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Scot was married after 1645 and became a If so, would the penalty for breaking this widow in 1660. CONSTANCE RUSSELL. oath involve the usband's recall and the Swallowfield Park, Reading.

wife's death ?

T. H. SOULBY. [Our correspondent may like to be reminded Kestor Glen, Chagford, South Devon. that Grace (née Mauleverer), second wife of the regicide, Thomas Scot, to whom there is a tablet in UNIDENTIFIED PORTRAIT ON Wood PANEL. the chapel of St. John the Evangelist at West- ---I have had for some 40 years a painting minster Abbey (" Hee that will give my Grace on wood panel of a lady with a large silk but what is hers,” &c.), died in 1646.]

frill or ruff and pearls. I do not know the LATIN PROVERB: ORIGIN SOUGHT.-Can subject or the painter, but in the right-hand any reader tell me the origin of the Latin upper corner is painted proverb “Nescit sanus quid sentiat aeger aut plenus quid patiatur jejunus”? It is Perhaps some reader may be able to let quoted as vulgare proverbium by St. Bernard me know something about the lady, for I ( De Gradibus Humilitatis, &c., cap. iii.), cannot ascertain anything about her. but I have not been able to find it in any

A. O'C. dictionary of quotations.

PORTRAITS BY VANDYCK.-Has the porBARTON R. V. MILLS. trait of the 'Two Young Cavaliers' re

cently acquired for the National Gallery THOMAS LOVELL.—Will some contributor ever been engraved ? If so, what is the who is familiar with materials for Lincoln- description of the engraving (if any) given shire history be so good as to tell me whether beneath it ? the private Act, 1 James I., c. xxxv., 'For Has the portrait (whole length) of Jane the Releife of Thomas Lovell,' has been | Goodwyn, daughter of Arthur Goodwyn of printed ? It seems probable that a number Winchendon, Bucks, and second wife of of words occurring in Stat. 16 and 17 Philip, fourth Lord Wharton, in the collecCharles II., c. 11, may be usefully extracted tion of the Duke of Devonshire, ever been for 0.E.D.'

Q. V.

engraved, and, if so, what is the description

given beneath it? I am acquainted with JELLYMAN FAMILY : REGISTER OF ALL Saints' CHURCH, OXFORD.-When searching dress from a painting by Vandyck, entitled

an engraving of a lady in a white satin the parish registers of All Saints (All • Jane Goodwyn, but it does not appear Hallows), Oxford, last September, I ob- to be the same lady as portrayed in the served in one register, 1663,

à picture at Chatsworth, who is in black velvet. note, I think written about that date, that Where is the original painting by Vandyck the register 1653 to 1662 is “ in the hands of of this lady in white satin, described on Jellyman.”

the engraving as Jane Goodwyn'? It must be presumed that no one tried

CROSS CROSSLET. to obtain it from him in order to put it in its proper place. In the register of Bloxham, " ONCE ABOARD

THE LUGGER.”—“ Once Co. Oxon, I noted the family name of aboard the lugger and the girl is mine." Jellyman about the end of the eighteenth What is the source of this well-known quocentury.

tation ?

C. N. R. Probably there may be several entries of this name in the registers.

CATHERINE, DUCHESS OF GORDON.--Duer, Is anything known concerning the lost in his “Life of William Alexander, Earl of register of All Saints ?

Stirling' (New Jersey, 1847), states, p. 13, HERBERT SOUTHAM. that the Duchess accompanied her second

husband, Gen. Staats Long Morris, to PILATE'S WIFE.—Have we any authority America on a visit to his relation. She for naming Pilate's wife Claudia Procula ? was * long remembered in New York for Is it true that in the reign of the Emperor her masculine habits, blunt manners, frank Augustus a provincial Roman Governor conversation and good heart.” Is there any could not be accompanied by his wife, contemporary reference to her in American and that in the reign of his successor, literature ?

J. M. BULLOCH. Tiberius, the law was amended, so that a 37, Bedford Square, W.0.1. Governor's wife could share her husband's foreign home after taking an oath that she GRANGER'S `BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY.'would not interfere in matters of State ? | The 'D.N.B.' (xxii. 373) states that two fine

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extra-illustrated copies of this work were The monogram SA stands out among the offered for sale in 1856. I shall be glad if above inscriptions, which reflect un naturel information can be given as to their present charmant.

