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one disjunctive and two hypothetical syl- Deity may be deduced in general fruin logisms may be used against it:
his infinite power, wisdom, and beneMajor,-Aut status futurus non patet ex volence, which may be from the works lumine naturæ, aut justitia Dei patet ex lue of the creation, and the abundant promine naturze.
vision made by hin for the happiness of Minor.-Sed justitia Dei non patet ex lu. mankind. mine naturæ.
Rules to be observed by the Respondent. Cuns.-Ergo status futurus non patet ex lu..
1. To understand the syllogism bemine naturæ.
fore he denies it; and if it be not intelThe Minor being false, the respondentligible, to ask the opponent for an exdenies it, therefore the opponent pro. planation. cecds in the next syllogism to prove it; 2. To deny the Minor, in preference thus,
to the Consequence, if the truth of it be Mujor. Si in statu rerum presenti sæpe at all saspicious. numero bonis miseria impertiatur, malis vero3 . If what is asserted in the Minor felicitas, tum justitia Dei non patet ex lumine generully be only true in particular cases, Naturze.
to restrict it to those cases. Minor. Sed in statu præsenti sæpenuniero 4. If authorities against the question bonis miseria, malis vero felicitas, impertitur. be quoted by the opponent; to quote
Cons, -Erzo justitia Dei non patet, dc ocher authorities in favour of it.
Here the Consequence must be denied, 5. If at the conclusion of the argument and therefore the opponent must endea. any of the foregoing steps be forgotten, vour to prove in the following syllogism: or their connection be not preserved, to
Major.-Si justitiæ Dei consentaneum sit require the opponent to enumerate and bonos præmiis remunerasi, malus vero aftici, explain them. tum justicia Dei non patet ex lumine naturæ. Rules to be observed by the Opponent.
Miner.Sed justitiae consentaneum est,&c. 1. To see that the arguments be drawn Cons.--Ergo justitia Dei non patet ex lu
uy distinctly and intelligibly. mine naturæ, et proinde neque status futurus.
2. To be able to explain the several This is the conclusion of the arguinent, parts of them clearly and precisely. but for conciseness sake it is usual in the 3. To have in readiness a proof for schools to read it in the following inan- the Minor, in case it should be denied, ner:
when the next syllogism is in proof of the Aur cadit questio, aut justicia Dei patet actis. ant inetinis Dei poter Consequence.
4. In quoling authorities, to give the criam ex lumine naturæ.
Sed justitia Dei non patet ex lumine na. true meaning of the authors. turæ.
5. At the conclusion of the argument, Ergo cadit questio.
to be able to suin up the several steps in Si in statu rerum præsenti bonis miseria clear and concise terms; to explain their impertiatur, malis veru felicitas; valet Minor. connection; and to shew how the argu
Sed in statu, &c. Ergo valet Minor. ments affect the question,
Si justitiæ Dei consentaneum sit bonos premiis remunerari, malis vero premiis affici; To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, Valet Consequentia. Sed justicia Dei, &c. Ergo vaiet Conse
TAE request of your correspondent, quentia et Argumentum.
I under the signature of “Common The argument being concluded, the re- Sense," having drawıı forth the commuspondent proceeds to refule it; to do nications of several popular remedies, as which, he exammes, whether the conclu• detailed in your Magazine for March, sions be fairly deduced from the premises, I beg leave to offer a few observations on and if so, whether it affects the question; such remedies, and how far a reliance bow far it affects it; and whether the op- upon theid may be attended with success, ponent does not suprose more to have or disappointment. beeu granted than really was in the for. From ıhe present advanced and difmer syllogisms. Thus, in the last ar- fused state of general science, with the gument, we may granit, that it is agreeable more just and accurate reasoning, as apto the divinejustice to reward the good and plied to alınost all the concerns of life, to punish the bad, but then we should the almost universal belief in the ethicacy add, either in this world or a future one; of nostrums in the cure of diseases, for the divine justice does not necessa- which prevailed in the more unenlightrily require, that it should be done in ened periods of our history, has very the present state ; as this attribute of the much abated; yet there is a large portion
of credulity still remaining, with regard to be guided by false and partial views or to the medicinal powers of various sub nodes of reasuning. stances, which are actually juert and This fact is treated of in the following powerless This is kept up by the oc- correct and elegant manner, in a tract casional occurrence of cases of disease, on a dillerent subject, published some which could only be removed by time, time ago by the brother of a late most apparently giving way to very sinple able and ever to be lawiented military means. There are many disorders which officer. “The evidence that is requisite are not to be curcu at once by the mere to prove, or disprove, any proposition in agency of inedicinal substances, and the science of medicine, is ot a peculiar bid denance to the best efforts of the kind. It differs entirely froin that spemedical practitioner; the patient, finding cies of proot, which satisties a court of his disorder obstinate, and disappointed law. Buth direct and circunstantial at the fruitless endeavours made for its evidence, which would leare no doubt in removal, becomes wcaried with the use the breasts of judges and juries, have of medicine, as prescribed by the regular often inot the slightest tendency to render practitioner, and gladly catches at the a medical fact even probable. The de. offered remedy with the greater en clarations, and eveå the oaths, of the gerness, as being so uiuch the more most conscientious, disinterested, and strange. The patient, after the trial of able men, are all insufficient. * variety of means, gels well, which he “The reason of this is, that few inen, dues by time and the natural powers of even those of considerable capacity, disthe constitutwa; and the remedy last tinguish accurately between opinion and used, whatever it may have been, aber fact, tains the credit of having worked a cure, “When a man asserts he has been cured of which, in realiry, it is perfectiy in- of a particular disease, by a certain drug, nocent.
