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Second inspection was made January 11, and owing to the depression in the coal trade, the mine was only running about one-half the time; but the day hands are always found at work in the mines of this company, making repairs and keeping the mine in good working order. Third inspection was made May 11, and the mine was found in good condition, with the requirements of the law closely observed and obeyed. As the coal is mined by blasting off the solid, a very large amount of powder is used, but every precaution is taken to avoid acci. dents; the sanitary conditions of the mine and the safety of the men are well looked after ; shot.firers are employed by the company to fire all shots after the miners retire from the mine; gasmen are also employed, whose duty it is to go around the working every morning, examine all working or suspicious places, and report that everything is safe before the miners are permitted to enter the mine. The coal is from 3} to 5 feet thick, overlaid with good slate roof, easily secured with timber; mine dry, with good high roadways and in good condi. tion generally.
Mine No. 18.-I. B. Watson, foreman; this is a slope opening from the bottom of the strip-pit, and the product is brought to the surface by steam-power; ventilation is produced by a 10-foot fan, and the mine is well ventilated. The coal varies in thickness from three to four feet, and is very faulty; from 40 to 50 men employed, and the coal is shipped over the Missouri Pacific railroad to Kansas City and points north and west.
Contract Mine.-Operated by J. M. Wise; it is located about three miles north of Rich Hill ; slope opening, and the coal is brought to the surface by steam-power ; ventilation is produced by a 10 foot fan. First inspection was made October 9, and a deficiency in the ventilation was found at the head of the workings, owing to the leakages in the doors and stoppings. The attention of the company was called to the matter, with instructions to remedy it at once. Second inspection was made January 10, and only one part of the mine was working, owing to water breaking in from old abandoned mines. I visited the mine again on May 12, found it idle and the miners on strike, so no inspection was made ; coal from four to five feet thick, worked on the room and pillar plan, and employing about 40 men.
Wm. Sullivan is operating a drift mine and a strip-pit, 1 mile south of Rich Hill, and has shipping connections with the Missouri Pacific railway, over which road the product is taken to market.
J. M. Harrison is stripping coal near mine 18 and loading the coal on cars and shipping to market over the Missouri Pacific railway.
J. B. Williams, strip-pit, north of Rich Hill. Coal hauled in wagons and shipped to market over the Mo. Pac. railway.
McMahon & Page, strip-pit, northeast of Rich Hill, and shipping the product to market over the Mo. Pac. railway.
Frank Martin, strip-pit, located north of Rich Hill. The coal is hauled in wagons, loaded on cars and shipped to market over the Mo. Pac. railway.
R. E. Allen is operating a strip-pit east of the Sullivan mine, and hauling the coal in wagons, loading on cars at Rich Hill and shipping to Kansas City over the Mo. Pac. railway.
Chenney & Beatey operate a strip-pit south of Rich Hill, and ship over the Mo. Pac. railway.
A large deposit of coal is worked about 6 miles northwest of Rockville, which runs in thickness from 5 to 6 feet, but owing to the shallowness of the covering over the coal; under-ground mining is impractical, and the coal is obtained by stripping off the dirt and slate, and quarrying the coal.
Other veins of coal are supposed to exist in this locality, and considerable prospecting has been done here lately by different parties, and I have no doubt but an extensive mine will be opened here as soon as railroad connection can be had to the mines.
John A. Ford operates a strip-pit, located 6 miles northwest of Rockville ; the coal will average 5} feet in thickness, and is consumed in the surrounding country.
D. D. Peeler operates a strip-pit in the same locality. The coal is about the same thickness as that of the other mine, and is consumed in the immediate neighborhood.
As these mines are located away from shipping facilities, the output is confined to the local demand.
The same seam of coal is worked in the surroundings of Worland, as that of Amoret and Foster. It is about three feet in thickness, but has a very shallow cover over it, and is very faulty. Most of the coal is obtained by stripping off the overlying surface, and quarrying it out. All the coal from these strip-pits is hauled in wagons to the railroad and shipped to market over the Mo. Pac. R. R. There are about 20 strip-pits in the surroundings of Worland. Some of them are large producers. The names of all operators, and the output of each, will
, be found in the statistical table of Bates county.
F. A. Raney & Company operate a mine one mile east of Worland, at Ward's switch; shaft 40 feet deep; horse-power; coal 3 feet thick; worked on the pillar and room plan ; ventilation produced by a furnace giviug very fair results. Coal is hauled from the mines in wagons, loaded on cars at Ward's switch, and shipped to market over the Mo. Pac. R. R. Employment is given to about 15 men.