VALENTINE J. O'HARA. location.

ROLAND AUSTIN. Authors' Club, London.

THE TALE Two CITIES': reader tell me the origin of this symbol, which DRUGGING OF DARNAY.-How was Charles is used in all royal ceremonies ?

Authorities Darnay drugged ? Has the exact nature appear to differ. The general impression of this drug been ascertained ? According seems to be that the real object of the cap to chap. xiii. of the novel, Darnay noticed is lost in the mists of antiquity.

that a curious vapour was present in WILLIAM BULL.

the cell just before Sydney Carton renHammersmith. dered him unconscious. This

to suggest chloroform (discovered in 1831). The sense of maintenance,” says the ' N.E.D. In chap. xi. it is stated to be a mixture on this subject, “ here is obscure.” the first quotation, c. 1485, the expression is hat of main- and probably also a poison. Perhaps the tenance. The cap of maintenance is mentioned lack of details is due to the fact that Dickens as having been sent by the Pope to Henry VII. was guilty of a daring anachronism.

What and Henry VIII. ; and in 1551, along with the was the date of the article in The British crown or diadem as one of the insignia of a prince. Medical Journal on · The Medical Accuracy The question of its origin has been discussed in our columns at 9 S. vii. 192—8 S. v. 268, 415 of Dickens' ?

J. ARDAGH. 4 S. ii. 560 : viii. 399, 520-1 S. vi. 324. Nothing was elicited as to its origin, though many par


OWNERS : ticulars as to its use were supplied.]

RYE, CORNHILL, VILERS, ST. CLAIR.-In John FILMER EMMETT graduated B.A. at the Baptist at Colchester (Roxburgh Club,

the Cartulary of the Monastery of St. John Cambridge University from Trinity College London : 1897), there are the following in 1827. I should be glad to obtain parti- references :culars of his parentage and career.

He was born Oct. 31, 1805. When and where did he

Page Date

1120c. Roger de Vilers gave half a hide G. F. R. B.

in Chich, Hamo his brother two

parts tenths of Walchra and all LAZENKI PALACE, WARSAW : LATIN IN

the mill. SCRIPTIONS.--I should feel much obliged for

1140c. Hamon de St. Clair grants the mill information on the following points. Over

of Walchra to St. Mary Walchra the entrance door of the Lazenki Palace,

in perpetual alms.

42 Warsaw, there is (or was before the Great

1198. Charter of King Richard refers to

gifts of Roger de Vilers and War) an inscription running thus :

Hamon his brother, Uamon de
St. Clair, Wm. de St. Clair,
Eudes le Seneschal (Eudo Dapi-

fer), dc. A little lower to right and left of the 120 (1 226-35). Henry, bishop of Rochester, portal are medallions, two in number, one

narrates inspection of contirmasymbolizing the Genius habitantis, the other

tion by Pope Alexander to the the Genius loci. That of the habitans has

above monastery of certain gifts

including that from Hamon de inscribed within : FRONS

St. Clair of all tenths in the SINCERA. That of the locus : MENTI' QUIES (and

village of Chalcra. two more words I cannot remember). The In another work (* Sinclairs of England, notes I had made on the spot of these in- pp. 216/7) the following charters are said scriptions and of the symbolic medallions have to be in the Harleian collection at the been mislaid. I have tried in vain for refer- British Museum :ences in usual works. The first inscription 1145c. Charter of Hubert de St. Clair to the is a quaint concetto when read in proper

church of the Holy Trinity of Norwich, collocation. Are there many similar ones

about the church of Chalke, and land to be found ? I have forgotten the exact

and an annual return in the same symbolic figures in the medallions.

1180c, Charter of William de Ianvaley conThe Lazenki was the summer palace of

firming the donation of Hubert de the last King of Poland, Stanislas Augustus.

St. Clair, his grandfather, as above ;

particularly various matters between * Obviously optat.

the prior of Bermondsey and the prior


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of the church of Holy Trinity, Norwich, St. Clairs may have been sons of Muriel by concerning the advowson of the church a second marriage.

of Chalke, Do the above references in the Latin to Cartulary of persons of the family of Hamley

There are many notices in the Colchester “ Walchra ” and “ St. Mary Walchra mean “ Chalk " ? If so, much light will with the St. Clairs, one of whom is Eudes.

