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Frances an infant daughter of Rich : Reynolds cruelties acted by Cromwell, and did so above a buryed the same day.

year and a half before he durst discover himself. Elizabeth the wife of John Jessup buryed At last hee did discover himself and sent ye December the 16th.

King a letter by Major Henshaw, discovering Sr Emme the wife of John Skea was buryed Rich. Willis and about 12 gentlemen more who December the 19th.

were in salary with Cromwell for betraying ye John an infant son of John Jessup buryed King, some residing in England and others at

| December the 25th.

Bruxels. Besides that hee kept weekly correAnne an infant daughter of John Langham 'spondence with the King and for above a year buryed December 26th.

together never went to bed without a just fear Margery an infant daughter of John Jessup of being taken out before ye morning and having buryed December the 30th.

his flesh pulled from his bones with hot pincers. Joan the wife of Thomas Buck was buryed' When Richard Cr. was turned out, it was hee January the 15th.

alone who made such jealousy between Lambert Mary the wife of Edmund Telford buryed and Scott that Scott was getting an order to send January the 26th.

· Lambert to ye Tower, and Lambert having John the son of Tho : Howlett was buryed the timely notice of it by my Ld Marsham (who then same day.

held correspondence with Morland) gott on horseJohn the infant son of Roger Peck was buryed back and turned out ye Rump, ; [i.e., in October, January the 25.

1659] which, under God, was the first true means Ailce a child daughter of Edward Cockett was of bringing in ye King, and without which hee buryed February the 234.

might probably have been kept out till this day: (55)

When Lambert went down to ye North in ARTHUR T. WINN. triumph with that famous body of horse (with an

intention to have destroyed Munk) it was M. alone who raysed such jealousies between Lambert

and ye councel of officers at Wallingford House, SIR RICHARD WILLYS, TRAITOR. that hee was ordered not to march one day, but (See ante, pp. 101, 123.)

by new orders sent by an express from Walling

ford House, which broke his army and dispersed In addition to the Narrative printed by them. the Rev. Dr. John Willcock, and the long Willis had hired a house in Kent on purpose to

In ye business of Sir George Booth, Sir Rich. letter by Sir Samuel Morland to Secretary have given up ye person of ye King to Sir H. Nicholas, dated Nov. 14, 1660, and printed Vane and Mr Scott, where the King had been in the fourth volume of the 'Nicholas immediately murthered. And the King and Papers,' by Sir G. F. Warner, there is Duke was ready to come over, when Morland another account by Morland in the British gave him timely notice of it, and so prevented Museum which should also be taken into ye murther both of King and Duke.

After all was done and over, instead of peraccount Add. MSS., 28094, ff. 9 and 10). forming any of those great promises, hee has This completes the tale, with a few additional now for 17 years gone up and down as a man of particulars.

another world and no solid provision made for I should point out that Major Thomas his family, and exposed to scorn and byword

of Sir Richard Willis and others, who say ye king Henshaw, who carried Morland's letter to does not trust him. And what hee now beggs Charles II., is confused, in the ‘D.N.B.,' for is about £500 p.an. in some certain estate with his cousin, Thomas Henshaw of Ken- in long leases of 99 years as may amount to that sington (see Historical MSS. Commission's value that so when hee dyes (not knowing how Sixth Report, Appendix, p. 367b).

soon it may bee) his family may not bee exposed

to want and beggery. The following narrative has no date, but (Indorsed) Sir Samuel Morlands papers. states that it was written seventeen years Copy of the Kings lettr to Mr Morland sent bim later on.

from Brussels by Majs Henshaw. Dated The King appears to have revised his

7 July, 1659. opinion of the value of Morland's services, when he found out that Morland was I have received yours of ye 15th of ye last Thurloe's intemediary in dealing with the and ye rest J. H. sent mee from you, and I detwelve traitors who had divulged the plans spatched ye person sent by him ye next day, in of the Royalists, and Clarendon obtained ve manner you advised and fully to his satisfac

tion. So that I hope God Almighty will despose the return of the letter in which His Majesty that affayr to Our wish and that ye Fleet will had rashly promised Morland the Garter. not bee gone out of ye Sound before my letter

bee delivered, wherein I have offered all that A brief narrative of ye services done to ye Crown by may move. If the misfortune should be such Sr. S. Morland..

that he should be come away you will find some

way to assure him of all that he can wish from me. Immediately upon Thurloe's trepanning Dr. But if he go once on shore I cannot imagine he Hewet to ye death, S. Morland resolved to do ever will be restored to ye same power again. yo King what service he could, detesting ye For your self your merit is, and will bee so great

