with a ment of these ancient and mysterious coun- careful remembrance that the general, and tries of the Orient as Mr. Curtis, and this makes not the strictly scholarly, reader, is being adhiin as much preferable, for our reading, to dressed ; and hence a comprehensive historithe collectors of dry statistics and the jotters cal air most desirable in a book assuming to down of petty daily adventures, as the artist be a history rather than an analysis of a litewho paints a lovely person in the full glow rature. The Iliad is examined as a poem, of beauty is to a tedious gossip who describes but also as affording evidences of the manners, the color of her gloves or the material of her customs, and civilization of the east at the bonnet. The one gives you a living reality; tiine at which the poem was composed. The the other mere accidents and circumstances. philosophers are enumerated; but their plii
losopy is examined more with reference to its The poems of WINTHROP Mackworth indications as to society than for its bearings PRAED are in press, by Redfield. Miss Mit on the schools. Demosthenes is dealt with ford, in her Recollections of a Literary Life, less as the orator than as the politician. The just published in London, says of these writ- story of Socrates is told, not for the indiviings : “ That they are the most finished and dual, but for the universal model. In every graceful verses of society that can be found respect, the work is ably executed. in our language, it is impossible to doubt. At present they are so scarce that the volume A SURVEY of the literature of the Southern from which I transcribe the greater part of States is in preparation by Join R. THOMPthe following extracts is an American col-son, editor of the Southern Literary Messenlection, procured with considerable difficulty ger. It will make an ample volume in octaand delay from the United States." The col-vo, comprising biographical and critical nolection referred to was made by the editor of tices of the chief writers of that part of the the International, for the same love Miss Union, with liberal extracts from their chaMitford feels for its delightful contents, and racteristic productions. Mr. Thompson is & was published many years ago by Langley, a fine scholar, and has taste, and a thorough bookseller in the Astor House. It is the only acquaintance with the intellectual resources volume by Praed ever printed, and it has been of the South, and his work will be interesting long out of the market. Mr. Redfield's new and valuable, in many ways, though we susedition will be much more complete.
pect that it will fail of the accomplished edi
tor's intent to show a general untairness toMr. R. H. STODDARD, the poet, is preparing ward southern writing by northern cities. & volume of fairy tales for children. Poets We have nothing to offer here as to the causes, were always the friends of fairies; they it is but we hold it to be a maintainable fact that who bring them within the sphere of human the south has not contributed her part to the sympathies. That Mr. STODDARD is the very intellectual riches of the country. We may, Laureate of Titania, to sing her summer rev- perhaps, discuss the subject fully on the apels, the rare delicacy of perception and grace-pearance of Mr. Thompson's volume, with ful music of the volume of poems published which, we are sure, the south will bave abunby him in the autumn, is the certificate. | dant reason to be satisfied
Historical Reviri of the Month.
American diplomacy is pushing on into the people. On the other hand, Mr. Vukovitch, who Orient. A treaty has been negotiated with Per- was also a minister in the same cabinet, who is sia, by Mr. Marsh, our ambassador at Constanti- now in Paris, has published a letter on Kossuth's pople, which guarantees to our commerce all the side. To Szemere's letter Mr. Pulszky has replied advantages enjoyed by the most favored nations. from Cincinnati, repelling the charge of cowardice The overtures for this treaty came from the Shah against Kossuth, and showing that Szemere himhimself, through his envoy at Constantinople, and self had fled from Hungary some months before were promptly met by Mr. Marsh, acting under the termination of the war, and when there was the instructions of Secretary Clayton. It now re still reason to hope that it might be brought to a mains to be seen whether our trade with the Per- favorable issue ; and Count Bethlen, another of sian kingdom will grow to much under the favor- Kossuth's suite, also states that Szemere is a man able intluence of the new compact. Up to the of exceeding vanity, an intriguer against every present day Persia does not figure very largely in body that is above him, and that no man is more the annual returns of the treasury department. unpopular in Hungary than he. Therefore, it is
