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(To be continued.)

Jennings resided here for several years till bis death in 1718. His relations were settled in this neighbourhood before the eighteenth century, and a branch of the Jennings family lived at Lashbrook, in Shiplake parish, before 1700.

Jennings was buried in Henley churchyard, close to the west end of the north aisle, where an oblong stone altar-tomb has the following particulars of himself and


On upper stone slab :—

To the Memory of

In 1711 Mr. Richard Jennings, of Badgemore presented a book to Henley Church, The Life and Defence of Bishop Jewell.' OXFORDSHIRE MASONS (12 S. x. 89, 138).This book had a portion of a chain and One of us (E. ST. J. B.) recorded the will staple attached to it by which it could be of Edward Beacham of Burford, Co. Ox-fastened to a lectern or a table, and probably, ford, yeo., dated Aug. 10, 1677 (see first from the date and the circumstance of the reference), and since that issue he has donor being master-mason of St. Paul's, found, in the book of Oxford Administra- may have been a relic of old St. Paul's, tions in the Principal Probate Registry, that which he wished to present to the place of on April 29, 1682, administration of the goods his residence. of the testator was granted to his sons Joseph and Benjamin, the widow and executrix, called both Margery and Margaret in the will of 1677, having died before taking out administration, i.e., between 1677 and 1682. In the will are mentioned four sons, Thomas Beacham, eldest son, Joseph, Benjamin, and Ephraim, and three married daughters, Hester Webb, Martha Strong, and Elizabeth Nightingale. Joseph is doubtless the Joseph Beauchamp of the epitaph quoted by MR. T. C. TOMBS, from which record he was born 1655. His sister, Martha Beauchamp (b. 1652; d. 1725), married, c. 1677, Edward Strong, sen., master-mason (b. 1652, d. 1723); their son, Edward Strong, jun. (b. 1675/6; d. 1741), is stated in Clutterbuck's Hist. of Herts,' vol. i., to have married Mary Beauchamp. Original documents in the possession of one of us (H. C.), however, show that his wife was named Susanna Roberts; she had a paralytic seizure on June 22, 1740, and was so gravely ill at the commencement of August that she is unlikely to have survived long. HENRY CURTIS.


Richard Jennings of Henley-on-Thames was another of the master-masons of St. Paul's Cathedral. He was the son of Thomas Jennings of Pangbourne, Berks, and his wife, Priscilla, who was the daughter of John and Priscilla Salter, both of Henley. About the year 1700 he purchased Badgemore (anciently known as Baggerugge) about one mile from Henley on the Greys Road, which at that time only consisted of a farmhouse and fields. Ten years later he commenced building the present house at Badgemore with the bricks and scaffolding used temporarily in the cathedral building.

PRISCILLA his Wife Both of this Town
Born in 1524

And their Daughter PRISCILLA
with her Husband THOMAS JENNINGS
of Pangborn Born in 1620.
Also to the Memory of
His Son and Master Builder of S. Pauls
in London with his two Sons.
Great Benefactor to this Church
Marriner and his Wife and her Children
Born in 1664

By whom she had four Sons and three Daughters
John her Youngest Son Repaired this Tomb
In 1752

South side :

Also to the Memory of


Late of Gatwick Hall in the County of Surry and one of his Majesty's Justice of Peace for the said County

who Died August ye 2nd 1771, Aged 72 Years. North side :

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THE CAP OF MAINTENANCE (12 S. x. 151). | understood. Some years ago I mentioned to -I gather from the note at the foot of this Alderman Holmes the fact that Newcastle query that previous discussion of this once possessed, as did Exeter, a cap of subject elicited no certain information. maintenance. A search was made and at It occurs to me that even a purely private the bottom of a box of old and forgotten account may prove of use and satisfy documents, papers and sundry trifles as he SIR WILLIAM BULL, although what I have informed me a blue cap very old and to relate is mere family legend told from shabby and with ragged edges as though father to son till it reached me. My family part had been torn off, was discovered, is one of the very few entitled to bear on and he further stated would be renovated its crest the "cap of maintenance." In my and restored to its proper position. private history of the Holme family for the guidance of my descendants is the account of how the cap became our insignia and also what it betokened. A very ancient document states :

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I hope that these rambling remarks will instigate some of our antiquarian friends to further investigations. RICHARD H. HOLME.


