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John the son of John Barker buryed December the 26th 1653.

Robert Baxter buryed December the 27th 1653.

John the son of John Cooke buryed December the 28th 1653.

Anne Peirson widdow buryed December the 31st 1653.

Elizabeth the wife of Alexander Styles buryed the same day.

Anne the wife of William Peachee buryed January the 2d 1653.

Margery Ollafer widdow, buryed the same day. Susan the daughter of William Lease buryed January the 4th 1653.

Mary Robinson Widdow buryed January the 5th 1653.

Henry Steele buryed January the 6th 1653. Elizabeth, an infant daughter of Alex: Styles buryed January the 7th 1653.

Thomas Holdin, a singleman, buryed January the 10th 1653.

Thomas the son of Thomas Bucke, buryed January the 16th 1653.

William, a child, son of Francis Neave, buryed January the 17th 1653.

Alice, a child, daughter of Henry Balls, buryed the same day.

Margery Granger widdow, buryed January the 30th 1653.

BURIALLS 1653, 1654.

Mary a child daughter of John Martin was buryed February the 3d 1653.

Francis, a child, son of John Martin, buryed the 5th day of February 1653.

Priscilla the wife of John Knights buryed Febr: the 16th 1653.

Mary the wife of Thomas Burwood, buryed Febr 18th 1653.

Thomas, a child, son of Philip Capon, buryed Febr 20th 1653.

Thomas, an infant son of Thomas Read, buryed March the 10th 1653.

Sara the wife of Richard Cocket, buryed the 11th day of March 1653.

Emme, a child, daughter of Thomas Beales buryed the 12th day of March 1653.

Emme the wife of Joseph Trundle, buryed the 17th day of March 1653.

Robert, an infant son of Samuel Fowlar, buryed the 18th day of March 1653.

Anne Burwood a mayd, buryed the 20th day of March 1653.


ANNO 1654.

Mary infant daughter of George Moore was buryed May the 3d.

John Hefker a youth servant to Will: Daniel was buryed May the 6th.

John Reeder was buryed May the 7th. Base-borne Samuel the son of Anne Knights singlewoman buryed May the 13th.

Mary Russell singlewoman was buryed May the 15th.

Richard an infant son of Richard Youngs was buryed May the 18th.

John Fisk a marreyd man, buryed May the 19th, Joan an infant daughter of Patrick Manlin, was buryed May the 29th,

Robert a child son of Rance Knights was buryed June the 3d.

Elizabeth an infant daughter of John Hester was buryed June the 4th,

Simon an infant son of Simon Peacock was buryed June the 16th.

William Simpson a widdower was buryed June the 20th.

Elizabeth the wife of Robert Dymer was buryed June the 23d.

Nicolas a child son of Nicolas Palmer buryed June the 30th.

James Ladly a stranger & marryner buryed July the 1st.

John a child son of Henry Gurling buryed July the 4th.

Hester Youngs widdow was buryed July the 17th. 1654.

Richard a child son of Robert Robson was buryed July the 27th.

Mary a child daughter of Frances Scutton was buryed July the 29th.

John an infant son of John Duxe was buryed August the 1st.

Sarah a girle daughter of John Robberson buryed August the 3d.

Susan an infant daughter of Tho: Thonger buryed August the 15th.

Thomas a youth son of Capt: Tho: Elliott buryed September the 13th.

Mary a child daughter of William Taylor was buryed September the 19th.

Peter a stranger an old man buryed October the 8th.

Daniel an infant son of Tho: Beale buryed October the 9th.

John West a marryed man buryed October the 16th.

Mary an infant daughter of Mrs Tompson widdow was buryed November 1st.

Benjamin Wheeler a marryed man buryed

Elizabeth the wife of Nicolas Landamer November the 2d. buryed March the 27th.

Rose Atkerson a mayd buryed March the 29th. Sarah a child the daughter of Thomas Fowler was buryed April the second.

Ailce an infant daughter of Robert Foreman was buryed April the 5th,

Mary infant daughter of Francis Woodrow buryed April the 19th,

Thomas a child the son of Francis Neve buryed April the 24th.

Mary the wife of Richard Wall was buryed April the 27th.

Richard a child son of Tho: Holding, buryed April the 29th.

Alexander a child the son of William Milburn buryed November the 9th.

