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Ae the Clarendon Hotel, Bond-street, Mrs. association for the support of their sovereign,
and the defence of their city. Mr. Home In St. James's Place, Artbur Ormsby, esq. was one of about twenty students of the unia lieutenant-general in the army, and lieu- versity who offered their services as volun. tenant-colonel in the 6th dragoon guards. teers, to act against the common enemy.
Ai Kentish Town, Miss Jane Teed, aged But intimidated by the number of their oppo. 14, second daughter of Mr. Richard T. dress nents, or adverse to the hardships of a milita. sword-maker to the Patriotic Fund. After ry life, the college company soon disbanded. being afflicted with a complication of disor. Mr. Home, however, retained bis arms, and ders which baffled all medical aid for three marched with a detachment of the royal aryears, during which period, she bore the my to Falkirk; where, in the battle fought greatest pains without a murmur. Her amia. in its neighbourhood, in which the rebels van. ble disposition and manners were eminently quished the king's tronps, he was taken prisoconspievous to all who knew her. To her ner, and confined for some time in the castle parents she was at all times dutiful, and to of Doune. From this place of captivity he her sisters and friends affectionately kind : it effected his escape, and the battle of Culloden is remarkable that she was never known to having blasted all the hopes of the Pretender's be out of temper, and her gratitude for every adherents, tranquillity and order were soon attention' to her wants was unbounded. To restored. Mr. Home resumed his studies, her eldest sister she was attached by the and was licensed to preach the gospel in 1747. strongest ties of love and esteem, which met Not long after, Home visited England, for
return that has been seldom equalled, for it appears that be was introduced to Collins, altbough there was a considerable disparity the poet, at Winchester, by a Mr. Barrow, of years, there scemed but one heart and one who had been his fellow student at the uni. soul. Miss Teed gave up every amusement versity. Collins addressed to him his « Ode to be useful to her beloved sister, and was in on the Superstition of the Highlanders," con lact, her nurse by day and by night through.. sidered as the subject of poetry, composed in out the whole period of her illness, which 1749, but not published till many years reflects upon her, the highest .credit, and after his death. It is evident that Home at should operate as an example to others who this period had exhibited some poetical pow. are similarly circumstanced. Her body is ers. In the first stanza, Collins delivers a committed to the ground, and her pure spirit prediction, which was soon afier fulfilled : cu God who gave it." Cbristiana, wife of Mr. Thomas Henkin,"
“ Home, thou return'st from Thames, of Stensted Abbot, Herts, a woman who
whose Naiads long lo
Have seen thee lingering with a fond delay combined great intellectual powers, with the Midst those suft friends, whose hearts some deliente sensibility of female excellence. future dav o " She was superior to the studied forms of politeness, but charmed by the affability and
Shall melt perhaps to hear thyfragicsong. gentleness of her manners, Possessing a About the year 1950. he was settled minister fine buste, she was an enthusiastic admirer of of the parish of Achelstaneford, 38 the beauties of nature, and delighted in the Lothian, and was the immediate successor of retirement of rural life. Her time and ta. Robert Blair, author
thor of The Grave." lents were cheerfully devoted to forming the Accustomed to the Ontle of a city, and the minds of a numerous family to virtue and society of men of letters Home found knowledge, who are left to deplore her loss himself rather disagreeably Sered in an and mingle their tears with those of the obscure village, where he had the opportu neighbouring poor, to whom she was an ac- mity of distinguishing himself, Fro Ne tive, sympathising, benevolent mind. vicinity of his residence to Edinbure he