(de Amblia, Normandy) in close connexion be thrown on the relationship of various de Hamley and probably the same as personages in feudal times. Roger de Vilers is described as

Eudes nepos Huberti appearing therein.

nepos suus to Eudes de Ryes, in a grant by the May this Eudes be brother to Roger nepos latter to the Abbey of St. Amand, Rouen.

Huberti, grantee of Chalk ? Is not Hamon, brother to Roger de reality “ Langvale,” dervied from the place

I take the surname Lanvaley to be in Vilers, identical with Hamon de St. Clair in Kent held in 1087 by Adam fils Hubert, mentioned in the Colchester Cartulary ? Hamon and William de St. Clair were known reason the family of that name is

brother of Eudes de Ryes. For some unbrothers; they and their father before them owned the property of Vilers (after stated to come from Brittany and the name wards known as Vilers-Fossart) in the canton

is generally spelt “ Lanvallei.”

FITZ-MINSTRELLE CLARISTIAN. of St. Clair, near St. Lô, chief town St. Clair-sur-l'Elle. They also owned the barony: POEM WANTED.-Two or three years ago there of Thaon in Normandy, the chapel of which appeared in The Daily News a poem by“ Gertrude is still extant. The querist has moulages

S. Ford” supposed to be addressed by a wife to of the seals of Wm. de St. Clair, his son

a husband. The Daily News people cannot trace

the date of publication. Can any reader help? Geoffrey and grandson Thomas.

W. FORSTER. If Hamon de St. Clair was brother to Roger de Vilers then he also was nepos said a century ago or more, · History as it is

REFERENCE WANTED.-" The Count de Maistre Eudonis, which will explain his succession written is one great conspiracy against the to Eudes de Ryes.

truth.'” In which book does the above appear ? Roger de Vilers, I am inclined to think,

S. T. may be identical with Roger nepos Huberti, AUTHORS WANTED.-1. In the Echo de Paris of who obtained a Crown grant of the manor Feb. 11, 1922, there is a reference to Les Etatsof Chalk and was succeeded by his son Unis qui avaient proclamé que "tout homme & Gervase de Cornhill, sheriff of Kent, Surrey,

deux patries : la sienne et la France.'" Who and London. See 31st Report of the Public attributed to Benjamin Franklin, but also to

was the author of this saying ? I have seen it Records, 1868-69, and the article · Pedigree Henri de Bornier, the French Academician who of Gervase de Cornhill,' pp. 304-12, in died in 1901. Usually the version is Tout · Geoffrey de Mandeville,' by J. Horace homme a deux patries : la sienne et puis la Round, where the grants of the manor of

France." If the saying is Franklin's, what was

the exact form of the English original ? Chalk to Roger and Gervase respectively

F. H. C. are cited as in Duchy of Lancaster Royal Charters Nos. 3 and 6; in respect of the the author of the line :

2. Can any reader oblige me with the name of latter see also Pipe Roll Society, · Ancient

“And morning brings its daylight and its woe." Charters,' p. 66.

A, T. May St. Mary Walker mean St. Mary Walcher ? Walcher fils Osbern, a nephew of Eudes de Ryes, was buried on the same

Replies. day and in the same tomb as the celebrated Eudes. May Walcher be one of the brothers' WHITE OF SELBORNE : PORTRAIT of the two St. Clairs mentioned in their

WANTED. charters as buried in the grounds of the monastery? Walcher was a son of Osbern

(12 S. x. 109.) fils Walter, tenant-in-chief of Bichelswade IF MR. W. COURTHOPE FORMAN will send hundred in Bereforde in Bedford. Osborn me his address, I shall be pleased to send fils Walcher, apparently his son, appears him a photogravure copy, from my private in the Colchester Cartulary as of Leiham, plate, of a small pen-and-ink sketch, probably and there is notice of his sons. Osbern by an amateur friend, of Gilbert White of fils Walter was married to Muriel, sister Selborne. The original sketch, in one of Eudes de Ryes, and there is an appearance his books,' is now in the British Museum. of his son Walcher as early as 1086. The It is perfectly well known in his family, of

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whom I am the present head, that the by his great-grandnephew, Rashleigh Holtnaturalist never sat for his picture to a White, with pedigree, portraits and illusportrait artist.

trations. (In two volumes. London, John RASHLEIGH HOLT:WHITE. Murray, 1901. 8vo.)


