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AN EARLY ARMY LIST (12 S. xi. 104, 122, 1671, ffrances Oldakers, the wife of Richard Old207, 239).—The first six and a half lines

akers, died the 28th day of May and of the note to the above Army List were

was buried upon the 30th day of May,

1671. copied verbatim, and give its official de

When she liued here she liued to die scription.

But now to liue eternally." It is generally understood that all calen- 1691, June 25, hestter old Akers vid." dared documents are in manuscript, except 1697, May 25, Anne, wife of Thomas Oldacres. where it is specifically stated that they are

1698/9, March 17, Richard Oldacres.

1701, Oct. 1, Richard Oldacres. printed.

1706/7, Jan. 20, Mary, d. widdow Oldacres. In the original, the writer has two different 1709, Oct. 24, Thomas Oldacre. styles of forming his “ B’s” and “P's," 1716, Aug. 17, Richard Oldacre. formed, whilst occasionally they resemble 1748, July 13, Nanny, d. Thos. and Mary Oldaker. a rule the former are distinctly 1716, Sep: 2, Mary Oldacre.

1744/5, Feb. 6, Anne Oldacres. the manner in which he very often forms 1755, May 13, Hester Oldakre. his “P's," i.e., with an inward curl to 1768, March 30, Thomas Oldacre. the end like an 0," so that his second

MARRIAGES. 1556-1784. way of writing a capital “B” in certain 1639, Nov. 30, John Oldakers and Dorothy extreme cases can barely, if at all, be dis

Godward. tinguished from “ Po."

1641, Nov. 14, Richd. Oldakers and Frances

Mickleton. First Regt. of Foot Guards.-The third 1684, May 19, Henery Willmott and Mary Old line (which was inadvertently omitted)

Akers. should contain the names of

1700, July 10, Robt. Mason, Jun. and Frances

Oldacres. B. John Strode, John Heily Peter Crown

1701, Oct. 7, Willm. Oldacre and Hester Lewis, Lt Colonell

Lic. For “Boutton " (not Bourton) read 1729, Jan. 31, Thos. Oldacre and Mary Widows Boulton.

of ye parish. All the numbers in the last column, upper

BAPTISMS. 1538-1784. table, ante, p. 123, are consistently one line 1643, Oct. 22, Mary, d. Richd. Oldakers.

1645, Sept. 8, Anne, d. Richd. Oldakers. too high, owing to a slight error in printing.

1646, 7, March 14, Richd., s. Richd. Oldakers. I am very much obliged to COLONEL LESLIE 1663, Aug. 23, Richd., s. Thomas Oldakers. for so kindly and politely coi recting the 1665, Sep. 2, Mary, d. Thomas Oldacres.

1667, Nov. 12, Anne, d. Thomas Old : akers Senr. errors, which I regret appeared, but it was

1669 70, Feb. 10, Willm., S. Thomas Oldacres. consoling to find that he, too, was human,

1673, Aug. 10, Frances, d. Thomas Acres. and erred.

E. H. FAIRBROTHER. 1684, Oct. 22, Willm., S. Thomas old Akers. [We regret that in slightly extending the table 1686, Sep. 30, James, s, Thomas old Akers.

1688, Dec. 15, John, s. Thomas old Akers. to make it fit the page, a white space was inserted at the bottom instead of the top of the column of 1690, Oct. 29, Richd., s. Richd. old Akers.

1688 9, March 21, Mary, d. Richd. Oldackers. figures and the consequent dislocation missed in

1690 1, Feb. 16, Elizh., d. Thos, old Akers. revising.)

1692, Dec. 21, Frances, d. Richd. old Akers.