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towards mee, that you may be sure that it shall mentions its founder in the ‘Lay of St. be only want of power if I do not gratify you to Cuthbert'in the ‘ Ingoldsby Legends':-your heart's desire. And I will not only give you your Garter but somewhat else likewise that In short the whole country declared through his will make you wear it with more delight. I do The Abbey of Bolton exhibited fresh scenes

bounty rely upon your dexterity and credit to improve my interest in all places, and what shall be From any displayed since Sir William De

Meschines undertaken by you or your friends in my behalf, with those who can eminently merit from mee i And Cecily Roumeli came to this nation will performe. Let mee understand how any

With William the Norman, and laid its foundatreaty advances between those in present power

tion. and Spayn or France or any other neighbours. There is a detailed legend in the family And I know you will do what you can to obstruct that Disraeli, as a youth at Bradenham, all things of that kind and do me and my friends all the good offices you can.

And in all things proposed to Charlotte and was refused. you may depend upon mee as

It is clear that he remained a faithful friend Your very affectionate friend

to the end of his life. CHARLES R. Williams's eldest son was articled to my

grandfather and became a solicitor ; his Copie of another from Bruxels. Dated 10 Aug. eldest grandson, John Charles Williams, 1659.

No. 3 of the I.C.S., was a Deputy ComI have yours by H. and cannot but bee abun- missioner of Barabanki in Oudh in 1873, dantly satisfyed with the great services you have and Assistant Magistrate and Collector of done me, how melancholy soever the knowledge Sharanpur in the North-West Provinces in of one truth hath made mee, and if your dexterity

1875. do not prevent it, there is mo mischief may not befall me and my friends. I would finish my The second son, William White Williams intentions towards yourself but there is some- (1815-1863), became a doctor, and accomwhat of form that cannot consist with ye secrecy panied Rajah Brook (1803-1868 ; 'D.N.B.') that is necessary for you, and which I have of Sarawak to Borneo as surgeon to the observed inviolably and you may be most confidant I will perform and punctually more then expedition. He was a great authority on I have promised so soon as you can own ye Shakespeare and wrote many articles for receiving of it. I must again conjure you to be The Athenæum. The eldest son of W. W. careful of my friends and believe me to bee very Williams was named Robert (1842-1886). heartily Your affectionate friend

He was B.A., Fellow of Merton 1864, and CHARLES R.

lecturer-student of Christ Church, and J. G. M.

translated the ‘Nicomachean Ethics' of Aristotle Barrister, novelist, journalist,

and playwright, he became brilliant JOHN CHARLES WILLIAMS: leader-writer on The Times, Daily TeleA BUCKINGHAMSHIRE PARSON AND graph, Standard and Observer. He sueSOME OF HIS DESCENDANTS.

ceeded Mr. Justice Wright (1839-1904;

‘D.N.B.') as coach for“Greats,” and amongst (See ante, p. 121.)

his pupils were the present Lords Rosebery We may now see how some of the de- and Lansdowne. He was probably the scendants of our parson fared.

most successful Greats tutor ever known His eldest—very pretty-daughter, Char- at

Oxford. My friend Sir Courtenay lotte Spencer Williams (1813-1889), married Ilbert, the late Clerk of the House of (through the influence of her aunt and my Commons, who was a contemporary of his, grandmother, Charlotte Susannah Buli, was telling me only the other day several née Swales, of 25, Ely Place, Holborn) stories illustrating the brilliant scholarship Charles Meeking of Richings Park, Coln- of “Student Williams.” He was also in brook, near Slough, whose great-grand- terested in the lighter side of life, and on the daughter, Finola Meeking, has recently staff of The Sporting Times wrote under the married Lord Somers. Like the Swales, name of “Bobos." Meeking came of Suffolk stock. When I

One of Robert Williams's grandchildren used to stay at Richings as a boy, I was fond Pamela Bianco, the wonderful child artist of browsing over the library, and among whose pictures have recently attracted the records there is a detailed family paper much attention. showing that the origin of the name was His sister Frances married the Baron de De Meschines, well-known Norman Parravicini, another classical scholar, who family. R. H. Barham (1788-1845; ‘D.N.B.')l died on June 29, 1920, in his 77th year. SH

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also showed literary talent and wrote a became a brilliant rifle shot. He was caphistory of Balliol College.