Furber particulars of Mr. John Home, was in the practice of frequently resorting to wobose deatb is recorded at p. 395 in our last vo- the capital, to enjoy the company of man of lume. He was descended of a respectable, and talents. Several of these had instituted i formerly illustrious, family. He was born society for literary and philosophical disquiin the vicinity of Ancrum, in Roxburghshire, sition, of which Mr. Home was an original in 1794, and received the first rudinients of and distinguished member. This institution education at the parochial school, where Dr. comprehended several of the most eminent Buchan, author of Domestic Medicine, was characters of the day. Among others, were the companion of his studies. It way enrolled the names of Mr. Alexander WedMr. Home's inclination, and the desire derburn, afterwards Earl of Rosslyn, ane! of his parents, that he should enter the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain cherch. He, therefore attended the philoso- Ferguson, the philosopher; Hume and Rophical and theological classes of the university bertson, the historians, and Blair, the rheof Edinburgh for several years. But his stu- torician and divine; men, whom it would dies were for a while suspended by the public be superfluous bere to panegyrise. It wat commotions of the year 1745. On the ap- about this period that Mr. Horas, in his reproach of the iosurgents, the citizens of Edin- tirement, began seriously to court the dra burgh assembled, formed themselves into an matic muse. The first tragedy he wrote wa
*Agis, founded on a portion of the Lacedæ. unqualified approbation on his play, that the monian history. He went to London with public expectation was raised tou high. The the manuscript, in hopes of getting it introa conseyuence was, that the success of Dougduced on the stage, but in this he was dis- las was at first doubtful in the metropolis, appointed, insurmountable objections having It soon, however, became a standörd tragedy, been made to the plot. Our poet, not at all and maintains its ground on the British stage discouraged by this failure, conceived the to the present day. The clamours of his plan of another play, laid the plot in Scot. enemies having not yet subsided in Scotland, land, and made his hero one of his own coun. Mr. Home, seeing no prospect of overcoming trymmen. In presenting this to the London their prejudices, preached his farewell sermanager, he had the mortification of a second mon to his congregation, on the 5th of June refusal. Notwithstanding the abilities of 1757. The discouise was so pathetic, that Garrick, as a dramatist, his opinion of the it drew tears from most of his audience. To merit of plays was not infallible. He re. prevent further proceedings in the church jected the tragedy of Douglas as being too courts against bim, he gave in the resigns. simple in its fable, and destitute of stage ef. tion of his charge to the presbytery of llade fect. Whether Garrick ever examined at dington two days after. This body contie all into its merits, or delegated this oflice to nued to persecute with peculiar venenuence. another, on whose report he formed his de. Mr. Carlyle, one of Mr. Hone's most inticision, cannot now be ascertained. He, mate Iriends, as well for having accompanied
however, candidly confessed, through the him to the theatre, as trom ils being gene. Semainder of his life, whenever the subject rally understood that he assisted Plome in the was agitated, that no circumstance, in the composition of Douglas. Although our aucourse of his management, gave him so much thor himself did not appear at the preshytery, concern, as the rejection of this play. By he has not negligent in defence o: his friend. such repeated discouragement, the ardeur of He attended the meeting of synod, and sup. Home was by no means suppressed. Feing ported his cause with great firmness. In re. acquainted with the leading characters in ply to the virulent railings of a bigot, he deScotland, a ready reception of his play at clared, that it there was any fault, it lay Edinburgh was secured. At the first repre. not at the door of his friend, but at his own, sentation of Douglas, in the theatre, in Ca- with whom the crim" wiginated, and culle nongate, on the 19th of December 1756, Vir, cludea his observations in the words of the Home, and several of his clerical brethren untoitunale Nisus, were present. Of this circumstance the zea. lots of the day speedily got nocice. Thut,
Aclsum qui seci, in me convertite ferrum, a clergyman should write a play, and that
Tantum intelicem nimium dilexit amicum. ministers of the gospel shovid witness it's This appropriate quotation made a sensible performance; were crimes upheard of in the impression upon some of the juoges, and, in annals of the church. The hue wid cry or all probability, mitigated the sentence against bigotry was immediately raised. All that is. Mi, Carlyle. Instead of receiving a severe
ance court conceive, prejudice ertect or reprimand from the presbytery, he might
