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John the son of John Barker buryed December the 26th 1653.

Robert Baxter buryed December the 27th 1653.

John the son of John Cooke buryed December the 28th 1653.

Anne Peirson widdow buryed December the 31st 1653.

Elizabeth the wife of Alexander Styles buryed the same day.

Anne the wife of William Peachee buryed January the 2d 1653.

Margery Ollafer widdow, buryed the same day. Susan the daughter of William Lease buryed January the 4th 1653.

Mary Robinson Widdow buryed January the 5th 1653.

Henry Steele buryed January the 6th 1653. Elizabeth, an infant daughter of Alex: Styles buryed January the 7th 1653.

Thomas Holdin, a singleman, buryed January the 10th 1653.

Thomas the son of Thomas Bucke, buryed January the 16th 1653.

William, a child, son of Francis Neave, buryed January the 17th 1653.

Alice, a child, daughter of Henry Balls, buryed the same day.

Margery Granger widdow, buryed January the

30th 1653.

BURIALLS 1653. 1654.

Mary a child daughter of John Martin was buryed February the 3d 1653.

Francis, a child, son of John Martin, buryed the 5th day of February 1653.

Priscilla the wife of John Knights buryed Febr: the 16th 1653.

Mary the wife of Thomas Burwood, buryed Febr 18th 1653.

Thomas, a child, son of Philip Capon, buryed Febr 20th 1653.

Thomas, an infant son of Thomas Read, buryed March the 10th 1653.

Sara the wife of Richard Cocket, buryed the 11th day of March 1653.

Emme, a child, daughter of Thomas Beales buryed the 12th day of March 1653.

Emme the wife of Joseph Trundle, buryed the 17th day of March 1653.

Robert, an infant son of Samuel Fowlar, buryed the 18th day of March 1653.

Anne Burwood a mayd, buryed the 20th day of March 1653.

(84) ANNO 1654.

Elizabeth the wife of Nicolas buryed March the 27th.

Mary infant daughter of George Moore was buryed May the 3d.

John Hefker a youth servant to Will: Daniel was buryed May the 6th.

John Reeder was buryed May the 7th. Base-borne Samuel the son of Anne Knights singlewoman buryed May the 13th.

Mary Russell singlewoman was buryed May the 15th.

Richard an infant son of Richard Youngs was buryed May the 18th,

John Fisk a marreyd man, buryed May the 19th. Joan an infant daughter of Patrick Manlin, was buryed May the 29th,

Robert a child buryed June the 3d.

son of Rance Knights was

Elizabeth an infant daughter of John Hester was buryed June the 4th.

Simon an infant son of Simon Peacock was buryed June the 16th.

William Simpson a widdower was buryed June the 20th.

Elizabeth the wife of Robert Dymer was buryed June the 23d.

Nicolas a child son of Nicolas Palmer buryed June the 30th,

James Ladly a stranger & marryner buryed July the 1st.

John a child son of Henry Gurling buryed July the 4th.

Hester Youngs widdow was buryed July the 17th. 1654.

Richard a child son of Robert Robson was buryed July the 27th,

Mary a child daughter of Frances Scutton was buryed July the 29th.

John an infant son of John Duxe was buryed August the 1st.

Sarah a girle daughter of John Robberson buryed August the 3d.

Susan an infant daughter of Tho: Thonger buryed August the 15th.

Thomas a youth son of Capt: Tho: Elliott buryed September the 13th.

Mary a child daughter of William Taylor was buryed September the 19th.

Peter a stranger an old man buryed October the 8th.

Daniel an infant son of Tho: Beale buryed October the 9th.

John West a marryed man buryed October the 16th.

Mary an infant daughter of Mrs Tompson widdow was buryed November 1st.

Benjamin Wheeler a marryed man buryed

Landamer November the 2d.

Rose Atkerson a mayd buryed March the 29th. Sarah a child the daughter of Thomas Fowler was buryed April the second.

Ailce an infant daughter of Robert Foreman was buryed April the 5th.

Mary infant daughter of Francis Woodrow buryed April the 19th.

Thomas a child the son of Francis Neve buryed April the 24th.

Mary the wife of Richard Wall was buryed April the 27th.

Richard a child son of Tho: Holding, buryed April the 29th.

Alexander a child the son of William Milburn buryed November the 9th.

Elizabeth an infant daughter of Blowers Hunt buryed the same day.

Rance the infant son of William Cooper was buryed November the 13th.

