« FöregåendeFortsätt »
The Marshal the Duke of Dantzic has vered by the Guadiana. This army formed the command of the Bararian army. in three lines, was supported by batteries. The Bavarian Generals Wrede and De- “ As soon as the Duke of Belluno observed roy serve under him. The General of this, he commanded the cavalry of Generals Division Drouet is the chief of his siaft: Lallalle and Latour Maubourg to place them. The Marshal Duke of Valıny Keller- felves in an oblique line; and he ordered mann) is expected at Strasburgh, where
General Laval to place himself, with the dihe is to have the command of the army
vision of the Princes of the Confederation of
hy the Rhine in a close column, berecen the of reserve.
above mentis ned cavalry. He strengthened The Bavarian army is formed in aree him with 14 picces of artillery, ant placed divisions. The first underche command the divisions Villataanderoffin in the rear. of the Hereditary Prince, the second
The Duke of Belluno attacked the left poder General Wrede, and the third wing of the enemy, and inftantly threw it under General Deroy
intorconfution. The centre and righowing A French army is also assembling ins were also routed. Sover thoufand Spaniards the neighbourhood of Udina, and troops, remained upon the field of battle; *zcoo are marching thither from all quarters of were made prisoners; the remainder are difItaly.
persed Thirty pieces cannon and nine com SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.
lours have fallen into our hands. de Madrid, April 2. -" This important engagement has laid # General S: bartani announces from Santa
open.Seville to us. The fugitives are purCruz at the foot of the Sierra Moreni, under
com al rued with tlie útnost activity. On the 29th date of the 29th of March, that on the 27th
of-March, the advancedguáry of the Duke he descried the Spanish army of Andalusia," !
36" of. Belluno.wawal:eady arrived on the right to which were joined a vast number of pea
herf. fide of Badajos, and it is hoped to unite itself Lanis, stationed in order of battle before Cin
with-the. Duke of Dalmatia, who it is dad Real, that he advanced against them,
thought, has already enteres Libon." routed and destroyed them without any re-G,
PORTUGAL bftance; that on the 28th the feeble remains Proclamation of Marsbul Soult to the Portuguese. of that army were on the other side of the "In consequence of the memorable fucSietra Morena ; and that the produce of this scenes obtained 5y thefarmy of bis Majesty the affair was 4000 prisoners of war, seven sand- Emperor and King, my auguft Sovereign, I ards, and ;8 pieces of cannon. Among the again approach' your territory, to take pola prisoners of war are 197 officers, of whom letion of the whole of it, in the name of my four are colonels, and reven lieutenant-colo- master. pels. A great number of the enemyr were i do not, therefore, expect I faali meet lain. More than 2005 were put to the with any resistance; but flatter myself I hall sword by the cavalry. We have lost but 303 be received with the same cordiality with killed and 6o wourded Colonel Girard, of which we were received little more than 2 the 12th regiment of dragions, was severely year ago wounded by a ball. The colonel of Dutch" "What effect can refiftance have! What buffars was also wounded. "General Sebaf- can you propose to yourselves when all those tiani praises exceedingly the chief of the staff arinies which frenzy had assembled in Spain Bouille, who, the day before the battle, are destroyed. " crossed the Guadiana in company with Get " That English army which made its a beral Mihaud, " order to prevencing
urevent the bridges pearance on the Continent only to foment being broken, in which he succeedes., Ge- the Spirit of disorder and rebellion, an
the coirit of disorder and rebellion, and infiet Beral Millaud, his ofiicers, and troops, dir- all kinde of calamities, has been defeated, tinguilhed themselves.
and forced to embark for England, after hav. The following day the fugitives were ing loft one half of its soldiers, its best genepursued by the cavalry, and two of the ene- rals, all its ammunition, its horses, and Lag. my's generals, who were among them, were gage. Bain. General Sebatiani was on the żgth Portuguese, in the name of bis Majetty at the foot of the Sierra Morena, and found the Emperor and King Napoleon, I offer you himself on a line with the Duke of Belluno that peace which you yourselves have driven (Victor), who must already have advanced from your country. He beyond Merida.
