Sidor som bilder

His Majesty caused several brigades of light Austrian rear guard before Ebersberg. The Cavalry to pass in review at Burghausen, and intrepid battalions of the tirailleurs of the among others those of Hesse Darmstadt; at Po, and the Corsican tirailleurs, pursued the whose appearance fre was pleased to expresseneiny, who was passing the bridge, drove his satisfaction, General Marulaz, under into the river the cannon, waggons, and from whose command the corps stands, presented 8 to 900 men, and took in the town from 3 several of them, to whom his Majesty was to 4000 men, whom the enemy had left there pleased to grant decorations of the Legion of for its defence. General Clapetede, whose Honour.

advanced guard was three battalions, pursued General Wrede has intercepted a courier, them. He halted at Ebersberg, and found on whom were found two letters in pieces, 30,000 Justrians occupying a superb position. 310m which we may perceive the state of The Duke of Istria passed the bridge with his confusion in which the kingdom is.

cavalry, in order to support the division, and Fifts Bulletin.

the Duke of Rivoli ordered his advanced From tbe Imperial Camp at Enns, May 4, 1809. guard to be strengthened by the main body of

On the ist nf May, General Oudinot, after the army. The remains of the corps of having made 1400 prisoners, penetrated be Prince Lewis and General Hiller were lost yond Ried, where he took 400 more, with without resource. In this extreme danger out firing a single gun.

the enemy set five to the town, which was The town of Brannau was a strong place built of wood. The fire spread in an instant of sufficient importance, since it conmanded in every direction. The bridge was soon enta bridge on the river, which forms the fron- veloped, and the flames seized the juists, cier of Austria. In a spirit of inconsistency, which it was necessary to cut. Neither csworthy this weak Cabinet, ic destroyed a valry nor infantry were able to act; and the fortress situated on a frontier, where it might division of Claparede alone, with only four be of great utility, in order to build one at pieces of cannon, fought during three hours Comorn, in the midst of Hungary. Posteri- against 30,000 men. This battle of Ebersty will with difficulty credit this excess of in. berg is one of the finest military occurrences, consistency and folly.

the memory of which can be preserved by The Emperor arrived at Ried on the ed in history. The eneay seeing the division of the morning, and at Lainbach in the after. Clarapepe cut off without any coromanication, noon. At Ried were found an establishment advanced three times against it, and was al. of eight sets of military ovens, and magazines ways received and stopped by the bayonet. containing 20,000 quintals of four. The At length, after a labour of three hours, the bridge of Lambach, on the Traun, had been flames were turned aside, and a passage wu cut by the enemy; it was re-established dur. opened. General Le Grand marched towarda ing the day. On the same day, the Duke of 'the castle, which the enemy' had occupied Istria and tbe Duke of Montebello entered with 800 men. The sappers broke in the Wels. In this town was found a bakery, doors, and the Rames having reached the 12 or 15,000 quintals of Aour, and maga-castle, all who were within perished.' Genezing of wine and brandy. The Duke of ral Le Grand afterwards marched to the ata

Dentzic, who arrived on the 30th of April sistance of Claparede's divisron. General * at Saltzburg, instantly caused one brigade to Durosnel, who advanced to the right shore,

march towards Kufstein, and another towards with 1000 horse, joined him, and the enemy * Rastadt. His advanced guard, pursuing Ge- was obliged to retreat with great haste. On

neral Jellachich, forced him across the strong the first report of these events, the Emperor post at Colling

himself marched ap the right shote with che On the 1st of May, the head-quarters of the divisiins of Nansouty and Molitor. The Duke of Rivoli were at Scharding Adjutant- enemy retreared with the greatest rapidity. Ceneral Trinqualaye, commanding the ad. arrived at night at Enns, burnt the bridge, Svanced guard, 1 met at Ricdan, the advanced and continued his light to Vierina. His loss

guard of the enemy. The Wirtemberg light consists of 12,000 men, of which 7500 are horse, the Baden dragoons, and three com- prisoners We also possess four pieces of panies of French voltigeurs, attacked and cannon, and two standards. The Deputies of pursued the enemy to Neumark

the States of Upper Austria, were presented The Duke of Rivoli arrived at Lintz on to his Majesty at his bivouae at Ebersberg the 3d. The Archduke Lewis, and General