e vent, was tried to suppress the play otherwise (to such ä pitch iad anaticiam ur. In its birth. It was violently decried as a rived) have been suspeded, perhaps expel. production of im moral tendency, and fur led from his vitice. beiore the conclusion of nishing, by its car phe, an cucourage- 1757, Mr. Sheridan, then manager of the ment to suicide. The clergy ordesed a pas. Dublin theatre, sent over to Mr. Ilowe a toral admonitine to be delivered from their gold medal, with a suitabic inscription, acpulpits, on the sin and danger of attending knowledging his si: gular merit ! having the theatre. The author was summoned 10 enriched the English stage with the tragedy amar before the bar of the presbytery ; his of Douglas. Wih his living, Mr. Home apBIICIAS rere perenptorily Jragged before their pears for a while to bilye abandoned his na. tribunal. some of them dismissed with cen, tive land, for he now repaired to London, sure, and others suspended from their ottice, where he produced several other tragedies, While such was the state of affairs in scoteunder the patronage of Garrick, who wrote Jand, Douglas h; ving been performed to prologues to some, cpirogues to others, and crowded houses during the greater part of warmly interesteo himsels in the fate of them the season, and fully gratifying the most all. They are all indeed greatly inferior sanguine hopes of the author, it was, through to his Douglas. Agis, the first of his drathe interest of David Hume, brought for matic pieces, was finely acted, and assisted ward on the London stage, Gurrick having by spectacle, otherwise, it is probablt, that now discovered his mistake, made unusual it would not have been performed a second exertions to introduce it to public notice and night. His third tragedy was founded on the approbation. Home had, shortly before its cruel trearnient which the two Setons, sors representation, published four. dissertations, of the governor of Berwick, bad experienced and inscribed them to our author. In his de- from the English. At Mr. Gatrick's sugreto dication he pronounced so flattering a pane. tion, the title was altered (and consequen ly gyric upon Mr. Home, and bestowed such the characters, and several local passages)
from the Siege of Berwick, to the Siege of ance with the most celebrated literary characAquileia, for he very naturally conceived, ters of his time. Fidelity to his friends, and that any national allusions might tend to fo- generosity to his enemies, were conspicuous ment the jealousy which then untortunately traits in his character If, in his declining subsisted between the Scots and English. It years, his temper appeared to be soured and was acted in 1759. Some of the passages are morose, and his manners harsh and uninviVery fine, but upon the whole, it is a tame ting, we must attribute ir to che infirmity of performance. The Fatal Discovery was pro old age, rather than to original disposition. duced in 1769, and reluctantly permitted As a ciergyman, he attacbed himselt to chat during nine nights. Though Alonzo had the party in the church, who, enlightened in advantage of Mrs. Barry's admirable accing, their views, and liberal in their sentiments, it shared the same fate; the author mentions present their hearers with a racional view of in his preface, that she received applause the doctrines of Christianity. Divesting re. greater than ever shook a theatre. Mr. ligion of unmeaoing mystery, and checking Home's last produccion, Alfred, lived only the spirit of supersticious bigotry, he appears three nights. In the year 1760, Mr. Home to have performed his ministerial duty with published a volume of plays, containing that fidelity and attention which cadeared Agis, Douglas, and the Siege of Aquileia, him to his people, and which their conduct
woich he dedicated to his present Majesty, at his resignation abundantly testified. As a - then Prince of Wales. His other three tra. man of letters, he will be known to poste
gedies appeared some time after. The whole rity by his tragedies, and especially by his were collected and edited in two volumes at " Douglas," which will probably retain & Edinburgh, in 1798,' under the inspection of place among the most approved compositions the late Mr. Woods. Lord Bute having of that class, and will long continue to derepresented Mr. Home to 'bis Majesty as a light and interest a British audience. man of talents, his name was placed on the [Further particulars of Dr. James Anderson, pension list, nearly at the saine time with of woom sonte account is given at p. 485, of our that of Dr. Johnson. He lived in a state of last volume. ] James Anderson was born retirement from this period to the time of his about the year 1789, at Hermiston, a vildeath. Nearly half a century after Douglas Jage about six miles from Edinburgh, of pahad been written, when the author had re. rents who succeeded their forefathers for seTurged to, and was settled in his native coun- veral generations in cultivating the same land. try, Master Betty, berrer" known by the Nothing remarkable is known of them: they
