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Overblow, Brotton Knayth, Darlington, &c. end the proceeds of their unsavoury trade was
There is nothing to show a foreign origin of any applied.
of them.

1375. John de Burgh, glasenwright (vide
(died 1337.) John de Preston (vide 12 S. viii. 12 S. x. 88).

1378. Johannes Knayth, glasenwright (vide [1341.) Richard le Ferrour was Chamberlain of note to John de Broghton above). the city in that year (Skaife MS., Lord Mayors 1381. Will de Bardenay, glasenwright. and Sheriffs ; York Public Library).

1385. Will de Bulnays, glasenwright. 1345. Wil le ferrour de Bouthum.


1387. Johannes Danyell, glasyer. This is the name Bootham, now applied to a street, was that first instance in the Freemen's Roll of the use of the of a vill or burgh belonging to the Abbot and term

“ glasyer

to describe a glass-painter. Convent of St. Mary's, just outside the walls of Johannes Danyell, probably a son, was free in lhe city, and the

cause of frequent disputes, 1402. bet ween the Abbot and Mayor as to their respec- 1387. Johannes de Bolton, ferrour. tive rights therein.

1391. Will Darthyngton, glasyer. 1349. Robertus de Burton Aunays, ferrour. i

1395. Andreas Barker, ferrour. Burton Agnes, a village about four miles from 1395. Petrus de Prestwyk, 'glasyer.

1400. Joh. de la Chaumbre, glasyer (vide 12 g. 1351, Henricus del Mure, verrour.

It will be viii. 127). noticed that in this year three glass-painters were 1400. Thomas de Byngfeld, glasier (ibid.). enrolled, no doubt in order to make up for losses 1400. Robertus de Wakeffeld, glasyer (ibid.). amongst the craft by death during the Black 1402 Johannes Danyell, glasyer. Probably Death. The average number of freemen enrolled' son of the Johannes Danyell, free in 1387. annually at York between the years 1339 and 1407. Willelmus Fournour, glacier. 1348 was 60. In 1349, however, 208 new freemen 1409. Robertus Bedford, glacier. His son, were entered, and in 1363, 218.

“Johannes Bedford, clericus, fil. Roberti Bedford, 1351. Willelmus de Aukland, verrour. He glasier," was free of the city in 1437. was doing work for the Minster in 1371 and was 1410. Johannes Thornton, glacyer (vide 12 S. Bailiff of the city in 1380 (Skaife MS., Lord vii. 481). Marors and Sheriffs ; York Public Library).

1412. Robertus Fournays, glacier. Probably 1351. Will de Preston, ouerour (vide 12 s. an ancestor of Thomas Fourneys, glasyer, free

1520, whose son, William Fornes, glasyer, was 1353. Edmund Mott, ferrour.

free in 1551. 1339. Johannes de Selby, verrour.

1414. Joh. Chambre, junior, glasier (vide 12 S. 1361. Johannes Archer, verrour.

viii. 127). 1361. John de Preston, glasenwreght (vide

[1417]. Robert Quarendon, working at the 12. vii. 485). It will be noticed that glass- Minster in that year (vide Fabric Rolls, Surtees panies who have hitherto been styled “ verrours

Soc.). app from now until 1385 termed "


1418. Thomas Roos, glasyer. Very little is glasyers."

known about him. He made his will (Reg. Test. 1348. Joh. de Kyrkeby, glasenwright.

Ebor., iii. 374) on Feb. 8, 1433, desiring to be buried

in St. Helen's Church, Stonegate. To bis sister 1971. Will de Brotton, glasenwright.

Margaret, 20d., and the whole of the rest of his 1575. Joh. de Broghton, glasenwright. There property to his wife Katherine. He either died 1 svilage of Broughton in the parish of Kirkby, without issue or his son had taken over his business Treat stokesley, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, some time previous to his father's death. One

it is probable that John and will de Broghton, Henry Ros is mentioned in the Rot. Kemp as who web no doubt brothers, and John de

