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be the last collateral descendant of Sir desiring thee to receive him into the bark; but Isaac Newton). have no regard to his piteous cry, for it is not
The two daggers are evidently by the same maker, but differ in size, one being 15in. long and the other about 13in. in length. The date, 1620, appears on the longer dagger, and on both appears the maker's mark, which resembles a crown over a capital T. The daggers are damascened, and have sheaths of embossed leather. The wood of which the hilts are made looks like a dark mahogany. Inscriptions on parchment attached to the sheaths read as follows:-
With this dagger Col. Blood stabbed Mr. Talbot Edwards, Keeper of the Regalia in the Tower of London, on the 9th day of May 1673. He was seized and disarmed at Traitor's Gate, where the Crown was taken from him.
On the smaller dagger :This dagger was taken from Parrot, who, in company with Blood, was seized and disarmed at Traitors' Gate, on the 9th day of May 1673, with the Globe concealed in his breeches.
I am informed by Maj.-Gen. Sir George Younghusband that these inscriptions are not entirely accurate, and that it is believed proved that Mr. Talbot Edwards was not stabbed, but was hit on the head and partially stunned by a wooden mallet carried for the purpose. He also states that Blood and his accomplice were captured at the Iron Gate, some 150 yards farther east, having passed the Traitors' Gate, moving along the wharf.
H. J. C. MARSHALL,
Royal Literary Fund. Stationers' tioners' Hall Court, London, E.C.4. Two DANTE PARALLELS.
Nec setius tibi pigrum fluentum transmeanti quidam supernatans senex mortuus putres attollens manus orabit ut eum intra navigium trahas: nec tu tamen illicita afflectare pietate (Apul. Metamorph.,' vi. 17).
Allora stese al legno ambo le mani :
per che il maestro accorto lo sospinse, dicendo: Via costa con gli altri cani ! " (Inf.,' viii. 40-42.) The passage from Apuleius occurs in that part of The Golden Ass where Psyche, at the bidding of Venus, descends into the Inferno. She is warned as to how she must proceed during her passage, and is told,, inter alia, that when she is being ferried over the Infernal river
it shall come to pass as thou sittest in the boat, thou shalt see an old man swimming on the top of the river holding up his deadly hands, and
lawful to do so (Adlington's trans.).
Gaius copied this [the text of the Martyrdom of Polycarp] from the writing of Irenaeus, a disciple of Polycarp, and he lived with Irenaeus, and I, Socrates, wrote it out in Corinth, from the copies of Gaius. And I, again, Pionius, wrote it out from the former writings, after searching for it, because the blessed Polycarp shewed it to me in a vision, and I gathered it together when it was almost worn out by (Martyrdom of Polycarp,' xxii. 2,
A worthy man of Ravenna, whose name was Pier Giardino, and who had long been Dante's disciple, grave in his manner and worthy of credit, relates that after the eighth month from the day of his master's death, there came to his house, before dawn, Jacopo di Dante, who told him that that night, while he was asleep, his father Dante had appeared to him, clothed in purest white, and his face resplendent with an extraordinary light; that he, Jacopo, asked him if he lived, and that Dante replied: Yes, but in the true life, not our life." Then he, Jacopo, asked him if he had completed his work before passing into the true life, and, if he had done so, what had become of that part of it which was missing, which they To this none of them had been able to find. Dante seemed to answer : "Yes, I finished it "; and then took him, Jacopo, by the hand and led him into that chamber in which he, Dante, had been accustomed to sleep when he lived in this life, and, touching one of the walls, he said: and at these words both Dante and sleep fled from "What you have sought for so much is here"; Jacopo at once. For which reason Jacopo said he could not rest without coming to explain what he had seen to Pier Giardino, in order that they should go together and search out the place thus pointed out to him, which he retained excellently in his memory, and to see whether this had been pointed out by a true spirit, or a false delusion. For which purpose, though it was still far in the night, they set off together, and went to the house in which Dante resided at the time of his death. Having called up its present owner, he admitted them, and they went to the place thus pointed out; there they found a mat fixed to the wall, as they had always been used to see it in past days; they lifted it gently up, when they found a little window in the wall, never before seen by any of them, nor did they even know it was there. In it they found several writings. all mouldy from the dampness of the walls, and had they remained there longer, in a little while they would have crumbled away. Having thoroughly cleared away the mould, they found them to be the thirteen cantos that had been wantCommedia (Boccaccio's ing to complete the Vita di Dante '-Bunbury's trans.).