John an infant son of John Telford buryed November the 19th.

Ailce a child daughter of Gilbert Manlin buryed November the 26th.

Mr Arthur Blowers one of our Capital Burgesses was buryed Decber 4th.

John Parker a marryed man was buryed the same day.

Frances an infant daughter of Rich: Reynolds buryed the same day.

Elizabeth the wife of John Jessup buryed December the 16th.

Emme the wife of John Skea was buryed December the 19th,

John an infant son of John Jessup buryed December the 25th.

Anne an infant daughter of John Langham buryed December 26th.

Margery an infant daughter of John Jessup buryed December the 30th.

Joan the wife of Thomas Buck was buryed January the 15th.

Mary the wife of Edmund Telford buryed January the 26th.

John the son of Tho: Howlett was buryed the same day.

John the infant son of Roger Peck was buryed January the 25.

Ailce a child daughter of Edward Cockett was buryed February the 234.

(55)

ARTHUR T. WINN.

SIR RICHARD WILLYS, TRAITOR.

(See ante, pp. 101, 123.)

In addition to the 'Narrative' printed by the Rev. Dr. John Willcock, and the long letter by Sir Samuel Morland to Secretary Nicholas, dated Nov. 14, 1660, and printed in the fourth volume of the Nicholas Papers,' by Sir G. F. Warner, there is another account by Morland in the British Museum which should also be taken into account (Add. MSS., 28094, ff. 9 and 10). This completes the tale, with a few additional particulars.

I should point out that Major Thomas Henshaw, who carried Morland's letter to Charles II., is confused, in the 'D.N.B.,' with his cousin, Thomas Henshaw of Kensington (see Historical MSS. Commission's Sixth Report, Appendix, p. 367b).

The following narrative has no date, but states that it was written seventeen years

later on.

The King appears to have revised his opinion of the value of Morland's services, when he found out that Morland was Thurloe's intemediary in dealing with the twelve traitors who had divulged the plans of the Royalists, and Clarendon obtained the return of the letter in which His Majesty had rashly promised Morland the Garter.

A brief narrative of ye services done to ye Crown by Sr. S. Morland..

Immediately upon Thurloe's trepanning Dr. Hewet to ye death, S. Morland resolved to do ye King what service he could, detesting ye.

cruelties acted by Cromwell, and did so above a year and a half before he durst discover himself.

At last hee did discover himself and sent ye King a letter by Major Henshaw, discovering Sr Rich. Willis and about 12 gentlemen more who were in salary with Cromwell for betraying ye King, some residing in England and others at Bruxels. Besides that hee kept weekly correspondence with the King and for above a year together never went to bed without a just fear of being taken out before ye morning and having his flesh pulled from his bones with hot pincers.

When Richard Cr. was turned out, it was hee alone who made such jealousy between Lambert and Scott that Scott was getting an order to send Lambert to ye Tower, and Lambert having timely notice of it by my Ld Marsham (who then held correspondence with Morland) gott on horseback and turned out ye Rump; [i.e., in October, 1659] which, under God, was the first true means of bringing in ye King, and without which hee might probably have been kept out till this day.

When Lambert went down to ye North in triumph with that famous body of horse (with an intention to have destroyed Munk) it was M. alone who raysed such jealousies between Lambert and ye councel of officers at Wallingford House, that hee was ordered not to march one day, but by new orders sent by an express from Wallingford House, which broke his army and dispersed them. Willis had hired a house in Kent on purpose to In ye business of Sir George Booth, Sir Rich. have given up ye person of ye King to Sir H. Vane and Mr Scott, where the King had been immediately murthered. And the King and Duke was ready to come over, when Morland gave him timely notice of it, and so prevented ye murther both of King and Duke. After all was done and over, instead of performing any of those great promises, hee has now for 17 years gone up and down as a man of another world and no solid provision made for his family, and exposed to scorn and byword of Sir Richard Willis and others, who say ye king does not trust him. And what hee now beggs for is about £500 p.an. in some certain estate in long leases of 99 years as may amount to that value that so when hee dyes (not knowing how soon it may bee) his family may not bee exposed to want and beggery.

(Indorsed) Sir Samuel Morlands papers. Copy of the Kings lettr to Mr Morland sent him from Brussels by Majr Henshaw. Dated 7 July, 1659.

