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several authors necessary for such a search, or leisure to examine them, may not be unwilling to see that faithfully brought together under one short and general view, which would have required some time and labour to have searched out, as it lay diffused in a multitude of writers, out of which they must otherwise have gathered it.

NOTE.-Although the style of the Discourses concerning the following Epistles, is somewhat peculiar to that of the age in which they were written, still it was thought proper not to vary the language except where corrections in the Grammar were indispensable.-E.


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A Discourse concerning the Epistle of St. Clement,


The first Epistle of St. Clement to the Corinthians,


A Discourse concerning the Epistle of St. Polycarp,


The Epistle of St. Polycarp to the Philippians,


A Discourse concerning the Epistles of St. Ignatius,


The Epistle of St. Ignatius to the Ephesians,


to the Magnesians,


to the Trallians,


to the Romans,


to the Philadelphians,


to the Smyrneans,


to St. Polycarp,


A Discourse concerning the martyrdom of St. Ignatius, and of

the following relation of it, written by those who were pres-

ent at his sufferings,


A relation of the martyrdom of St. Ignatius,


A Discourse concerning the martyrdom of St. Polycarp, and

the Epistle written by the Church of Smyrna concerning it, 182

The Circular Epistle of the Church of Smyrna, concerning

the martyrdom of St. Polycarp,


An Advertisement relating to the foregoing Epistle,


A Discourse concerning the Catholic Epistle of St. Barnabas, 207

The general Epistle of St. Barnabas,


A Discourse concerning the second Epistle of St. Clement, 263

The second Epistle of St. Clement to the Corinthians,


A Discourse concerning the Shepherd of St. Hermas,


The first book of St. Hermas, called his Visions,


Vision 1.- Against filthy and proud thoughts, also the neglect
of Hermas in chastising his children,