Kyrkeby follows : “ To Henry Ros, glasier, working about free in 1368.) all came from the same district. John the palace in glazing panels with a figure of 4- Binghton died in 1384, when administration of St. John, and other panels with (a representation of) he goods was granted to John de Pynchbek, John the sun's rays and in mending the windows of the 4. Kaarth and Adam Sommoneur," being within same ,,, at the west end of the same hall, phones jurisdiction of the Chapter of York” (Reg. 168. 8d.(Fabric Rolls of York Minster, Glossary, Is D. and C. Ebor., 1. 78), so that they evidently p. 349). He was probably also the “ Rose glasyer ** within the cathedral close and not in the city. who, 'in 1433-4, was paid seven shillings for men de Knayth, like the deceased, was a glass- glazing in the Chapel or Hall of the York Merchant anter, being free of the city as a “glasenwright" Adventurers Company (* York Merchant AdBebe 1378. Adam Sommoneur was evidently a venturers,' Surtees Soc.). ham ap and down, With mandements for forni- 1418. Johannes Neusom, glasyer. One of a

an," and one of a class of whom, according family of at least three generations of journeymen Chaucer, may no good be said." The York glass-painters, none of whom seem to have risen Minster Fabric Roll for the year 1421 shows that to have a shop of his own. In 1437, John Newsom through the activities of these gentry and "by was one of the witnesses to the will of John the various Penitentiaries " their employers, no Chamber the elder, who was probably his master. is a sun than £64 58. 7 d. (equal to £1,000 present | His son, John Newsom, was free in 1442 and valer, was raised in one year (Browne, Hist. worked for Thomas Shirley (vide 12 S. viii. 365), York Minster,' p. 221). A window in the nave and his grandson, Thomas Newsom, was free in represents the Penancers at work, in one light flagel- 1470, and worked for Thomas Shirwyn (vide latare a man, and in another chastising a woman, 12 S. vij. 407). wfubt figures in the border pour money out of bags 1419. Johannes Berford, ferrour. Probably and masons carve stonework, showing to what one of the same family as Robertus Bedford,

and after that“


glacier, free 1409, and his son, Johannes Bedford, workmen, whó at his death in 1451 left him 18. 8ch

. clericus, free 1437.

(vide 12 S. viii. 128). In 1463-4, he was evidently 1421. Willelmus Gent, glasyer.

a master, as his name appears amongst those to 1425. Johannes Coverham, glasyer. He was whom new ordinances were granted in that year. evidently the John, servant of John Burgh,' In 1471 he was doing work for the Minster who is mentioned in the Fabric Roll for the year (Fabric Rolls, 8.2. 1471). 1414, and later, in 1419, under his full name, which 1450. Will Inglysshe, als Richardson, glasyer is coupled with that of John Burgh, who was (vide 12 S. viii. 323). presumably, therefore, his master. John Cover

JOHN A. KNOWLES. ham's son Thomas was free in 1448. 1426. Thomas Husthwayt, ferrour. Hus

(To be concluded.) thwaite is a village near Easingwold, in the East Riding of Yorkshire.

1427. Ricardus Penbrygge, glasyer. He prob- ANCIENT BRASS ENGRAVING. ably came from Pembridge in Herefordshire.

[1431]. William Bownas, glasyer. The only Seeing that my note on the Stoke d’Abernon information we have of him is that contained in enamelled shield (12 S. viii. 428) has been his will (Reg. Test. Ebor., ii. 648), where he de- received with considerable interest, it occurs scribed himself as a citizen and glazier of York, to me that a few remarks upon the ancient dwelling in the parish of St. Wilfrid," in the method of engraving, and the kind of tools churchyard of which he was buried. All his goods he bequeathed to his wife Cecilia. Will proved used for the purpose, may also be acceptable. April 22, 1431.

I have a photograph of the British 1436. Willelmus Thwaytes, glasyer.

Museum MS, from which Haines illustrated 1438. Willelmus Cartmell

, glasier. William his comments on the subject, and am inCartmell and William Bownas (vide 8.a. 1431, above) or their ancestors evidently came from the clined to think that the sketch may refer Lake District, Cartmel being the name of a village to the engraving of a brass quite as much and Priory in Lancashire, and there are two as to the incising of stone, for at least one villages named Bowness, one in Cumberland and of the artificers is apparently cutting lengththe other on Lake Windermere. The work of the wise with the lines of the effigy. This York glass-painters was as well known on the west as on the east coast, and many churches and method of cutting can only be employed abbeys in the Lake District sent to York to have in the case of metal. Incisions in stone, their windows painted. Robert Preston, the glass- whether long or short, must be cut by laying painter, who died in 1503, left a sum of money to a wide flat tool along one edge of the line Wedrall Abbey, near Carlisle ; and Sir John Petty and driving the tool, by means of a mallet, (d. 1508) bequeathed 138. 4d. to Furness Abbey in into the stone towards the other edge of the Lancashire “ be cause,' as he said, “I have wroght mych wark there." In the little village church of line, and then repeating the process from Cartmel Fell, some few miles

from the Priory of the opposite side, so as to produce a V-shaped Cartmel, is some typical York, canopy work; incision as long as the width of the tool. William Cartmell was probably the William mentioned in the Fabric Roll of 1443, and under To attempt to make the chisel travel along his full name in those of 1444-1447, and again (or a line in stone would break away bott a son of the same name) in 1471. It is presumed edges of the incision in flakes of various he was one of Thomas Shirley's workmen (vide sizes. Thus the so-called V-cut letters are 12 S. viii. 365).

