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His hand refuses to sustain the bowl :
naked heart, And thou shalt find me hale in ev'ry part. I
grant this true: but, still, the deadly wound
Some coarse cold fallad is before thee set;
Thy passions, in extreams, and unconfin’d:
of boiling caldrons is more flow ;
PE R S T U S.
Our author, living in the time of Nero, was con
temporary and friend to the noble poet Lucan ; both of them were sufficiently sensible, with all good men, how unskilfully be managed the commonwealth : and perhaps might guess at his future tyranny, by some pasages, during the latter part of his first five years; tho be broke not out into his great excesses, while he was restrained by the counfels and authority of Seneca. Lucan bas not Spared bim in the poem of his Pharsalia ; for his very compliment looked asquint as well as Nero. Perfius has been bolder, but with caution likewise. For bere, in the person of young Alcibiades, be arraigns bis ambition of meddling with fiatefairs, without judgment or experience. K is probable that he makes Seneca, in this satire, fufain the part of Socrates, under a borrowed name. And, witbal, discovers fome secret vices of Nero, concerning his lust, bis drunkenness, and bis effeminacy, which had not yet arrived to public notice. He also reprebends the lattery of bis courtiers, who endeavoured to make all bis vices pafs for virtues. Covetousness was undoubtedly none of his faults ; but it is bere deScribed as a veil cast over the true meaning of the poet, wbich was to satirize his prodigality and voluptuousness; to which he makes a transition. I find no instance in bistory of that emperor's being a Pathique, tho Perfius feems to brand bim with it. Froin the two dialogues of Plato, both called Alcibiades, the poet took the arguments of the fecond and third satires, but be inverted the order of them: for the third satire is taken from the first of those dialogues. The commentators before Casaubon, were ignorant
of our author's secret meaning; and thought be bad only written against young noblemen in
general, wbo were too forward in aspiring to fublic magifiracy: but this excellent scholiaft bas unravelled the zbole mystery'; and made it apparent, that the filing of this fatire was particularly aimed at Nero.
Hoe'er thou art, whose forward years are
Tell me, thou pupil to great Pericles,