HUXLEY ST. JOHN BROOKS. 32, Granville Gardens, Ealing Common, W5. ANACHARIS.-The 'N.E.D.' under this heading says:
A North American water-weed (A. Alsinastrum. also called Elodea Canadiensis) the only species
of its genus, remarkable for its unexplained 1895: "Londoners had paid the piper, and appearance in Britain in 1842 and the rapidity should choose the tune." with which it filled canals, ditches and ponds all over the country.
Encyclopædia Britannica' (viii.
The 691) says:
The Anacharis Alsinastrum, or Elodea Canadiensis, from Canada now luxuriates in the rivers of England and Prussia, where it was quite unknown about 1850. The rapid appearance is all the more remarkable as the plant is dioecious, and only one sex has reached Europe.
In this connexion the following paragraph from The Illustrated London News of Dec. 2, 1854, is of interest :
THE WATER-WEED ANACHARIS ALSINASTRUM.——— It has at various times been stated that this plant first appeared in the loch of Dunse Castle, Berwickshire, and was detected by Dr. Johnston, of Berwick, in 1842. It has now entirely disappeared. The progress of its growth was not watched particularly at the time, but in 1847 the loch was so completely filled with this plant that it became impossible to pull a boat through the water without the greatest exertion. At this time there were a few swans upon the loch. Indeed these birds were accused of having first introduced it. The swans lived entirely upon this plant, and began to increase in the most unusually rapid manner. In 1848 one pair of birds raised a brood of seven young. Three pair raised broods of five each, besides several pair which reared respectively three and two young. By the year 1851 the lake was entirely, or, at least nearly so, cleared of every appearance of Anacharis alsinastrum, and then the swans began to die. Mr. Hay had them fed with corn and vegetables, but nothing seemed to save them; they gradually began to pine, and are now reduced to the original number of a few pair. But for the last three years there has not been a single leaf of the weed seen in the loch, so completely have the swans eradicated it from the water. They follow the small burns down to the Whitadder in search of it, and appear to be its most relentless persecutors.
The Dr. Johnston mentioned was George Johnston, M.D. (1797-1855), as to whom see the D.N.B.'; the Mr. Hay was William Hay, J.P. and D.L., Colonel of the Berwickshire Militia (born Feb. 29, 1788; died May 16, 1876), the grandfather of the present owner of Duns Castle.
In the same paper was advertised :Price 4d., or by post 6d., The New Water Weed, Anacharis Alsinastrum (Some Account of it). By William Marshall, Esq., of Ely, Cambridgeshire. London: William Pamplin, 45, Frith Street, Soho Square,
JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.
"PAY THE PIPER."-The N.E.D.' furnishes examples of the use of this phrase, 1681 and 1753; but the only instance of the proverb in full comes from The Daily News,
I do not find this in Ray's very copious in No. 50 of The North Briton :collection; but a Scottish origin is claimed
That the subject has no right to a nomination of ministers, every body must grant; but surely (to use a Scotch phrase) they have some right to beg a tune, who are obliged to pay the piper!
This citation comes from The Scots Magazine, June, 1763, p. 319/1.
RICHARD H. THORNTON.
WE must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries in order that answers may be sent to them direct.
FURNEUX, BERDEWELL AND DENNY FAMILIES (see 12 S. x. 369, and ante, p. 9).— In the account of Middle Harling in Blomefield's 'Norfolk it is stated that John of Gaunt (as Earl of Richmond) seized of it John de Furneux and his sister Elizabeth, as his wards, by reason of his manor of Bergham, Cambs, of which Middle Harling was held, as of the honour of Richmond. Soon after he granted their wardship and marriage to Hugh de Cliderhowe, who, in 1361, granted them to John de Harling, by deed dated at Bergham. Harling kept his first court by grant of the honour of Richmond.
The fact of these men obtaining the wardship of John Furneux makes it probable that one or both were related to his mother. Also, an heir was usually married to a relative of his guardian. Therefore some particulars of the Furneux, Clitheroe and Harling pedigrees are very pertinent.