1439. Thomas Shirlay, glasyer (vide 12 S. viii. peculiar to stone and never found in ancient 364).

brass, save perhaps in the case of a fine 1442. Johannes Neusom, glasier, fil. Johannis stroke for which a single lengthwise cut will Neusom. Free of the city by patrimony. His serve without any thickening up. There father, John Newsom, was free in 1418. He is little doubt that the earliest brass enevidently learnt his business or was in the employ of Thomas Shirley, who in his will, made in 1458, graving was conducted in exactly the sar bequeathed ** to John Newsom, if he be in my manner as in the present day, and with service at the time of my decease, 38. 4d.” (Reg. tools the points of which were like those of Test. Ebor., ii. 380 d). John Newsom's son to-day. The only difference appears Thomas was free in 1442.

be that, in olden times, the larger sunker 1443. John Ley, glasier's son William Ley, parchemyner, was free of the city.


such those between the legs 1446. Thomas Mylet. Probably a partner of and sword of a knight (in late brasses such Matthew Petty (vide 12 s. ix. 21). In 1463-4, he spaces not being perforated) or as in the

one of the glass-painters to whom new field of a coat of arms, were cross-hatcher ordinances were granted.

with a V-pointed tool alone, whereas now 1447. Ricardus Chambre, glasier, fil Johannis flat chisel may also be introduced. Chaumbre, glasier (vide 12 s. viii. 128). (1447). Matthew Petty (vide 12 S. ix. 21).

A very small fragment of brass in th 1448. Thomas Coverham, glasier, fil Johannis stroke of a letter, the cutting away of whic Coverham, glasier. Son of John Coverham, free was accidentally omitted, has provided 1425, and one of John Chamber the younger's certain proof that lettering was engrave




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then as now. In the Acworth brass (1513) Danish ships, being of greater displacement, in Luton Church, recently raised from the swifter, and steadier. floor and set up against the wall, there Some time during 897, six Danish ships occurs in the marginal inscription the word raided the south, doing great damage all Timor, of which the accompanying print along the coast, especially in Devonshire is a faithful copy. In the letter “i” there and the Isle of Wight. Alfred ordered nine will be seen the fragment of brass referred of his ships to go and attack them, and the to. It has been suggested that this is but English feet discovered the Danish ships a scrap of pitch or dirt collected in the in- in a harbour, and, by sealing up the entrance, cision, but I have personally handled and blockaded them. Three of the Danish ships examined it on two or three occasions, and can

were drawn up on the shore, the crews being unhesitatingly assert that it is a piece of inland, and the other three ships attacked brass not cut away as it should have been. the English. In the ensuing fight two of The importance of this discovery lies in the the Danes were sunk, the third escaping fact that it clearly demonstrates that in with only five men left alive. engraving the broad stroke of a letter, as,

At this time the English ships ran aground for instance, the “i” in question, the crafts, in a most inconvenient position. Three of man cut an incision with a V-pointed tool

them were stranded on the same side as the three Danish ships, the other six being aground on the opposite side of the channel. As the tide ebbed many furlongs from the ships, the crews of the Danish ships attacked the three English ships on the same side, with the result that seventy-two of the allied English and Frisians and a hundred and twenty Danes were slain.

When the tide again reached the ships, the Danes rowed away first, because the flood tide floated them before the English could push off (ūscūfan), the greater size

and consequent heavier displacement of down one side of the stroke and then another the English ships requiring more water to down the opposite side, thus producing float them than the smaller and lighter two clean outside edges, but, owing to the Danish ships. The Danes were not able to narrow width of the graver, failing to clear row round the coast of Sussex owing to away the slip of brass between, in the centre their damaged condition. Two of them of the stroke. This had afterwards to be were driven on the shore, the crews being cut away with a third cut down the centre, taken to the King at Winchester and which is the precise process employed to-day. hanged, while the remaining ship's crew, A general examination of lettering in many severely wounded, reached East Anglia. old brasses that have passed through my

A certain amount of doubt has hitherto bands has confirmed my view of the early existed as to the exact location of this existence of this method of engraving. WALTER E. GAWTHORP.

naval battle. Poole Harbour in Dorset and

a haven in the Isle of Wight have been 16, Long Acre, W.C.2.

put forward. It is suggested here that the battle took place in Southampton Water.