Særb Bulletin.
Hiller, with the remains of their corps, res

9. Pellen, Mas 9. inforced by a reserve of grenadiers, and by The Prince of Ponte Corvo, who com all that the country could afford them, were mands the '9th corps, composed in a great before the Traun with 35,000 men but measure of the Sixon army, and which has menaced with being turned by the Duke of marched near the Bohemian frontier, hes Montebello, they proceeded to Ebersberg, caused the Saxon General Guttchmitt to in order to get the river. On the 3d, the march to Egra." This General has been well Doke of Istria and General Oudinot marched tereived by the inhabitants, whom he has towards Ebenbere, and effected a junalon ordered to dismiss the landwehr (mllidia),

ich the Duke of Rivoli. They met the On the 6th, the head-quarters of die Prince




of Ponte Corvo were at Riez, between Bohe. and executed within twenty-four hours affer mia and Ratisbon. One Schill, a sort of he shall be taken, and this as the leadec of robber, who was covered with crimes during highway robbers. the last campaign with Prussia, and who had ALEXANDER, Prince of Neufchatel, &c. obtained the rank of Colonel, has deserted

Sevenib Bulletin. from Berlin, with his whole regiment, and

Vieand, May 13. repaired to Wirtemberg, on the Saxon fron.

mbere, on the Saxon fron. On the 10th, about nine in the morning, tier. He tants environed that town. General the Emperor appeared with the corps of the Lestoco has issued a proclamation against Marshal Duke of Montebello, at the gates of bim as a deserter. This ridiculous movement Vienna. It was just one mboth, on the was concerted with the party which wished same day and hour that the Austrian arnus to send fire and blood through Germany. had crossed the Inn, and the Emperor EranHis Majesty has ordered the formation of cis hnd rendered himself guilty of a breach of corps of observation of the Elbe, which will faith, which was the prognostic of his over be commanded by the Duke of Valny, and throw. The Emperor experienced a secret composed of 60,000 men. The advanced satisfaction, when, approaching the immense guard is ordered to proceed to Hanau. . suburb of Vienna, a numerous popolace, wo

The Duke of Montebello crossed the Enns men, children, and old meg, hastened to at Steyer, on the 4th, and arrived on the meet the French army, and received adı sol5th at Amstetten, where he met the enemy's diers as friends. advanced' guard. Colbert, General of Bri- General Couroux entered the suburbs, and gade, caused the 20th regiment of horse General Thuroan repaired to the platform chasseurs to charge a regiment of Ulans, of which separates them from the town. At the whom 500 were taken. The young Laoriston, moment when he was posting liis troops, he eighteen years of age, and who but six months was saluted with a fre of muskeery and cangon, ago was a page, after a singular combat, van- and received a slight wound. . quished the commander of the t'lans, and of the three hundred thousand which forma took him prisoner. His Majesty has granted the whole population of Vienna, the town "bim the decoration of the Legion of Honour. properly so called, which * defended by On the 6th, tbc Duke of Montebello arrived bastions and a counterscarp, conrains nearls at Molck, the Duke of Rivoli at Amstetten, 80,000 inhabitants. The four auarter of and the Duke of Auerstadt at Lintz. These che town, which are called mubarbs, and mains of the corps of the Archduke Lewis which are separated from it by'a plain, ea and General Hiller, quitced St. Polten on the the land side, covered by entrenchment, in7th. Two-thirds passed the Danube at Crems; clude more than 6000 houses, inhabited by they were pursued to Mautern, where the more than 220,000 persons. bridge was found broken; the other third The Archduke Maximilian had ordered to tuok the direction of Vienna

gisters to be opened co collect the names On the 5th, the head-quarters of the Em- the inhabitants who wished to defend the peror were at St. Polten. The head-quarters selves. Thirty individuals alone inscribed of the Duke of Montebello are today at Si- their names; all the others refused with 1fartskirchen. The Duke of Dantzic is march. digpation. I am ing from Saltzburg to Inspruck, in order to The Duke of Montebello sene bim an aid 'attack in the rear the detachments wbich the de-camp with a summone; bor hotchers, 198 enemy has still in the Tyrol, and which trou- some hundreds of fellows, wbo went the bled the frontiers of Bavaria. In the cellars tellites of the Archduke Maximilian, few of the Abbey of Molck were found several upon the aid-de-camp, and one of these thousand bottles of wine, which are very wounded him.