I have received yours of ye 15th of ye last and ye rest J. H. sent mee from you, and I despatched ye person sent by him ye next day, in ye manner you advised and fully to his satisfaction. So that I hope God Almighty will despose that affayr to Our wish and that ye Fleet will not bee gone out of ye Sound before my letter bee delivered, wherein I have offered all that may move. If the misfortune should be such that he should be come away you will find some way to assure him of all that he can wish from me. But if he go once on shore I cannot imagine he ever will be restored to ye same power again. For your self your merit is, and will bee so great

towards mee, that you may be sure that it shall be only want of power if I do not gratify you to your heart's desire. And I will not only give you your Garter but somewhat else likewise that will make you wear it with more delight. I do rely upon your dexterity and credit to improve my interest in all places, and what shall be undertaken by you or your friends in my behalf, with those who can eminently merit from mee I will performe. Let mee understand how any treaty advances between those in present power and Spayn or France or any other neighbours. And I know you will do what you can to obstruct all things of that kind and do me and my friends all the good offices you can. And in all things you may depend upon mee as

Your very affectionate friend

CHARLES R.

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And Cecily Roumeli came to this nation
With William the Norman, and laid its founda-
tion.

There is a detailed legend in the family that Disraeli, as a youth at Bradenham, proposed to Charlotte and was refused. It is clear that he remained a faithful friend to the end of his life.

Williams's eldest son was articled to my grandfather and became a solicitor;

his

Copie of another from Bruxels. Dated 10 Aug. eldest grandson, John Charles Williams,

1659.

No. 3 of the I.C.S., was a Deputy Commissioner of Barabanki in Oudh in 1873, and Assistant Magistrate and Collector of Sharanpur in the North-West Provinces in 1875.

I have yours by H. and cannot but bee abundantly satisfyed with the great services you have done me, how melancholy soever the knowledge of one truth hath made mee, and if your dexterity do not prevent it, there is mo mischief may not befall me and my friends. I would finish my The second son, William White Williams intentions towards yourself but there is some-| (1815-1863), became a doctor, and accomwhat of form that cannot consist with ye secrecy panied Rajah Brook (1803-1868; D.N.B.') that is necessary for you, and which I have of Sarawak to Borneo as surgeon to the observed inviolably and you may be most confidant I will perform and punctually more then I have promised so soon as you can own ye receiving of it. I must again conjure you to be careful of my friends and believe me to bee very heartily Your affectionate friend

CHARLES R.
J. G. M.

JOHN CHARLES WILLIAMS:
A BUCKINGHAMSHIRE PARSON AND
SOME OF HIS DESCENDANTS.

(See ante, p. 121.)

expedition. He was a great authority on
Shakespeare and wrote many articles for
The Athenæum. The eldest son of W. W.
Williams was named Robert (1842-1886).
He was B.A., Fellow of Merton 1864, and
lecturer-student of Christ Church, and
translated the Nicomachean Ethics' of
Aristotle. Barrister, novelist, journalist,
and playwright, he became a brilliant
leader-writer on The Times, Daily Tele-
graph, Standard and Observer. He
ceeded Mr. Justice Wright (1839-1904;
'D.N.B.') as coach for “Greats," and amongst
his pupils were the present Lords Rosebery

suc

WE may now see how some of the de- and Lansdowne. He was probably the scendants of our parson fared.

most successful "Greats" tutor ever known His eldest very pretty-daughter, Charat Oxford. My friend Sir Courtenay lotte Spencer Williams (1813-1889), married Ilbert, the late Clerk of the House of (through the influence of her aunt and my Commons, who was a contemporary of his. grandmother, Charlotte Susannah Bull, was telling me only the other day several née Swales, of 25, Ely Place, Holborn) stories illustrating the brilliant scholarship Charles Meeking of Richings Park, Coln- of Student Williams." He was also inbrook, near Slough, whose great-grand- terested in the lighter side of life, and on the daughter, Finola Meeking, has recently staff of The Sporting Times wrote under the married Lord Somers. Like the Swales, name of "Bobos." Meeking came of Suffolk stock. When I One of Robert Williams's grandchildren is used to stay at Richings as a boy, I was fond Pamela Bianco, the wonderful child artist of browsing over the library, and among whose pictures have recently attracted so the records there is a detailed family paper much attention. showing that the origin of the name was De Meschines, — a well-known Norman family. R. H. Barham (1788-1845; 'D.N.B.')

18

His sister Frances married the Baron de Parravicini, another classical scholar, who died on June 29, 1920, in his 77th year.

She

also showed literary talent and wrote a history of Balliol College.