E l offer you protection for yourselves and "At the same moment that General. Ses your property, for your religion, and the bastiani captured Cindad Real, and arrived at minifters of that seligion. the foot of the Sierra Morena, the Duke of other you belides an entire oblivion of Belluno won the battle of Merida.
thel pait, and will engage that you thall The troops of referve of Scville, Baua- receive the clemency of his Majesty the Emjos, and Andalusia, were colleaed together; peror. and placed in order of battle by General “ You fall enjoy the benefit of the lustime Cuesta, upon an elevated plain, between inftitutions of the same augüft Sovereign. It Doubenite and Medellin, and which was co will be caly for me to deliver you. Irom the
calamities which you cannot deny that you furnished with more than 200 pieces of ar. enure, and aliuage the evils which you have tillery fell an easy conqueit to an enemy of suffered, if I arrange your administrations, little more than half the number of its garand organise anew the Portuguese army. Tilon, not with ftanding the people and their
« There are among you citizens whose in defenders were loyal and brave, because that teotions have ever been pure, and who ought enemy had been able to produce, under the Dow to exercise their influence to promote appearanceof patriotism, dilunior, and finelthe re-establishment of good order. They ly general insubordination, the consequences may be assured their services will be well re- of which must ever bol molt ruinous. The ceived, and that the most effarious proteca Murel, therefore, hopes that the army will tion will be afforderthem, witte verlatlicinu perceive that we ought always to distrust situation, whether in the army; the State, those who have been wirn the French or or the church
d heirepartilugs and whaltver reports they "Reflect, Portuguese, on you rasituation may prepagate 2 " And confider weithercegenerous offers, The enemy is in poflion of Oporto, lo while ir is time but let your luhmiilion be he waishof Chaves; but this place he has lost prompt andsincere, if you with totamoid che, again, withonisre than 1,500 men, includevils from which I would love you. S i ng pmioners pard kille. Brigadier General
"And your country hall be made to thine Francisco da Silyeira inforous me that he has with a new ruiendour. (Signed)
taken 12 pieces of gardiery, a great quan "THE MARSHAL, DUKE E DALMATIA.” Stity of arnis ayd ammunition, and so borfes.
. - *It is with great pleature the Marsaal General Hill arrived at Lisbon on the gives this public teftimony of his great ap4th, wiib 5.000 infauiry, and 400 cavalry Saprobation of this conduct of Brigadier Genefrom Ireland.
" Silveira, which he will with equal fatisfacde SIR ARTHUR WELLESLEY is daily ex. tion lay before his royal highncis the prince
regenta pected with three times the number is The Marthal cannot (ufficiently warn General orders.
Othe people and the troops againt chore, who, « Soldiers, the Marshal, commander in affuminig che appearance of patriotism, are in chief, communicates to you the events which reality Headere offedition, nor can he fuffihave taken place in the north ;-be will com-sciently recommend union and confidence; municate to you both those which are fas for every ching may be hoped from the senvourable and those which are adverse to the timents of loyalty, valour, and enthufiam, arms of the country, aconvinced that the which animate the nation in defence of the greater the exertions and services which are country. «MAUSHAL BERISFORD." required may be, the greater will be the Head quarters, Calbariz, April 2, 1809. ardour and enthufiafm of the army, and
AMERICA.. that it will display a valour not only equal to
M.Madison's inaugural Speecb. ..... the exigencies of the crits, but worthy of the Unwilling to depart from examples of the Portuguese troops. The Martial informamosereverend authority, I avail myself of the the people, that the enemy having poflcl- occasion now presented, to express the prosed himself of Braga, advanced Nowly and found impression made on me by the call of cautiously against the city of Oporto, meeting my country to the station, to the duties of with but little refillance, as the insubordina- which I am about to pledge myself, by the tion of the people rendered useless their own most soleion of sanctions. So distinguished a valour and the efforts of their offkers to re- mark of conitidence proceeding from the delis tard or prevent their advance.. On the 26th, berate and 'tianquil suffrage of a free and vir che enemy arrived in the vicinity of Oporto. tuous nation, would, under any circumOn the 27th, they made some warm attacki, stances, have commanded my gratitude and which were repulled by the intrepidity of devotion, as well as filled nie with an awful our troops. They continued their attacks on sense of the trust to be assumed. Under the the following day with che fame success; bus various circumstances which give peculiar 80on the 29th, the diftruft which had arifen leisiity to the existing period, I feel that both between the people and the army causing the lionour and the responsibility allotted to and increaling anarchy and confulon, ren- me are inexpressibly cnhanced. dered ineffeétual all the endeavours of the The present situation of the world is inofficers, as well Portuguese as toglih, to deed without a parallels and that of our dire& the operations of the great force which country full of difficulties. The pressure of was in this city, and the enemy entered with these, too, is the more severely felt, because little lofs. Much as the Marthal-regrets they have fallen upon us at a moment when the loss of that important city, he feels national prosperity being at a height not beAll more the alarming cause to which it is fore attained, the contrast resulting from this to be attributed. Let it be a warning to the change has been rendered the more sarikung rest of the kingdom to avoid the fatal con- Under the benign iniluence of our republican sequences of anarchy and insubordination institutions, and the maintenance or peace
The great city of Oporty, defended by with all nations, whilst so many of them were 24,000 men, with trenches and redoubts, engaged in Lloody and wastetul wars, the fruits of a just policy were enjoyed in an un- which is the cement of the Union, as well in rivalled growth of our faculties and resources. its limitations, as in its authorities; to reProofs of this were seen in the improvements speee the rights and authorities reserved to the of agriculture; in the successful enterprise of States and to the people, as equally incorpo. caninerce; in the progress of manufactures rated with, and essential to, the success of the and useful arts : in th: increase of the public general system ; to avoid the slightest interrevenues, and the use inade of it in rcducing ference with che right of conscience, or the the public deb; and in the valuable works functions of religion so wisely exempted from and establishments every where multiplying civil jurisdiction; to preserve to their full over the face of our land.