According to Blomefield, Sir John de Furneux of Middle Harling and Gatesthorp, Norfolk ; Bergham, Cambs; Anderby Steeple, Yorks; &c., succeeded his grandfather in 1286, d. about 1318, having m. Mary, dau. of Nicholas de Twynstead, a widow, and had issue (besides Anne, a nun at Thetford, where was the family burialplace, in 1343, and Elizabeth, wife of John de Berdewell) a son, Sir John, who m., first, Isabel who was the mother of his son John (the husband of Amy, who rem. Sir Robert Denny) and his dau. Elizabeth (the wife of Thomas Crabbe and afterwards of William Sandham). Sir John, m.,
secondly, in or about 1348, Elizabeth
whom she had a dau. and heir, Isabel, who
who predeceased him. Can the latter m., about 1354, Sir Richard Tempest (above) have really been the mother of Sir John's and was mother of John Tempest, who m. children? The dates seem to make it Marie de Clitheroe probable. Blomefield's information was un- Tempest of Broughton). certain, as he falls into at least two errors concerning Sir John and his issue.
Robert Baniard (perhaps identical with Robert Baynard mentioned in connexion with Geoffrey le Dene and John Spice of Bergham in my last) and Maud his wife, of East Hall, in Gatesthorp, left a dau. Before 1361 "[?] she and John, Margery. son and heir of Sir John Furneux, and Alice Avenaunt, dau. of Rose att Wyke, niece of Robert Baniard, released to John Garlek all their right in East Hall, which was purchased by Sir William Berdewell about 1398 (Blomefield).
John de Harling, the second guardian of John Furneux and the one who most probably arranged his marriage, was of East Harling in 1350. He was buried there in 1392, having m. about 1348 Margaretor Margery-dau. and heir of Sir Thomas Jenney (by Elizabeth-or Margery-his wife, dau. and co-heir of Sir Nicholas de Bourn of Long Stratton, Norfolk, by Margaret his wife, who seems to have rem. Robert Mortimer), by whom, who rem. Sir John de Tudenham, he had issue (besides Thomas, Robert and Margaret) a son and heir, Sir John, who m. Cecily, dau. of Thomas Mortimer of Attleborough (who rem. John Radcliffe), and had issue Sir Robert and Margaret, wife of Sir Robert de Tudenham (Blomefield).
1354-5. Fine. Sir Richard Tempest v. Bartholomew de Burghersshe the elder (first Baron Burghersh, m. Elizabeth, dau. and co-heir of
seventh Baron Verdon; had property in Cambs Lands of Studley, &c., which Hugh de Clithero and Isabel his wife hold for the life of Isabel of the inheritance of Bartholomew; to hold to Richard and his heirs after the death of Isabel
1325. Cantabrigia. Randolfus de Wynde sore recuperavit seisinam suam de iiij messuagis, cc acris, &c., in Wynepol [Wimpole, fifteen miles from Bergham], v. Edmundum de Bohun et de Segrave, Johannem de Henekere et Johannam uxorem ejus, Johannem de Conyton, etc. Abbrev. Placit., 18 Edw. II., rot. 114 (Duckett's 'Ducheti
Matildam uxorem ejus, filiam et heredem Nicholai
Master Ralph de Wyndesore, clerk.
party to a fine of land in Ikelington [Ickleton. five miles from Bergham], Cambs, 5 Èdw. III. (note by Mr. W. Farrer).
1340-41. The same party to a fine of land in Wimpole (ibid.).
1346. The manor of Wimpole [which was held of the fee of De L'Isle by John, son of Geoffrey de Pycheforde, in 1302-3] was in the hands of Ralph de Wyndesore and his parceners i joint holders, probably co-heirs on the mother's side; who were they?] (ibid.).
1368. En le counte de Cantabr' Hug' dClyderowe chivaler tient le manoir q' feust a Rauf de Wyndesore p' i fee. Abbrev. Rot. Orig42 Edw. III. ( Duchetiana ').
1399 (after). Wynpole: 208. of the heir of Sir Hugh de Cliderowe for one knight's fee (Feuda Aids).
1412. Nicholas Gascoigne [husband of Maride Clitheroe, above] holds in Wimpole and Arring ton [adjoining], value £20 (ibid.).
