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8. For the actor is continually faced with the F. Doubt that the Sunne doth moue
(II. ii. 117). concrete side of drama and revises in order
Q1. Doubt that the starres doe moue. to make some words referring to movement
9.* F. Enter King and his Queene less ambiguous, or to tone down expressions Qı. Enter the Duke and Dutchesse
}(players). which he thinks unnecessarily exaggerated. 10. F. For if the King like not the Comedie Moreover, it is contended in this paper that
(III. ii. 303). the adapter of Qı. had a transcript of the 11.+ #: The Soul of Nero, enter this firme bosome
Qı. And if the King like not the tragedy. folio play before him, or, if not, that he was
(III. ii. 412). familiar with that version from having often Q1. the heart of Nero enter This soft bosome. acted in it. In other words, the lines com- 12.1 F. Ger. : Why how now Hamlet ? (III. iv. 13). pared are chosen to support the assertion Qı. Queene : How now boy ? that Qı. is a later and not an earlier version 13.8 Q2. A man may fish with the worm that hath
eate of a King, and eate of the fish that of the play than the one in the folio.
hath fedde of that worme (IV. iii. 29). Another connexion between the folio play
a man may fish with that worme and Qi. is found in the following parallel
That hath eaten of a King,
And a Beggar eate that fish, passage,
Anon as mild and gentle as the Dove," 'which in both versions is given in- 14.|| F. Come my Coach : Good night Ladies :
Which that worme hath caught. appropriately to the King instead of to the
good night sweet Ladies (IV. v. 72). Queen; also the poor man's contumely Qı. God be with you Ladies, God be with you. becomes in Q..“ the rich cursed of the poor.'
if writ in your revenge In Q2. the words are “the proud man's
That Soop-stake you will draw both
Friend and Foe (IV. v. 141). contumely.” It will be remembered that
Qı. Therefore will you like a most desperate in Twelfth Night Olivia says, “ ( world, how
gamster apt the poor are to be proud !”
Swoop-stake-like, draw at friend and foe,
and all ? It is admitted, however, that there are
16. F.. these three yeares I have taken many corrupt passages in the text of Qi.
note of it (V.i. 150). which cannot be explained in the same way
Q1. This seauen yeares have I noted it. as are those quoted below, also that of the 17.**F.
this Scull has laine in the earth 218 lines that are found in Q2., and which
three and twenty years (V. i. 190). were omitted in the folio version, two lines
Qı. heres a scull hath bin here this dozen
yeare. can be traced in Qı. How they got there
he has borne me on his backe & it is difficult to say if Qz., as we gather from
thousand times (V. i. 205). its title page, was not a playhouse copy.
he hath caried mee tuenty times
upon his backe. AN ELIZABETHAN ACTOR'S EMENDATIONS
19. F. might they not stopp a Beere-barrell ? (as shown in Hamlet,' Quarto 1).
(V. i. 213). (References to acts, scenes and lines as given in the Q:. might stoppe the boung hole of a beereGlobe edition.)
barrell 1. F. The Bell then beating one (I. i. 39).
F. I loved Ophelia, forty thousand brothers Qı. The bell then touling one.
(V. i. 292). 2. F. So hallow'd and so gracious is the time
Q1. I lou’de Ofelia as deere as twenty brothers (I. i. 164).
could. Qı. So gratious and so hallowed is that time. * The first quarto corrects the error in rank 3. F. But looke, the Morne in Russet mantle of Gonzago and Baptista. They are not King and clad
+ Thi correction is in keeping with Hamlet's Hill (I. i. 167).
character, who, on his own showing, was not Q1. But see the Sunne in russet mantle clad,
stout-hearted. &c. 4. F. Oh that this too too solid Flesh, would
Throughout the first quarto Hamlet is melt (I. ii. 129).
regarded as a youth. Qı. O that this too much grieu'd and sallied § This sentence, which is not in the folio. flesh.
is incomplete without the word “ Beggar " being 5. F. Of Life, of Crowne, and Queene (1. v. 75).