useful for the army. It is not till beyond After this unheard-of violation of the vid * Molck that the wine country begins. Je of nations, we saw the frightful specuado

follows from the accounts given in, that the a part of the city bring upon the other pa army has found, since the passage of the Inn, and of a city whose arms wehs turned wain in the different magazines of che enemy, her own citizens. 40,000 quintals of four, 400,000 rations of General Andreossy appointed Gos biscuit, and some hundred thousands of ratiops of the city, organised in each sa of bread. Ausiria had formed these maga- cipalities, a central committee a zines in order to march forward. They tave and a national guard. I been of great use to us. .

The Governor-General cared a Aribe Imperial Headequarters at Ems, May 6. from the eight suburbs to proceed a

By virtue of a command of his Majesty the brunn. The Emperor ordered the Enperor and King. Chastelar, doi-disant Ge- to go into the city with actes neral of the Austrian service, ring leader of Prince of Neufchatel Terre the insurrection in the Tyrol, and causer of Arcbduke, that, if he confiades the murders committed on Bavarian and French the suburbs, such a prisoners, contrary to the laws of nations, break the ties that attack by shall be brought before a military commission, vucling


The reply to this demand was a redoubled Emperor that this war would bring about the fire from ihe ramparts.

downfall of his house, and that the French The patience of the Emperor was worn out wond soon be at Vienna. * Pobt Poh!**

be ordered a bridge tu be built on the arm replied the Emperor," they are all in Spain." of the Danube, which separates the Prater -Thugut made repeated representations: from tbe suburbs. At 8 pm, the materiale The Prince de Ligne said aloud, “I thought of the bridge were united-1800 howitzers I was old envagni not to have outlived the were fired in less than four hours, and soon Austrian Monarchy **** And when the ola the whole city appeared in flames.

Counc Wallis saw the Emperor ses out to One must baye previously seen Vienpa, join the army, be said, " Tbere is Darius ber houses right or nine stories high, hes running to meet an Alexander ; he will expenarrow streets, that population sa numerous rience the same fate." Count Cobentzel, in so small a space, to form an idea of che the promoter of the war of 1805, on his deatisdisorder and disasters occasioned by such an bed, and but twenty-four hours before he exoperation.

8. no pired, addressed an animated letter to the The Archduke lost his judgment in the Eroperor. * Your Majesty," he wrote, midst of the bombardmentsy and at the mo. " ought to consider at fortunate the situation mieuit particularly in which he was informed in which the peace of Presburgh has placed chat we had passed an arm of the Danube, and you. You are in the second rank among the were marching against him to cut off his res powers of Europe, which is the same your treat, as weak and pusillanimous as be had ancestors occupied. Avoid & war for which been arrogant and inconsiderate, he was the no provocation is given. Napoleon will com first to cross the bridges.

P ri quer, and will then have the right to be inAt day-break on the 12th, the General in- exorable," &c. &c. The Prince of Zinzens formed the outposts that a fire would be dorf, Minister for Forcign Affairs, severd opened on the town, and that a depucation other statesmen and persons of distinction . should be seat to the Emperor. A depata. and all the respectuble burghers, spoke in cion was accordingly presented to the Empe. the same manner. But the wounded pride tor, in the purk of Schoenbrunn. His Ma of the Emperor, the hatred of the Archduke jesty assured the deputation that the town Charles against Russia, the gold of England, should obtaia his protection. He testified which had porchased the minister Sturlion, the regret which he felt at the inhuman con- the levity of some dozen of women, or effemiduct of their government, which had not nate meny the false reports of Count Metters shuddered at giving up the capital to all the nicb, the intrigues of the Rozumowakys, horrors of war. His Majesty intimated that the Dulpotzos, the Schlegels, the Centres, Vienas should be treated with the same ten- and other adventurers, maintained by Englund derness and regard uit had been in 1895. for sowing discord on the continent, have This assurance was received by the deputies promoted this foolish and impious war. with testimonies of the most sicere grati: Weak Princes! corrupt cabinets ! ignormt,