Elizabeth an infant daughter of Blowers Hunt buryed the same day.

Rance the infant son of William Cooper was buryed November the 13th.

John an infant son of John Telford buryed November the 19th.

Ailce a child daughter of Gilbert Manlin buryed November the 26th.

Mr Arthur Blowers one of our Capitall Burgesses was buryed Decber 4th.

John Parker a marryed man was buryed the same day.

Frances an infant daughter of Rich: Reynolds buryed the same day.

Elizabeth the wife of John Jessup buryed December the 16th.

Emme the wife of John Skea was buryed December the 19th.

John an infant son of John Jessup buryed December the 25th.

Anne an infant daughter of John Langham buryed December 26th,

Margery an infant daughter of John Jessup buryed December the 30th.

Joan the wife of Thomas Buck was buryed January the 15th.

Mary the wife of Edmund Telford buryed January the 26th,

John the son of Tho: Howlett was buryed the same day.

John the infant son of Roger Peck was buryed January the 25.

Ailce a child daughter of Edward Cockett was buryed February the 234. (55)


SIR RICHARD WILLYS, TRAITOR. (See ante, pp. 101, 123.)


In addition to the 'Narrative' printed by the Rev. Dr. John Willcock, and the long letter by Sir Samuel Morland to Secretary Nicholas, dated Nov. 14, 1660, and printed in the fourth volume of the Nicholas Papers,' by Sir G. F. Warner, there is another account by Morland in the British Museum which should also be taken into account (Add. MSS., 28094, ff. 9 and 10). This completes the tale, with a few additional particulars.

I should point out that Major Thomas Henshaw, who carried Morland's letter to Charles II., is confused, in the 'D.N.B.,' with his cousin, Thomas Henshaw of Kensington (see Historical MSS. Commission's Sixth Report, Appendix, p. 367b).

The following narrative has no date, but states that it was written seventeen years later on.

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cruelties acted by Cromwell, and did so above a year and a half before he durst discover himself.

At last hee did discover himself and sent ye King a letter by Major Henshaw, discovering Sr Rich. Willis and about 12 gentlemen more who were in salary with Cromwell for betraying ye King, some residing in England and others at Bruxels. Besides that hee kept weekly correspondence with the King and for above a year together never went to bed without a just fear of being taken out before ye morning and having his flesh pulled from his bones with hot pincers.

Immediately upon Thurloe's trepanning Dr. Hewet to ye death, S. Morland resolved to do ye King what service he could, detesting ye.

When Richard Cr. was turned out, it was hee alone who made such jealousy between Lambert and Scott that Scott was getting an order to send Lambert to ye Tower, and Lambert having timely notice of it by my Ld Marsham (who then held correspondence with Morland) gott on horseback and turned out ye Rump; [i.e., in October, 1659] which, under God, was the first true means of bringing in ye King, and without which hee might probably have been kept out till this day.

When Lambert went down to ye North in triumph with that famous body of horse (with an intention to have destroyed Munk) it was M. alone who raysed such jealousies between Lambert and ye councel of officers at Wallingford House, that hee was ordered not to march one day, but by new orders sent by an express from Wallingford House, which broke his army and dispersed them. Willis had hired a house in Kent on purpose to have given up ye person of ye King to Sir H. Vane and Mr Scott, where the King had been immediately murthered. And the King and Duke was ready to come over, when Morland gave him timely notice of it, and so prevented ye murther both of King and Duke. After all was done and over, instead of performing any of those great promises, hee has now for 17 years gone up and down as a man of another world and no solid provision made for his family, and exposed to scorn and byword of Sir Richard Willis and others, who say ye king does not trust him. And what hee now beggs for is about £500 in some certain estate in long leases of 99 years as may amount to that value that so when hee dyes (not knowing how soon it may bee) his family may not bee exposed to want and beggery.

In ye business of Sir George Booth, Sir Rich.

(Indorsed) Sir Samuel Morlands papers. Copy of the Kings lettr to Mr Morland sent him from Brussels by Majr Henshaw. 7 July, 1659.