Hugh de Clitheroe (whose parentage is uncertain, as several of the name come into the pedigree at this period) m., first, -, by whom he had a dau. and heir, Marie, who m., first, John, son and heir of Sir Richard Tempest of Hertford, Yorks (below), who d. before Feb., 1389/90: she m., secondly, before May 20, 1405, Nicholas Gascoigne (brother of Judge Gascoigne) of Lasingeroft, Yorks; Pendele, Herts; and Wimpole, Cambs (see below). Sir Hugh m., secondly, before May, 1347, Isabel, dau. and heir of Sir John le Gras [Gros, Cras, &c.] of Studley, near Ripon, and of Stanford Rivers, &c., Essex, by Paulina, his wife, said to have been an Ålington of Cambs. [The Alingtons were seated at Alice (Perrers), widow of Baron Sir Willis Horseheath, about three miles from Berg- de Windsor, to whom the manors of Rar ham.] Isabel le Gras had m., first, Sir ton, Cottenham "called Ysle Westwi Thomas de Bourne [perhaps named from Cottenham called Sanys," and Imping Bourne, Cambs] of Stanford Rivers, by (all a few miles north of Cambridge
Any trace of a Windsor connexion is interesting, in view of the fact that the descendants of Amy, Lady Denny, assumes the arms of that family.
Other Windsors connected with Car bridgeshire were :
Hugh de Wyndesore, of whose bei John de Giraud held a messuage in Abingdə 2 (adjoining Bergham) in 1279, they hold it of the heirs of John de Burgh they of the honour of Richmond (Lysous Magna Brit.').
(The de Burghs held the manor of Wimpe and lands in Arrington, &c., in 1382.-Ck= Rolls.)
adjoining Denny), as well as property in many other counties and in London, were confirmed by the trustees of Sir William, Jan. 8, 8 Ric. II. (1385) (abstract by Mr. J. Harvey Bloom from Lord Willoughby de Broke's deeds).
(These manors and the advowson of the churches of Wimpole and Rampton had been held by John, Lord Lisle de Rougemont, in 1341, and about 1360 Robert de Lisle granted some of them to Sir Robert Assheton. Duchetiana.')
John de Wyndesore (nephew of Baron Sir William, and whose wife's name seems to have been Margery), who held Rampton, Cottenham and Westwick, &c., in 1412. He had a lawsuit concerning them with Sir Richard le Scrope in 1394 (Lysons's Magna Brit.' and Duchetiana ').
I should be grateful for further information regarding any of the above.
(REV.) H. L. L. DENNY.
Magazine of November, 1858. The story
Hollingford, 44, Cherryhinton Road, Cambridge. JAMES WALKER, FIRST MASTER OF THE CEREMONIES AT MARGATE. On the back of a pastel in my possession is the following:
of the Ceremonies at Margate in Kent, the 3rd This portrait of Mr. Jas. Walker, 1st Master son of Mr. Jas. Walker, late of Mansfield in Nottinghamshire, by Ann his wife, 2nd Daughter of John Monk, mercer, late of the same place, was drawn by Moreland, and is an excellent likeness.
as his second The first-named married Robert Rich of Waverley. This lady is, wife Lady Elizabeth Rich, widow of Sir I believe, buried in Margate Church.
Is there any work on Margate in relation to its days as a fashionable resort? What would be exactly the position and office of a Master of the Ceremonies at such a place?
I should also be glad to know if Moreland, by whom I take it is meant George Morland, painted or drew portraits.
Nelson Road, Ipswich.
C. BECHER PIGOT.
STREET.—I have heard a tradition that there was in the eighteenth century a Catholic chapel in the vicinity of Tilney Street and South Audley Street. Possibly Portugal Street (lately converted into 'Balfour DIVIE ROBERTSON.-This gentleman was Place") was so named after the Portuguese a commercial man of some importance in Embassy, and, if so, a Catholic chapel the City of London c. 1824-38. Înformation may have been attached to it. Can any HORACE BLEACKLEY. will oblige. of your readers afford any information on this matter? B.
INQUESTS IN AUSTRIA. I wonder if I could be enlightened on the following points. In the event of sudden deaths in Austria, is any formal inquest or inquiry held ? If so, what is the name of the chief person conducting the inquest? Is a jury present, and are witnesses called as at our own inquests ? In what circumstances, if any, might an inquiry be dispensed with?
PROVERBS WANTED. I shall be greatly obliged if some correspondent can kindly identify for me the proverbs alluded to in the following extracts :-
1. M. Merry: But why speak ye so faintly, or why are ye so sad?
R. Roister: Thou knowest the proverb-because I cannot be had. (Udall, Ralph Roister Doister,' 1550, III. iii.)
2. And you have one argument I love you, if the proverb be true, for I took you almost in your bare shirt (Dryden Wild Gallant,' 1669, V. iii.).
3. Thus, Sir, you see that, in spite of the proverb, I am like to leave Holland, without making my fortune there (Tom Brown, Works,' 1760, 312).