energy cne other salutary orovisions in behal 6. It is a precious reflection that the transi- of private and personal rights, and of the freecion from this prosperous condition of our dor of the press; to observe economy in pabcountry, to the scene which las for some time lic expenditures ; to liberate the public rebeen distressing us, is not chargeable on'any & sources by an honourable discharge of the pubwarrantaole views, nors as I trust on any lic debes; to kecp within the requisite limits involuntary errors in the public councils. In a standing military force, always remeinbering dulging no passions whichi crespass on the that an arined and treated militia is the finest rights or the repose of other nations, it has bulwark of republics, that without standing been the true glory of the United States to earmies their liberty can never be in danger; cultivate peace by observing justice, and to nor with large ones sate; ato promote, by auentitle themselves to the respect of the nations thorised nieans, improvements, friendly to at war, by fulfilling their neutral obligations agriculture, and to external as well as interwith the most scrupulous impartrality.
n al commerce; to favour, i like manner, the If there be candour in the world, the advancement of science and the diffusion of truth of these assertions will not be ques.inf :rmation, as the best, aliment to true licioned. Posterity at least will do justice to berty; to carry on the benevolent plans which them. i es
te have been so meritoriously applied to the conThis unexceptionable course could not version of our aboriginal neighbours, from the avail against the injustice and violence of the degradation and wretchedness of savage life, Belligerent powers. "Inredeir rage against to a participation of the improvements of which each other, or impelled by more direct mo- the human inind and manners are susceptible tives, principles of retaliation have been intru in a civilized taie. As far as sentiments and duced equally contrary to universal reason and intentions such as these can aid the fulfilment acknowledged law. How long their arbitrary of my duty, they will be a resource which canedicts will be continued in spite of the de- not fail me. monstrations, that not even a pretext for " It is my good fortune, moreover, to have them has been given by the United States, the pach in which I am to tread, lighted by and of the fair and liberal attempts to induce examples of illustrious services, successfully a revocation of them, cannot be anticipated. rendered in the most trying difficulties by
" Assuring myself that, under every vicis.those who have marched before me. Of situde, the determined spirit and united coun- those of my immediate predecessor, it might cils of the nation will be safeguards to its ho- least become me here to speak. I may, hownour and its essential interests, I repair to the ever, be pardoned for not suppressing the syme post assigned me, with no other discourage pathy, with wbich my heart is full, in the mont than what springs from my own inade- reward he enjoys in the benedic:ions of a bequacy to its high duties.,, If I do not sink un. loved country, gratefully bestowed for exalced der the weight of this deep conviction, it is talents, zealously devoted, through a long cabecause I find some support in a consciousness reer, to the advancement of its highest interof the purposes, and a confidence in the prin- est and happiness.', . ciples which I bring with me into this arduous “But the source to which I look for the service.