Vision 2.-Again, of his neglect in correcting his talkative

wife, and of his lewd sons,


Vision 3.–Of the building of the Church-triumphant, and of

the several sorts of reprobates,


Vision 4.–Of the trial and tribulation that was about to come

upon men,


The second Book of St. Hermas, called his Commands, 319

The Introduction,


Command 1.-Of believing in one God,


Command 2 – That we must avoid detraction, and do our

alms-deeds with simplicity,


Command 3. –Of avoiding lying, and the repentance of Her-

mas for his dissimulation,


Command 4.–Of putting away one's wife for adultery, 323

Command 5.-Orihe sadness of the heart, and of patience, 328

Command 6.—That every man has two Angels, and of the

suggestions of both,


Command 7.—That we must fear God, but not the Devil, 333

Command 8.—That we must flee from evil, and do good, 334

Command 9.—That we must ask of God daily, and without



Command 10.–Of the sadness of the heart, and that we must

take heed not to grieve the Spirit of God that is in us, 338

Command 11.—That the Spirits and Prophets are to be tried

by their works, and of a two-fold Spirit,


Command 12.–Of a two-fold desire; that the commands of

God are not impossible, and that the Devil is not to be fear-

ed by them that believe,


The third Book of St. Hermas, called his Similitudes,


Similitude 1.—That seeing we have no abiding city in this

world, we ought to look after that which is to come,


Similitude 2.—As the Vine is supported by the Elm, so is the

rich man helped by the prayers of the poor,


Similitude 3.- As the green trees in the Winter cannot be dis-

tinguished from the dry, so neither can the righteous from

the wicked in this present world,


Similitude 4.--As in Summer the living trees are distinguished

from the dry by their fruit and green leaves, so in the world

to come the righteous shall be distinguished from the un-

righteous by their happiness,


Similitude 5.—Of a true Fast, and the rewards of it, also of

the cleanness of the body,


Similitude 6.—Of two sorts of voluptuous men, and of their

death, desection, and of the continuance of their pains, 365

Similitude 7.—That they who repent, must bring forth fruits

worthy of repentance,


Similitude 8.—That there are many kinds of elect, and of re-

penting sinners, and how all of them shall receive a reward

proportionable to the measures of their repentance and

good works,


Similitude 9.—The greatest mysteries of the Militant Tri-

umphant Church which is to be built,


Similitude 10.–Of repentance and alms-deeds,


That the pieces here put together are all that remain of the

most primitive and Apostolical antiquity,


The Epistle of Abgarus to our blessed Saviour,


The answer of our Saviour to Abgarus,


A Discourse concerning the authority of the foregoing trea-

tises, and the deference that ought to be paid to them upon

the account of it,


Of the subject of the foregoing discourses, and of the use that

is to be made of them,


Of the manner after which these discourses are written, and

the simplicity of style used in them,


Biographical notice of the life of St. Clement,


Biographical notice of the life of St. Polycarp,


Biographical notice of the life of St. Ignatius,


Biographical notice of the life of St. Barnabas,






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Of the value which the ancients put upon this Epistle. Of St. Cle.

ment himself, who was the author of it; that it was the same Cle-
ment of whom St. Faul speaks, Phil. iv. 3. Of his conversion to
Christianity : when he became Bishop of Rome, as also whether
be suffered martyrdom, uncertain. Of the occasion of his writing
this Epistle, and the two main parts of it. Of the time when it
was written. That there is no reason to doubt but that the Epis.
tle we now have was written by St. Clement; the objection of
Tentzelius against it of no force. How this Epistle was first pub.
lished by Mr. Patrick Young; and translated by Mr. Burton into
English. Of the present edition of it.

Hist. Eccles


1. The first tract which begins this collection, and perhaps the most worthy, is that admirable, or as some of the ancients have called it, that wonderful a epistle , Euseb. of St. Clement to the Corinthians; which he wrote to lib. iii. cap. them, not in his own name, but in the name of the whole church of Rome. An epistle so highly esteemed by the primitive church, that we are told it was wont to be publicly read in the assemblies b of it: and if we may - Idem. fib. credit one of the ancient collections c of the canon of scripture, was placed among the sacred and inspired postol. Can. writings. Nor is it any small evidence of the value which in those days was put upon this epistle, that in the only copy which for any thing we know at present remains of it, we find it to have been written in the same volume d the books of the New Testament:d Ms. Alex

iii. cap. 12
c Canon. A-



which seems to confirm what was before observed con-. cerning it; that it was read in the congregations, together with the holy scriptures of the Apostles and Evangelists.

2. But of the epistle itself, I shall take occasion tospeak more particularly hercaster. It will now be more proper to inquire a little with regard to the author of it ; and consider when, and upon what occasion, it was written by him.

3. First concerning the person who wrote this epis

tle; it is no small commendation which the Holy Ghost * Phil. iv. 3. by St. Paul has left us of hin, where the Apostle men

tions him not only as his fellow labourer in the work of the Gospel ; but as one whose name was written in the book of life. A character which if we allow our Saviour to be the judge, far exceeds that of the highest power and dignity; and who therefore when his disciples began to rejoice upon the account of that authority

which he had bestowed upon them, insomuch that even fLuke x: 17. the Devils were subject unto them, though he seemed

to allow that there was a just matter of joy in such an extraordinary power, yet bade them not to rejoice so much in this, that those spirits were subject unto them; but rather, says he, rejoice that your names are written in the book of life.

4. It is indeed insinuated by a late very learned crit e Grot. An- ic, e that this was not that Clement of whom we are

now discoursing, and whose epistle to the Corinthians I have here subjoined: but besides that, he himself con

fesses, that the person of whom St. Paul there speaks [ Euscb.Hist. was a Roman. Both Eusebius f and Epiphanius, and cap. 12. E- St. Hierome, expressly tell us that the Clement there piph. lib. i.

Car meant, was the same that was afterwards Bishop of Rome; nor do we read of any other to whom either the el comment character there mentioned, of being the fellow labourer Lib adv. of that Apostle, or the eulogy given of having his name Cod Tem. written in the book of life, could so properly belong as 113&c.

not. in Phil. iv. 3.

Adv. pocr. n.

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