1692, 3, Feb. 12, Richd., s. Thos, ould ikers. OLDACRE FAMILY (12 S. xi. 211).-If 1694 3, Jan. 30. Mary. d. Thos. old Akers. inquirer would accept a slight deviation in 1695, Aug. 18, Elizh., d. Richd. Old Aker. the spelling of the surname he should, 1730/1, Jan. 14, Mary, d. Thos, and Mary Oldacker. perhaps, make a note of a turf celebrity 1732, Dec. 27. Thos., s. Thos. and Mary Oldacre. named William Fitzhardinge Oldaker, born 1735, April 24, Willm., s. Thos. and Mary Oldat Gerrards Cross in 1810, and died at

1737, Nov. 10, Richd., s. Thos. and Mary OldChester in 1884.

The pluralized form of the surname, 1739, Jan. 30, Sarah, d. Thos. and Mary Oldacre. Oldacres, is found in Leicestershire and 1.12, July 24, Elizh., d. Thos. and Mary Oldaeres. Rutlandshire. Some years ago there was

1743, Oct. 21, Francis, S. Thos. and Mary Olda clergyman named Oldacres beneficed in

1748, July 9, Nanny, d. Thos. and Mary Oldaker. Yorkshire. WILLIAM D. READ.


Stratford-upon-Avon. The following notes are from the Registers of Wickhamford, Co. Worcester :

SUCKLING FAMILY (12 S. xi. 231). BURIALS. 1538-1784.

Captain Horatio John Suckling, who died 1642, April 5, Richard Oldakers.

at Mortlake, Sept. 4, 1905, aged 82, was a 1654/5, Feb. 4, Elizabeth Oldakers, widow. | son of Captain Horatio Suckling of the 90th





Light Infantry, who died at Colombo, ham, deceased 1568. The effigy is illustrated Ceylon, on Aug. 21, 1841, and was buried in both Cotman and Haines, clad in armour in the Galle Face Cemetery there, a tomb- of at least a century before his own times. stone marking his grave. He, Mrs. Suckling It might be supposed that the brass had and two sons arrived at Colombo on March' been appropriated from an earlier memorial, 7, 1836, his regiment having been sent to but both eftigy and inscription plates are Ceylon for a tour of service in the island. palimpsest, having been cut from one and He was Commandant of Kotmale in 1839, the same Flemish brass, proving they were with his headquarters at Nuwara Eliya, engraved at one time, after his decease. the hill station of Ceylon. According to He married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas my information, his father or grandfather Blennerhayset, and widow of George Duke of was Captain Maurice Suckling, R.N., who Brampton, who was commemorated on a was a brother of Mrs. Nelson, mother of the brass at Frenze, Norfolk, together with her Admiral. Captain Horatio John Suckling first husband. She died in 1577, and was the author of a book, · Ceylon, by an has a brass to herself at St. Margaret's, Officer late of the Ceylon Rifle Regiment,': Norwich. Both her effigies, in costumes of published in 1876. Did he write anything each period, are illustrated by Cotman, else ? Any further particulars about him Haines and Boutell. Peter Rede received would be appreciated, or correction of any honourable addition to his arms from the error in the above statement.

Emperor Charles V. for assistance at the

PENRY LEWIS. conquest of Barbaria and the siege of Tunis, Major Horace Suckling (1794-1841), of the as stated on his inscription plate.

At Checkendon, Oxford, are brasses to 1st Royal Scots and 90th Foot, was grandson of William Suckling of Banham Cecilia his wife (1428), and Edmund Rede

John Rede (1404) servant to the King," Haugh, Co. Norfolk, and Kentish Town, and wife Christine (1435). There are several who was a brother of Maurice Suckling, Blennerhassett brasses at Frenze and one of the uncle of Lord Nelson. See Crisp's

the shields of arms bears, on its reverse • Visitation of England and Wales,' Notes, vol. xiv., pp. 113, 114. J. B. WHITMORE.

side, the family arms quartering Orton.

A shield from a lost brass (St. Martin's, PAPER-KNIVES

(12 S. xi. 231).- The Norwich) bears the arms of Calthorpe earliest paper-knife I have seen bore the impaling Blennerhayset, quartering Lowd. London hall-mark for 1831. Old silver

ham, Orton and Keldon. Very scarce. What was the chief

Possibly some of these family connexions material used at first ? A. W. O. may be of service to MR. READ.