pame of the young Roscius, commenced his were a family of respectable farmers; and .. theatrical labours at Edinburgh, in the 'cha- our author may be said to have inhaled with
racter of young Norval. The author attended his first breath, that spirit of agricultural the representation, and declared that, that knowledge for which he became so distin was the first time he had ever seen the part guished. In his boyish years he formed an of Douglas played according to his ideas of the intimacy, which remained uninterrupted till character when he conceived and wrote it. his death, with his kinsman and namesake, Mr. Home, at the advanced age of seventy: the present James Anderson, M.D. physieightpublished his long meditated work, cian General at Madras: born in che same entitled, « The History of the Rebellion in village, they went to school together, learnt Scotland in 1745 6." in which he recorded the same task, fought cach others battles, the exploits and remarks of his youth. Of and joined in the same amusements; this
This work it is sufficient to observe, that the early association produced a similarity in . principles are just, and the opioions liberal, their future pursuits, the one being no less
For a considerable time prior to his death, eminent in India than the other has been in Me: Home's mind, as well as body, seemed Europe, for a patriotic life and exertions for to be much impaired. He lived in the must the benefit of mankind in general. The recluded manuer, so much so, that the house kept up a constant correspondence, and comhe inhabited had all the marks of a deseited municared to each other their various produce
welling so long as he continued to possess - tions and discoveries. Having been deprived - suficient strength be used to walk for a - of both his parenks while yet very young, it
certaia time every day; the most acute phy: was the wish of his guardian that he should sordumist, however, who met him, could occupy the paternal farm when old enough srcely have traced any remains of the au- to undertake such a charge, and as much thor of Douglas. He seemed to pay no acer learning was not thougho necessary for t
teation to what was passing, and to possess farmer, young Anderson was discouraged by I l more than were existence la chis his friends from prosecuting his studies be
doctorul state, he liggered for many years. yond a common school educution, but that Be a Mechimon house, on the 4th of decision and firmaess which were throughout
by 3000, in the oth year of his age..bija life the most conspicuous features of his telemarled by incident as that of character, now began to appear, and he dis.
con for materials for perso played a resolution to judge and act for Mim
With mind well stared with barang
self. He informs us, that having rengnul trowledge, he appeurs davant 'acquunc
* See vol. 1. p. 50.
« Home's Essay on Agriculture," and find. strenuously in representing to the public the ing that he could not understand the reason- unavoidable faultiness of the intended public ing for want of chemical knowledge, he im- cation, and the fraudulent circumstances at. mediately resolved to attend Cullen's lectures tending it, that the mercenary promoters of on that science. Being very young, and un. it were constrained to abandon the design. aided by the countenance of any triend who Among the arst things he did upon his farm, could give him advice or introduce him to was to introduce for the first time the small the world, he waited on Dr. Cullen, and ex- two-horse plough, now in universal use over plained his views and intentions. The doc- the greater part of Scotland, and particularly cor, considering it as a boyish whim, which in the neighbourhood of Edinburgh, where might lead him away from his necessary pur- the land is cultivated to a degree of perfecsuits, at first endeavoured to dissuade hiin tion almost increible. In effecting this imfrom the undertaking; but finding that our provement, he found considerable ditriculeg youth had fully reflected on the subject, and in overcoming the prejudices of his servants. adopted