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Could there be any objection to taking the word maintenance in the sense of support or "mount "-coming from


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In the year of the incarnation of our blessed Lord and Saviour one thousand 67 at the time that William the Conqueror brought his Army into Britain's Isle, many lords and gentlemen maintenir ? The cap or hat of 'maincame along with him. Amongst those was a tenance would then be, originally, the certain gentleman out of the County of Stock- bonnet of costly stuff upon which a crown holm, a valiant young squire whose name was John, being one of very handsome conduct, and or coronet was supported. Its subsequent being taken notice of by the General himself use, by itself, as a distinction might be who made him captain in his Army. comparable to the use of the ribbon on which a medal is hung as equivalent to the medal. Thence to its being conferred separately would be an easy development.

This extract is to specify the man. The legend as formerly written down and handed through generations is as follows:

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the Governor, Herman Gessler, the pole was
Tell having shortly afterwards shot dead
pulled down, and the people wanted to
destroy the cap, but their leader, Walter
Fürst, said:-

As a kind of corroboration of this legendary account I may say that when King John adopted this City and County of Newcastle as a King's Borough he gave to its governors a blue cap of maintenance," which cap adopt it for that reason? was in later years long hidden-not being

No; preserve it rather.

'Twas late the instrument of tyranny, Hereafter let it be the sign of Freedom! Query, did the French revolutionists

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In 780 the great-ancestor of this John, viz., the Sieur de Houlme of Houlme, near Rouen, sailed CORNHILL, VILERS, ST. CLAIR (12 S. x. 151). CHALK IN KENT AND ITS OWNERS: RYE, with Rollo to the River Tyne and wintered near Newcastle (then Monkchester), and in 781 or 782 -The recital of the gifts to the monks of Colsailed to Northmandie and conquered Charles chester, according to the inspeximus charter the Simple. gaining thereby the North Coast of of 1253 (Cal. Charter Rolls), throws a little France, and in 1066 this John de Houlme came light. Roger de Vilers gave half an acre ver with the Conqueror, so that the record ought to read "out of Rouen although of descent from in Chich(St. Osyth); Hamo, his brother, a Scandinavian family called Stockholm." two parts of the tithes of Walcra and all of

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the mill, and half the tithe of Chalcre. Hamo that she was born in or near to New Orleans, de St. Clare gave Algareslawe (Abbotsbury), in or close to the year 1840. In Pitt and in Barley (Herts). William de St. Clare gave Clarke's Directory for New Orleans' for Greenstead, near Colchester. William de 1842 the name Fernando Fuentes occurs Laumvalay gave the church of Hammerton, as a 'segar seller" living at 96, Common &c. "Walera" is identified in the index Street. It is more likely that a very ordias Walkern, Herts, so, if this is correct, nary name like McCord would have been Walchra is not Chalk. The identity or invented by a late writer anxious to show an otherwise of the two Hamos is not settled unsuspecting firm of publishers that he by the above, as the gifts may not have possessed new and valuable information been made at the same date. and a than that rare names like Dolores Fuentes different description used for possibly the or Fuertes would have been given to her by same donor. R. S. B. contemporaries if she had no claim to them. The Times writer says that his remarks are taken from a lecture given by Menken herself. It is usual to prefer early and especially contemporary statements to late ones. As New Orleans was a small place in 1842, the mention of an unusual name there at a given date is more remarkable than its being found in the directory of a large city.

BLUE BEARD (12 S. x. 68, 113). The main theme of the story of Blue Beard, that of a man who marries and murders a succession of young women, and is himself killed by his last intended victim, is found in the very popular and widespread ballad which is No. 4 of Child's great collection of 'English and Scottish Ballads,' under the title of Lady Isabel and the Elf Knight.' Child collected variants of it from almost every European country, those of the Scandinavian countries being, as usual, much more complete than those from the Latin countries.

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A folk-tale on the same theme, rather more elaborate and approaching more nearly to the modern Blue Beard story, but still without the Oriental setting, is alluded to by Shakespeare in 'Much Ado About Nothing,' I. i.-"Like the old tale, my lord, it is not so and it was not so, and indeed God forbid that it should be so." See the Irving edition of Shakespeare, vol. iv., P.

228, note with references. M. H. DODDS.

The Paris Événement, in an obituary notice of Adah Menken, said (Aug. 11, 1868) that Adah's mother married a Doctor Campbell after the death of her first husband, who gave Pitt and Clarke's Adah a good education.