added. Hamlet wished to show “how a King Q1. Of Crowne, of Queene of life.
may go a progress through the guts of a beggar. 6.* F. Never to speake of this that you have || Ben Jonson and other writers haring heard (I. v. 159).
called attention to the absurdity of Opbrlia Qı. Of that which you have seen.
asking for her “ coach," the first quarto omits it. 7. F. Doubt thou, the Starres are fire
The longer period gives more point to the
(II. ii. 116). argument that “the toe of the peasant comes Qı. Doubt that in earth is fire.
near the heel of the courtier." * Horatio and Marcellus had seen the ghost,
** The first quarto, by its alteration, makes but they had not heard it speak.
Hamlet 18 years old.
21.* F. He's fat and scant of breath (V. ii. 298). letter from the celebrated Edward Harley, (Omitted in Q1.)
Earl of Oxford, alluding to the bookseller Q1. Here Hamlet take my napkin wipe thy face.
you employ, Arthur Bettesworth ” (ibid. ii., 22.+ F. Then venome to thy worke. (V. ii. 333). 785). He was in partnership with his old Q1. Then venom to thy venome.
apprentice, Charles Hitch, at least as early WILLIAM POEL. as 1733, in Paternoster Row (Joseph Hill's
* Book Makers of Old Birmingham,' p. 41);
and in 1735 Johnson's translation of Lobo's SAMUEL RICHARDSON AND HIS
Voyage to Abyssinia' was "printed for FAMILY CIRCLE.-IV.
A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch at the Red (See ante, pp. 181, 224, 263.)
Lyon in Paternoster Row” (ibid., p. 42). The Bettosworth and Hitch families.-As
“Mr. Arthur Bettesworth, an eminent mentioned in my last article (ante, p. 263), Bookseller in Paternoster Row, died June James Leake the younger, nephew of Mrs. 5, 1739” (Nichols's Literary Anecdotes,' Richardson, married Catherine, daughter
vol. viii., p. 453). The will of Arthur of Charles Hitch, in 1765. I therefore Bettesworth, citizen and stationer of London, think it worth while here to inter- dated Dec. 27, 1736, was proved June 9, polate some particulars I have collected 1739, in P.C.C. (Henchman 123). He left of Hitch, and of his father-in-law and to his daughter, Martha Bettesworth, £1,000 partner, Arthur Bettesworth, who was
on her marriage, equal to the marriage contemporary of the novelist and his near portion he had given to each of his three neighbour in trade.
married daughters, Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Arthur, son of Arthur Bettesworthi
Charles Hitch, Katherine, wife of Mr. of Midhurst, Sussex, gentleman, was ap
Richard Heming, and Thomasine, wife of prenticed at Stationers' Hall to John Back, Mr. John Middleton ; as well as £70 for for seven years, on Oct. 6, 1690. He was
wedding clothes. To his Thomas, made a freeman of the Company on June £1,000 at 21 and £50 for wedding clothes. 6, 1698, and a liveryman on June 9, 1707. All his copies of books (those in co-partnerAccording to Roberts (* Earlier History of ship excepted), with his rights and title English Bookselling,' p. 136), Arthur Beites- therein, were to go to his son Thomas ; and worth in his early days was a bookseller on his stock at Cook's Hall, and all his shares London Bridge, under the sign of the “Red in copies of books and debts in trade, to Lion,” who some time after 1712 transferred be divided among his children. To the his sign to Paternoster Row. In 1713 Company of Stationers he left 20 guineaswe find him among the benefactors of it " was applied to puichase a pair of silver William Bowyer (Nichols's Literary Anec- candlesticks (Nichols's 'Literary Anecdotes, vol. i., p. 62). His name
dotes,' vol. iii., p. 601); and to his servants as a bookseller in 1725 (ibid., i. 329). About Mr. Nicholas Carr and Mr. William Frederick, 1719 he entered a syndicate of printers 10 guineas each. His executors, Charles called “ The Printing Conger,” with which Hitch and Richard Heming, were to be his he remained associated many years (ibid., i. son's guardians, and were to make a vault 340). He is mentioned in a letter of Walter in East Ham churchyard for him and his Harris's of July 28, 1728, to Dr. Stukeley family. The witnesses were Robert Pople
and William (Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. ii., well, Nicholas Robinson, p. 801), who on Nov. 30, 1728, received a
Legard. The poor of East Ham were to
have £5. • In this instance "fat" is used in the same The tomb at East Ham tells us that sense as by Olivia in Twelfth Night.' It alludes Arthur Bettesworth, tookseller, died in to Hamlet's being heated by the exertion of fencing : the first quarto omits the line.
