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16 I communed with mine own me men singers and women singers, heart, saying, Lo, I am come to and the delights of the sons of men, great estate, and have gotten more as musical instruments, and that of wisdom than all they that have been all sorts. before me in Jerusalem : yea, my 9 So I was great, and increased heart had great experience of wis more than all that were before me in dom and knowledge.

Jerusalem : also my wisdom remain17 And I gave my heart to know ed with me. wisdom, and to know madness and 10 And whatsoever mine eyes folly : I perceived that this also is desired I kept not from them, I vexation of spirit.

withheld not my heart from any 18 For in much wisdom is much joy; for my heart rejoiced in all my grief: and he that increaseth know labour: and this was my portion of ledge increaseth sorrow.

all my labour.

11 Then I looked on all the works CHAP. II.

that my hands had wrought, and on

the labour that I had laboured to do: I Said in mine heart, Go to now, I and, behold, all was vanity and vexwill prove thee with mirth, therefore ation of spirit, and there was no proenjoy pleasure: and, behold, this fit under the sun. also is vanity.

12 And I turned myself to be2 I said of laughter, It is mad: hold wisdom, and madness, and and of mirth, What doeth it?

folly : for what can the man do that 3 I sought in mine heart to give cometh after the king? even that myself unto wine, yet acquainting which hath been already done. mine heart with wisdom; and to lay 13 Then I saw that wisdom exhold on folly, till I might see what celleth folly, as far as light excelleth was that good for the sons of men, darkness. which they should do under the hea 14 The wise man's eyes are in ven all the days of their life.

his head; but the fool walketh in * 4 I made me great works; I darkness : and I myself perceived builded me houses; I planted me also that one event happeneth to vineyards :

them all. 5 I made me gardens and or 15 Then said I in my heart, As it chards, and I planted trees in them happeneth to the fool, so it happenof all kind of fruits :

eth even to me; and why was I then 6 I made me pools of water, to more wise? Then I said in my heart, water therewith the wood that bring that this also is vanity. eth forth trees :

16 For there is no remembrance 7 I got me servants and maidens, of the wise more than of the fool for and had servants born in my house; ever; seeing that which now is in also I had great possessions of great the days to come shall all be forand small cattle above all that were gotten. And how dieth the wise in Jerusalem before me:

man? as the fool. 8 I gathered me also silver and 17 Therefore I hated life; begold, and the peculiar treasure of cause the work that is wrought unkings and of the provinces : I gat | der the sun is grievous unto me:


for all is vanity and vexation of ll

CHA P. III. spirit.

18 Yea, I hated all my labour To every thing there is a season, which I had taken under the sun : and a time to every purpose under because I should leave it unto the the heaven: man that shall be after me.

· 2 A time to be born, and a time 19 And who knoweth whether ll to die; a time to plant, and a time to he shall be a wise man or a fool ? pluck up that which is planted ; yet shall he have rule over all 3 A time to kill, and a time to my labour wherein I have labour heal; a time to break down, and a ed, and wherein I have shewed my time to build up; self wise under the sun. This is 4. A time to weep, and a time to also vanity.

laugh; a time to mourn, and a time 20 Therefore I went about to to dance; cause my heart to despair of all 5 A time to cast away stones, and the labour which I took under the a time to gather stones together; a sun.

time to embrace, and a time to re21 For there is a man whose la frain from embracing; bour is in wisdom, and in knowledge, 6 A time to get, and a time to and in equity; yet to a man that lose ; a time to keep, and a time bath not laboured therein shall he to cast away; leave it for his portion. This also is 7 A time to rend, and a time to vanity and a great evil. .

sew; a time to keep silence, and a · 22 For what hath man of all his time to speak; labour, and of the vexation of his 8 A time to love, and a time to heart, wherein he hath laboured un hate; a time of war, and a time of der the sun ?

peace. 23 For all his days are sorrows, 9. What profit hath he that workand his travail grief; yea, his heart eth in that wherein he laboureth? taketh not rest in the night. This 10 I have seen the travail, which is also vanity.

God hath given to the sons of men 24 There is nothing better for a to be exercised in it. man, than that he should eat and 11 He hath made every thing drink, and that he should make his beautiful in his time: also he hath soul enjoy good in his labour. This set the world in their heart, so that also I saw, that it was from the hand no man can find out the work that of God.