Thomas Manchester & Son operated a slope in the same locality the fore part of the winter, but have since leased the mine to other parties. Very little work has been done at the mine during the year,
Production, 19,038 tons. Boone county is underlaid by the Coal Measures, and mining operations are carried on in a small way in different parts of the county. The same seam of coal so extensively worked in Macon and Randolph counties is found and worked. Twelve mines were in operation during the past year, producing in the aggregate 19,038 tons, which is a decrease of 6564 tons compared with the previous year's output. The amount realized from the sale of the product was $28,428, an average of $1.49 per ton at the mines. For a description and location of each of the mines operated, see remarks following:
L. Severs is operating a mine 3 miles north of Centralia. Shaft 30 feet deep; horse-power; coal about 2 feet thick, and worked on the long-wall method. It is hauled in wagons to Centralia, where it is consumed.
There are a great number of mines in the surroundings of Columbia, operated in the fall and the winter to supply home trade. B. S. Benefield operates a mine 3 miles northeast of Columbia. Drift opening; coal 31 feet thick; worked on room and pillar plan; mine operated in fall and winter.
Blackfoot Coal Co., formerly known as the W. A. Gooding Co.Mine located 5 miles north of Columbia, on the Gravel road. Shaft 120 feet deep; horse-power. This is a new mine sunk in the fall of 1893, when a 4-foot vein of coal was struck at the above-mentioned depth. The coal is of good quality, and is the same seam as that so extensively worked in Macon and Randolph counties. The roof is a hard slate, requiring very little timber. The coal is hauled in wagons to Columbia, where it is consumed, and consequently the capacity of the mine is limited to the local demand; while it could be operated very extensively, if it had railroad connection to ship the product to other markets.
Carter & Smith.- Mine located 4 miles north of Columbia. Shaft 20 feet deep; horse-power. Coal 3 feet thick and worked on the room and pillar plan. The roof is soft and requires great care to keep it secure with timber. Coal hauled in wagons to Columbia, where it is consumed.
Columbia Coal Company.-E. L. Hubbard, superintendent. Mine located 4 miles north of Columbia, at Henry station. Shaft 120 feet deep, equipped with steam-power for hoisting.
This mine changed hands in the summer of 1893, and the present operators took down the horse power apparatus and built a new pithead, and moved the cages, ropes and machinery to this point from a mine in Randolph county, and through these improvements increased the capacity of the mine. Ventilation is prodaced by a fire basket, located at the foot of the air-shaft, which is inadequate to ventilate the mine with its present force. The company has been instructed to build a furnace. Coal about 3} feet in thickness, and is worked on the longwall plan. The soapstone, forming the roof, is soft and friable, and very difficult to keep it secure, requiring a large amount of timber to be used. The mine is connected with the Columbia branch of the Wabash railway, which road consumes the entire output of the mine. About 30 men employed.
Thomas Rees is operating a mine near Columbia to supply local trade.
George Kimball, drift opening, supplying home consumption.
Scott Gordon, mine located in the vicinity of Columbia ; operating in winter to supply home trade.
Will Mortica operates a mine in the same vicinity, to supply hom demand.
James Rouse operates a mine three miles from Columbia, supply. ing the home trade.
John Goffett, drift opening ; supplying local trade.
BROWN STATION POSTOFFICE.
James W. Gaither operates a mine near Brown station during the winter months to supply home trade. M. C. Pedro operates a strip-pit near Brown station ; coal con
; sumed in surrounding vicinity.
George Rogers, drift opening, supplying home trade.
Walter James operates a mine near Brown station to supply local demand.
There are other mines operating in the surrounding country in the fall and winter. Thickness of coal and mode of working and price paid for mining are the same at all the mines.
Production, 22,869 tons.
The coal product of Caldwell county has shown a large decrease during the year ending June 30, 1894, as compared with the previous one. During the past year 22,869 tons of coal were produced, and sold for $41,018, or an average of $1.79 per ton at the mine. And for the same period in the preceding year 29,020 tons were mined, which was sold for $57,749.75, or an average of $1.99 per ton, thus showing a decrease of 6151 in tons, and 20 cents per ton in the amount received for the outpat. Four mines were operated part of the year, working on two different veins of coal.
The East Hamilton mine is working the lower seam, while the Kingston and Tom Creek mines are working the upper vein; the Cowgill inine has been abandoned.
Following is a description of the mines and the condition in which they were found at dates of inspection :
Cowgill Coal Company.-W. H. Revis, superintendent. Mine is located 2 miles west of Cowgill, connected with the C. M. & St. Paul railroad. Shaft 340 feet deep; steam.power used for hoisting.
The coal rans very irregular and faulty, and varies in thickness from 5 to 20 inches, which makes the mine an anprofitable one to operate and difficult to compete with the product of other mines.
The ventilation was found deficient; in fact, there is no system of ventilation practiced here, and everything else about the mine was found badly neglected and in poor conditiou. March 31, I received a letter from Mr. Revis, stating that the track had been taken out and mine had been abandoned.
Caldwell Coal Company, E. B. Hayden, president.—Mine located two miles east of Hamilton, connected with the the Hannibal & St. Joe railroad; shaft 507 feet deep; equipped with very good machinery for hoisting ; ventilation is produced by a 10 foot fan, set on top of t