WALTER E. GAWTHORP. Though the ' N. E. D.' has no example of paper-knife before the nineteenth cen- BADGE OF RANK : WING (12 S. xi. 250).tury, the instrument was at least as early Perhaps LIEUT.-COL. LESLIE will find an as the reign of Queen Anne, as is shown answer to his question in the uniform of by one of Swift's Thoughts on Various the Royal Company of Archers of Scotland. Subjects":

The Court uniform has epaulettes ; in the Men of great Parts are often unfortunate in the ' ** field ” dress the epaulettes are replaced Management of publick Business, because they by shoulder-wings.” As far as I reare apt to go out of the common Road, by the member, they are much the same in shape Quickness of their Imagination. This I once said, to my Lord Bolingbroke, and desired he would as worn by bandsmen of the line. observe, that the Clerks in his Oflice used a sort!

A. G. KEALY of Ivory Knife with a blunt Edge, to divide a

(Chaplain, R. Navy, ret.). Sheet of Paper, which never failed to cut it even, only requiring a strong Hand, whereas if they

The · Century Dictionary'defines a wing should make use of a sharp Pen-knife, the Sharp-, as ness would make it go often out of the Crease a shoulder-knot, or small epaulet; specifically, and distigure the Paper.

a projecting piece of stuff, perhaps only a raised EDWARD BENSLY. seam or welt, worn in the sixteenth century on

the shoulder, at or near the insertion of the REDE (1.8. ' Oatlands Palace, Weybridge,' sleeve, 12 S. xi. 161, 235).--It may interest MR. and quotes Ben Jonson, ‘Every Man out W. D. READ to know that in the Church of of his Humour,' III. i. :St. Peter Mancroft, at Norwich, there is a

I would have mine such a suit without differpeculiar brass to Peter Rede of Gynnyng- ence, such stuff, such a wing, such a sleeve.




aspen tree.”

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few years.

Farrow's 'Dictionary of Military Terms SPRY FAMILY (12 S. x. 309, 379).-From has:

the passage that occurs in ‘A History of Wing-an ornament worn on the shoulder, a Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, it would small epaulet or shoulder-knot.

seem that the surnames, Esprai, Sprai, and ARCHIBALD SPARKE. Spry are identical with Aspray, which

Harrison derives from Nor. and Dan. asp, IDENTIFICATION OF ARMS (12 S. xi. 171, an aspen tree; hence “a dweller by the 215).--I find these (Gules, a stag (?) between

N. H. three pheons within a bordure engrailed charged with roundels) are undoubtedly SHOT AT the arms of Linwood, viz., Gules, a hind CROW (12 S. xi. 232). between three pheons or in border en

All of a row grailed pellettee. When I gave the name of

Bend the bow ; Parker I forgot to take into account the

Shot at a pigeon border, E. E. COPE.

And killed a crow, Finchampstead Place, Berks.

stands on P. 258 of the sixth edition of

James 0. Halliwell's 'The Nursery Rhymes ('OBBOLD : THE SENSITIVE PLANT' (12 S. of England, published about 1853. I used xi. 249).--The Rev. John Spencer Cobbold to think that the name Bendigo was born in 1768 and died in 1837. About “ Bendibo” formed the second line of the

Dr. the year 1794 he accepted the mastership song.

Bend-the-Bow, according of the Free School at Nuneaton, so pre. Brewer, is one of the characters in Scott's sumably it was about that time that he

Castle Dangerous.' ST. SWITHIN. wrote the poem.

He was only there for a I am merely assuming from the terms

Notes on Books. of MR. KAUFMAN's inquiry that there is in the French Tradition in Education : Ramus to fact a poem by J. S. Cobbold entitled “The Mme. Vecker de Saussure. By II. ('. Barnard. Sensitive Plant, though I cannot say I am (Cambridge University Press. 108. 6d. net.) familiar with it or even heard of it. Of The intention of this book is, as the Preface tells course the well-known poem commencing

“to picture certain aspects of education in A sensitive plant in a garden grow

France during the centuries which succeeded the

Renaissance, and to sketch the career of certain And the young wind fed it with silver dew

educationists or educational institutions which was written by Shelley in 1820.

have hitherto received far less attention than they WILLOUGHBY MAYCOCK.

would seem to deserve." Such a scheme springs

from the researches of a student; it would not The account of John Spencer Cobbold appeal to the book-maker in quest of a subject.