he is apt to think he is declaring a fact • It may be alleged, that the means which lie knows to be true; whereas, his usually recommended in this way, caii assertion includes two opinions, in borba do no harm, if they do no good; and of which, he may be completely mistherefore, where other more powerful taken. The first is, an opinion of his remedies have failed, these are deserving having the disease specified; the second, a trial. So far they may be allowable, that the medicine employed rem ved the where a placebo, to keep the patient's disease. Most people are convinced, mind adjused, is all that is desired; until that they are acquainted with the malady those changes take place, in the natural they are afflicted with; they consider it operations of the human frame, by as a mere marter of tact, and when they which a healthful state is induced, and are cured, they have as little doubt of the patient recorers: but the mischief to the remedy that accomplished it. This be apprehended is, that, in acute diseases belief is often strengthened by the con, of rapid progress, inuclı valuable time is fident declarations and specious behalost in the use of meals without efficacy viour of the person who exhibits the or power; and when they are found to reneity: and if the patient also pos. be without avail, the time is gone by, sesses gratitude, this also heightens the when the patient might have been rescued delusion. He is thus easily prevailed from destruction by judicious and well upon to swear positively, both to the applied remedies..
y disease and the remedy, as if they were A patient, for instance, in the early plain facts, obvious to the senses; where. period of true pulinonary consumptiuni, as, both the one and the otlicr are free trusting to the use of partridge's egys, quently beyond the reach of human will be woelully deceived in the result; knowledge." and when convinced of the error, hare My object in the above statement, and Tecourse to medicine, when unhappily quotation, is to caution your readers the disease is no longer to be cured, or against placing any dependence on pois even arrested in its progress.
pular remedies, from their supposed virThe cominon mistake of ascribing re- tue in particular cases; the peculiarities *Sults tu causes which are obviously in- of constitution, and the inhnite variety adequate, corues under the daily ohser. in the forins of disease, precude all reasatiou of medical practitioners, and pre. sonable hope from the use of such means. vails more or less in other forins, where
Your's, c. ever ignorance and superstition sway the decisions of those who suffer themselves Reigale, May 14, 1809.
To the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine. amused myself some time with realing SIR,
the virtues of several plants, and partiI SHALL be much obliged to you to cularly Cleavers. And thouanner Grey I insert in your Magazine, the follow- cominended, and which was strictly fola ing inost excellent receipt for a cancer; lowed by thie patient, was as follows: as I have recently knowil two cases, in She Oirst look a common mercurial wilich it has ctfirtually cured that must purge, was charged to absiain froll salcdreadiud and tatal disorder, even in al meats, and to use only thin diets; and most its latest staye. I consider the twice a day, between meals, to drink accompanying letter of Dr. Bacon to about a quarter of a pint of the juice of be so direct a proof of its efficacy, that Cleavers, which she got by pounding and I cannot but feel an earnest wish, that squeezing them. At the saine timc, I through the mediuin of your valuable directer her to take of the same juice. Magazine, the receipt may becoine unie boiled, and mixed with boy's lard, so as versally circulated.
to inuke a very soft ointment, and conAs the Cleavers, (or Goose-grass) can. stantly apply it to the wound, laying also not be procured in the winter, (unless it the bruised cleavers over it, and to refresh 16 very mild,) I would recommend a it so olieg as it dried, taking particular strong distillation being made of it, in care to keep the wound cleaii. This was the suipmer, that there should be no in- immediately put in practice, and conterruption to the continuance of the tinued for six months, partiy by con medicine.
Your's, &c. pulsion and importunity; for the benefit
A CONSTANT READER. was so gradual, that I could boardly perFebruary 27, 1809.
suade the woman she was better for ita.