I have received yours of ye 15th of ye last and ye rest J. H. sent mee from you, and I despatched ye person sent by him ye next day, in ye manner you advised and fully to his satisfaction. So that I hope God Almighty will despose that affayr to Our wish and that ye Fleet will not bee gone out of ye Sound before my letter bee delivered, wherein I have offered all that may move. If the misfortune should be such that he should be come away you will find some way to assure him of all that he can wish from me. But if he go once on shore I cannot imagine he ever will be restored to ye same power again. For your self your merit is, and will bee so great

towards mee, that you may be sure that it shall be only want of power if I do not gratify you to your heart's desire. And I will not only give you your Garter but somewhat else likewise that

will make you wear it with more delight. I do rely upon your dexterity and credit to improve my interest in all places, and what shall be undertaken by you or your friends in my behalf, with those who can eminently merit from mee I will performe. Let mee understand how any treaty advances between those in present power and Spayn or France or any other neighbours. And I know you will do what you can to obstruct all things of that kind and do me and my friends all the good offices you can. And in all things you may depend upon mee as

Your very affectionate friend


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There is a detailed legend in the family that Disraeli, as a youth at Bradenham, proposed to Charlotte and was refused. It is clear that he remained a faithful friend to the end of his life.

Williams's eldest son was articled to my grandfather and became a solicitor; his

Copie of another from Bruxels. Dated 10 Aug. eldest grandson, John Charles Williams,


I have yours by H. and cannot but bee abundantly satisfyed with the great services you have done me, how melancholy soever the knowledge of one truth hath made mee, and if your dexterity do not prevent it, there is mo mischief may not befall me and my friends. I would finish my intentions towards yourself but there is somewhat of form that cannot consist with ye secrecy that is necessary for you, and which I have observed inviolably and you may be most confidant I will perform and punctually more then I have promised so soon as you can own ye receiving of it. I must again conjure you to be careful of my friends and believe me to bee very heartily Your affectionate friend

J. G. M.


(See ante, p. 121.)

No. 3 of the I.C.S., was a Deputy Commissioner of Barabanki in Oudh in 1873, and Assistant Magistrate and Collector of Sharanpur in the North-West Provinces in


The second son, William White Williams (1815-1863), became a doctor, and accompanied Rajah Brook (1803-1868; ‘D.N.B.') of Sarawak to Borneo as surgeon to the expedition. He was a great authority on Shakespeare and wrote many articles for The Athenæum. The eldest son of W. W. Williams was named Robert (1842-1886)He was B.A., Fellow of Merton 1864, and lecturer-student of Christ Church, and translated the Nicomachean Ethics' of Aristotle. Barrister, novelist, journalist. and playwright, he became a brilliant leader-writer on The Times, Daily Telegraph, Standard and Observer. He succeeded Mr. Justice Wright (1839-1904; 'D.N.B.') as coach for "Greats," and amongst his pupils were the present Lords Rosebery and Lansdowne. He was probably the most successful "Greats" tutor ever known His eldest very pretty-daughter, Char- at Oxford. My friend Sir Courtenay lotte Spencer Williams (1813-1889), married Ilbert, the late Clerk of the House of (through the influence of her aunt and my Commons, who was a contemporary of his, grandmother, Charlotte Susannah Buli, was telling me only the other day several née Swales, of 25, Ely Place, Holborn) stories illustrating the brilliant scholarship Charles Meeking of Richings Park, Coln- of Student Williams." He was also inbrook, near Slough, whose great-grand- terested in the lighter side of life, and on the daughter, Finola Meeking, has recently staff of The Sporting Times wrote under the married Lord Somers. Like the Swales, name of "Bobos." Meeking came of Suffolk stock. When I used to stay at Richings as a boy, I was fond of browsing over the library, and among the records there is a detailed family paper showing that the origin of the name was His sister Frances married the Baron De Meschines, a well-known Norman Parravicini, another classical scholar, family. R. H. Barham (1788-1845; 'D.N.B.') died on June 29, 1920, in his 77th year. S

WE may now see how some of the descendants of our parson fared.


One of Robert Williams's grandchildren Pamela Bianco, the wonderful child artist whose pictures have recently attracted much attention.

also showed literary talent and wrote a history of Balliol College.

Owen Williams, second son of W. W. W., became Colonel of the Suffolk Regiment after serving with distinction in the Afghan War, 1879-1880 (medal), and with the Hazara Expedition in 1888 (medal, clasp and mentioned in dispatches). He married Eva Marian Waddington of Cavenham Park, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, in 1887.