Library, Constitutional Club, W.C. inquiry with regard to a portrait of Gilbert Wbite, I may say that his family has always

COLONEL CHARLES WHITEFOORD (12 S. x. been of opinion that no picture of him was 108).—If this query could be answered in ever painted. The figure in the frontispiece the form in which it is put, the baronetcy to the first edition of The Natural History of Whitefoord of Blaquhan would not be of Selborne,' at one time supposed to re- extinct. But your correspondent should present its author, has been shown to be consult a note by S. S. (Mr. Shaw Stewart) someone else.

in The Genealogist of July, 1880, in which A picture labelled The Rev. Gilbert the writer takes a very broad view of White,' picked up for a few shillings in the Scottish marriages. Caledonian Market and stated to show every

Of the celebrated Caleb Whitefoord (1734sign of having been painted in Gilbert 1810), there are several memoirs accessible White's time, was engraved by Mr. John and portraits, one by Sir Joshua Reynolds, Glen, of 3, Bennett Street, S.W.1. A re- of which the engravings are

He production of this portrait appeared in The did not marry until very late in life. His Selborne Magazine for 1913, on p. 64.

son, the late Rev. Caleb Whitefoord, rector Another painting of a much younger man, of Burford, was born in 1806. In 1887, more also labelled Gilbert White,' at Knebworth, than 150 years after the birth of his father, is in the collection of the Earl of Lytton, by he was kind enough to allow me to peruse whose courtesy it was reproduced in The his collection of family papers, including Selborne Magazine for 1913, on p. 143.

a letter from Sir Walter Scott, which is A few years ago

a copy of Homer's worth quoting. When the 1829 edition of Iliad, by Pope, and presented by him to Waverley ' was published, the origin of the Gilbert White, when the latter took his story of the mutual good offices of Col. degree, was diecovered in Hampshire, and in Talbot, Waverley, and Bradwardine was. it is a sketch labelled " G. W.'penned by told in the Introduction, but with some

together with a chess-score, in slight inaccuracies, such as Allan for Charles which the names of Gilbert White and F. and one“ o” in Whitefoord. Young Caleb, Chapman occur. This and another sketch then at Queen's College, Oxford, had the with no title were reproduced in The Sel- temerity, as he expressed it, to write to the borne Vagazine for 1914, on p. 128.

author, pointing this out, and pleading the This last portrait is crude, but one cannot love of his family for the old name. Sir help being struck by the resemblance between Walter replied : * Dear Sir,-Dearly as I it and the painting in the possession of Lord am myself particular in the spelling of my Lytton. WILFRED MARK WEBB. name to a 't I had no right to treat your

'o' as a cypher,” and promising that in In reply to the inquiry of MR. COURTHOPE the next edition the emendation should be FORMAN, I beg to say that I possess the only made. This was done, as will be seen in known portrait of Gilbert White, which I the paragraph now printed in the Appendix. shall be pleased to show him if he will call The Rev. Charles Blaquhan Whitefoord, on me.

R.C. Chaplain to the Forces, grandson of I have had the picture engraved.

the rector of Burford, died of wounds in

JOHN GLEN. France, May 29, 1918. Of this gallant 3, Bennett Street, St. James's, S.W.1.

descendant and namesake of the Waverley

colonel an officer wrote : In reply to Mr. W. COURTHOPE FORMAN'S

One incident will show the spirit in which he query, there is a portrait of Gilbert White worked among us. He was in a ruined village of Selborne (1720-1793), naturalist, in The about a thousand yards from the fighting. Shells Bookbreyer (1901), xxii. 476.

were falling, glass and bricks were flying about, There is also a portrait of Gilbert White Father Whitefoord found a man who had lost his

steel helmet. In an instant he handed his own to of Selborne, vicar, grandfather of the the soldier, and then carried on excellent work in above, in The Life and Letters of Gilbert succouring the wounded. White of Selborne, written and edited