aid, wbich alone can supply my deficiencies « Tocherish peace and friendly intercourse is in the well-tried intelligence and virtue of with all nations, having correspondent dispo. .my fellow-citizens and in the counsels of those sions; to maintain sincere neutrality towards representing them in the other departments belligerent nations : to prefer in all cases ami, associated in the care of the national cable discussions and reasonable accommodd. In these my confidence will, under every diftion of differences, to a decision of them by 'ficulty, be best placed ; next to that which we an appeal to arms; to exclude foreign in. have all been encouraged to feel in the guartrigues and foreign partialities so degrading to dianship and guidance of that Alvighty Be. all countries, and so baneful 10, free ones; to Ping, whose power regulates the decisy of na. foster a spirit of independence, too just to in- tions-whose blessings have been su conspi. vade the rights of or hers; too proud to surren. cuously displayed to this rising-republic; and der cheir own; too liberal to indulge unwor. to whom we are bound to address our devou thy prejudices ourselves, and too elevated not gratitude for the past, as well.45 our fervent to look upon them in others; to hold the na- supplications and best hopes for the future." tion of the States as the basis of their peace Washington, Marcb 4, 1809. and bappiness; to support the constitution,
which I was covering the retreat of the army; The following letter from Lieutenant they attacked it at Calcabelos. I retiied, coGeneral Sir John Moore, to Viscount
vered by the 95th regiment, and marched that Castlereagh, dated Corunna, Jan. 18,
oight to Herresias, and from thence co Noguies 1809, three days before the death of the
and Lugo, where I had ordered the diffrent
divisions wbich preceded, to halt and collect, general will tend to explain better than
At Lugo, che French again came up with us. has yet been done, the causes of the un
They attacked our advanced posts on the 6th fortunate termination of that campaign. and 7th, and were repulsed in both atempts,
<< Situated as this army is at present, it is with tittle loss on our side. I beard from the impossible for me to detail to your Lordship prisoners taken, that three divisions of the
ents which have taken place, since I French army were come up, command.d by had the honour to address you from Astorga, Marshal Soult; I therefore expected to be at on the 31st of December: I have therefore de. tacked on the morning of the 8th. It was my termined to send to England, Brigadier-Gene wish to come to that issue; I had periect cunral Charles Stewart, as the Officer best quali: fidence in the valour of the croops, and it was fied to give you every information you can only by crippling the enemy that we could want, both with respect to our actual situa- hope either to retreat or to einbark un noiesttion, and the events which have led to it. ed. I made every preparation to receive the
* Your Lordsbip knows, that had I followed attack, and drew out the army in the morning my own opinon, as a military man, I should to offer battle. This was not Marshal Soulc's have retired with the army from Salamanca, object. He either did no: think himself suiti The Spanish armies were then beaten, there ciently strong, or he wished to play a surec was no Spanish force to which we could unite, game, by attacking us on our march, or due and I was satisfied that no efforts would be ring our embarkasion. The country was in made to aid us, or to favour the cause in tersected, and his position coo strong for me te which they were engaged.
attack with an interior force. The want of "I was sensible, however, that the apathy provisions would nut enable me to wait longand indifference of the Spaniards would never er. I marched that night; and in two forced have been believed; that had the British been marches, bivouacing for six or eigit hours ia withdrawn, the loss of the cause would have the rain, I reached Betanzos. un the 10th in, been imputed to their retreat, and it was ne- stant. cessary to risk this army to convince the peo- “At Lugo, I was sensible of the impovibile ple of England, as well as the rest of Europe, ity of teaching Vigo, which was sc too great a that the Spaniards had neither the power nor distance, and offered nu advantages to embark the inclination to make any efforts for them in the face of an enemy. My intention was gelves. It was for this reason that I made the then to have recreated to the peninsula of Bee march to Sahagun. As a diversion, it suc- tânzos, where I hoped to find a position to coceeded; I brought the whole disposable force ver the embarkation of the army in Ares or of the French against this army, and it had Redes Bayes; but having sent an vinces to re-, been allowed to follow me, without a single connoitre it, by his report I was decermined to movement being made to favour my retreat. - prefer this place. I gave notice to the Admi. The people of the Gallicias, though armed, tal of my intention, and begged chattne trans. made no attempt to stop the passage of the ports might be brought to Corunna: had French through their mountains. They I found them here on ny arrival on the 11th, abandoned their dwellings at our approach, the embarkation would easily have b en effectdrove away their carts, oxen, and every thinged, for I had gain:d several marc.es on the that could be of the smallest aid to the army. French. They have now come up with us, The consequence has been, cbat our sick have the transports have not arrived; my position been left behind; and when our horses or in front of this place is a very bad one; and mules failed, which, on such marches, and this place, if I an forced to retire into it, is through such a country, was the case to a commanded within musket shot, and the hare great extent, baggage, ammunition, stores, bour will be so com.anded by cannon on the &c. and even money, were necessarily de- coast, chat no ship will bewole toisy in ii. stroyed or abandoned.