If these questions cannot be answered definitely, perhaps I could be referred to some book containing the desired informa-i. tion. F. H. K.
4. Accius: What meanes my father to thrust me forth in an other boies coate? I'le warrant BIBLIOGRAPHY: GASKELL.-Does anyone 'tis to as much purpose as a hem in the forehead. know where Mrs. Gaskell's story entitled Half: There was an ancient proverb knockt
The Half-Brothers' was originally pub-in the head. (Lyly, Mother Bombie,' 1592, IV. ii.)
lished? It appeared in the volume entitled Round the Sofa' in 1859; but it probably, like the other stories in the same volume, had appeared in some magazine previously. The story is not the same as the one bearing the same title in The Dublin University
5. A wife being the dearest of the two things (according to the common saying) which we ought not to lende, nor commit to the trust of any other (G. Fenton, Golden Epistles,' 1575, p. 300, ed. 1582). G. L. APPn 34, Compton Road, Wimbledon,
'CHRISTOPHER TADPOLE.'-Who was the SYDNEY EVANS OF CARNARVON AND HER author and what was the date of publication SON.-In St. James's Cemetery, Liverpool, of the story called Christopher Tadpole'? there is a stone with the following inscripG. L. APPERSON. tion:
34, Compton Road, Wimbledon, S.W.19. SIR WILLIAM CHAMBERS.-Can any reader give me information as to the brothers and descendants of Sir W. Chambers, the architect? He died in 1796 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. The 'D.N.B.' gives the wife of his son and the husbands of his four daughters. The husbands' names were Cottin, Harward, Innes and Millbank. Was Sir W. Chambers's family connected in any way with a family of the name of Potts of South Shields or Newcastle ?
T. R. THOMSON.
St. Thomas's Hospital, S.E.1. CHILDREN CARRIED OFF BY EAGLES.-Are there any authentic cases of eagles having carried children away?
A. S. E. ACKERMANN.
Underneath this stone lies buried the body of Sydney Evans, the wife of John Evans, Esq., Solicitor, Carnarvon, in the County of Carnarvonshire, North Wales, who for many years had been a resident in the town of Liverpool. She was the of the County of Anglesey. Age of 71 years on daughter of the Reverend William Griffith, Clerk the 1st of May, 1833, death summoned her from this troubled world in the hope of enjoying eternal repose in that happy realm where the wicked cease from troubling and the weary are tomb that she was the affectionate Mother of a at rest. By her express desire it is stated on her son, whose unparalleled wrongs and persecution in Carnarvon, Carnarvonshire, and Liverpool, Lancashire, perpetrated, brought her old age oppressed with sorrow to the grave.
Can anyone supply information respecting the wrongs suffered by Mrs. Evans's son ? D. P.
MAY DAY CHEESE CEREMONY.-Under date April, 1827, a writer in Hone's Table THOMAS BROWN.-I have a copy of the Book ' states that the following custom 'Works of Mr. Thomas Brown, containing has been carried out from time immemorial many Miscellaneous Discourses in Prose and at Randwick, near Stroud. Three large Verse, with an Addition of his Genuine Gloucester cheeses, on the first of May, Remains. It is the seventh edition, and are decked with flowers, placed on litters was "printed by and for Edward Midwinter, at the Looking Glass on London Bridge, 1730." Mr. Brown, whose poems would not all pass as suitable for young ladies, was also, along with Mr. Savage, the author or translator of the Whole Comical Works of Mons. Scarron,' of which I possess the first volume of the seventh edition, containing the Comical Romance of a Company of Stage Players.'
"MORON."-At p. 129 of The Revolt of Civilization,' a book written, I believe, by an American, I find the following sentence :It is a mutilated, deformed, moron humanity which glowers or drivels at us through expressionist pictures.
What is the meaning of "Moron "? T. PERCY ARMSTRONG. [This word (uwpós, dull, sluggish; silly, foolish) has been recently adopted in medical phraseology as the name for a certain recognized type of mental defective. It is not in the N.E.D.,' vol. L-N, published in 1908.]
adorned with flowers and boughs of trees, and carried through the village, with a band and a shouting crowd, to the churchyard. Here the cheeses are taken from the litters and rolled three times round the church. They are then redecorated, put on the litters, and carried in state to the middle of the village, where they are cut up and distributed among the inhabitants. What was the object of this ceremony and was it done in other districts ?
R. HEDGER WALLACE.