Indeed, I should have been doubitul myAn ertraordinary cure for a Cancer, by self, but that the odensive sroell ahated :
The Rev. Dr. Bacon, by the use of and her being still alive, were convincing Cleavers, (or Goose-Gruss, ) in a letter proofs 10 me that a core would be to a friend.
effected. Accordingly, I pressed and An agent woman, in my parish, who insisted on her continuing the same had wat sbe called a Bloody Cancer, practice; and it being a very wild winter, continuing to ent away the flesh several the Cleavers were procured in warta years, had a relation at Alingdon, to hedges, the saine course was pursued, which place she went, for the sake of a and in three months after, the wound was surgeon, who could not come to her. pertectly healed. I advised her to take His visits were an act of charity; and then every spring after; which she did, while she was near him, he often called and thus prevented a return of her dis on her, and gave ber his medicines, order. without any good effect; when at last, despairing of a cure, die was sent home To the Edilor of the Monthly Magazine, with the comfortable assurance, that she SIR, would be eased of her misery in a fort- ITAVING observed in voor Maganight, or less.
IT zine, page 139, a wiference of On her return to my parish), I was opinion respecting the method of curing sent for, to pray by her, and never met burns, and scalds, I beg to recommend with a more deplorable object in my to the public the following receipt, whicha life; nothing could be so offensive as the will have the desired effect : smell, ad notinog so terrible as her Put five ounces of buy's lard, one ounce shrieks! Just at that tiine, I had been and a half of bees-wax, one ounce of red desired to write Dr. Dillenius's diploma lend, and one ouve of caurphur, into (our professor of botany); and to acquaint a small pot, or pipkin, and dissolve thern myself with some botanical expressions, over a slow fire. When cold, apply the referred to sojne books of thut kind in saive to the part atiected. our library, at Magdalen college; and Depijord,
Your's, &c. aller I had finished my coinpilcment, I Murch 6, 1809.
G, L. Towry,
MEMOIRS AND REMAINS OF EMINENT PERSONS.
ACCOUNT of the late MARQUIS D'ARCENS, fession of arms, into which he entered
when he was scarcely trieen years THE Marquis D'Argens was one of old. He at first served in the 01
1 chose literary characters of the last rines, and then in the regiment of Richiecentury, who have rendered themselves heu, after having been receired as a more remarkable than illustrious by their knight of Malta : but he soon forgot the opinions, their adventures, and the re- state he had einbraced ; and his amours putation of their works.
with the handsome Sylvia, whose bisLike Saint Evreinond, the Marquis tory he gives in bis memoirs, contributed D'Argens passed one part of his life in nut a little to effect it. gallantry, and the other at the court of The petulance and impetuosity of his a Prir.ce, and in the circle of the great youth were subjects of much discontent world. But the foriner possesscd taients, and unhappiness to his father, who, in and a rank in sociely above the latter. the end disinherited him; but Mons. Some fragments of St. Evremond, such D'Eguilles, his younger brother, Presi. as, for instance, “ Cousiderations on the dent of the Parlianient of Aix, annulled Roman People," evince a taste and ge- the deed of inheritance, by making an nius, not to be found in the Author of equal division of the property, and by the “ Philosophy of Good Sense,' or adopting a natural daughter of the Mar. the “ Jewish Letters.”
quis, and restoring her to the paine aod The writings of the Marquis D'Argens rights she derived from her father. At are not however without considerable first he would by no means consent to meril-they had a rapid circulation, this arrangement, fearful of doing what they were read with great avidity; and miglit displease the family; but the reain that they reseinbled those of St. Evre- sons and the principles of justice which mond; but posterity will find less to pre- . the Magistrate advanced soon found their serve in the one, than in the other way to his heart, and Mademoiselle Mina
The first years of the life of Saint became Marchioness D'Argens. . Evremond are unknown; at least, even On his return from a journey to Spain, to the present day, we have no authentic where he left his mistress Sylvia, be beaccount of them. The Marquis D'Ar- came reconciled to his familiy; but he gens wrote the Memoirs of his Lite, which soon left France, and departed for Conare read with pleasure-contain many stantinople along with Mons. D'Anpointed facts; and the parrative pleases, dreselle, ambassador to the Ottoman notwithstanding some apparent negli Porte, of whom he speaks in his megences of the style, and sone of those woirs. A judgment may be formed of inconsiderate reflections, which at that his character and of his conduct in that time were termed 6 philosophical," city, by the following anecdote, which though, to speak more correctly, they was furnished by Mr. Thiebault in his should be oalled those of a young man. “ Recollectiony;".