In short, my Lord, General Stewart will inI am sorry to say, that the army, whose form you how cricical our situation is. It has conduct I had such reason to extol on its march been recommended to me to make a proposal co through Portugal, and on its arrival in Spain, the enemy, to induce himn to allow us to ens has totally changed its character since it be- bark quicely, in which cuse he gets us out of gan to retreat. I can say nothing in its fa- the cuuntry 5000, and this place, with ica vour, but that when there was a prospect of stores, &c. complete; that otherwise we have fighting the enemy, the men were then or the power to make a long defence, which derly, and seemed pleased and determined to must cause the destruccioa of the town, I do their dury. In front of Villa Franca, the am averse to make any such proposal, and am French came up with the reserve, with exceedingly doubtful if it would be actended
MONTHLY MAG. No. 184,
with any good effect; but whatever I resolve defatigable exertions of Rear-Admiral Sir on this head, I hope your Lordship will rest, Alexander Cochrane and the squadron, the assured, thar I shull'accept no terms that are campaign, notwithstanding incessant rains, in the least dishonourable to the army or to the has been brought to a glorious conclusion in country."
the short space of twenty seven days from Captain Preedy, Aide-de-Camp to our departure from Barbadoes. Lieutenant - General Beckwith, Com
The command of such an army will constimander of his Majesty's troops in the
stitute the pride of my future life. To these Leeward Islands, in Downing-street, on
brave troops, conducted by generals of expe
rience, and not to me, their king and country the 12th of April, with dispatches from owe the sove the Lieutenant-General, to Lord Vis- and I trust that, by a comparison of the count Castlereagh, one of his Majesty's force which defended it, and the time in Principal Secretaries of State, of whieh which it has fallen, the present reduction of the following are copies :
Martinique will not be deemed eclipsed by Head-quarter's, Martinique, Feb. 28. any former expedition. MY LORD_In my letter of the 15th in. I have the honour to inclose the articles of stant, I had the honour to transmit to your capitulation, as originally produced by the lordship the details of our operations to the French commissioners, in consequence of 11th preceding; from that period until the General Villaret's application to me for this 19ch we were incessantly employed in the purpose, during the forenoon of the 24th, construction of gun and mortar batteries, and and acceded to by Lieutenant-General Sir in landing cannon, mortars, and howitzers, George Prevost, Major-General Maitland, with their ammunition and stores, in drag- and Commodore Cockburn, appointed by the ging them to the several points selected by rear-admiral and myself to meet them. This the engineers, and in the completion of the capitulation, which was mutually ratified the wurks, and in mounting the ordnance. The same night, will, I trust, be bonoured with exertions of Commodore Cockburn, and other his Majesty's approbation. naval officers under his orders upon the right, By the next conveyance, I shall have the and of Captains Barton and Nesham, of the honour to submit to your Lordship's considernavy, upon the left, io forwarding these ser.. ation the various details which are now refervices, were most conspicuous. The enemy red to in general terms, and to report the during the interval fired upon our encampo merits of the several corps; but the science ments with shot and shells, but fortunately of the officers of the royal artillery has been with little effect, and his piquets, when pres. too conspicuous not to be particularly noticed, sed, constantly fell back under the protection' the interior of the enemy's fortress being of his works.
corn to pieces by shells: his works have also On the 19th at half past four in the after. been much injured by shot from the gun-batnoon, we opened from six points upon the teries, manned by the seamen under the dienemy's fortress, with fourteen pieces of rection of Commodore Cockburn, and other heavy cannon, and twenty-eight mortars and naval officers. howitzers, and the cannonade and bombardo After the embarkation ofthe French troops, Rient continued with little remission until I shall have the honour to command the noon of the 23d, when the French general' eagles taken from the enemy to be laid at sent a trumpeter with a letter to our advanced the king's feet. posts, near the Bouillé Redoubt, in the front Captain Preedy, of the 90th regiment, one of attack. In this communication General of my aides-de-camp, has the honour to be Villaret proposed, as the basis of negociation, the bearer of this dispatch: he is an officer of that the French troops should be sent to service, and I beg leave to recommend him France free from all restriction as to future to his Majesty's favour, and to your Lordservice; but this being admissible, the bom. ship's protection. bardment recommenced at ten at night, and
I have the honour to be, &c. continued without intermission until nine (Signed) G. BeckwITR, Com. Forces. o'clock of the 24th, when three white flags Sir Harry Neale, bart, first captain to were discovered Aging in the fortress, in con. Admiral Lord Gambier, commander in sequence of which, our fire from the batteries immediately ceased.
chief of his Majesty's ships and vessels It is with the most heartfelt satisfaction employed in the Channel Soundings, &c. have now the honour to report to your Lord arrived at the Adiniralty-office, on the ship, for his Majesty's information, that. 21st of April, with a dispatch from his supported by the talents of the gencial offia lordship to the Honourable William WelF cers, and in particular of Lieutenant-General lesley Pole,of which the following is a copy: Sir George Prevost, and of Major-General Caledonia, in Basque Roads, April 14. Maitland, the experience and zeal of all the SIR-The Almighty's favour to his Maother officers, and the valour and unremitting jesty and the nation has been strongly marked labour of this army, strengthened by the is in the success he has been pleased to give to