fickle, besotied men! such me the snares
Ae nine in the morning, the duke of Rin which England has for these fifteen years .
voli, with the divisions of St. Cyr and Beddet, constantly Jaid for you, and into which yor
got possession of Leopolstadt

will readily fall. But the catastrophe you
In the mean time, Lieutenant General prepared in at length developed, and the peace
O'Reilcy sent Lieutenant-General De Vaux of the continent is for ever secured.
and Colonel Bellontie to beat for the capitu The Emperor hns reviewed the heavy es
Intion of the place.

v alry or General Nansouty, 5000 strong, and
T The capitulations was signed in the evening, has given to the bravest officer of cach regte
and on the 13th, six in the morning, the ment the side of Baron, and to the bravest
Brenadian of Oudinot took pouvention of the Cairamutery & decoration of the Legion of

Honour with 1900 franes.
Ipf Eigbub Bellain. 1,

We found at Vienna kve hundred pietes of

Vienna, May 26. cannon, 1 great number of carriages, and
The inhabitants of VienDa greatly prane imasense quantities of balls, &c
de oundour of the Archdale Mainiets whe T he Austrian Monarchy issued more than .
defuse to support the Government in the rey 300 millions of paper to support the prepa
sulotonety measures ordered by the Bmperor rition for this war, and the number or bir
Francis and that the Archdio Maxtallida in cealation mount to more than 1500
wat eefone e end in die stedTM miliom,
Yuan hoe wonderbaty hrtovi u During the hombardment of Vlerini, bu

moon kote Mbout te huunds were destroyed, and the
a mabe Opeople tenutkent this mlafortune fent

upon the mor float promotes of the
the few days rett Which the my hn hrad

we hire scarely my sick, bthe .. or whatever we dhulbuted the troops to widende

[ocr errors][merged small]

Ninth Bulletin.

* Danube, in the presence of an enemy well

Vienna, May 19, acquainted with all the local circuinstances, After the army had a few days rest at Vi- and who has the inhabitants on his side, is (Ana, the necessary preparations were made one of the greatest military enterprises that for the important passage of the Danube can be imagined. The bridge over the arm Prince Charles, driven to the other side of of the river, which separates the Aghe bank Ebe Danube, had 10 other refuge chan the from the first island, and the bridge from this mills of Bohemia. The Emperur did not that of Inder-Lobaw, were erected adopt any plan to delay his entrance into on the 19th. Molitor's division had been Vienna a day, well knowing that in the scate conveyed to the great island, on the 18th, by of exasperation in which people's minds were, low-boats. On the 20th, the Emperor arvived it might be resolved to wefend tbe town, and on Inder-Lobau, and caused a bridge to be to multiply obstacles.

thrown over the last arm of the Danuhe, Tbe Duke of Averstadt remained before froin that island to the left bank, between Ratisbon, whilst Prince Charles retreated to Gross-Aspern and Esling. This arm being Bohemia. Immediately after hc proceeded not quite 70 toises broad, only 15 pontoons to Passau and Lintz, on the sight bank ut the were required for the operation, which were Danube, and gained four marches on the fixed within three hours. Colonel St. Croix Prince.