Directory' shows that a Dr. Campbell resided in New Orleans in 1842. Hence this remark is probably true. It is of interest as refuting the statement in the Introduction that Adah Menken, after her father's death, was brought up on a Cuban plantation, became a dancer there and was known as 66 'Queen of the Plaza." This last phrase is a most insulting one. It would she was a prostitute. All who knew Menken mean. queen of the street" and imply that speak of her as highly cultivated, so the Dr. Campbell statement is more reliable than the other. Among the persons who praise her in this respect are Clement Scott (The Drama of Yesterday and To-day Justin McCarthy (Portraits of the Sixties and T. A. Brown (New York Stage`). Her poems show she had an intimate know. ledge of Hebrew forms of poetry. I dealt with this in a letter to The Athenæum for June 13, 1919.

ADAH ISAACS MENKEN (12 S. ix. 273, 313, 374, 477, 519; x. 32, 79, 97, 115, 133).— The statements regarding this poetess in the Introduction to the 1888 reprint of her poems by an anonymous writer are not reliable. MR. FORREST MORGAN appears to state that his name was Edwin James. He asserts that Adah Menken was born at "Chartrain__(now Milneburg), near New Orleans." There is no such place. He also says her name was Adelaide McCord. This Omitting unreliable sources of knowledge is demonstrably false. The Times obituary we next hear of her in J. G. Murdoch notice (Aug. 13, 1868) gives the name as Reminiscences.' Murdoch says she acted Dolores Adios Fuertes, as does William with him, that she was hard-working, Michael Rossetti in his American Poets,' ambitious, talented and a favourite with where, by the way, her works are highly the public. I have found that there is no praised. Swinburne, who knew her, also truth in the allegations that she married alludes to her as Dolores in a letter addressed Heenan the pugilist, Barclay and to Thomas Purnell (Swinburne, Letters,' men. I am preparing a detailed memoir edited by E. Gosse). All authorities agree in which all these remarks are tested from

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Regarding the inquiry of MR. ANEURIN WILLIAMS at the first reference as to The library of Charles Dickens at Gadsthe illustrations of Adah Isaacs Menken's hill still contains some of these; an illustra'Infelicia,' it may be of interest to your cor- tion and complete list will be found in respondent to know that the volume was Robert Langton's Childhood and Youth of published by John Camden Hotten in Charles Dickens' (1912, pp. 122-127). Many London in 1867. The poems which the large houses, e.g., Oakley Court, near Windvolume contains were arranged for publica- sor, contain these 66 dummies "for concealtion and put through the press by John ment of safes, &c. J. ARDAGH. Thomson, who was Swinburne's private secretary. An account of the publication



AVERY ALDWORTH (12 S. ix. 449).-In of this volume with three letters by Menken the registers of St. Mildred Poultry occurs is given in Richard Northcott's Adah Isaacs Menken' (London, 1921), pp. 39-41. Regarding the portrait she says, in the first of the letters quoted: The proofs of the portrait you sent me are wonderfully well engraved." In the last of the three letters she says: "I am satisfied with all you have done except the portrait; I do not find it to be in character with the volume

the picture is certainly not beautiful.' It is said "that the original [newspaper] American clippings used by the London printers are now in the possession of that popular dramatist and ardent playgoer Mr. George R. Sims, to whom they were sented by Andrew Chatto, then associated with Hotten." Unfortunately for inquirer no mention is made concerning the engraver of the illustration.



GEO. WATSON COLE. The Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Gabriel, California.

the following marriage: 'Jan. 8, 1630/31,
Averey Aldworth, gentleman, of St. Martin's-
in-the-Fields, and Margaret Gunning, of
Ailesford, Co. Kent." Admin. of the will
of Andrew Bridges (referred to by your
querist) was granted, first to Thos.
Gunning, in 1631. Admin. of Thos. Deane,
of Reading, Berks, granted d.b.n.
Margaret Aldworth. (P.C.C., 1631.)


EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY POETRY (12 S. x. 91, 108, 137, 176).—William Colepeper was baptized at Hollingbourne, Kent, Feb. 8. 1665/6. In 1709 he married, at St. Paul's Cathedral, Elizabeth Gill, of St. Martin's-inthe-Fields. He appears to have been buried 8. 1727. These at Hollingbourne, Oct. dates are not given in the 'D.N.B.' H. G. HARRISON.

of Rem. de Tombe as being present at the consecration of this church.

