Sidor som bilder

boases should be licenced at the generol Turks have a drink called coffee, mads quarter-sessions of the peace for the with boiling water, of a berry reduced county within which they are to be kept, into powder, which inahes the water as

In 1675, King Charles issued a procla- black as soot, and is of a pungent and mation to shut up the coffee-houses, but aromatic sinct, and is drank warm. , in a few days suspended that proclania. The celebrated John Ray, in lus llistoa tion by a second. They were charged ry of Plants, published in 1990, speaking with being seininaries of sedition. of it as a drink very much in use, says,

The first Earopcan author who has that this tree grows only within the made any mention of coffee, is Rauwol- tropics, and supposes that the Arabs dofos, who was in the Lerant in 1573; but stroy the vegetable quality of the seeds, the first who has particularly described in order to confine among themselves it, is Prosper Alpinus, in his History of the great share of wealth, which is the Egyptian Plants, published at Venice brought thither from the whole world for, in 1591, whose description ve have in this commodity; from whence lie obParkinson's Ilistory of Plants, p. 1629; serves, that this part of Arabia might be cuap. 79, as follows: Arbor Bon cum truly styled the mosi bappy, and that it fructu sub bund, the Turk> berry drink. was almost incredible how many millions Alpinus in his first book of Egyptian of. bushels were exported from thence Plants, gives us the description of this into Turkey, Barbary, and Europe. lle tree, which he says he saw, in the garden says, he was astonished that one particular, of a . cnptain of the Janissaries, which Natiou should possess so great a treasure, was brought out of Arabia-Felis, and and that within the narrow limits of one there planted as a rarity never seen grow- province; and that he wondered the ing in those places before. The tree, saith neighbouring nations did not contrive to Alpinus is somewhat like Euonymus, on bring away some of the sound seeds or Spindle-tree, but the leaves of it were living plants, in order to share in the thicker, harder, and greener, and always advantages of so lucrative a trade, abiding on the tree. The fruit is called We now come to shew by what means Buna, and is somewhat bigger than all this valuable tree was first introduced hazel mut, and longer, round also and into Europe, and thence into, Ale, pointed at one end ;furrowed like rica. fise, on both sides, vet, on one side,

The first account of this tree being Biore conspicuous iban the other, that brought into Europe, we have from Boer-, k might be parted into two: in each side haave, in his Index to the Leyden Gar. whereof lieth a small obloug white kernel, den, part?, p. 217, which is as follows: flat on the side they join together, cover, "Nicholas Witsen, Burgomaster of Am

with a yellowish skin of au acid taste sterdam, and gorernor of the East India and somewhat bitter, and contained in a Company, by his letters oftep advised thin shell of a darkısh asli colour. With and desired Van Hoorn, governor of these berries in Arabia and Egypt, and Batasia, to procure from Mocha in Araother parts of the Turkish dominions, bia-Felix some berries of the coffee-tree they generally make a decoction or to be sown at Batavia, which he having drink, which is in the stead of wine to accordingly done, and Ly that jeans them, and countanly sold in their tapabout the year 1690, raised many plants houses or karerns, called by the name of froin seeds, be sent one over to Governor Fran; Paludamus says choudu, and Rau. Witsen, who iromediately presented it to wolfus chauke. This drink has many the garden at Amsterdam, of which he good physical properties, it strengthens was the founder and supporter, it there are atribuch, helping digestion, and bore fruit, which in a short time produthe winours and obstructions of the liver ced many young plants, froin the seeds. and splech, besag drank fasting for some Boerhanre then concludes that the pierit

kileg to other It is beld in great esti- of introducing tliis rare tree into Europe, - mation among die Egyptian and Arabian is due to the care and liberality of Wit

man coramon femiline cases in sen alone. ach fod A does them eininent In the year 1714, the mngistrates of S a

m Amsterdam in order to pay a particular Bond Chancellor Bacoa likewise makes compliment to Louis XIV, King of France ON OF H 1.102 he says, that the presented to hin an elegant plant of this


rare tree, carefully packed up to by E

n tly taken from water, and defended froin the weather by sta

es che ripe fruita d e curious nanchine, covered with gliss.