The idea of renewing the search for Sir Jolin argued, his opinion is valueless, and he is utterly Franklin, by American vessels, has been set on in the wrong when he says that Kossuth is no foot again by a letter of Commodore WILKES, who longer beloved and accepted by the Hungarians advises the dispatching of ships to Wellington as their chosen leader. Channel, and explorations from there by sledges, The revolutionary disturbances in Northern especially in a westerly direction. Mr. HENRY Mexico have been renewed, the government hayGrinneli has also addressed a memorial to Con-ing unwisely returned to the old tariff of import gress, supported by the petition of a large num-duties, which was the pretext for the first outber of citizens of New York, asking that the Gov-break. Accordingly, Caravajal has got his men ernment will again fit out and man his two ves together again and has resumed operations, of sels, the Advance and Rescue, which he offers for course with considerable assistance from the T'exthe purpose, and send them out, accompanied by an side of the line. Mexico is generally in great a store ship and a propeller. The Maryland In- trouble, not only from insurrections in this and stitute, and a large number of the citizens of Bal- other parts of the republic, but from the fact that timore, have also addressed a similar petition to the entire political organization is in a state of deCongress. It is certain that, what with the efforts cay approaching dissolution. The revenue is inof our own countrymen and those of the British sufficient for the ordinary wants of the governgovernment, the subject will not be abandoned till ment, which is unable to pay its civil officers or something positive has been ascertained with re- the army with the exception of the troops in the gard to the fate of Franklin and his companions. field, to whom something has had to be paid,
Congress has continued in session, but has ac-though not all they have been entitled to. The complished little or no useful legislation within the deficit for the last year, exceeds a million of dolmonth. The time has been mainly occupied with lars, exclusive of the interest on the debt. Condebates on foreign intervention, on giving the job gress met on the first of January, when President of printing the census to the publishers of the Arista addressed the two Houses in a speech, exUnion newspaper, and on the abolition of the law posing the dangers of their situation, and calling on giving the delegate from Oregon only $2500 mile- them to come up to the sublime task of saving age. The census printing question occasioned a the country from the destruction which menaces it. rencontre between Senator Borland, of Arkansas, From South America we have the details of the and Mr. Kennedy, the Superintendent of the Cen-progress of the revolution which begun in Chili sus, in which Senator Borland got into a passion in the last autumn, and is not yet finished. It and knocked Mr. Kennedy down, breaking his nose, commenced with a revolt of the provinces of Coat the same time that he vehemently expressed a quimbo and Concepcion, against Gen. Montt, the desire, to the bystanders who interfered to pre- President, elected by a large majority in the other vent further violence, to get at Mr. Kennedy in or- ten provinces of the republic. The election took der that he might “cut the d-d rascal's throat." | place in June last, and the insurrection broke out Mr. Stanly, of North Carolina, and Mr. Giddings, of on the 6th and 8th of September, under the leadOhio, have bad a passage of personalities in the ing of Gen. Cruz. The government forces were House, which has been quite universally con- commanded by Gen. Bulnes, the retiring Presidemned by the press and public.
dent, who put his antagonists to route in a battle Kossuth has continued his career of triumph in at Longomilla. The contest was a most furious the west, and besides the ovations of the people, and bloody one; the armies on the two sides were has received a large amount of the material aid, nearly equal, eight thousand men being engaged which he especially seeks. Wherever he goes, he in all. Two thousand, or one quarter of the receives contributions of money and offerings of whole, were left dead upon the field. After his armis. A good deal of attention has been excited defeat, Cruz signed an agreement recognizing by a letter from Mr. Bartholomew Szemere, one Montt as the legitimate President, and promising of Kossuth's former friends, and even a minister to disband all his forces, and make no farther atin the Hungarian revolutionary cabinet, charging tempt to disturb the peace of the country, on conhim with cowardice, weakness, and a fatally irre- dition that his offence and that of his associates solute and vacillatiog policy in the administration should be pardoned. It was thought that this event of affairs. Szemere also denies that Kossuth has would insure the tranquillity of the country for any just right to call himself the Governor of many years; and Bulnes was received at Valparaiso Hungary, or even the leader of the Hungarian with great rejoicing on his return from the campaign. But the agreement of the insurgents was cannot give satisfaction to either the Radicals or not kept. On the 30th of December they rose the Tories, nor extricate the Cabinet from its preagain, and got possession of the city of Copiapo, sent difficulties. The cabinet has been furiber and prepared from there to resume their march weakened by the resignation of Lord de Broughagainst the capital. Should Bulnes again defeat ton—better known as Sir John Cam Hobhousethem, as is probable, he will be sure to show them as President of the Board of Control for the affairs no mercy.