tain of the English eight and the English Owen Williams, second son of W. W. W., twenty, and once, I think, came in second became Colonel of the Suffolk Regiment after for the Queen's Prize at Wimbledon ; serving with distinction in the Afghan War, tired as a Colonel of Volunteers and de1879-1880 (medal), and with the Hazara corated with the Order of Christ by the King Expedition in 1888 (medal, clasp and men- of Portugal, 1878. tioned in dispatches). He married Eva His only child, Marie Constance, married, Marian Waddington of "Cavenham Park, first, in 1895, Gordon Robert Rogers (d. 1902), Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, in 1887.

son of the Hon. Alexander Rogers, senior A third son of W. W. W. was the Rev. member of the Council of Bombay, a disGerard Williams, sometime vicar of Lulworth. tinguished Indian Civil Servant and Oriental

His elder son, Gerard, a mining engineer, scholar, who translated the Shah-Namah' married Doris Swire Sowler, the daughter of of Firdusi from the original Persian into the late Tom Sowler, M.P. for N.W. Man- English couplets. They had an only daughChester, and granddaughter of the late Sir ter, Joan. She (M.C.) married, secondly, in Tom Sowler, editor and proprietor of The 1919, Alfred W. Winterbottom of Shiplake, Manchester Courier, also M.P. for N.W.

Oxon. Manchester. Gerard and his brother

Thomas Middleton Williams, the seventh Geoffrey, an architect, fought with the son (1829-1866), became a doctor at Workutmost gallantry all through the late war.

He married Emma Maria Major, To get back to John Charles Williams, his the daughter of the late Dr. J. R. Major, second daughter, Kate (1819-1916), married One of her granddaughters, Agnes Ethel

D.D., principal of King's College, London. Peter Samuel Fry. Peter Samuel Fry was Wilding, married Major Hector Fitzroy articled to my grandfather-he afterwards

Maclean of the Scots Guards, the son and became a partner in the firm of Fry, Loxley heir of Sir Fitzroy Maclean, tenth baronet, and Fry-now Elam and Gardner, of 80, head of the Clan Naclean. Cheapside (Charles Gardner being the uncle of Dr. Francis Tidcombe of Bognor, whom the Rev. Leigh Spencer, vicar of Renhold,

J. C. Williams's sixth daughter married my sister Alice married). The senior part- Bedfordshire. ner in the firm at that time was Peter Wickens Fry, who married successively two daughters raised a body of men known as Spencer's

One of her sons, Oliph Leigh Spencer, of his partner, Thomas Arnold Loxley. His brother (Peter Samuel's father) was the Rev. Light Horse, who did good work in the Thomas Fry, vicar of Emberton, both in Canada in 1885.

Louis Riel (1844-1885 ; 'D.N.B.') Rebellion

His daughter, Maud being sons of Peter Fry of Compton House, Leigh Spencer, married the Rev. Arthur W; Oxbridge, County Treasurer of Somerset, Mozley in 1886. He was related to Cardinal who married three times. His first wife was

Newman (1801-1890; D.N.B.') and to a Cresswell of Bibery, Glos, heiress of the Professor Thomas Mozley of Oxford (1806Woottons of Ashburton, Devon, who died childless. His second was Margaret Hen

1893; 'D.N.B.').

The seventh daughter of J. C. W. married, rietta Middleton, orphan protégée of the in 1863, Francis Ellis, who was agent and great Wilberforce (1759-1833; *D.N.B.'), land steward to Viscount Dillon and Sir married from his house in Kensington Gore Humphrey de Trafford of Trafford Park, --afterwards Lady Blessington's (1799-1849; Manchester. * D.N.B.'). His third wife was Mrs. Mary

It is obvious that I have omitted to men. Ann Foster, née Bagshawe, of The Oaks, tion a great many other of the descendants Derbyshire. Edward Haycock Williams (1823-1853), shown that he was founder of a family who

of the curate-in-charge, but I think I have J.C. Williams's fourth son, was a midshipman have served the State manfully in various on H.M.S. Medusa and was captured in the Chinese War and killed in India.

ways and have thus done credit to the old

vicarage at the back of the parish church of Henry Headly Williams, the fifth son High Wycombe. (1824-1888), fought at Sobraon, Ferozepur, Here is his epitaph in Highgate cemetery and at the storming of Lahore (medal) under --redolent of the time but not, I think, unSir Hugh Gough (1779-1869; • D.N.B.'). pleasing :He helped the late Lord Carrington (1794. Beneath this stone are deposited the mortal 1868) to found the Bucks Volunteers and remains of the Rev. John Charles Williams,

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Rector of Sherington, Bucks, who departed this terre correspondenti ( Registrum Magni Sigilli life Nov. 30th, 1848, in the 60th year of his life. Regum Scotorum I. (18—), 491, 492).