The plant was about five feet ligh, and eranescent; resembling that of fine green án inch in diameter in the stem, and was tea dried. in full foliage, with both green and ripe There seems little doubt that this fruit. It was viewed in the river with charming plant would bear a warın and great attention and curiosity, by se- sheltered exposure in the soutli-west of veral members of the acarlemy of sci- our island, like the broad-leaved myrtle. ences, and was afterwards conducted to Jts affimity to the myrtle is indeed very the royal garden at Marly under the care striking : so much, that many species of Monsieur de Jussieu, the king's pro- having been lately transferred from the fessor of botany, who had the year be- genus Myrtus to other genera, so that it fore written a memoir, printed in the is now very thin. I doubt whether this History of the Academy of Sciences of night not be annexed to it ander the deParis, in the year 1713, describing the noinination of Myrtus Thea, changing its characters of this genus, together with elegant generic name, which it ought not an elegant figure of it, taken froin a wholly to lose, into its specific. Fond as smaller plant, which he bad received I am of plants, I have never till now that vear from Monsieur Pancrass, bur- seen it in bloom. go-master of Amsterdam, and director I t is long in coming into blossom. The of the botanical garden there.

buds appeared early in September. The ·lu 1718, the Dutch colony at Surinain season of its flowering renders it pecubegan first to plant coffee, and in 1722, liarly valuable. And had the weather Monsieur de la Motte Aigrou, goveruor been mild, I have no doubt that in some of Cayenne, baving business at Surinam, few days it would have been covered with contrived by an artifice, to bring away bloom. a plant from thence, which in the year The flowers proceed from near the ex1725, had produced many thousands. trenities of the branches, on solitary foot

In 1727 the French, perceiving that this stalks, some opposité, others alternate. acquisition might be of great advantage My plant is near three feet high, and in their other colonies, conveyed to Mar. came from Mr. Mackie, nurseryman, tinico some of the plants; from whence Norwich, the year before this. In close it most probably spread to the neighbour moist weather it requires air, and some ing islands, for in the year 1732, it was beat, to absorb the damp: Otherwise its cultivated in Jamaica, and an act passed blossoms fall without opening. This I to encourage its growth in that island experienced last year. Thus was laid the foundation of a most I cannot imagine that its beauty in a extensive and beneficial trade to the Eu good greenhouse would be at all inferior ropeao settlements in the West Iudies, even to the myrtle itself. It seems to form

the intermediate link in the botanical To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. chasm between the myrtle and the SIR,

orange. IT may interest some of your readers It is curious, that plants of so exten

1 to be informed that the tea-tree is sive use as the coffee and tea trees (tbe now in blossom here, in our parlour, and coffee perhaps one of the greatest bleshas been ever since the 18th (inclusive) sings, among those that are not really of this month, notwithstanding the ex- necessaries of life, that Providence has treme severity of the weather, and that indulged to mankind, considering its bethe thermometer within doors at half. neficial qualities in use as well as its past nine this morning, in a southern agreeable) should be among the most aspect, was at 28. Another bud has even elegant of plants in foliage and blossom; öpened since the frost,

and the coffee in fruit also. It is impose • Petals 6, (one smaller and shorter th:insible not to rejoice that the present the rest); concave, obtusely heart-shaped. cheapness of coffee, though it is to be Stainens very numerous (probably above feared a short-lived cheapness, has made 200), with golden summits. The whole it, to a cousiderable degree, the beverage appearance of the flower like the single of the poor. It is strengthening, where broad-leaved myrtle; but longer, and ten is not; it is even nutritive, while ten more brilliant, from the multiplicity of certainly is nut. Tea, however, itself, the staineos, texture of the petals, strong- should not be without much commendaer colour, not quite so white. Calyx: tion. Moderately token, and not too stellate, quinquetid, about one-fourth the hot, it may be regarded as not only inlength of the petals.

nocent, but salutary. It is favourable The 'scent of the flower delicate and to temperance and to tranquillity of