of India, and of Lord Normanby as Minister at From the Rio de la Plata we have intelligence Paris. It is surmised that Lord Normanby rewhich seems to leave no doubt that Rosas, the tires to take his chance for coming into power tyrant of Buenos Ayres, is on the verge of destruc- again as a member of a new cabinet, with his tion. Urquiza, the general who has just freed the friend, Lord Palmerston, at its head- not an imrepublic of Uruguay from the presence of Rosas's proble thing, by the way. He is succeeded at satraps, and restored to the important city of Paris by Lord Cowley. The troubles at the Cape Montevideo the enjoyment of its liberty and the of Good Hope still continue, with ng advantage advantages belongiug to its commercial position, gained on the British side. The Caffres seem has now completed his preparations, and is about even harder to beat than was our own Florida to march against the dictator himself. Besides | Indians. The Government is loudly blamed for the troops of Entre Rios, his own State, he has not acting more promptly in despatching forces to under his command the forces of Corrientes, and that colony; and the opinion is expressed that the is aided by the Brazilian fleet and army, and some Duke of Wellington, the Commander-in-Chief of 2,000 men from Uruguay. The entire force about the Army, has, by great age, lost the energy of to move against Rosas cannot be less than 30,000 his powers and character. In his younger days, troops, including some of the best soldiers in South it is said, he would either have had the required America, and a full complement of artillery. reinforcements at once sent forward, or would have Rosas, on his part, by extraordinary efforts, has resigned his office. The Government and its agents got together some 20,000 men, many of whom are have also been blamed for not more promptly raw recruits, and none of whom retain that faith | despatching vessels to search for the passengers in the invincibility of their leader which has been who got off in boats from the steamer Amazon, an important element in his previous successes. destroyed by fire off Scilly. It is possible that by The supple legislature of Buenos Ayres has, in timely action many lives might have been saved these circumstances, outdone itself, and has not The danger of a French invasion is much only made him absolute and irresponsible dictator dwelt upon by the British press, and there have during the war, but for three years after the vic- been rumors of a great increase in the army with tory. That victory, however, we opine he will a view to such a contingency. These rumors do never see. As Urquiza approaches, the army of not seem to be well founded, nor can we believe the dictator will diminish. Large bodies of his the danger very imminent. Certain parties resoldiers will go over to the enemy; and he will gard the whole as rather a fetch of the Ministry, either be shot or allowed to escape to England, to strengthen them at the opening of Parliament, to live there upon the revenues of his enormous by removing attention from home matters, and by and ill-got fortune.
uniting the nation in a common burst of patriot In England all the world has been agog for the ism. If this be so, the trick is a poor one, for if approaching opening of Parliament, which was to there was real danger of a war, the present mintake place on the 3d of February. The highest istry would not be likely to be trusted with carexpectations of entertainment were cherished from rying it on. the set-to then expected to take place between In France, the march of despotism continues, Lord John Russell and Lord Palmerston, the dis- with rapidity, and apparent safety. On the 15th missed Foreign Secretary. It will be piquant to of January Louis Napoleon published his new see these former allies converted into antagonists, “constitution," of which the chief provisions are, and cutting and slashing at each other with all that the President reserves to himself to desig. the greater effect from the intimate knowledge of nate, by a sealed will, the citizen to be recomeach as to the concerns of the other. As a ready mended to the nation as his successor in the event and efficient public debater Lord Palmerston is of his death. He commands the land and sea the superior of the two.
forces ; he alone can propose new laws; he can at All possibility of trouble between the United any time declare the state of siege. His Ministers States and England on account of the brig Ex- are responsible to none but him, and each for his press firing into the steamer Prometheus at San respective duties only; they may be “the honored Juan de Niacaragua, has been prevented by a auxiliaries of his thought," but they are not allormanly apology made by the new British Minister ed to be “ a daily obstacle to the special influence for Foreign Affairs, Lord Granville. The act is as of the chief." The Council of State, whose mem creditable to his lordship, as it is grateful to all bers the President is to nominate and dismiss at who would not have the friendly relations between his pleasure, is to put into shape the laws be in the two countries disturbed.
tends to propose to the mock Legislature. The It is authoritatively stated that the new reform Senate, nominated for life by the President, and will, which will be brought forward shortly after to any of whose members he may grant a salary the opening of Parliament, will not so much ex- of 30,000 francs, “may propose modifications of tend the suffrage as vary the present apportion- the Constitution :" its deliberations are secret ment of representatives. The boroughs, which The Legislature is to consist of a deputy for every are notoriously small, are to be enlarged by copi- 35,000 electors, elected by universal suffrage, for ous annexations, but there will be no new boroughs, six years. The President convokes, adjourns, nor will the large towns, such as Manchester and prorogues, and dissolves this body at his pleasure; Liverpool, get any more representatives than they he nominates its President and Vice-President have now. If this be the nature of the bill, it I the official minute of its proceedings, drawn up