arrived first on the left bank, in an open The corps of the Prince of Ponte Corvo boat; and General Lasalle's division of light acted on the same system, and first moved cavalry, with Molitor and Boudet's divisions, towards Egra, which torced Prince Charles lo passed during the nigbt. Afterwards, the direct General Bellegarde's corps towards that Emperor, accompanied by the Prince of Near puint, but by a counter-march he turned to- chatel, the Dukes of Rivuli and Montebello. wards Lintz, where he arrived before General examined the position of the left hankan Bellegarde, who, foresceing this counter. determined the field of battle, posting the march, had also directed his march towards right on the village of Esling, and the left on the Danube. These manquvres periormed the village of Gross-Aspero. Both villages daily, have freed Italy, the borders of the Inn, were garrisoned at the same time. On the the Selza, and the Traun; conquered Vienna, 21st, at four in the afternoon, the enemy's annihilated the militia and the Landwher, army shewed itself, and appeared to have for completed the ruin of the corps of the Arch- its object to defeat our vanguard, and to drive duke Lewis and General Hiller, and dimi. it into the river. Vain enterprise! nished the fame of the enemy's generals. The Duke of Rivoli was the first attacked,

The emperor has thrown a bridge over the at Gross Aspern, by General Bellegarde. He Danube at Ebersdorff, two leagues below maneuvred with the divisions of Molitor and Vicona. The division of Moliter was con- Le Grand, and rendered completely abortive veyed to the left bank, and quickly defeated all the attacks which the enemy made that the weak detachments which disputed the evening. The Duke of Montebello defended ground with them.

the village of Esling; and the Duke of Istria She Emperor of Austria is at Znaim. covered the plain with the light cavalry and There is as yet no rising in Hungary.... Espagne's cuirassiers, protecting at the same

Tlse Duke of Dantzic is at Inspruck. On time Enzendorf. The contest, was severe, the 14th ne deleated General Chastellar, and the enemy having 200 picces of cannon, and Rook 700 men,

90,000 men, collected from the remains of The position of the army is as follows:--The all the Austrian corps. D'Espagne's division corps of Rivuli, Montebello, bud Oudinot, of cuirassiers, which made several fine charges are at Vienna, as also the Imperial Guards; advanced in two squares, and took 14 pieces the corps or Auerstadt, is between St. Polten of cannon; but a ball killed General D'Esand Vienna; Poute Corvo is ac Lints, with pagae, wlule fighting, gloriously, at the head the Saxon and Wirtemberghers; a corps de of his troops. He was a brave man. The reseive is at Passau ; Dantzic is with the General of Brigade, Foulers, was likewise Bavarians at Sultzburgh and Inspruck e : killed. General Nansouty arrived in the *. Toutb Bulletin.

evening on the field of battle, with the ro

Ebersdo f, May 23. gle brigade commanded by General St. Gen Opposite to Ebersdorff tbe Dunube is divided main, and distinguished himself by several into three branches, separated by two islands. brilliant charges. At eight o'clock the acting The distance from the right bank to the terminated, and we remained master of the island on that side, which is 140 coises in cir- field. During the night, General Oudiaet's cumlesence, is about 1200 toises. Tbe dis- corps, St. Hillaire's division, two brigades of Lance Spom this island to the greates is 120 light cavalry, and the train of artillery, passed Ruises; and here the stream runs with the over the three bridges. On the Red, the Treatest force - The larger of the two island, Duke of Rivoli was the first engaget, at four

called Inder-Luban, wd the water which in the morning. The enemy made seestal separates it from the main land is 70 ruises successive attacks in order to retoke the vil bread. The first villages which appear afras lage. At last, the Duke of Rivoli, tired of exessing, are Grosa. A spota, Ecling, and Ea- acting on the defensive, attached the enemy pendor'l. The passage of mich a river wa che in lus lurn, and threw birn into contusies