A third son of W. W. W. was the Rev. Gerard Williams, sometime vicar of Lulworth. His elder son, Gerard, a mining engineer, married Doris Swire Sowler, the daughter of the late Tom Sowler, M.P. for N.W. Manchester, and granddaughter of the late Sir Tom Sowler, editor and proprietor of The Manchester Courier, also M.P. for N.W. Manchester. Gerard and his brother Geoffrey, an architect, fought with the utmost gallantry all through the late war. To get back to John Charles Williams, his second daughter, Kate (1819-1916), married Peter Samuel Fry. Peter Samuel Fry was articled to my grandfather-he afterwards became a partner in the firm of Fry, Loxley and Fry-now Elam and Gardner, of 80, Cheapside (Charles Gardner being the uncle of Dr. Francis Tidcombe of Bognor, whom my sister Alice married). The senior partner in the firm at that time was Peter Wickens Fry, who married successively two daughters of his partner, Thomas Arnold Loxley. His brother (Peter Samuel's father) was the Rev. Thomas Fry, vicar of Emberton, both being sons of Peter Fry of Compton House, Oxbridge, County Treasurer of Somerset, who married three times. His first wife was a Cresswell of Bibery, Glos, heiress of the Woottons of Ashburton, Devon, who died childless. His second was Margaret Henrietta Middleton, orphan protégée of the great Wilberforce (1759-1833; 'D.N.B.'), married from his house in Kensington Gore -afterwards Lady Blessington's (1799-1849; D.N.B.). His third wife was Mrs. Mary Ann Foster, née Bagshawe, of The Oaks, Derbyshire.

Edward Haycock Williams (1823-1853), J.C. Williams's fourth son, was a midshipman on H.M.S. Medusa and was captured in the Chinese War and killed in India.


became a brilliant rifle shot. He was captain of the English eight and the English twenty, and once, I think, came in second for the Queen's Prize at Wimbledon ; tired as a Colonel of Volunteers and decorated with the Order of Christ by the King of Portugal, 1878.

His only child, Marie Constance, married, first, in 1895, Gordon Robert Rogers (d. 1902), son of the Hon. Alexander Rogers, senior member of the Council of Bombay, a distinguished Indian Civil Servant and Oriental scholar, who translated the Shah-Namah of Firdusi from the original Persian into English couplets. They had an only daughter, Joan. She (M.C.) married, secondly, in 1919, Alfred W. Winterbottom of Shiplake,


Thomas Middleton Williams, the seventh

son (1829-1866), became a doctor at Worksop, Notts. He married Emma Maria Major, D.D., principal of King's College, London. the daughter of the late Dr. J. R. Major, One of her granddaughters, Agnes Ethel Wilding, married Major Hector Fitzroy Maclean of the Scots Guards, the son and heir of Sir Fitzroy Maclean, tenth baronet, head of the Clan Maclean.

the Rev. Leigh Spencer, vicar of Renhold, J. C. Williams's sixth daughter married Bedfordshire.


One of her sons, Oliph Leigh Spencer, raised a body of men known as Spencer's Light Horse, who did good work in the Louis Riel (1844-1885; in Canada in 1885. His daughter, Maud D.N.B.') Rebellion Leigh Spencer, married the Rev. Arthur W. Mozley in 1886. He was related to Cardinal Newman (1801-1890; D.N.B.') and to Professor Thomas Mozley of Oxford (18061893; D.N.B.').

in 1863, Francis Ellis, who was agent and The seventh daughter of J. C. W. married, land steward to Viscount Dillon and Sir Humphrey de Trafford of Trafford Park, Manchester.

It is obvious that I have omitted to men.

tion a great many other of the descendants of the curate-in-charge, but I think I have shown that he was founder of a family who have served the State manfully in various ways and have thus done credit to the old vicarage at the back of the parish church of High Wycombe.

Henry Headly Williams, the fifth son (1824-1888), fought at Sobraon, Ferozepur, Here is his epitaph in Highgate cemetery and at the storming of Lahore (medal) under-redolent of the time but not, I think, unSir Hugh Gough (1779-1869; D.N.B.'). pleasing :

He helped the late Lord Carrington (1794- Beneath this stone are deposited the mortal 1868) to found the Bucks Volunteers and remains of the Rev. John Charles Williams,

Rector of Sherington, Bucks, who departed this life Nov. 30th, 1848, in the 60th year of his life.