He commences at that period when “ On his arrival at Constantinople," the passions are in full force and vigour; says this writer, “ he conceived the de for it is by the influence of one of the sign of witnessing the ceremonies used in most powerful that he enters on his sub- the mosques. Nothing could dissuade ject, without acquainting us with the bion from undertaking this dangerous en place of his birth, or the condition of liisterprize, in which, if he had been discoparents.
veied or betrayed, he would only have Information, however, collected since, escaped the scaffold or the bow-string, supplied that deficiency. He was born by assuming the turban, or, in other at Aix in Provence, in 1704, being the words, becoming mussulinan: he ape son of M. Boyer, Marquis D'Argens, plied to the Turk wbo kept the keys of Procureur General of the Parliament of the mosque of Santa Sophia, and by dint that city. It was natural, that his fa- of bribery succeeded in gamming liin to his ther, who held one of the first situations purpose. It was agreed between thein, in the Magistracy, should intend him for at the next great day of public worslip. this his honourable profession: but the the infidel should introduce the Christiat ardour' of youth, an impatience to be in great secrecy by nighy, and that he employed, and the idea that the military should conceal him behind a painting line atforded him grenter opportunities which was placed, a long time back, at for pleasure, made him prefer the pro- the bottom of a tribune, which was in
front front of the gate. The Marquis would be the siege of Kehl, where he was slightly the safer in this place as it was seldom wounded: in 1784, after the siege of opened; and, besides, it was situated at Philipsbourg, he got a fall from his horse, the west end of the mosque, and the which so disabled him, that he was never Mahometans always in their prayers face able to mount afterwards, and he was to Mecca, which lies east of Constan- obliged in consequence to renouuce the tinople, and never turn their heads with- service. out giving cause for scandal; a point on It appears, that it was at the time of which they are so scrupulous, ibat they his refusal to embrace the profession his never turn when they quit the mosques, father wished him, when he returned but always go backward to the gate. from Constantinoule, that his fatber dis
The Marquis D'Argens, seated at his inherited hiin, not being able, owing to ease, beheld the whole of the ceremo- the smallness of his fortune, to sustain nics of the Turkish religion ; yet he gare with credit the expensive lite his sou led. frequent cause of aların to his guideal He was con peiled, when he retired most every niinute he quitted his hiding from the service, to go to Holland to place, and advanced to the middle of seek resources from his pen. The liberty the tribune, in order that he inight have of the press, which then existed in that a better view of what was passing in the country, allowed him to make choice of mosque. Then the poor Turk, who any subject his fancy suggested. He pubknew he ran no less a risk than that of lished successively, the “ Jewish, Chia being impaled alive, intreated him, by nese, and Cabalistic Letters." They the most expressive signs and gestures, were admired, and brought him some to retire quickly behind bis picture. The money; most of them turning on subjects terror of the man was a subject oi the of morality, politics, manners, religious highest amusement to the knight of customs and ceremonies, and the events Malta, who played the more upon his of nations. The lively manner in which fears.
they were written, the boldness of some But they were a hundred-fold, if pose of the ideas, and the singularity of the sible, increased, when he took a flask of style, caused them to be much read, and wine and a piece of ham from his pocket, generally approved. and offered himn share of both. The disciple The - Jewish Letters," in particular, of Mahomet was in absolute despair; but gained him a very high reputation. The what could be do?-he must bear all in King of Prussia, then Prince Royal, read order to conceal his guilt, and save him them, and wished to become acquainted self fron punishinent. The Marquis with the author. He was even anxious threatened him; and the Turk was com- to attach him to his service, hoping by pelled to drink of the wine, and eat of that means to draw him out of the unthe ham, and thus profane himsell, his pleasant state his youth had thrown him religion, and the mosque. The misera. into. He wrote to him, and made him ble man was for some instants like one the most honourable offers ; every thing petrified: be thought he beheld the seemed to assure him that the Marquis avenging arm of the prophet raised above would accept them with eagerness, as he his head; by degrees, however, he be-, chiefly proposed that they should live came more calun: he even began to be as friends, and study philosophy togefamiliar with his guilt; and when the ther--his answer, however, was not such devotees had all lett the mosque, and, as was expected. After expressing his he saw himself alone with the Chris- gratelit, sense of the honour of the atten. tian dog, they finished their breakfast tion, he adds, “ Deign, your Highness, with a good grace, laughed at the dan- to consider, that in order to be attendant ger they had run, and parted most ex- on your person, I pust be always in view cellent friends.
of ihres battalions of Guaru's quartered The Marquis D'Argens, in his Me- at Potsdam. Can I therefore' venture moirs, exposes with great candour the without danger. I am only five feet adventures of his journey, and the mo. seven inches buigh, and but indifferently tive which induced him to return to made." France. His father anxiously wished It wouid not probably have been very him to study the law; but the ardent politic or agreeable for the Marquis character of the young man could not be D'Argens, thien not more than thirty persuaded by his sage advice. He again years old, to serde in Prussia ; and so re-entered the service, and in 1733 he near the residence of Frederic William, was appointed to the cavalry: be was at father of him to whoin be wrote. MONTHLY Mac, No. 186.