1739 ; his daughter Elizabeth, widow of † It is the King, not Laertes, in the first Charles Hitch, in 1777 ; his daughter quarto, who supplies the poisoned foil, and this Catherine, widow of Richard Heming (died gives point to the double use of the word | 1741*), in 1758 ; and his daughter Thomasvenome."
According to the 'Visitation of Surrey, ine, wife of William Stepple (died 17811662-8' (Harleian Soc., vol. Ix., p. 11), under evidently her second husband), in 1777 · Bettesworth of Stoke one Arthur Bettesworth (Lysons' 'Environs of London,' vol. iv., narried Anne, daughter of Hiller of London, merchant, and had sons Tbomas and Arthur. * Richard Hemmings,” Common Council The lattor might conceivably have been the Man, died Oct., 1741 (* Musgrave's Obituary,' Pookseller's father.
A benefaction of £500 by Thomas wife, and Mr. Charles Clavey and Martha Bettesworth, Esq., to West Ham charity his wife. He also remembered Mr. Arthur school is ascribed to 1760 (ibid., iv. 268). Heming and Elizabeth his wife ; his two This, no doubt, was the son, who died un journeymen, Robert Collins and Robert married (Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, Knap; his shopman, John Stockwell ; his vol. ix., p. 539); while a fourth daughter, footman, John Wall; and his coachman, who was the wife of Mr. Charles Clavey, John Morris. From codicils of Jan. 9 and Wholesale Linendraper in Newgate Street,' Feb. 25, 1764, we learn that his daughter must have been Martha.
Thomasine had married Mr. Arthur Herning, Charles, son of Maurice Hitch, late citizen and his daughter Charlotte, Mr. Thomas and skinner of London, was apprenticed at Woolley, each receiving a marriage portion Stationers' Hall to Arthur Bettesworth of £2,000. On Oct. 1, 1764, Richard Hett of Paternoster Row, for seven years, on and Edward Littleton, both of Stationers' April 7, 1718, the consideration paid being Hall, gentlemen, swore to the handwriting £45. He became a freeman on May 4, 1725, as that of Charles Hitch, & freeman of and a liveryman on Sept. 1, 1730. He was London. The executors were Sir Francis Master of the Stationers' Company in 1758, Gosling and Charles Lowth; and the wit. and died Sept. 20, 1764 (Nichols's ‘Literary nesses George Knapp and John Wall, Anecdotes,' vol. iii., p. 390). From a letter servants to Mr. Hitch, and Edward Alex. of William Bowyer's, on Dec. 3, 1751, it ander, clerk to Mr. Grose. appears he was then ill (ibid., ii. 231). In Charles Hitch the younger died April addition to being an eminent bookseller," 20, 1781 (Nichols's · Literary Anecdotes, he was “in the commission of the peace vol. iii., p. 390), and was buried at East for Essex” (Gentleman's Magazine, 1764, Ham, where a monument was placed to his p. 450).