A life of ceaseless occupation clouded, but could not obscure, those high and rare endowments with which he was abundantly gifted. He was esteemed rather for what he was, than for what he did. Warm, generous and sincere in heart-in mind and manners spotless and uncorrupt, his office as a Christian priest was adorned by his character as a man. Of a loving and truthful nature he ever was the regard of the good;-of tried and unshaken principle he will not be forgotten by the wise. By those who enjoyed his friendship and knew his worth, his memory will be preserved in that enduring regret in which grief disguises itself as the

fond remembrance of the excellence it laments. WILLIAM BULL.

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The story begins, "Chante, coq, éveille le vieux." In English it runs :

Crow, cock, wake the old man, who was guarding the garden and its little roses.

There came a fox, that ate the cock, that waked the old man, &c.

Then follow seven more stages:

"EARTHLAND."--One of the first explanations given to the young student of English charters and rolls is that he must assume that terra, or its English equivalent land, means 'arable land," other cultivated There came a dog, that ate the fox, that, &c. land being described as pratum, meadow," "There fell a log, that killed the dog, that, &c. &c., while pastura, boscus, &c., described There came a river, and it put out the oven, The oven was lighted, that burnt the log, that, &c. the occupation of the other enclosed land.

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To one so instructed the word earthland* is therefore a surprise.'O.E.D.' gives instances of 826 (Charter of Ecgberht in Cod. Dipl., v. 84), c. 1000 (voc. in Wr. Wülcker, 279), and 1885 (Archæological Journal, xlii. 271: this relates to the Thames estuary).

I contribute


that, &c.

There came an ox, that drank up the river,
that, &c.

There came a wolf, that ate the ox, that, &c.
There came a gun, that killed the wolf, that, &c.

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The story is taken by Pernot from Recueil de chants populaires épirotes,' collected by Aravantinos, Athens, 1880, quotation that does P. 139, No. 200. I may point out that something towards completing the history there is an interesting chapter on cumulative of the word, and copy rather fully since (by stories in Popular Tales and Fictions, their some misunderstanding) the word appears Migrations and Transformations,' by W. A. in the article yardland of the O.E.D.' Clouston, 1887, vol. i., pp. 289-313. is obviously impossible for an editor to look up the context of every quotation that reaches him. If what follows had been before him, he would not have inserted it as an instance of a word which, I am informed, was not used in Scotland.




OF WINDSOR.—Some of the terms expressing these are curious. The Dean and Chapter are free from payment of Ward penny, Aver On 19 June 1496, the King confirmed in penny, Tithing penny, and Hundred penny, mortmain a charter of Elizabeth Massun, relict and are discharged from Grithbrech, Forstall, of the late John Skrimgeoure, called Homesoken, Blod-wite, Ward-wite, Heng-wite, burgess of Dundee, dated 1 Mar. 1495 by Fight-wite, Leyr-wite, Lastage, &c. (quoted which she granted to the chaplain of St. Bartholo- by Pote in Antiquities of Windsor'). mew the apostle at the altar of Corpus Christi in Some of the terms in the latter list deserved the parish church of St. Mary of Dundee R. B. a footnote in Mr. Pote's work.


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Unam peciam terre in dicto burgo infra tenementum quondam Nicholai Skrimgeour ex parte australi vici fori, extendendo a gabulo aule nuncupate le Erle Dauid Huntlintoune Haw versus boream usque ad terram anteriorem dicti tenementi, cum occidentali parte clausure seu venelle eidem pecie terre correspondenti, et aliam peciam terre portrait of Coleridge by Washington Allston. prope australem partem dicti tenementi inter TheD.N.B.' mentions Allston's portrait le yertland ejusdem et terram quondam dicti of Coleridge in the National Portrait Nicholai, unacum parte dicte venelle eidem pecie Gallery, but the writer (Leslie Stephen From EARTH sb.2 ["The action of plough- doubts the existence of another one. Artis ing"]+LAND=Arable land (' O.E.D.'). and sitter were in Rome in 1806, and i:

PORTRAITS OF COLERIDGE AND DICKENS. -It may be of interest to note that in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts there is

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