The Chronicle states that the ships were A NOTE ON THE ANGLO-SAXON

stranded on opposite sides of the channel. CHRONICLE, ANN. 897.

This could not be the case in an open harPREDATORY bands of Danes from Eastbour. Southampton Water is approximately Anglia and Northumbria had been harassing one and a half miles broad at full tide, and Wessex and the south coast in their war- three-quarters of a mile broad at low water, ships which they had built some years the statement that the tide ebbed many before. To counteract these attacks, King furlongs being strictly true. The Danish Alfred ordered the construction of long ships must have been beached on the west ships, of a type which he himself considered side of the Water, because on this side the most useful. They had sixty or more the tide recedes fela furlanga. cars and were nearly twice the size of the It must be remembered that there are

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own, Mrs.

four tides daily at Southampton. The Eng. (Mar. 25, 1823), he is described as of the lish fleet seems to have arrived about the Lower Terrace, Lower Street, Islington, . time of high water, and their attention was Surveyor." He is also called a surveyor so diverted owing to the fight in the mouth in The Builder (Sept. 4, 1884 ; obituary of of the Water that the rapid ebb of the tide left Charles Lee). On March 11, 1794, William them stranded on either side of the channel. Williams married Rachel, daughter of While stranded, the Danes attacked the John Lee of Islington (and sister of Joseph ships on their side, with the result that they Lee, painter in enamels to the Princess were beaten. When the tide again reached Charlotte and the Duke of Sussex), but the ships, at the most six hours later, the ob.s.p. June 10, 1833, and was buried at St. Danes were able to float their ships first, Mary's Church. A curious anecdote conowing to their less displacement, and so cerning him will be found in The Connoisseur, make their escape.

J. R. SPAUL. No. 170, vol. xliii., p. 94, while some account Hatfield College, Durham.

of his wife's relatives, more especially the enamel painter, was published in the same

periodical, No. 197, vol. l., p. 29 et seq. A LATIN SAYING.--At 10 S. v. 88, PROF. Mrs. Rachel Williams lived at. Cloudesley MOORE SMITH asked for the source of the Terrace, Liverpool Road, Islington. She was lines,

born on Oct. 29, 1775; was named as executris Quamvis cuncta notes, quae lustrat regna Bootes, of her maternal aunt's, “ Betty (Elizabeth) Vix reperire potes quam sine labe notes,

Oldroyd's, will (dated Aug. 20, 1820; proved which are quoted in Abraham Fraunce's May 20, 1823), and died June 7, 1840. * Victoria, Il. 2226-7 in the Professor's Her body was buried in the churchyard of edition. The

same couplet, with quem, St. Mary's, Islington, but the headstone not quam in the second line (Fraunce's disappeared when the site was cleared for context required the feminine), is given laying out as a recreation ground. I have on p. 74 of Jakob Werner's ‘Lateinische been told that the tombstones were then Sprichwörter und Sinnsprüche des Mittelalters mainly stacked in the vaults of the church. aus Handschriften gesammelt' (Heidelberg, Having no children of her 1912). It is there taken from a collection Williams was responsible for the upbringing of sayings in a MS. of the University Library of her nephew, Charles Lee (1804-1880), the at Basle, assigned by the editor to the first well-known architect and surveyor, son of quarter of the fifteenth century.

James Lee (1772-1816), of Islington. Two of EDWARD BENSLY. Charles's sons bore the name of Williams

Charles Williams Lee (1840-1901) and my A“ LONDON WELSH ” Family: WILLIAMS grandfather, Sydney Williams Lee (1841-19171. OF ISLINGTON.—The following notes, com

F. GORDON ROE. piled from documents and memoranda in

Arts Club, Dover Street, Wi. my possession, may interest Welsh genealogists:Benjamin Williams, born at Haverford

Queries. west (date unascertained), was a churchwarden of St Mary's, Islington, in 1797 and We must request correspondents desiring is 1798. He died Nov. 4, 1804, and was formation on mily matters of only private interest buried at the same church, leaving by his to affix their names and addresses to their queries wife Sarah (née Brindley; died Sept. 22, in order that answers may be sent to them direct. 1800, aged 56), a son, William. Whether Mrs. Benjamin Williams was a connexion STROUD GREEN.—What justification is of James Brindley, the engineer, I cannot there for Sir Laurence Gomme's equation. say ; but my maternal grandfather was Stanestaple Stroud Green,” stated but in the habit of keeping an old newspaper unexplained in his Governance of London, cutting concerning him, with certain other p. 411? If there be no justification for matter relating to the family.