A. T. M.

F. C.,'


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ARAB (OR EASTERN) HORSES (12 S. x. out all the inaccuracies of the article; the 91, 138).—When compiling the history of principal points are that the sides are the old Newcastle-on-Tyne Race Meeting invariably composed of four players and I spent a good deal of time in research that the scoring is identical with that of regarding the Fenwick family and their lawn tennis, even to "advantage” and connexion with bloodstock. The date of “ deuce.” the following letter (1610) will reconcile I agree with the American narrator that the dates mentioned by ARAB with the it is a game requiring much agility and death of Sir John Fenwick. The writer strength, but to rank it above cricket is was Robert Delaval, who, to the Earl of silly in the extreme and worthy only of one Northumberland, communicated the follow- to whom the niceties of the greatest athletic ing:

game the world has ever known are a closed I have seen a very fine paseinge (pacing] mare book. Still, with some amplification of the that is black and of middle size, which I can rules, it might be worth while giving it a buy for your lordship, and hath so good a fore: trial in England.

S. H. Du PARC. hand and head as I know not where the like is be had in these parts: The colt that AMERICAN HUMORISTS :

Capt. G. H. Sir John Fenwick gave the King that was held DERBY (12 s. x. 353, 394, 491, 535).--My to be the swiftest horse in England, which was given to the Duke of Ulster, is full brother by this copy of the first edition of the “Squibob horse to this mare. She hath this year a very Papers' in my library being mislaid, I cannot fair horse colt that is some five weeks old, gotten now refer to it, so accept X. T. R. 's authowith a horse that paceth of Sir Ralph Graye's rity for his statement. It must be noted, that will not be sold for £100 and the gent. that however, that Capt. Derby died in 1861, owns her will not sell his mare and colt under £20, and if I dislike the colt he will abate me twenty

and that the Squibob Papers' were first nobles of the £20. The mare is this year covered published in 1865. The notes, therefore, again with a marvellous fair Grey T'urk that paceth may have been those of the editor. little but very excellent good shape.

Squibob was another nom de plume of Sir John Fenwick—a staunch Royalist - Capt. Derby, and many of the letters in was stud-master both to Charles I. and Phenixiana' (1856) are signed “Squibob." Charles II., and did much to lay the founda- A representation in gilt of tion of the thoroughbred as we know it on the front cover of the book, and the to-day. J. FAIRFAX-BLAKEBOROUGH. frontispiece is a portrait of “ Yours reGrove House, Norton-on-Tees.

spectfully John P. Squibob ” (John Phenix

Squibob). I find no reference in articles PALLONE, AN ITALIAN GAME (12 S. x. 65). in Phoenixiafina' connecting

connecting Squibob With reference to the article under the with George Wshington. above heading, I am not aware if this I was a member of the publication comdescription of the game therein contained mittee of the Caxton Club, Chicago, under as given by an American sculptor still whose supervision the 1897 edition of stands good for Rome, but I can say that, Phoenixiana' was published. This issue as regards the game as played in Piedmont' was edited by John Vance Cheney, at that and Tuscany, the description is very incorrect. time head Librarian of the Newbury Library, The game has always been more essentially and a member of the committee. Mr. Cheney a Piedmontese and Tuscan one than Roman. was acquainted with the family of Capt. As played in Piedmont (where it may truly Derby, and the facts incorporated in his be called the national game) there are two Introduction were obtained from them. chief varieties; one being played with a Mrs. Derby and her son, Capt. George soft india-rubber ball slightly larger than McClennan Derby, placed at the disposal a cricket ball, the ball being struck with of our committee an album of the original the hand, round which is wound a handker- i sketches of Capt. Derby. Mr. Cheney, in chief; and the other variety played with a bis Introduction, refers to the portrait of hard ball as described. The gauntlets of! Squibob” (referring to vol. ii. of the wood with the projecting bosses resemble Caxton Club edition) as follows :nothing so much as pineapples, and cover The portrait of “Squibob,” frontispiece to the hand as far as the wrist only, not to the vol. ii., drawn by Derby, over his own photoelbow.

graph as the groundwork, is from the original I do not imagine that the subject is suffi- cut used in the Appleton edition of Phønixiana, ciently interesting to English readers to merit taking up much of your space to point


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