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OBSERVATIONS ON THE WEATHER,

For MARCH, 1822.

Naval Academy, Gosport.

General, Report.

THE greatest part of this month was distinguished by fine sunny weather between the mild rains, and an increase in the extraordinary high temperature for the beginning of spring. Although the barometer has fluctuated much, and undergone 30 changes, the mean pressure, notwithstanding the prevalence of strong SW. and W. winds, was high.

There have been several hoar frosts before sunrise, but not one of them was injurious to the leafing and the early blossoms. The marimum temperature of the air on several days this month, was equal to that of some summer days. The mean temperature is upwards of 4° higher than in last March, and 5° higher than the mean of March for the last seven years, and about equal to the April months for that period. Spring water is 2° higher than at this time last year; therefore, we need not be surprised at the forwardness of spring, especially when we consider the re

DAILY REMARKS.

March 1. Hoar frost and a fog early, followed by winds from various points, and a sunny day, with Cumuli, &c.; a cloudless sky till midnight, when a large lunar halo appeared. 2. AM. calm and cloudy, and a Nimbus at midday, which in its passage let fall a few drops of rain : P.M. fair, wtih two winds, the upper one from SW. 3. A Stratus early, succeeded by a calm and cloudless morning : nascent Cumuli and Cirri in the afternoon, and two winds: a clear sky, and much dew by night. 4. A fine sunny day, with descending Cirri, &c. and a parhelion on the south side of the sun at 4 PM. : a large lunar halo appeared towards midnight, followed by rain, 5. The day as à. preceding: a large solar halo in the afternoon in a veil of Cirrostratus: a hard gale from SW. and rain by night. 6. A rainy day, and a continuation of the gale. 7. AM. sunshine and clouds: PM. a gale from the west, with flying showers of rain at intervals, and one rainbow. 8. An overcast sky, and a continuation of the gale, with showers at intervals in the day: cloudy and fine by night. 9. After 2 hours sunshine, an overcast sky, and a gale from the SW. by night. 10. AM. overcast, and a continuation of the gale: PM. fine between the showers. ll. A sunny day: the clouds coloured at sunset, and a clear sky by night. 12. Hoar frost early, and a cloudless morning: PM. fine with Cumuli and Cirrus : the latter modification passed to attenuated Cirrostratus in the evening. 13. A parhelion to the north of the sun at half ast 8 AM.–a sunny day with Cirrus, and passing eds of Cirrostratus: the night as the preceding. 14. AM overcast and calm : light rain and one rainbow in the afternoon, and a fine night. 15. A slight hoar-frost, early, followed by a cloudless day: overcast with Cirrostratus by night. *: Foggy early, an overcast sky, and a little rain. 17. AM. overcast and calm : PM. light rain. 18. Alternately cloudy and fine; and two winds in the evening, the upper one from N.W. 19. A sunny day with prevailing Cirrocumulus:

viving state of the earth from the almost daily additions of solar heat; and that its loss of moisture this month by evaporation, is nearly half an inch more than it has re. ceived by rain : indeed, so powerful was the evaporation during the last four days, that it took up half an inch in depth of water from the evaporator. Having had but a few days northerly and easterly winds throughout the autumn and winter, fears will be entertained till the first or second week in May, of their return with sharp frosts, which would undoubtedly prove fatal to the young fruit. The atmospheric and meteoric phenomena that have come within our observation this month, are 4 parhelia, 4 solar and 6 lunar halos, 4 meteors, 3 perfect rainbows, and 12 gales of wind, or days on which they have prevailed, namely, 6 from §. 3 from W. 2 from N. and 1 from the

an overcast sky after sunset, and light rain. The mean temperature of the last 24 hours was higher than that of some summer days and nights. 20. AM. calm and overcast, and a thick haze resting on the surrounding hills; sunshine in the afternoon, foggy at intervals by night, and two small meteors. 21. AM. a thick fog : PM. fair with Cirri and Cirrostrati. 22. AM. Cirri and a brisk wind : PM. a cloudless sky, and one small meteor. 23. A fair o with Cirri interspersed about the sky, and a sinking barometer: attenuated Cirrostratus by night. 23. AM. a solar halo, and showers of rain : PM. fine, and a very, dry NW. wind. The unilluminated part of the moon's disc beyond the small crescent (her age being only 36 hours) reflected a copper-colour till she set, which had the appearance of the full moon through a hazy atmosphere. 25. Showery by day, and a strong gale from SW. : a clear sky by night. The dark part of the moon's disc was again remarkably bright, and exhibited several luminous spots. 26. Overcast with undulated Cirrostratus and Cumulostratus, and two winds crossing at right angles: a sunny afternoon, and overcast by night. 27. AM. sunshine and clouds: P.M. a cloudless sky, and at half past o'clock a brilliant meteor to the southward descended through a great space, apparently perpendicular. 28. Frequent beds of Cirrocumulus and variable winds in the day: showery after sunset, and a faint lunar halo. 29. A fair day, with prevailing Cirri, which passed to Cirrostrutus, and produced a solar halo, with two coloured parhelia just without its edge one on each side of the sun; also a lunar halo fili 9 P.M. when the sky became o overcast, followed by light rain, and a gale from SW. 30. AM. rain and hail, and a continuation of the gale: PM. Nimbi, with heavy showers, and a gale from the north, and one perfect rainbow. 31. Fair, and a continuation of the gale in the morning: PM. a piercing gale from NE. which caused a very sensible change in the air, and lessened the temperature of spring water, a large lunar halo, a meteor appeared in the evening.