[ocr errors]

mind. And perhaps, of all our daily My forhed is but baulde and bare,
repasts, it constitutes the most generally But yet my trody's beutiull,
and unexceptionably agreeable, from Fur pleasaunt fowies in me there are,
which even reading is not excluded, and And not so fyne as pleatifull.
where conversation can be most itself. . And though my garden plot so greene,
I find, by Professor Martyn's valuable

il Or dogges receaue che trampling feete,

Yet is it swept and kept ful cleene, edition of Miller, that Linnæus received

So that it yeeldes a sauour sweete. the true tea-tree from Earl Gustavus Ekeberg, October 3, 1763, the captain of a Swedish East-Indiaman, who raised Followed by a Latin dedication, in Flem. it from seed during the voyage. Into ing's name, to Dr. Perne, dean of Fly. England it was introduced by Mr. Ellis, The book ilself appears to have been about 1768. It was first treated as a written at the express request of Conrad store-plant: and its first flowering in

Gesner, whose name has beeu so loug this country was in the stove of the and so well knowu Lu readers of natural Duke of Northumberland. Perhaps even history: the coffee-tree may in time be brought

“ All Engliste dogges," says Caius, to endure the green-house, instead of be

“ be cyther of a gentle kinde, seruing ing confined to the stove.

the game; a lioinely kind, apt for sundry Troston-hall, near Bury. Your's, &c. necessary uses; or, a currisle kinde, Dec. 21, 1808. CAPEL LOFFt.

meete for many toyes." The treatise,

however, is divided into five sections, ia P.S. An oil thermometer, which serves

which the different sorts of dogs, accord* a kind of register of great degrees of cold, by so slow'y recovering its temperature, is now

ing to their employinents, are enume

rated. only at 171, in the same aspect and upon tlac same scale ,

The first section contains the Canas

Venatici, " which serve the game and • "For the Blonthly Magazine.

disport of hunting; comprising, the larTHE ANTIQUARY.No. XVI. rier, the terrar, the bloudhounde, tije - ANALYSIS OF CURIOUS BOOKS.

gasehounde, the grehounde, the leuiner, TRIME has veiled so large a portion of or lyemmer, the tumbler, and the stealer.

former learning from our view, that The second section coinprises the Can the recorery of its more valuable frag- nes Aucupatorij, or "gentle dogs, which ments may be deemed a work of almost serye the disport of fowling, includink equal importance with the prosecution

the land-spaniell, or setter; the waterof new inquiries,

spaniell, or finder; and the fisher." In this vicw the attention of the An The third section treats only of the tiquary has been more than once turned

delicate, peate, and pretty kind of dogges to the analysis of curious books, in which called the Spanish gentle, or comforter: the history or the manners of former pe which appear to have been the lap-dogs rods are illustrated..

personer of the time.. .

Among those which relate to rural # The fourth includes the Canes Rustici,

The fourth me sports, scarcely any will be found more or coarser dogs the shepherd's dowve interesting than the work

and the mastive, or baudogges which O X Englishe Dorges, the Diversities, fast," says the nuthor, hath sundry the Names, the Natures, and the Pro- names derived from sundry circumstats perties. A short Treatise, written in

ces, as, the keeper, or watchinan, the 6 Johnnnes Caius, of Tace me butchers doces, the messager or carrier, torieDoctor of Phissicke in the Uni- the mooner, the water-drawer, the riu. Tersity of Cambridge and newly drawne ker's curr, and the fencer. . Wie into Englishe by Abraham Fleming, Stu

And the fifth section contains the dent, Imprinted at London by Rycharde 25

Recharde cutres of the mungrell and rascall sort,

-the wappe, or warner; the turnespete, Aihe back of the title-page is,

i samome Wie and the dauniser;" followed by a short Prepopaicull Speacke of the Bonke.

