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7381. SECTION 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as Slavery a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, abolished. shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

7332. SEC. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. [Declared ratified December 18th, 1865. U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 13, p. 775.



7383. SECTION 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States Privileges of and subject to the jurisdiction thereof are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States, nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

7384. SEC. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several Basis of repreStates according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number sentation. of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, representatives in congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

for office.

7385, SEC. 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in congress, Qualification or elector of president and vice president, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But congress may, by a vote of two thirds of each house, remove such disability.

7386. SEC. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, Validity of the authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and public debt. bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

7387. SEC. 5. The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. [Declared ratified July 28th, 1868. U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 15, pp. 709–11.

Who may vote.


7388. SECTION 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State, on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.

7389. SEC. 2. The congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. [U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 15, p. 346.

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Adulteration of Liquors and Food. •

An Act to protect and encourage the production and sale of pure and wholesome milk, and to prohibit and punish the production or sale of unwholesome or adulterated milk. Approved March 12, 1870, 298.

Sale of adultera


7390. SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any person or persons to sell, exchange or distribute, or expose for sale, exchange or distribution, any ted milk unlawimpure, adulterated or unwholesome milk; or to adulterate any milk for the purpose of offering the same for sale, exchange or distribution; or to keep any cows for the production of milk for market, sale, exchange or distribution, in a crowded and unhealthy condition; or to feed the same on any food which would produce impure, diseased or unwholesome milk; and every person or persons who shall engage in or carry on the sale, Cans to be exchange, distribution, or any traffic in milk, shall have the cans in which marked with the milk is exposed for sale, exchange or distribution, and the vehicle from which the same is vended, exchanged or distributed, conspicuously marked with his or their names; also indicating by said mark the locality from whence said milk is obtained or produced; and any sale, distribution or exchange of any milk, in cans or by a vehicle so marked as to convey the idea that said milk was produced from a different locality than it really was, shall be and is hereby forbidden.

name of vender.


7391. SEC. 2. Any person violating any of the provisions of this act Penalty for shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and be punished by a fine not less than one hundred dollars for the first offence, and double such amount for each subsequent offence, and by imprisonment according to law, if such fine be not paid. One half of such fine shall be paid to the Fines, how informer or prosecuting witness, and the other half to the school fund of appropriated. the county. And any person may be compelled to testify concerning violations of this act; but such testimony shall not be used against such

witness in any criminal prosecution.

7392. SEC. 3. The health officer and health inspectors of the city and county of San Francisco shall inform against and diligently prosecute all persons violating the provisions of this act.

SEC. 4. This act shall take effect immediately after its passage.




An Act for the encouragement of agriculture.

Approved April 4, 1870, 820.

7393. SECTION 1. There is hereby appropriated out of any [money] in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of five thousand dollars, annually, for the years eighteen hundred and seventy and eighteen hun

Appropriation cultural Society.

for State Agri

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