his resolution with a fixed determi- His friends soon perceiving that his ardour in nation to persevere in it, he assented to the the pursuit of literary knowledge was not to design; and as the penetration of that cele. be controuled, suggested a medical profession brated man soun discovered the capacity and as the most advisable for him to follow; but steadiness of his young pupil's mind, he not to this lie took a dislike, and could never be only encouraged his present object but be- reconciled to it: he therefore determined to came his sincere friend, careiully directed prosecute his original line of life. After his future studies," listened with conde. having occupied Hermiston for a few years, scension to the arguments that were dictated he quitted it as a place that did not possess : by youth and inexperience, and patiently re. sufficient field for his enterprizing mind, and moved those difficulties that perplexed him.” took a long lease of a large tarm in the wilds Thus began a friendship and intimacy between of Aberdeenshire, consisting of about 1300 them, which never ceased during the life of acres of land almost in a state of na ure. that eminent professor. With the assistance This vast undertaking was entered upon beof such a patron, and with the natural ener. fore he was of age, the execution of the lease gies of his own understanding, it is not to be having been deferred till chat period arrived. wondered at that he made rapid advances, not in the midst of the difficulties he had to cononly in chemistry but also in ather branches tend with in bringing this tract into cultivaof learning, which, as it were, grew out of tion, which were yery great, arising chicfy this his first academical study; for the va. from the badness or tutal want of roads, tho rious branches of science are su connected remote distance from markets, and the prewith each other, that, to a mind constituted cariousness of the climate: he began his career like his, the attainment of information on as an author with his Essays on Planting, one constantly induce the desire of prosecu. &c. first printed in the year 1771, in the ting others; and this takes place in an emi- Edinburgh Weekly Magazine, under the nent degree at the university of Edinburgh, signature of Agricola, and again published where the great attention and abilities of the separa'ely in 1771. The first edition of his professors, combined with the moderateness Essays on Agriculture, Observations on Na. of the expence, have for many years afforded tional Industry, and several others of his remarkable facilities and encouragement to early writings were composed during a resithe student. At the same time he did not dence of more than twenty years at Monksneglect the duties of his farm, of which he hill, the name of the above-mentioned farm. wok the management upon himself about In 1768, at the age of twenty-nine, our ay. the age of fifteen, assisted by four older thor married Miss Seton, of Mounie, a desisters; and he employed himself in the ex- scendant of the ancient and noble house of ercise of his profession and bis studies with Winton, who brought him thirteen children: so much assiduity for several years, that he by this marriage che estate of Mounie, in barely allowed sufficient time for the repose Aberdeenshire, came into bis possession, and required by nature. About this time Dr. still remains in the family. His merits as Cullen Jelivered a course of lectures on agri- an author having become generally known, culture, in a private manner, to a few of his and his abilities as a practical farmer being friends and favourite students, of which An- acknowledged, his acquaintance and cortederson was the only one who took notes. spundence began to be courted by men of Many years afterwards a copy of these noles letters throughout the kingdom, and this was surreptitiously obtained fruna him, and society sought by persons of the first respecmuch co wis astonishment, advertised for tability in his own neighbourhood. In the publication as Cullen's Lectures on Agricul. year 1780 the honorary degrees of A M. and ture. Dr. Anderson felt so much for his late LL D. were conferred upon him by the Unifriend's reputation on the prospect of his boy versity of Aberdeen, not only without soliciish notes being published as a complete set of cion on his part, but before any commulectures, that bis friends never observed him suffer more uneasiness or veration on any • See his opinions on this transaction in othes occasion, and he cx:rted himself sy his Recreations, vol. ii. p. 232.