1 conclusiou, in which the cross breeds of sell or suares th' influence stravage,

the time are equnerated, viz. Some il of byrde which fie io thayre,

w (The first bred of a 7 in Latine,

« Three l bvrch and a wolfe, 5 Lyciscus. en of beesten on land which raunge, he in tineri foyre.

sortes of the second of a 7 in Latine, d e res sundry artes, them,

a byrehe ani a foxe, Laeena Lares the full effect 3* The third of a hear 2 in Licine,

Land a bandogue, Piranus. future I delect The most curious of Caius's descrip


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

tions are probably those of the blood- is no trumpery tale, no trifling toye (as I bound, the setter, and the mastive, or ipayme) and tlierefore not unworthy to bandugge, the second, with a portion be reported; for I reckon it a requittall of the last of which we shall extract. of my trauaile, not to drowne in the seas

recalled the Setter in Lolbie of silence any speciall thing, wherein the Inder.

prouidence and effectual working of na

ture is to be pondered." " Another sort of dogges be there, serviceable for fowling, making no noise

In the account “ of the mastive or

bandogge, called in Latine, Villoticus, or either with toote or with tounge, wbiles

Cathenarius," we have one or two anecthey followe the game. These 'attend

dotes of Henry the Seventh, which are diligently upon theyr master, and fraine their conditions to such beckes, motions,

certainly not related by the generality of

iristorians who have written on his and gestures, as it shall please him to

reigu, exhibite and make, either going forward,

* Our Englishinen," says Caius, “ (to drawing backward, inclining to the right hand, or yealding toward the left. (in

th'intent that theyr Jogges might be the making mencion of fowles, my meaning

more fell and searce) assist nature with is of the portridge and the quaile ) When

arte, vse, and custoine, for they teach he hath founde the byrde, he keepeth

theyr dogves to baile the burre, to bait

in the bull, and other such like cruell and sure and fast siience; he stayeth his

bloudy bcastes, (appointing an overseer steppes and wil proceede no further; and

of ile game, without any collar to defend with a close, covert, watching eye, layeth his belly to the grounde and so creepeth

theyr ihrotes; and oftentines they traine

them up in fighting and wrestling with a forward like a worme. When he ap

man, having for the safegarde of his lyte, proacheth necre to the place where the birde is, he layes him downe, and with a

eyther a pikesialfe, a clubbe,or a swocrdi, marcke of his pawes betrayeth the place

and by vising them to such exercises as of the byrde's last abode; whereby it is

these, theyr dogges become more sturdy supposed that this kind of dugge is called

and strong. The force which is in them

surmounteth all beleefe, the fast holde inder, setter, being in deede a nare

which they take with their teeth exceed, inost consonant and agreable to bis qua

eth all credit: three of thein against a lity. The place being knowne by the meanes of the dogge, the fowler imme

beare, fowre against a lyon, are sufficient, diately openeth and spreadeth his net,

both to trye masteryes with them, and intending to take them; wbich being

viterly to overmatch them. Which thing done, the dogge at the aceustomed becke

Henry, the seventh of that name, king of or usual signe of his master, ryseth up by

England, (a prince both politique and and by, and draweth neerer to the fowle,

warlike), perceiving on a certaine time that by his presence they might be the

(as report runnetli cominaunded all such authors of their own ensnaring, and be

degges (how many soever they were in

number) to be hanged, beying deepely ready intangled in the prepared net; which conning and artificial indeuour in

displeased, and conceauing greate dis

daine, that an yll fanoured rascall curre a dogge (being a creature domesticall or

should with such violent villainy assault housholde servaunt, brought up at home with offalls of the trencher and fraginents

the valiaunt lyon, king of all beastes. An of victualls,) is not much to be maruailed

example for all subjectes worthy of re

membrance, to admonishe then ihat it is at, seeing that a bare (being a wilde and skippislie beast) was seene in England,

no advantage to them to rebell against to the astonishment of the beholders, in

the regiment of their ruler, but to keepe

them within the limits of loyaltie. the yeere of our Lorde God 1564, not


recde an history aunswerable to this of onely dauncing in measure, but playing

"s the self same Henry, who having a notawith his former feete oppon a tabberet,

t: ble and an excellent fayre falcon, it forand observing just number of strokes (as

tuned that the king's falconers, in the a practitioner in that arte,) besides that

presence and hearing of his grace, highly nipping and pinchning a dogge with his

commended luis majesty's falcon, saying, teeth and clawes, and cruelly thuinping

that it feared not to interineddle with an him with the force of his feete. This

eagle, it was so venturous a byrde and so • The coincidence between this anecdote mighty, which when the biuge harde, he and ibat relating to one of the bares whick charged that the falcon should be killed Cowper the poct cadeavoured to domesticate, without delay, for the selle sane reason is remarkable,