this identity, where indeed was the Dome William Williams (son of Benjamin) was day Estate, held by the Canons of St. Paul's born on April 27, 1770, at the house situate When does the present name of “ Stroud at the south-east corner of Britannia Row Green first occur ? What evidence exist. and Lower Road,” Islington. In a lease in support of Lysons's statement, given wit: dated Dec. 25, 1804, his vocation is given out reference of any sort and in a pass: as “ Timber Dealer,” but, in a later lease, in which he dismisses the “hamlet



exactly eight words, that the place was NON-JURING CLERGY : BAPTISMAL REGIS" formerly a seat of the Stapletons” (En- TERS.—What became of the baptismal virons of London,' ii., p. 421)? From registers, if any, kept by the non-juring what part of the country did this family clergy ? In particular, are those of the come, and when did the interest of its mem- chapel in Theobald's Road extant ? The bers in this district cease ? S. J. MADGE. congregation worshipping there was at one 69, Oakfield Road, Stroud Green, N.4.

time under the pastoral care of Gordon, the

last of the canonically ordained non-juring JOHN PLANTA'S SPINNING-WHEEL.—John bishops. That dignitary is said by Dr. King Planta of Fulneck, near Leeds, at the end (Political and Literary Anecdotes ') to of the eighteenth century, made spinning. have been sent for by Prince Charles Edward wheels in which a heart-cam is introduced to baptize the first child he had by Miss to distribute the thread over the bobbin Walkenshaw. The register in question might automatically instead of having to change or might not confirm this statement. To it by hand from one “ heckof the flyer Bishop Gordon's credit be it said that he to another. A specimen of his wheel is was most strict in his observance of all in the Victoria and Albert Museum, South canonical and rubrical directions, so he Kensington.

would be sure to keep a register of his He did not patent this invention, but it baptisins.

H. F. WILSON. would raise a point of some interest if it 66, Louis Street, Hull. were known that he used the heart-cam for this purpose before 1775, when Ark

THE HOUSE OF HUSBANDRY,--There has wright embodied it in his “ water-frame.”

” been recently presented to the Shakespeare The specimen alluded to suggests that it is Birthplace, Stratford-on-Avon, a deed of much later in date than this; in fact the 1619, referring to the division of the Great wheel is obviously intended for a drawing. Farm of Broadway, owned by Mistress Ann room at a period when hand spinning had Daston. In it occurs the phrase the become merely an affectation of the well- House of Husbandry.” I have not met with to-do. Can anyone give dates ?

these words in any previous deed. Is this H. W. DICKINSON. | a common phrase, and may it be taken to refer to a farmhouse ?

E. A. B. B. SIR CHARLES Cox, M.P. for Southwark. What is known of his parentage and history ?

BERNASCONI.-In the early years of the Shaw's Knights of England states he was nineteenth century a great deal of work was knighted Sept. 21,


Musgrave's done in English cathedrals by an Italian of Obituary' gives the date of his death as this name, who was particularly skilful in Jime 13, 1729, and states he was a brewer. the restoration of sculpture. He used a Will dated May 16, 1729, proved June 25, cement, the composition of which he kept 1729 (162 Abbott), gives no information as a secret, and his work is to be found in, to his family. I conjecture that he came among other places, Westminster Abbey, from Shipton-under-Wychwood, Oxon, from (Dean Stanley was rather scathing about it), the following record of apprenticeship Southwell Minster and, I believe, Ripon

is indexed in the Society of Genealogists and Beverley, What known about Collection : “Cox Brooks, son of Chamberlain Bernasconi and his work ?

Y. Y. B. of Shipton, Oxon, farmer, Mar. 11, 1715, Sir Charles Cox, citizen and brewer ;

WILLIAM MILBURN.-Can any reader give In Rev. 1/3-14. The families of Cox and me information as to the identity of William Chamberlain of Shipton were related.

Milburn, author of * Oriental Commerce, E. ST. JOHN BROOKS.

containing a geographical description of

| the principal places in the East Indies, OTHELLO.'—We are told that in the with their produce ; in two volumes ; irst Folio there are 160 lines not found in London, 1813 ? JOSEPH M. BEATTY, JR. wa Quarto. I have no copy of the plays Goucher College, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.

indicates these additions. Staunton uks the new lines in ‘Richard III.' but SIR T. PHILLIPS.-Was he a herald :cio Othello.' 'Can any reader indicate did he only collect MSS. for his library ?

ne the most important additions in Are his MŠS. of value ? Where are they >tbello'?

GEORGE HOOKHAM. to be found ? Are they bound in volumes ? 55 Ellersey, Glos,



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