The will of Charles Hitch of memory in the chancel (Lysons' 'Environs Paternoster Row, Esquire, dated July 20, of London, vol. iv., p. 144). He purchased 1762, was proved Oct. 3, 1764, in P.C.C. the estate of East Ham Burnels about 1767 (Simpson 388). He bequeaths his various (Morant's 'Essex,' vol. i., p. 16). The will properties at East Ham, including his of Charles Hitch of Plaskett,” Co. Essex, house at Plashett, in the parish, “wherein Esq., was dated March 5, 1780, and proved I now live, as well as other properties May 8, 1781, in P.C.C. (Webster 244), by at Barking, at Dagenham, in Queen Street Elizabeth, the relict, Sarah, wife of John near Little Tower Hill, and at Little Ilford, Mitchell, and James Mitchell, his executors. to Sir Francis Gosling, Knt., alderman of In it are mentioned (his sister) Charlotte, the City of London, and Edward Grose wife of Mr. Thomas Woolley of Cheapside, of Threadneedle Street, gentleman, in trust hardwareman, and their son, Charles Hitch for the use of his wife Elizabeth, with Woolley ; his brother, the Rev. Paul Hitch; contingent remainders to his elder son and Mr. Arthur Heming and his wife ; while Charles, his younger son Paul, and his three a codicil of March 26, 1781, leaves £20 for daughters, Catherine, Thomasine, and Char- mourning to his cousin, Miss Elizabeth lotte Hitch. To his wife he left the £40 Richardson. He had no children, and his a year income from £360_share in the widow carried the great tithes of East Ham Stationers' Company, called English Stock; to a second husband, Mr. David Davies as well as £3,000 three per cent. Bank (Lysons' ‘Environs of London,' vol. iv., annuities, his coach' and horses, and the p. 146). use of his plate, linen, &c., in his houses at Paul Hitch, the younger son, matriculated Plashett and in Paternoster Row. Pro- from Oriel College, aged 15, on Oct. 14, perties at West Ham and in Warwick Lane 1762 (Foster's Alumni Oxonienses ). he left for the use of his son Paul, with his He became vicar of East Ham and rector of leasehold messuage in St. Paul's Church- Horton, Co. Gloucester, dying at Harwich on yard. To each of his children he left £1,750 Sept. 19, 1786 (European Magazine, 1786, three per cent. Bank annuities. To Mr. Pt. II., p. 311). Administration of his estate John Rivington of St. Paul's Churchyard, was granted on Dec. 6, 1786, in P.C.C., bookseller, £50, to aid his executors to settle to Thomasine, wife of Arthur Heming, his affairs in trade ; to his partner, Mr. sister and next-of-kin; he is described as Lacey Hawes, £50 ; to Elizabeth Richard bachelor. He was buried at East Han son, spinster, placed under his care, £100 ; (Lysons''Environs of London,' vol. iv., and small bequests to his brothers-in-law, p. 145). Mr. William Stepple and Thomasine his There was a third son, not mentioned is
the father's will, whose death is noticed in A, B, C, D), which will appear again, duly
The beastes, the fish, and also fowles i'th' aire of his servant's absence, leaped out of a two what he had made ; to shew his mightynesse pair of stairs window, and ran into the sea, where He made him Lord of all, in dignity he was drowned.
Endueing him with a more deepe capacitie. And from The Gentleman's Magazine for And like himselfe, did (euery wayes compleat) 1816, Pt. II., p. 566, we learn that Charlotte, with power diuine maiestick man create relict of Thomas Woolley, Esq., of Hatton
B. Garden, and youngest of the three daughters and co-heiresses of Charles Hitch, Free from all strife, debate, and warrs fell rage
Then sprang the prime, the first and golden age Esq.," died Nov. 4, 1816, aged 76, after There was no lawes, the peopell for to skare having been deprived of sight upwards Nor did they of each other liue in feare of 20 years, & misfortune which she bore Ne did they dig nor plow, nor rend in twain with happy serenity.” She “left three Their mother earth, nor sought they gaine with daughters respectably married,” so Charles But all in loue they liued in each land
paine Hitch Woolley had probably died. From Eateing the frute, the earth brought to their hand the same reference it appears that her sister Thomasine was still living, as widow of