(as it may secme) which was reliersed ja


conclasion of the former history concern- perhaps one of the best specimens that ing the same kinge."

can be selected froin it. Mr. Pendant conjectures that the tum " Your huntsman early in the morning bler of Dr. Caius answered to the modern: before he bring foord your hommdes, lurcher; but has no conjecture for the must goe to the water, and seeke for the pazehound. The leviner, or lyemmer, new swaging of an otter, and in the mud he supposes, was the same with what is' or grauell findo out the sealing of his DOK called the Irish greyhound,

foite, so shall he perceiue perfectly whe.. Our author. Cuius, Kaye or Keye (for ther hee goe vp the water or downe:. such was the English of his uame) appears which dont, you inust take your hounds in his time to have united the first ho- to the place where he lodged the night nours of literature with those of nedi before; and cast your traylers off upon cine. He was born at Norwich in 1510; the trayle you thinke best; keeping your studied, first at Gonville-ball, in Cain- wielps still in the couples: for so they hridge; and alterwards became one of must be entred. the pupils of the celebrated Johannes " Then must there be on either side Megtanus, at Padua: where, in 1542, of the water two men witli otter speares be gare pablic lectures on the Greek text to strike him, if it bee a great water : of Aristotle.

but if it be a small water you must forIlis labours in editing correct editions bear to strike him, for the better making of Galen and Celsus, gave him a deserved of your houndes. celebrity in his owo country, which ren "The otter is chiefly to be hunted inored him very carly from the practice with slow houndes, great moutlied, which of a provincial town to the first physician to a young man is a very earnest sporte at court, in which capacity he served he will rent so ofte and put up ouer waLing Edward VI, and the queens Mary ter, at which time the houndes will spend and Elizabeth.

their mouthies, verie lustely: thus may The service which he rendered to the you have good sport at an otter two or College of Plıysicians, in which he suc- three houres if you list. ceeded Linacre as president, his general " An otter sometimes wil be trayled a patronage of learning, and the munificent mile or two before he come to the holt protection which be afforded in particu- where he Iyeth, and the earnestnes of lar to the house of his education at Cam- the sporte beginneth not till he bee bridge, are all subjects of appropriate found, at which time some most runne up panegyric. Fuller says, he bequeatlied the water, some downe, to sce where he a modicinal genius to his college. His vents, and to pursue him with great earworks are extremely numerous: among nestges till he be kild. But the best huntwhich Ibe inost interesting to his coun- ing of him is in a great water, when the trymen, besides the treatise De Cunibus, banke is full, for then he cannot laue so (which frst appeared in 1570,) are pro- great succour in his holes, as when it is bably lus * Councell against the Disease at an ebberu and he isketh the best called the Sweat," 8vo. 1550. and the sporte in a mnoon-shine night, for then he twa editions of his " Historia Cantabri- will runne much over the land, and not giensis Academia," 410. 1568 and 1574. keepe the water as he will in the day. Ile died July 29, 1573; and has only this The work coneludes with Sir Trisinscription, in Caius-College Chapel, on tram's Measures of Blowyng: the music his Lomb" FUT CAIUS." S h es of the horu being deemed at that period

Another work deserving the atten- an indispensible qualification for a comer uan of the lantiquary who may turn pleat gentlemanic o ,


1. his thoughts-to-rural sports, will be - found in 4

PLOT To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. * A Short Treatise of Hunting : com

SIRS pyled, for the Delight of Noblemen and ALTIIOUGH I despair of heinever Gendeing, by Sir Thomas Cockaine, A | able to forin a rational theory which knight hand. 1591. 4to. Tiu shall account for all or the greater part

A trenten more ihe work of a bunter of the meteorological phenomena to which than of a professed writer. It is short, we are witnesses, yet, I shall, according was the heale series for the general to your usual plan, give a summary of

facts which occurred to observation durome to hunt the otter, as prac. ing the last year: hoping that from this thaired of quegn Elizabeth, is and other accounts on the subject, som out our other repou peruan

o ne


lie otter," as pra

« FöregåendeFortsätt »