Already, in his volume on The Little Schools of (1768-1837) does not mention Tho Sensi. Port Royal, Mr. Barnard has shown his aptive Plant,' but says that about 1794 he preciation of those intellectual and spiritual deaccepted the mastership of the free school velopments which lie outside the record of con

The fascination that the story at Ninoaton, Warwickshire.” It does not spicuous events. say when he resigned this post, but it must to its psychological or to its dramatic interest;

of Port Royal possesses for English readers is due have been before 1805. He was Follow of but the main purpose of his study of Port Royal Caius College, Cambridge, and took the do- has been to fix the degree of its influence on educagree of M.A. in 1793. Beside some sermons tion in France and through France on other civilized ho published two essays, which had gained the nations. This question has small place in the sensaNorrisian prize, the first being published at theless it must be taken into account by any who

tional and tragic history of the Jansenists, neverIpswich in 1793, and the other at Coventry aspire to real understanding of French thought. in 1797. JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT. And the book before us, by showing the diversity

and the strength of other movements in the same THE CONDUCTOR'S BATON (12 S. xi. 167, that little band of solitary thinkers, the followers

direction, serves to emphasize the achievement of 213).-See Pepys's Diary,' June 6, 1661: of the Abbé de Saint-Cyran.

Heard musique at the Globe, and saw the simple It is inevitable that a picture of education in motion that there is of a woman with a rod in France in the seventeenth and eighteenth cenher hand keeping time to the musique while it turies should have as its background an impression plays, which is simple, methinks.

of Jesuit dominion ; and indeed the Jesuit scheme It was evidently an unfamiliar sight.

of free education was so well organized for pur

poses of propaganda that it is hard to understand J. T. F.

how any opposition endeavour could have been Winterton, . Lincs.

sustained. Nevertheless, despite their wealth, the it well. And the essential points of that vismal history of mismanagement are absent. The characters of M. de Montausier and his


Court favour they ordinarily enjoyed, and the im- It is an ungrateful task, however, to dwell on the mense advantage derived from the position of the blemish in work that reaches so high a standard. Society in Rome, they had various rivals of whom Nothing is lacking to the accessories which mase the Oratorians were the most formidable and the a book of real value; there is an admirable biblier followers of Calvin the most conspicuous. In the graphy, and maps and appendices that are au chapter on La Chalotais we have a description of addition to its usefulness. the system followed by the Society in 1773, the date of their suppression. At that time they Chaucer: The Prioress's Tale. The Tale were responsible for 150 educational establish-1 Sir Thopas. Edited by Lilian Winstanley ments in France and had held their ground with (Cambridge University Press. 38. 6d.) very brief intermission for nearly two centuries: Miss WINSTANLEY brings to her elucilation The offence which was the basis of La Chalotais' of the English classics both a good theory am] denunciation of their system was its immobility. lively perceptions. As her readers know, sło Between 1599 and 1773 it had not altered. From is greatly occupied with the relation of contemnthese facts we can estimate the importance of the porary events and characters to poets and poetry. place that must be accorded to the Jesuits in a No doubt this line of criticism deserves mos history of tradition in education.

attention than it has usually obtained, but The most attractive portion of the book, how- also no doubt it requires as much tact as -|ever, is that which concerns the work of women. thusiasm and knowledge and it is tart tha". The account of Anne de Xaintonge and her posi- ! in Miss Winstanley's handling of her subjet, tion as a pioneer in the education of girls is par- sometimes comes short. Thus it seems ticularly valuable because it breaks new ground. , a real error to suggest that Chaucer saw anythi: It has been drawn from sources not accessible to corresponding to what we mean by * quaint ordinary readers, and the twenty pages that de- 'in certain old authors whom she mentions as cribe the career of the Venerable Ursuline leave,