Owen Williams, second son of W. W. W., became Colonel of the Suffolk Regiment after serving with distinction in the Afghan War, 1879-1880 (medal), and with the Hazara Expedition in 1888 (medal, clasp and mentioned in dispatches). He married Eva Marian Waddington of Cavenham Park, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, in 1887.

A third son of W. W. W. was the Rev. Gerard Williams, sometime vicar of Lulworth. His elder son, Gerard, a mining engineer, married Doris Swire Sowler, the daughter of the late Tom Sowler, M.P. for N.W. Manchester, and granddaughter of the late Sir Tom Sowler, editor and proprietor of The Manchester Courier, also M.P. for N.W. Manchester. Gerard and his brother Geoffrey, an architect, fought with the utmost gallantry all through the late war. To get back to John Charles Williams, his second daughter, Kate (1819-1916), married Peter Samuel Fry. Peter Samuel Fry was articled to my grandfather-he afterwards became a partner in the firm of Fry, Loxley and Fry-now Elam and Gardner, of 80, Cheapside (Charles Gardner being the uncle of Dr. Francis Tidcombe of Bognor, whom my sister Alice married). The senior partner in the firm at that time was Peter Wickens

became a brilliant rifle shot. He was captain of the English eight and the English twenty, and once, I think, came in second for the Queen's Prize at Wimbledon; retired as a Colonel of Volunteers and decorated with the Order of Christ by the King of Portugal, 1878.

His only child, Marie Constance, married, first, in 1895, Gordon Robert Rogers (d. 1902), son of the Hon. Alexander Rogers, senior member of the Council of Bombay, a distinguished Indian Civil Servant and Oriental scholar, who translated the Shah-Namah of Firdusi from the original Persian into English couplets. They had an only daughter, Joan. She (M.C.) married, secondly, in 1919, Alfred W. Winterbottom of Shiplake,

Oxon.

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Thomas Middleton Williams, the seventh son (1829-1866), became a doctor at Worksop, Notts. He married Emma Maria Major, D.D., principal of King's College, London. the daughter of the late Dr. J. R. Major, One of her granddaughters, Agnes Ethel Wilding, married Major Hector Fitzroy Maclean of the Scots Guards, the son and heir of Sir Fitzroy Maclean, tenth baronet, head of the Clan Maclean.

the Rev. Leigh Spencer, vicar of Renhold,
J. C. Williams's sixth daughter married
Bedfordshire.

raised a body of men known as Spencer's
One of her sons, Oliph Leigh Spencer,
Louis Riel (1844-1885; D.N.B.') Rebellion
Light Horse, who did good work in the
in Canada in 1885.
Leigh Spencer, married the Rev. Arthur W.
His daughter, Maud
Mozley in 1886.

Newman (1801-1890; D.N.B.') and to
Professor Thomas Mozley of Oxford (1806-
1893; D.N.B.').

He was related to Cardinal

Fry, who married successively two daughters of his partner, Thomas Arnold Loxley. His brother (Peter Samuel's father) was the Rev. Thomas Fry, vicar of Emberton, both being sons of Peter Fry of Compton House, Oxbridge, County Treasurer of Somerset, who married three times. His first wife was a Cresswell of Bibery, Glos, heiress of the Woottons of Ashburton, Devon, who died childless. His second was Margaret Henrietta Middleton, orphan protégée of the in 1863, Francis Ellis, who was agent and The seventh daughter of J. C. W. married, great Wilberforce (1759-1833; D.N.B.'), land steward to Viscount Dillon and Sir married from his house in Kensington Gore -afterwards Lady Blessington's (1799-1849; Manchester. Humphrey de Trafford of Trafford Park, *D.N.B.'). His third wife was Mrs. Mary Ann Foster, née Bagshawe, of The Oaks, Derbyshire.

Edward Haycock Williams (1823-1853), J.C. Williams's fourth son, was a midshipman on H.M.S. Medusa and was captured in the Chinese War and killed in India.

It is obvious that I have omitted to men

tion a great many other of the descendants
shown that he was founder of a family who
of the curate-in-charge, but I think I have
have served the State manfully in various
ways and have thus done credit to the old
High Wycombe.
vicarage at the back of the parish church of

Henry Headly Williams, the fifth son (1824-1888), fought at Sobraon, Ferozepur, and at the storming of Lahore (medal) under-redolent of the time but not, I think, unHere is his epitaph in Highgate cemetery Sir Hugh Gough (1779-1869; D.N.B.'). pleasing :

He helped the late Lord Carrington (1794- Beneath this stone are deposited the mortal 1868) to found the Bucks Volunteers and remains of the Rev. John Charles Williams,

Rector of Sherington, Bucks, who departed this life Nov. 30th, 1848, in the 60th year of his life.