Q. V. A life of ceaseless occupation clouded, but could not obscure, those high and rare endowments with CUMULATIVE STORIES.-Many cumulative which he was abundantly gifted. He was esteemed rather for what he was, than for what he did. stories have appeared in ‘N. & Q.,' e.g., Warm, generous and sincere in heart-in mind see 7 S. viii. 321; ix. 163, 461; xi. 161, and manners spotless and uncorrupt, his office as 294–10 S. ii. 502-12 S. iv. 183. Probably a Christian priest was adorned by his character as these references are not exhaustive. There

Of a loving and truthful nature he ever is a cumulative story in Hubert Pernot's was the regard of the good ;-of tried and unshaken principle he will not be forgotten by the wise.

Anthologie populaire de la Grèce Moderne," By those who enjoyed his friendship and knew his Paris, Mercure de France, 1910, p. 180. worth, his memory will be preserved in that en- The Greek songs, &c., are given only in during regret in which grief disguises itself as the French prose. fond remembrance of the excellence it laments.

The story begins, Chante, coq, éveille WILLIAM BULL.

le vieux."

In English it runs :

Crow, cock, wake the old man, who was guarding EARTHLAND.”

." _One of the first explana- the garden and its little roses. tions given to the young student of English There came a fox, that ate the cock, that wakedi charters and rolls is that he must assume

the old man,

&c. that terra, or its English equivalent land,

Then follow seven more stages: arable land,” other cultivated There came a dog, that ate the fox, that, &c. land being described as pratum, “meadow," There fell a log, that killed the dog, that, &c. &c., while pastura, boscus, &c., described There came a river, and it put out the oven,

The oven was lighted, that burnt the log, that, &c. the occupation of the other enclosed land. that, &c.

To one so instructed the word earthland There came an ox, that drank up the river, is therefore a surprise. “O.E.D.' gives that, &c. instances of 826 (Charter of Ecgberht in There came a wolf, that ate the ox, that, &c. Cod. Dipl., v. 84), c. 1000 (voc. in Wr.. There came a gun, that killed the wolf, that, &c. Wülcker, 279), and 1885 Archæological Recueil de chants populaires épirotes,

(

The story is taken by Pernot from Journal, xlii. 271 : this relates the Thames estuary).

collected by Aravantinos, Athens, 1880, I contribute quotation that does p. 139, No. 200. I may point out that something towards completing the history!

there is an interesting chapter on cumulative of the word, and copy rather fully since (by stories in ‘ Popular Tales and Fictions, their some misunderstanding) the word appears Clouston, 1887, vol. i., pp. 289-313.

Migrations and Transformations,' by W. A. in the article yardland of the ‘O.E.D.' ! is obviously impossible for an editor to look

ROBERT PIERPOINT. up the context of every quotation that

PRIVILEGES OF THE DEAN AND CANONS reaches him. If what follows had been before him, he would not have inserted it

| OF WINDSOR.—Some of the terms expressing

these are curious. The Dean and Chapter as an instance of a word which, I am informed, was not used in Scotland.

are free from payment of Ward penny, Aver On 19 June 1496, the King confirmed in penny, Tithing penny, and Hundred penny, mortmain a charter of Elizabeth Massun, relict and are discharged from Grithbrech, Forstall, of the late John Skrimgeoure, called " Jak," Homesoken, Blod-wite, Ward-wite, Heng-wite, burgess of Dundee, dated Mar. 1495–by Fight-wite, Leyr-wite, Lastage, &c. (quoted which she granted to the chaplain of St. Bartholo- by Pote in ' Antiquities of Windsor). mew the apostle at the altar of Corpus Christi in some of the terms in the latter list deserved the parish church of St. Mary of Dundee

Unam peciam terre in dicto burgo infra tenemen- a footnote in Mr. Pote's work. R. B. tum quondam Nicholai Skrimgeour ex parte australi vici fori, extendendo a gabulo aule nupcupate

PORTRAITS OF COLERIDGE AND DICKENS. le Erle Dauid Huntlintoune Haw versus boream -It may be of interest to note that in the usque ad terram anteriorem dicti tenementi, Boston Museum of Fine Arts there is a cum occidentali parte clausure seu venelle eidem portrait of Coleridge by Washington Allston. pecie terre correspondenti, et aliam peciam terre le yertland ejusdem et terram quondam dicti of Coleridge in the National Portrait prope australem partem dicti tenementi inter The D.N.B.' mentions Allston's portrait Nicholai, unacum parte dicte venelle eidem pecie Gallery, but the writer (Leslie Stephen