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Kept at the Observatory of the Naval Academy, Gosport.

The units under “Clouds” represent the days on which each modification of cloud has appeared.

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The observations in each line of this Table, under Barometer, Thermometer, Wind, and Rain, are for a period of 24 hours, beginning at 8 AM.

s Results. s Maximum. . . . . . 30-51 March 31st, Wind NE. BARoMETER No...... 29'57 Do. 8th, Do. W. Range of the Mercury . . . . . . . . 0-94 Mean barometrical pressure for the Month . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30-145 - for the lunar period, ending the 22d instant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30-223 — for 14 days, with the Moon in North declination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30-204 for 15 days, with the Moon in South declination -----. . . . . . . .... 30-242 Spaces described by the oscillations of the Mercury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------------------ 8-510 reatest variation in 24 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ------ - - - - - - - - - - - -- 0-900 Number of Changes, caused by the variations in the Weight of the Atmosphere. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30so- i Maximum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64° March 19th & 27th, Wind W. and SE. THERMoMETER so.......................... 34 Ditto 11th & 31st, Do. NE. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 Mean temperature of the Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49.79 for 31 days with the Sun in Pisces . . . . 48-14 Greatest variation in 24 hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 23:00 Mean temperature of spring water at 8 AM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51-25 DE LUc's whal EBox E HYC Rom ETER. Greatest humidity of the Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94° in the evening of the 20th. Greatest dryness of Ditto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - 43 in the afternoon of the 24th. Range of the Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 51 Mean at 2 o'clock PM. . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 61-8 --- at 8 Do. -- AM.- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 743 ––– at 8 Do. . . PM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - 77.0 —- of 3 observations each day at 8, 2, and 8 o'clock . . . . 71-0 Evaporation for the month . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-600 inch. Rain for Ditto. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . 2: 155 ditto.

Prevailing Winds. SW.
A su Minary or the WEATrie R.

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CLOUDS.
Cirrus, Cirrocumulus, Cirrostratus, Stratur, Cumulus, Cumulostratus, Nimbus.
25 15 27 2 14 12

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NEW PATENTS. * * . . .

T. Brunton, Commercial-road; for improvements upon the anchor. Feb. 12. E. Peck, Liverpool; for machinery to be worked by water, applicable to the moving of mills, &c. or for forcing or pumping water: communicated to him by R. Bulkley, a foreigner. Feb. 22. W. E. Cochrane, Esq. Somerset-street, Portman-square; for improvements in the construction of lamps, whereby they are rendered capable of burning concrete oils, animal fat, and other similar substances. Feb. 23. W. Prickle, Mark-lane; for improvements in machinery for cutting out irregular forms in wood, &c. Communicated to him by J. P. Boyd, of Boston in America. Mar. 2. J. Higgins, Esq. Fulham ; for improvements upon the construction of carriages. Mar. 2. C. Yardley, Camberwell ; for manufacturing glue from bones, by means of steam. Mar. 2. J. Thompson, Regent-street, Westminster : for an improvement in the method of preparing steel for the manufacture of springs for carriages. Mar. 2. J. Ruthven, Edinburgh; for a new

method of procuring mechanical power.
Mar. 2. - - :
G. Stratton, Hampstead-road; for an
improved process of consuming smoke.
Mar. 2. - -
J. Gladstone, Liverpool; for a chain of
a new and improved construction. Mar. 12.
R. B. Bate, Poultry; for improvements
upon hydrometers and saccharometers. Mar.
21.
W. E. E. Conwell, Ratcliff-highway;
for an improvement in the preparation of
a purgative vegetable oil. Mar. 21.
S. Robinson, Leeds; for improvements
on a machine for shearing and cropping
woollen cloth. Mar. 21. * *
G. Stephenson, Long Beaton, Northum-
berland; for improvements in steam en-
gines. Mar. 21. -
R. S. Harford, Ebbro Vale Ironworks;
for an improvement in the heating processes
in the manufacture of malleable iron.
Mar. 21. -
W. Church, Nelson-square; for an im-
proved apparatus for printing. Mar. 21.
A. Clarke, Esq. Dron, Louchars; for
an improvement in the boilers and con-
densers of steam cngines. Mar. 21.

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HIGHEST AND LOWEST PRICES OF COALS (IN THE POOL), - - In each Week, from April 1, to April 22.

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companies, Institutions, &c.
By Messrs. WOLFE and EDMowds, No. 9, 'Change-Alley, Cornhill.
(April 22d, 1822.)

GAB-Light

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