A life of ceaseless occupation clouded, but could not obscure, those high and rare endowments with which he was abundantly gifted. He was esteemed rather for what he was, than for what he did. Warm, generous and sincere in heart-in mind and manners spotless and uncorrupt, his office as a Christian priest was adorned by his character as a man. Of a loving and truthful nature he ever was the regard of the good;-of tried and unshaken principle he will not be forgotten by the wise. By those who enjoyed his friendship and knew his worth, his memory will be preserved in that enduring regret in which grief disguises itself as the fond remembrance of the excellence it laments. WILLIAM BULL.

66 EARTHLAND.""—One of the first explanations given to the young student of English charters and rolls is that he must assume that terra, or its English equivalent land, means arable land," other cultivated land being described as pratum, "meadow," &c., while pastura, boscus, &c., described the occupation of the other enclosed land.

66

To one so instructed the word earthland * is therefore a surprise. O.E.D.' gives instances of 826 (Charter of Ecgberht in Cod. Dipl., v. 84), c. 1000 (voc. in Wr. Wülcker, 279), and 1885 (Archaeological

Journal, xlii. 271: this relates to the
Thames estuary).

I contribute a quotation that does something towards completing the history of the word, and copy rather fully since (by some misunderstanding) the word appears in the article yardland of the O.E.D. It is obviously impossible for an editor to look up the context of every quotation that reaches him. If what follows had been before him, he would not have inserted it, as an instance of a word which, I am informed, was not used in Scotland.

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Then follow seven more stages:-
There came a dog, that ate the fox, that, &c.
There fell a log, that killed the dog, that, &c.
The oven was lighted, that burnt the log, that, &c.
There came a river, and it put out the oven,
that, &c.

There came an ox, that drank up the river,
that, &c.

There came a wolf, that ate the ox, that, &c.
There came a gun, that killed the wolf, that, &c.
Recueil de chants populaires épirotes,'
The story is taken by Pernot from
collected by Aravantinos, Athens, 1880,
P. 139, No. 200. I may point out that
there is an interesting chapter on cumulative
stories in Popular Tales and Fictions, their
Migrations and Transformations,' by W. A.
Clouston, 1887, vol. i., pp. 289-313.

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ROBERT PIERPOINT.

PRIVILEGES OF THE DEAN AND CANONS OF WINDSOR.-Some of the terms expressing these are curious. The Dean and Chapter are free from payment of Ward penny, Aver On 19 June 1496, the King confirmed in and are discharged from Grithbrech, Forstall, penny, Tithing penny, and Hundred penny, mortmain a charter of Elizabeth Massun, relict of the late John Skrimgeoure, called "Jak," Homesoken, Blod-wite, Ward-wite, Heng-wite, burgess of Dundee, dated 1 Mar. 1495 by Fight-wite, Leyr-wite, Lastage, &c. (quoted which she granted to the chaplain of St. Bartholo- by Pote in Antiquities of Windsor'). mew the apostle at the altar of Corpus Christi in Some of the terms in the latter list deserved the parish church of St. Mary of Dundee R. B. a footnote in Mr. Pote's work.

Unam peciam terre in dicto burgo infra tenementum quondam Nicholai Skrimgeour ex parte australi vici fori, extendendo a gabulo aule nuncupate PORTRAITS OF COLERIDGE AND DICKENS. le Erle Dauid Huntlintoune Haw versus boream -It may be of interest to note that in the usque ad terram anteriorem dicti tenementi, Boston Museum of Fine Arts there is a cum occidentali parte clausure seu venelle eidem pecie terre correspondenti, et aliam peciam terre portrait of Coleridge by Washington Allston. prope australem partem dicti tenementi inter The D.N.B.' mentions Allston's portrait le yertland ejusdem et terram quondam dicti of Coleridge in the National Portrait Nicholai, unacum parte dicte venelle eidem pecie Gallery, but the writer (Leslie Stephen) * From EARTH sb.2 ["The action of plough- doubts the existence of another one. Artist ing"] + LAND=Arable land ('O.E.D.'). and sitter were in Rome in 1806, and in

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