* From Earth 86.2 (“ The action of plough- doubts the existence of another one. Artis įng '] + LAND= Arable land (* 0.E.D.').

and sitter were in Rome in 1806, and is

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London in 1811 and later years. The being styled Mayoress. If not, and if Boston portrait having been left in an the common use of the word “mayor" for unfinished state, it may perhaps have been a woman is right, why not king painted in Rome, because Coleridge's stay woman ruler ? The Princess Mary is in that city ended somewhat abruptly. reported to have addressed the Lady

In the same Gallery there is a portrait of Mayor" (so styled in the Press) of CheltenDickens by Francis Alexander. The record ham as “Mr. Mayor” when receiving a of this picture is clear, for it was painted in deputation on Feb. 10, 1922. F. H. C. 1842 at the Tremont House on Dickens's first visit to Boston. It is reproduced in

AUCHER: DEPEDENE. —Can any reader W. Glyde Wilkins's Charles Dickens in tell me if the following genealogical particuAmerica,' but with a loss of the strong lars are correct, or add to them in any way? character of the features.

Richard de Depedene, temp. Edw. II. and E. BASIL LUPTON. III., held half a knight's fee of the Auchers of 10, Humboldt Street, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A. High Laver and Copt Hall, Essex ; Fisherton

<

Anger, Wilts, &c. “SCOOTER.”—Everyone now knows this This Richard probably came from Depden toy, which, however, is not mentioned as in Suffolk (Burke's Armory' names it such in the 'N.E.D.'_ or in the ‘Concise as their county), and his s. and h., John de Oxford Dictionary.' This latter authority Depedene, Knight of the Shire for Essex has :

(1352), married Elizabeth FitzAucher, one of Scoot, v.i. (slang). Run, dart, make off (var. of the daughters of Sir Aucher FitzAucher, who shoot).

had been summoned to Parliament, 1309, as Possibly, however, the noun may be con- Lord Fitz Henry. nected with scout, not shoot. Prior, in John de Depedene subsequently acquired * An Epistle to Fleetwood Shepherd, Esq.,' High Laver and all the Yorkshire estates, wrote :

including Tibthorpe, Eastburn, and Torpe
For as young children, who are tried in Arches, from his brother-in-law, Sir Henry
Go-carts, to keep their steps from sliding, FitzAucher, and assumed the Aucher arms.
When members knit, and legs go stronger, The s. and h. of the aforesaid marriage,
Make use of such machine no longer ;
But leap pro libitu, and scout

Sir John Depedene, married Elizabeth, dau.
On horse called hobby, or without ; &c.

and h. (widow of Sir William Nevill) of Sir · I am not a philologist so write with diffidence. Stephen Walleys, himself s. and h. of Lord JOHN B. WANEWRIGHT.

Walleys.

The s. and h. of this marriage, another Sir John Depedene (whose seal quartering

Walleys with Aucher is extant ; see Yorks. Queries.

Arch. Journal, vol. xiii.), died s.p. 1402. We must request correspondents desiring in. These arms, with the additional quartering formation on family matters of only private interest of Loring, were subsequently quartered by to affis their names and addresses to their queries the Lords Wharton of Wharton, probably in order that answers may be sent to them direct. through descent from a sister and heir or “ MAYOR” AS A WOMAN'S TITLE.—When reader give me particulars of Sir John's

coh, of the last Sir John Depedene. Can any the head or chief officer of the municipal heirs and say how the Whartons came to corporation of a city or borough is a woman, quarter Aucher and Walleys ? what is her correct title ? She is usually

C. J. BRUCE ANGIER. styled "the Mayor” and “Her Worship the Mayor.” Is this correct? The ‘N.E.D., SIR RALPH AND SIR EDWARD BASHE : defines the word “ mayoress the wife ANNE Scot (née BASHE).—Sir Ralph was one of a mayor," but gives as a nonce-word of the Knights of the Bath at Charles II.'s “ a woman holding the office of a mayor." Coronation, and Sir Edward was knighted in The reference, however, is American, the 1691. The former married Anne, sister of word occurring in The North American Sir Thomas Skipwith, Bt., of Gosberton, Review of September, 1895: “When women Lincoln, and Sir Edward Bashe married shall have become

mayoresses or Anne Wade. One of them was the mother alderwomen.” Now that women have at of Anne Bashe (third wife of Thomas Scot the tained to those positions, is there any record 'regicide), concerning whom and her children of a woman holding the office of a mayor, I am anxious for any information. Anne

as

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