Gen. Le Grand distinguislied bimself; Gene- trenching themselves in the church-yard of heral Boudet was stationed at Esling, and had Esling. The tiralleurs, under the command orders to detend that important position. Ob of General Curial, performed their first ser. serving that ihe enemy had a very wide space vice this day, and proved that they possessed between his right and left wing, it was resolved courage. General Dorsenne, colonel, comto penetrate his centre. The Duke of Monte- manding the Old Guard, pos.ed his troops in bello led the at:ack. General Outinat was the third line, forming a brazen wall, which on the left, St. Hillaise's division was in the was alone capable of withstanding all the efcenire, and Boudet's division was on the forts of the Austrian army. The enemy dis. right wing. - The enemy's centre could not charged 41,001) cannot-sliot against us, while withstand the sight of our troops. In a mo. we, deprived of our reserve parks, were under meot, every thing was borne down beto:e the necessity of sparing our ammunition, lesc them. The Duke of Istria made several suc. some unforeseen events should occur. Tessful attacks. Three Columns of infantry In the evening, the enemy returned to his were charged and cut down by the cuirasspers. old position, which he had left previous to the The Austrian arniy was on the point of bcing commencement of the attack, and we rc. destroyed, when, at seven in the norning, an mained masters of the field. His loss is very aide-de-camp of the Emperor came to inform great : it being estimated that he left more him, that a sudden rise of the Danube had set than 1,000 dead on the field. According to afloat a great number of trees, which were the reports of the prisoners, the eneniy have cut down during the late events at Vienni, hid93 generals, and 80 superior officers, killed and rafts, which had been left on tire bank; or wounded. Lieutenant Field Marshal We. aud that the bridges, which formed the com- ber, 1.500 men, and four standards, have fallen munication between the right bank and the into our hans. Our loss has also been conlittle island, and between the little island ani siderable. We have 1100 killed, and 3000 that of Inder-Lubnu, had thereby been carried wounded. away. This rapid swell, which usually does The Duke of Montebello was wounded by not take place unul che middle of June, on a cannon ball, in toe thigh, in the evening the melting of the show, has been accelerated of the 29d; but an amputation has taken by the great heat which has for some day's place, and his life is out of danger. At first prevailed. All the reserve parks of artillery it was thought that he was killed; and, be which were advancing, were, by the loss of ing corried, on a han i-barrow, to where the the bridges, detained on the right bank, 19 Emperor was, his adieu was most affccring. was also a part of our heavy cavalry, and the In the midst of all the anxieties of the day. whole of the Duke of Auerstadt's corps. This the Emperor gave hinsel: up to the exprcia dreadrul acsident induced the Emperor to put sion of that tender friendship which, during a stop to the movement in advance. He ore su mny years, he has cherished for his brave dered the Duke of Montebello to keep the companions in arms. Some rears rolled from field of battle, and to take his position with his eyes; and, turning to those who surtris left wing resting on a curtain work, which founded him, he said " My heart required a the Duke of Rivoli covered, and his right painful stroke, like this, to make me have wing at Esling.

any other concern to-day than for my army." • The artillery and infantry cartridges, which The Duke of Montebello was senseless; but were in our reserve park, could not now be recovered himself, in che presence of the Embrought across the river. The enemy was in peror: he embraced him, and suit." Witha most frightful state of disorder, at the mo. in an hour, you will have lost him, who dies ment when he learned that our bridges were with the glory and consolation of being your bruken down. The slackening of our fire, best friend." and the concentrating movement of our army, The General of Division, St. Hiliaire, is also soon leit tim no doubt respecting chis unforc. wounded : he is one of the first generals of been accident. All his camion and artillery France. General Durustel, aide-de-camp to equipage which were relore on the retreat, the Emperor, wis also killed by a cannon. were again drawn ou: in ime, and, from nine ball, while he w4s carrsing an order. The in the morning to seven in the evening, he soldiers displayed all that coolness and intremade the most astonishing excrtions, support- pidity which is peculiar to the French alone. ed by the fire of 200 iieces of cannon, to the waters of the Danube still increasing, chrow the French army into di order; but all the bridges could not be restored during his efforts tended to his own disgrace. Thrice the night; the Emperor, therefore, ordered he attacked the villages of Eling und Gross the army, on the 231, to pass the left bank, Aspern, and thrice he filled them with hy across the litile arm, and take a position in dead. The fusileers of the gnad acquired the island of Inter- bau, protrcting the great glory ; they defeated tbe reserve, torm- ite:- punt. The works for replacing the ed of all the grenadier of the Austrian army, brities are continued with assiduity; and and the only fresh troops which remained to nothing will be undertaken until they are the enemy. General Gros put to the sivord-secure, not only against the accidents of the 700 Hongarians, who had succeeded in can water, but against any thing tha: may be at. MONTALY Mas, No, 19.


« FöregåendeFortsätt »