God maketh from the beginning to 25 For who can eat, or who else the end. can hasten hereunto, more than I ? 12 I know that there is no good

26 For God giveth to a man that in them, but for a man to rejoice, is good in his sight wisdom, and and to do good in his life. knowledge, and joy: but to the 13 And also that every man sinner he giveth travail, to gather should eat and drink, and enjoy the and to heap up, that he may give good of all his labour, it is the gift to him that is good before God. of God. This also is vanity and vexation of 14 I know that, whatsoever God spirit.

doeth, it shall be for ever: nothing

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can be put to it, nor any thing taken from it: and God doeth it, that men should fear before him.

15 That which hath been is now; and that which is to be hath already been; and God requireth that which is past.

16 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there ; and the place of righteousness, that iniquity was there.

17 I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked : for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.

18 I said in mine heart concerning the estate of the sons of men, that God might manifest them, and that they might see that they themselves are beasts.

19 For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: , as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man bath no preeminence above a beast: for all is vanity.

20 All go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.

21 Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?

22 Wherefore I perceive that there is nothing better, than that a man should rejoice in his own works; for that is his portion : for who shall bring him to see what shall be after him?

such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter.

2 Wherefore I praised the dead which are already dead more than the living which are yet alive.

3 Yea, better is he than both they, which hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil work that is done under the sun.

4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh.

6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit.

7 Then I returned, and I saw va. nity under the sun.

8 There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother : yet is there no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither saith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This is also vanity, yea, it is a sore travail.

9 Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour.

10 For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up.

11 Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone?

12 And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. 13 Better is a poor and a wise


So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun : and behold the tears of

child than an old and foolish king, | who will no more be admonished.

14 For out of prison he cometh to reigo; whereas also he that is born in his kingdom becometh poor. · 15 I considered all the living which walk under the sun, with the second child that shall stand up in his stead.

16 There is no end of all the people, even of all that have been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice in him. Surely this also is vanity and vexation of


CHAP. V. KEEP thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear, than to give the sacrifice of fools: for they consider not that they do evil.

2 Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few.

3 For a dream cometh through the multitude of business; and a fool's voice is known by multitude of words.

4 When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for he hath no pleasure in fools : pay that which thou hast vowed.

5 Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay.

6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; neither say thou before the angel, that it was an error: wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thine hands?

7 For in the multitude of dreams and many words there are also divers vanities: but fear thou God.

8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter : for he that is higher than the highest regardeth ; and there be higher than they.

9 Moreover the profit of the earth is for all: the king himself is served by the field.

10 He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that loveth abundance with increase: this is also vanity.

11 When goods increase, they are increased that eat them: and what good is there to the owners thereof, saving the beholding of them with their eyes?

12 The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether be eat little or much : but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep.

13 There is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt.

14 But those riches perish by evil travail: and he begetteth a son, and there is nothing in his hand.

15 As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand.

16 And this also is a sore evil, that in all points as he came, so shall he go: and what profit hath he that hath laboured for the wind?

17 All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

18 Behold that which I have seen: it is good and comely for one to eat and to drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he taketh under the sun all the days of his life, which

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God giveth him: for it is his portion. · 19 Every man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth, and hath given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion, and to rejoice in his labour; this is the gift of God.

20 For he shall not much remember the days of his life; because God answereth him in the joy of his heart.

than the fool? what hath the poor; that knoweth to walk before the living?

9 Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

10 That which hath been is named already, and it is known that it is man: neither may he contend with him that is mightier than he.

11 Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what is man the better?

12 For who knoweth what is good for man in this life, all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow ? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?



THERE is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it is common among men :

2 A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity, and it is an evil disease.

3 If a man beget an hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good, and also that he have no burial; I say, that an untimely birth is better than he.

4 For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness.

5 Moreover he hath not seen the sun, nor known any thing: this hath more rest than the other.

6 Yea, though he live a thousand years twice told, yet hath he seen no good: do not all go to one place?

7 All the labour of man is for his mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled.

8 For what hath the wise more

A Good name is better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth.

2 It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting : for that is the end of all men; and the living will lay it to his heart.

3 Sorrow is better than laughter: for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better.

4 The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth.

5 It is better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than for a man to hear the song of fools.

6 For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool : this also is vanity.

© Surely oppression maketh a wise man mad; and a gift destroyeth the heart.

8 Better is the end of a thing

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