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The waggoner grows weary of my stay;
And whips his horfes forwards on their way.
Farewell; and when, like me, o'erwhelm'd)
with care,

You to your own Aquinum fhall repair,
To take a mouthful of fweet country air, 499
Be mindful of your friend; and fend me word,
What joys your fountains and cool fhades afford:
Then, to affift your fatires, I will come ;
And add new venom, when you write of Rome.

495

Ver. 498.

Aquinum] Aquinum was the birth-place

of Juvenal.

Ver. 503. And add new venom, &c.] In 1738, London, an imitation of this fatire, was published by Dr. Johnson, which, from the fpirit and ftrength with which it was written, by the poignancy of its invectives, and correctnefs of its ftyle, and very dextrous accommodation of ancient fentiments and images to modern, was read with univerfal avidity and applause, especially by all thofe perfons who were in oppofition to government, who, at that time, were fome of the ableft men in the kingdom. It inftantly excited the curiofity, and perhaps the jealoufy, of Pope; for impartial criticism must confefs, that it is equal to his Imitations of Horace. As his Two Dialogues and London were published in the fame week, they were frequently compared, and, as I was informed by a contemporary, many readers gave the preference to Johnfon. It was with difficulty he could find a purchafer for the copy, tili Dodfley, who had more taste and fenfe than ufually falls to the lot of his brethren, generously pur. chafed it. It may be amufing to compare a few paffages with the original.

Give to St. David's one true Briton more.
Unum civem donare Sibyllæ.

Here malice, rapine, accident confpire,
And now a rabble rages, now a fire:
Their ambush here relentless ruffians lay,
And here the fell attorney prowls for prey.
Deterius credas horrere incendia, lapfus
Tectorum affiduos, & mille pericula fævæ
Urbis.

The lawyer is moft happily added.

And here a female atheist talks you dead.

This is inferior to the original; for after enumerating the variety of evils that infeft the city, he adds, with much pleasantry, as the moft grievous and tormenting of all,

Augufto recitantes menfe poetas.

The atheist is too ferious an example, and out of place. All Marlborough hoarded, and all Villiers spent, is improved from

Tanti tibi non fit opaci

Omnis arena Tagi.

But nothing can be more happily touched than the character of the voluble obfequious Frenchman, ready to undertake all offices, trades, and employments.

omnia novit
Græculus efuriens, in cælum jufferis ibit.
All sciences a fafting Monfieur knows,
And bid him go to hell, to hell he goes.
He has improved the following lines,

optima Soræ

Aut Fabrateriæ domus, aut Frufinone paratur,

by a stroke of satire on houses of men of rank forfaken by their

owners:

Then mightft thou find fome elegant retreat,
Some hireling fenator's deserted feat.

But the keeneft ftroke of Johnson's fatire was his application of the following lines:

ut timeas ne

Vomer deficiat, ne marræ et farcula defint,

from the quantity of iron ufed in fetters for felons, which, with a moft severe farcafm on the frequent vifits to Hanover, he renders thus,

Left ropes be wanting in the tempting Spring,
To rig another convoy for the King.

Dr. Johnson was frequently urged to give a complete tranflation of Juvenal; a work for which he feemed peculiarly quali fied, from the nature and turn of his genius, and his love of fplendid and pompous diction. Dr. J. WARTON.

THE

SIXTH SATIRE

OF

JUVENAL.

THE ARGUMENT.

This fatire, of almost double length to any of the reft, is a bitter invective against the fair fer. 'Tis indeed, a common-place, from whence all the moderns have notoriously ftolen their fharpeft railleries. In his other fatires, the poet has only glanced on fome particular women, and generally fcourged the men. But this he referved wholly for the ladies. How they had offended him I know not: but upon the whole matter he is not to be excufed for imputing to all, the vices of fome few amongst them. Neither was it generously done of him, to attack the weakest as well as the fairest part of the creation: neither do I know what moral he could reafonably draw from it. It could not be to avoid the whole fex, if all had been true which he alledges against them: for that had been to put an end to human kind. And to bid us beware of their artifices, is a kind of filent acknowledgment, that they have more wit than men which turns the fatire upon us, and

particularly upon the poet; who thereby makes a compliment, where he meant a libel. If he intended only to exercife his wit, he has forfeited his judgment, by making the one half of his readers his mortal enemies; and amongst the men, all the happy lovers, by their own experience, will disprove his accufations. The whole world must allow this to be the wittiest of his fatires; and truly he had need of all his parts, to maintain, with so much violence, fo unjust a charge. I am fatisfied he will bring but few over to his opinion: and on that confideration chiefly I ventured to tranflate him. Though there wanted not another reafon, which was, that no one else would undertake it: at least, Sir C. S. who could have done more right to the author, after a long delay, at length abfolutely refused fo ungrateful an employment; and every one will grant, that the work must have been imperfect and lame, if it had appeared without one of the principal members belonging to it. Let the poet therefore bear the blame of his own invention; and let me fatisfy the world, that I am not of his opinion. Whatever his Roman ladies were, the English are free from all his imputations. They will read with wonder and abhorrence the vices of an age, which was the most infamous of any on record. They will bless themselves when they behold those examples, related of Domitian's time: they will give back to antiquity thofe monfters it produced; and believe with reason, that the species of those women is extinguished, or at least that they were never here propagated. I may fafely therefore proceed

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