* curious and out-of-the-way "'; and we are not us with a picture of a ligure, hitherto unfamiliar, sure whether it is tact or knowledge which is that it is not easy to forget. And if here Mr. failed her when among them, between Nigellu. Barnard is at his best as a historian, it is in his Wereker and Dionysius Cato, she puts St. Jeron chapter on Mme. Neeker de Saussure that as an lIowever, this very rashness prepares the rain educationist he is most impressive. For in his for what he will find-freshness and a certais consideration of the maxims of that wise and original turn in dealing with well-worn thens thoughtful lady he goes to the root and centre of so that even where prompted to disagree her: his subject; he shows that a true system of educa- cull interesting suggestion, and where he feels it tion begins with cradle training, and displays, clined to smile will acknowledge the pleasrincidentally, a familiarity with infant nature ness of this cager discussion.. Miss Winstanlı which adds considerable weight to his opinion on calls special attention to her introductory ev: the methods to be pursued. And it is particularly on

• Sir Thopas'; and the essay justities h apt, when (from widely divergent points of view) doing so.

Its main purport is to show in M. Marcel Proust and Mme, Léon Daudet are

Sir Thopas' is more than a satire on the for demonstrating the tendency of French thought and matter of the popular rhymed romaner. to fix itself on child psychology, that the writer is intended also to satirize Philip van Artevidd of a study on education in France should have The contention is very plausibly maintaine such derp reflective understanding of this branch and gives occasion for many excellent remarks of his subject.

and a few fanciful ones--on the precise point a The one flaw in the excellence of Mr. Barnard's the various details inserted in the desititi achievement is the chapter on Bossurt and the a single reading and consideration of the argument.

of that good knight. One could not, ali Dauphin. We are not convinced that the contribution made by the great ecclesiastic to the profess to be finally convinced : but we thira science of instruction would in any case have Miss Winstanley has here a good case, and status justified its inclusion.

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CORRIGENDUM. lady seem to be estimated by the qualities attri- At ante, p. 275, in second communication buted to them in Oraisons Funèbres rather than • The Mistleto: Bough,' for “ Sir John Cops by the testimony of contemporary chronicles. passim read Sir William Cope. The tutor himself, when he received his appointment, so far from being “ the most illustrious prelate in France," was merely the titular bishop of a remote diocese which he was destined never to Notices to Correspondents. visit. A further misconception is suggested by the use of Bossuet's failure to educate the Dauphin

EDITORIAL communications should be address as evidence that "something should be done to“ The Editor of ' Notes and Queries ' "-Advet promptly and in every school for those abnormal tisements and Business Letters to “ The Pun children who do not fit into the ordinary grooves,

lisher"-at the Office, Printing House Sque when the real tragedy of the situation lay in the London, E.C.4 ; corrected proofs to The Edit fact that the Dauphin himself was an ordinary ‘N. & Q.,' Printing House Square, London, E.C. child of average ability, and was the abnormal ALL communications intended for insertion* method to which his guardians resorted to fashion our columns should bear the name and address an infant prodigy from such material which ruined the sender--not necessarily for publication, br. him in mind and disposition.

a guarantee of good faith.


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an impression of imperfection and mutilation greatly exaggerated and far from the truth.”

does CONTENTS.-No. 235.

