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ON THE GROUNDS OF MORALS AND RELIGION, AND THE
UNDERSTANDING OF THE SAME.
ESSAYS 1–XI. pp. 347–472.
Letter from Mathetes (Professor Wilson and Mr.
A. Blair): internal and external difficulties to a
the age of Charles I.: extract: sanity of true
mind of Germany, England, and France.
utility: honor: universal assent a presumption
separation of ethics from religion: the author's
tory of the last century and a half.
illustrated from Shakspeare: founded on obser-
definition of method.
may be considered : 1. Law: synthetic and
poetry and music: mental initiative in botany:
history and estimate of the science : in chemistry.
Hunter: theory can not supply the principle of
tricity and magnetism: law of polarity.
side of Bacon's character: Hooke: Kepler : Tycho
be essentially one with the Platonic, but in a dif-
X. Existence of a self-organizing purpose in nature
and man: illustrated: operation of this idea in
ing,-Christianity the synthesis.
quences of the commercial spirit preponderating:
difference of ultimate aims in men and nations :
evidence of objective reality in man himself:
luck or fortune
I. Fortune favors fools: different meanings of the
proverb: luck has a real existence in human af-
fairs : how : invidious use of the phrase.
Notices of the
life and charac-
ter of Sir Alex-
ander Ball, and
of the circum-
stances of the
tion of Malta.
II. Impression left by Sir A. B. on the anthor: state
of Malta: corruption.
III. Personal memoir of Sir A. B.: anecdotes of him.
at the battle of the Nile: explosion of the ship
V. Ball's habits of mind: conduct during the siege of
Valetta : behavior of English to foreigners:
Ball's decisive conduct with the court of Naples :
unjust and unwise treatment of the Maltese by
the British government.
VI. Ball's popularity in Malta : jealousy of him in the
government: discussion of the importance of
*FRIEND! were an author privileged to name his own judge, -in addition to moral and intellectual competence I should look round for some man, whose knowledge and opinions had for the greater part been acquired experimentally; and the practical habits of whose life had put him on his guard with respect to all speculative reasoning, without rendering him insensible to the desirableness of principles more secure than the shifting rules and theories generalized from observations merely empirical, or unconscious in how many departments of knowledge, and with how large a portion even of professional men, such principles are still a desideratum. I would select, too, one who felt kindly, nay, even partially, toward me; but one whose partiality had its strongest foundations in hope, and more prospective than retrospective would make him quick-sighted in the detection, and unreserved in the exposure, of the deficiencies and defects of each present work, in the anticipation of a more developed future. In you, honored friend ! I have found all these requisites combined and realized : and the improvement, which these essays have derived from your judgment and judicious suggestions, would, of itself, have justified me in accompanying them with a public acknowledgment of the same. But knowing, as you can not but know, that I owe in great measure the power of having written at all to your medical skill, and to the characteristic good sense which directed its exertion in my behalf; and whatever I may
* Dedication to the second edition.-Ed.
have written in happier vein to the influence of your society and to the daily proofs of your disinterested attachment ;—knowing, too, in how entire a sympathy with your feelings in this respect the partner of your name has blended the affectionate regards of a sister or daughter with almost a mother's watchful and unwearied solicitudes alike for my health, interest, and tranquillity; -you will not, I trust, be pained,--you ought not, I am sure, to be surprised that