Avoiding Losses/taking Risks: Prospect Theory and International Conflict
University of Michigan Press, 1994 - 165 sidor
This volume is a comprehensive examination of the benefits and potential pitfalls of employing prospect theory---a leading alternative to expected utility as a theory of decision under risk---to understand and explain political behavior. The collection brings together both theoretical and empirical studies, thus grounding the conclusions about prospect theory's potential for enriching political analyses in an assessment of its performance in explaining actual cases.
The theoretical chapters provide an overview of the main hypotheses of prospect theory: people frame risk-taking decisions around a reference point, they tend to accept greater risk to prevent losses than to make gains, and they often perceive the devastation of a loss as greater than the benefit of a gain. The three case studies---Roosevelt's decision-making during the Munich crisis of 1938, Carter's April 1980 decision to rescue the American hostages in Iran, and Soviet behavior toward Syria in 1966-67---generally support these hypotheses. Nevertheless, the authors are frank about potentially difficult conceptual and methodological problems, making explicit reference to alternative explanations, such as the rational actor model, which posits the maximization of expected value.
Contributors to the volume include Jack Levy, Robert Jervis, Barbara Farnham, Rose McDermott, Audrey McInerney, and Eldar Shafir.
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Prospect Theory and International Conflict Barbara Farnham. GRAD TX 1311 W :
6 Or 1 ; . ' " , 496 1994 Copyright © 1994 by the University of Michigan All rights
reserved Published in the United States of America by The University of ...
4217563 Contents Introduction Barbara Farnham An Introduction to Prospect
Theory Jack S . Levy 7 Political Implications of Loss Aversion Robert Jervis 23
Roosevelt and the Munich Crisis : Insights from Prospect Theory Barbara
Farnham 41 ...
Prospect Theory and International Conflict Barbara Farnham. McDermott ' s
analysis elsewhere in this issue of how the Carter administration framed its
decision regarding the Iranian hostage rescue mission is also fairly persuasive .
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Political Implications of Loss Aversion
Prospect Theory and Soviet Policy Towards
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