C. Arthur. Heming of Hadleigh, Suffolk, Esq., Joue ushers in, the second on the stage, who had died in 1809.
succeading gold (though worse) the siluer age
now seasons fower spring, somer, Autum, winter It will be seen later that Sir Francis with plowing, sowing, reapeing, toyleing enter, Gosling, who proved Charles Hitch's will in now they who liued in community 1764, had proved Samuel Richardson's will Begin to draw to base propriety ; three years earlier ; and that the novelist They howses frame with sticks all tyed together
To kepe of sun cold raine and wind and weather left a ring to“ Mrs. Gosling,” while his widow, in 1773,
remembered Lady Gosling And John Rivington, The brazen age succeаdes somewhat bent to warrs the well-known bookseller, whom Charles But last the Iron age so full of Jarrs Hitch desired should assist his executors As nought doth reigne in all the world beside
Craft, treason, violence, envie lust and pride in settling his business affairs, was also the Truth hides her head, Justice cannot be found recipient of one of the novelist's rings. And now to hell they dig and delue the ground John's father, Charles Rivington, had been To finde out gold, and Iron, they castles rear associated with Arthur Bettesworth in a Build ships and boates from seas to seas to steare partnership styled "The New Conger The stanza A is strongly suggestive of (Nichols's Literary Anecdotes,' vol. i., p. Milton. When read aloud to an ear ac340).
quainted with his rhythm, the hearer rarely We shall see, too, that Samuel Richardson hesitates to name him as the author. The had a niece, Elizabeth Richardson, a minor present invstigation began with this exin 1750, but whether she was the spinster periment. The typical stately tread is most placed under the elder cles Hitch's care, distinctly heard in the two concluding lines ; and alluded to as cousin ” by Charles | analysis helps to explain this, for we find Hitch the younger in 1781, I cannot at that these lines contain at least three feapresent say I know of no cousinship be- tures admitted to be characteristic of Milton's tween them. ALEYN LYELL READE. style : (1) inversion of the order of words Treleaven House, Blundellsands, near Liverpool. if the words of the last line be arranged in (To be continued.)
the natural order prescribed by syntax all rhythm disappears, though the words are
| the same; (2) the elliptical parenthesis ; (3) THE MILTON-OVID SCRIPT.-VI. choice of word that suits or suggests the
sense ; no other word can be substituted (See ante, pp. 201, 221, 242, 265, 281.)
for “majestick” without grave injury to the In concluding the study of the script-hand, verse. It is worth noting perhaps that but before setting out the text as a whole, Milton has used this word in relation to I will notice a few peculiarities of style in Eve ('P.L.,' VIII. 42). It also occurs in the four following stanzas (denoted now by the script of 'Comus' (T. 24, 12), and this
example is specimen VI. 9, in the illustration Milton in 'S.A.,' 1028, and he also speaks below; specimen VI. 10 is from the stanza of a capacious mind” (* P.L.,' IX. 603! now discussed.
Stanza B also shows points of resemblance A comparison of the two specimens shows 'to Milton's printed works in vocabulary and
the general resemblance, but in VI. 10 we sentiment. "Prime” occurs often, * "fell find i doing duty for j, and this is in favour is not uncommon in this sense, but rend of its earlier date. The phrase “Lord of is unusual. Perhaps we may quote all ” is used by Milton in the same con. Others with vast Typhoan rage more fell nexion ('P.L.,' IV. 288-90),
Rend up both Rocks and Hills. Two of far nobler shape erect and tall,
("P.L., II., 533-4 Godlike erect, with native Honour clad
Men also In naked Majestie seemed Lords of all;
with impious hands and we come very near to the same phrase Rifl'd the bowels of their mother Earth in (ibid., VIII. 338-41),
For Treasures better hid. (Ibid., I. 688 but all the Earth
disciplina To thee and to thy Race I give; as Lords
From imposition of strict laws, to free Possess it, and all things that therein live,
Acceptance of large Grace, from servil fear Or live in Sea, or Aire, Beast, Fish, and Fowle. To filial.
(Ibid., XII. 303 Capacity” is used in the same sense by
* Bradshaw, op. cit.