Further, Prof. Hubbard

not believe Qı. is a piracy. He also points NOTES :- The First Quarto · Hamlet,' 301--Samuel Richard out that the requisite dramatic motives son and his Family Circle, 303-The Milton-Ovid Script. are all there, nothing is wanting that is VL, 305—The Dickens Amateurs—' Some Account of Kentish Town,' 308-" Lindsey-coast," 309.

necessary to the complete play.” This, too, QUERIES :--Edward IV.'s Expedition to France. 309–

was Dr. Furnivall's opinion. Again, Prof. Henry Hawks. Merchant (N. 1572)— Royal Dramatic College Hubbard believes that the play was the ---Miss Mitford's Our Village :--Folklore : Changelings-property of the Globe players. Doubt. Portuguese Arms: Identification wanted-Governor of the less it was a version known, and possibly used, Bank of England. 310—Sir John Perring-Ulster Emigrants by English actors in Germany early in the to America Steyne"-Cheesemonger's Scoring : Runic seventeenth century, and perhaps also in our Custom--Fisherton-Anger

Salisbury)--B. * Family of Adrian Hope'-Sleep and the Moon, 311- Prof. Pollard, Q1. Was

provincial towns. And, in the opinion of

a shortened text Sardines and Mackerel--T. Jones, Engraver-J, D. Griffith Family-Goring Family-Nicholas de Lyra

for provincial performance. Salmon and Langhelt Surnames-Rivarol quoted-Simula- Conjecture, then, can be advanced a step tion of Death: Reference wanted ---Authors wanted, 312. further, and it may be inferred now that Qı. REPLIES :- The Fighting Sword of Lord Nelson, 313— is a cut-down and rearranged text, adapted Lieut.-Col. James Forrester-William Price-Allusion in for acting purposes from the playhouse copy Dickens-Breed of Cattle : Belted Galloway, 314--Bredin, which appeared in print, twenty years later, 315--Patron Saint of Butchers-The Gallic Cock-Byron's

in the first folio. Lameness,

Throughout the whole Pine-apple - John “ Schow" in Place-names-010 London Bridge: Diversion play there are resemblances to the fuller of River-Savidge Surname, 318-Couvade-Slates

text as published in the folio, and certainly Schools -- Raleigh Leigh Hunt: Narrative Poems no little ingenuity has been shown by the Cymon, a Dramatick Romance,' 319.

adapter in removing from the longer play NOTES ON BOOKS :- Transactions of the Newcomen Society- a third of the dialogue while preserving

Sir Thomas Browne : Religio Medici'— The Seventeenth. entire the skeleton of the plot, an outline century Accounts of the Masters of the Revels.'

which does much to elucidate the character Notices to Correspondents.

of the Prince.

As far back as 1881 the present writer

expressed to Dr. Furnivall his belief as to Notes.

the above explanation of the origin of Q1.,

and, at Dr. Furnivall's request, he read a THE FIRST QUARTO "HAMLET.' paper on the subject to the members of the AN ELIZABETHAN ACTOR'S EMENDATIONS.

New Shakespeare Society. Also, in the

same year, on April 16, at St. George's Hall MR. DOVER Wilson, in his pamphlet on the in London, he gave a performance of this 1603. Hamlet,' which was published in 1918, version of the play with a company of amawrites :

teurs. It was not favourably criticized by a new edition of Hamlet ’Q1. is needed. the Press, and there was the additional When that edition comes to be made it will no disadvantage that Sir Henry Irving had doubt be found that many cruces resolve themselves into a balance of possibilities. Too often, just made his first appearance in the part, it is feared, the scales will remain even.

at the Lyceum Theatre, in the eighteenthProf. Hubbard, of the University of century stage version then still in vogue. Wisconsin, in his recent edition of the first There are given below some of Shakequarto, has given us that new edition with speare's lines, taken from the folio text, and an introduction in which he states that the underneath these are placed corresponding mind of the reader has been prejudiced lines from Qı. The latter are selected not against Qı. by being told that the mutilated only to show a few of the variations between text was obtained by careless shorthand the two versions but also that the altered reporters, corrupted actors, dishonest pub- words which have been italicized are, as lishers and printers, and patched together by regards Qı text, intentional, and were passages written by stupid hack poets."| changed in the sense of being emended. And Prof. Hubbard considers that when That is to say, the adapter of Qı. may a reader to-day puts the modernized, edited reasonably be regarded not as a man of text of “Hamlet' beside the original typo. letters nor a dramatist but as an actor who graphy and obsolete spelling of Qi., he gets altered to satisfy his prosaic and logical mind.

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