nication took place with him on the subject. the “ eye big with the latent tear," About In 1783, having previously arranged macters this time he was employed in his researches for the conducting of his farm, he removed on the subject of sheep, and the improvement to the neighbourhood of Edinburghi, princi. of wool, in concert with Sir John Sinclair; pally, we believe, with a view to the educa- his opinions thereupon delivered to the Hightion of his encreasing family, and influenced, land Society, are before the public. We no doubt, by 1 desire to live where he next find him engaged in preparing for the could enjoy more or literary society than was publication of the Bee. This was a project to be had in so remote a part of the country; he had long contemplated, namely, a weekly and to this end no place could be more con- periodical work, designed for the disseminaducive than the northern metropolis. Pre. tion of useful knowledge, which by its cheap. vious to his departure from Aberdeensbire, he ness should be calculated for all ranks of peo. was actively employed in promoting measures ple, while sufficient attention was paid to its for alleviating the distresses of the poorer various literary departments to render it reclasses in that county, owing to the failure spectable in the highest circles. His name of the crop of grain in 1782; and by his great was now so highly established, that the enexertions in exciting the attention of the coungement given by the public to this perAcighbouring gentlemen to the state of :he fornance was wonderful, and nothing but county on that trying occasion; we have great mismanagement, in conducting the reason to think that he was the principal commercial part of the work, for which, means of averting the calamities of severe fa like most persons of similar habits, he was mine from that part of the kingdom. About ill adapted, could have caused it to fail in the same year he printed and circulated among being a very profitable concern to him. His his friends, a proposal for establishing the own writings form a conspicuous part of this Northern British Fisheries. This tract was book; some of them will be seen under the never published, but the attention of Govern- name of Senex, Timothy Hairbrain, Alcibir, ment being excited to the subject by it, he des, and the greater part of the matter withwas applied to by che treasury to undertake a out signature. It is painfal to observe how farvey of the Western Coast of Scotland, seldom che genius to conceive and instruct is for the purpose of obtaining on this impor. united with sufficient perseverance to execute. tant subject. This public-spirited enquiry the doctor cakes an affecting leave of his he undertook, and accomplished in 1784, readers at the end of the eighteenth volume, having a revenue cutter appointed to convey finding it impossible for him to contend him round the coast; thus devoting his time longer with the difficulties he experienced in and abilities to the public, much co the detri- conducting it; and principally those of zetment of his own private affairs; and we are ting in the subscription money. During the well assured he never received one shilling of progress of this work, be opened a coure remuneration from Government for this spondence with many eminent persons who meritorious service, although the ministers were distingoished as literary and public spe expressed themselves perfectly satisfied with rited characters abroad and at home: among his performance of ic; and it was even with these we may mention General Washington, gree difficulty, and after many applications, with whom he carried on an interesting cor that he obtained the reimbursement of his respondence, and Mr. Johaes, the elegant actual necessary expences incurred in the biographer of Froissart, &c. with whose inti . service. In 1788 he was deprived of his wife, mate friendship he was honoured till the day . a woman endowed with most of the excel- of bis death. In che course of this publica lencies which exalt the female character, and tion & circumstance happened that Faffords us render it the chief source of comfort and hap an opportunity of admiring the steady inde. piness to man: to elegance of person were pendence of his spirit, and that firmness of added an scellent and well-cultivated under conduct which conscious receitude alone could standing, and an affectionare and honourable inspire. At the time that the baneful ef. disposition. To expatiate further on the vir- fects of French revolutionary principles had tues of this admirable woman, would be fo- perverted the senses of most classes of people. reign to our purpose ; those of our readers the Scottish metropolis was not the least who knew her will allow that what we have conspicuous for its violence in the cause of said is for short of her real merits. It will misraken freedom. At length Government readily be supposed that the loss of such a considered it necessary to interfere in repres: Woznan would inflict a severe and lasting sing the dissemination of these destructive Wound on Dr. Anderson's spirits; and though doctrines: prosecutions had alrcady been he strove to bear it with manly fortitude, he commenced against several of the leading deyer completely recovered its effects, but zealots, when our publisher received a sumnwas ever afterwards occasionally subject to a mons to appear before the Sheriff, who de melanchols recollection of past times having, manded of him to give up the name of the
author of the “ Political Progress of Great See Report of the Committee appointed Britain, a series of essays that had appeared tuire into the State of the British Fisher in the Bee. This ke peremptorily refu its, th May, 1785.
sed to do, requesting that he might be con.