ST. MICHAEL'S, GUERNSEY (12 S. x. 130).— Warner was no doubt misled by Dicey, who, REGIMENTAL CHAPLAINS, H.M. 65TH REGI-in his History of Guernsey,' gives the name MENT (12 S. x. 109).-John Arrow (b. 1732; d. 1789); married Rebecca Whitehead (b. 1741; d. 1784); vicar of Lowestoft 1773 (see Illustrated London News, Feb. 24, 1877). A kinsman of Churchill's friend and neighbour alluded to by him in his satire of 'The Ghost,' a fact not commented upon by any editor of his works (see Book II., L119; Book III., 1. 210).


'La Dédication des Églises de l'Ile de Guernesey' does not mention his name, but gives the name of "Hon'ble Sire Peter Carbaret, Curé de la Chapelle de Monte Tombe" as being present at the ceremony.

Mont Tumba or Tomba was the ancient name of the rock upon which the Abbey of Mont St. Michel was built in the eighth

men of

century by St. Aubert, Bishop of Avranches, Edmond Tapp left no sons, and the name
and is supposed to take the name from its was not carried on in New England, but
semblance to an ancient tomb. Later his four daughters all married
records call it Le Mont des deux tombeaux' prominence and founded large and influential
from its proximity to Tombelaine.
Yale University Library, New Haven, Conn.

Rietstap, in his Armorial General,'
mentions a family Des Tombes as living at
Gueldres Brabant, but their coat bears no

Udney Hall, Teddington.

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PORTRAITS OF COLERIDGE AND DICKENS (12 S. x. 148). The reproduction of the Alexander portrait of Charles Dickens, now ARAB (OR EASTERN) HORSES (12 S. x. in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, given 91, 138, 154).—I wholly fail to understand, in my friend the late W. Glyde Wilkins's after perusing MR. FAIRFAX-BLAKEBOROUGH'S Charles Dickens in America,' is taken from letter, how the letter of 1610 from Robert an engraving of the oil-painting made in Delaval to the Earl of Northumberland 1842 for James T. Fields. "reconciles the dates mentioned by ARAB with the death of Sir John Fenwick," or how that worthy baronet could by any possibility have been stud-master to both Charles I. and Charles II., seeing that, if the 'D.N.B.' is to be relied upon, he died in 1658, or two years before Charles II. came to the throne.

If Sir John Fenwick-said to have been born in 1579-did not die in 1658, will MR. FAIRFAX-BLAKEBOROUGH tell us when he did die, and how old he was when stud-master to Charles II. ? So far as I can see, the point raised by ARAB remains unsolved. MR. FAIRFAX-BLAKEBOROUGH's letter at the last reference certainly affords no solution of the problem that I can discover.

Of course it may be that there was some other Sir John Fenwick-apart and distinct from the two whose names appear in the 'D.N.B.'-who was stud-master to the two Charles's, otherwise I see no grounds for any other hypothesis than that which I hazarded at the penultimate reference.

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ONCE ABOARD THE LUGGER" (12 S. x. 150). This is, I think, from the late Sir Francis C. Burnand's burlesque BlackEyed Susan,' but I am unable to verify the reference. JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.

BRITISH SETTLERS IN AMERICA (12 S. ix. 462, 517, 521; x. 57, 114, 178). The note so kindly supplied by MR. ARTHUR TAPP is especially interesting as furnishing a clue to the origin of one of the first settlers of Quinnipiac, now New Haven, and one of the founders of the neighboring town of Milford. He came a month later than most of the founders of New Haven, who sailed from London in the Hector and a smaller companion ship about the end of April, and arrived at Boston on June 26, 1637.

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Some time after the publication of his book, Mr. Wilkins, not being satisfied with the engraved copies, obtained Mrs. Fields's permission to have the painting photographed, and he gave me a print from his negative, in which the character of the features lacking in the engravings is well shown. I assume that after the death, in 1915, of Mrs. Fields the picture came into the possession of the Boston Museum.

The Alexander portrait has been engraved more than once, but, judging from the photograph, none of the copies are quite satisfactory reproductions of the original. T. W. TYRRELL.

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LAND MEASUREMENT TERMS (12 S. x. 48, 96, 156).—Wylot is very likely the same as quillet," a strip in the ancient commonfield system. The "warlands" referred to by J. T. F. were lands which, in Domesday times, defended," or exonerated. other lands from payment of geld by having their own assessment increased. In Cheshire the name applied to lands which acquitted others of various obligations, such as food and lodging for the sergeants of the peace or of the forest, which could only be exacted from "warlands" of not less than an Wara means defence, protection, ward.


R. S. B.

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