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The second example fell under the reign of the unhappy father of the above princes, when the puritanic party engaged in a civil war, which, through the prevalence of a fanatical faction that sprang up among them, at length terminated in the destruction both of the king and the monarchy; quite contrary to the design of the first actors, as evidently appears from their conduct at the time, and from the principal part they sustained in the restoration of the monarchy, by the recal of Charles the Second. Now had the puritans, in the former instance, charged the church party as votaries of arbitrary power; or, in the other, had the church charged the puritans as determined republicans and sworn enemies to monarchy, the event would, in either case, have shown the accusation to have been groundless. Both of them alike displayed, in the hour of trial, their firm attachment to the same glorious cause; which may teach a lesson of mutual candour and moderation to their successors at the present important period; and induce them to unite in every regular and constitutional effort,
to secure and perpetuate, to the latest pos terity, the laws, and liberties, and religion of their country.
(2.) It is not enough to forbear any false imputations upon a contrary party, without a readiness to bestow that just praise which belongs to it, or to any of its distinguished individuals. There is scarce any party without some laudable property; and this property a good citizen will cheerfully recognize, though it should be found on the side opposite to his own. It is laudable to guard against democratic licence and disorder; and this prècaution he will readily commend, though he should be one of a popular party; and not severely condemn, though it should be extended beyond what the occasion might require. It is also laudable to watch against the tyranny of rulers; and this jealousy he will also mark with his approbation, and not rigorously censure, though it should be carried to some excess. Further, Whenever more than ordinary virtues and talents display themselves in an opposite party, (and he must be very partial to his own side not to suppose that this may often be
the case) he will be among the foremost to acknowledge them; to drop a tear orer a Falkland, or to pay all due honour to the invincible love of liberty, and to the other eminent parts and accomplishments of a Hampden.
(3.) Lastly : It is the property of a good citizen to allay animosities, and to promote an amicable intercourse, among different parties. To unite them all in one body, would seldom be practicable; and, if practicable, would not perhaps be desirable in the present state of human nature. Brought into such near approach, their repulsive powers would act with redoubled force, and probably cast them at a still greater distance from each other than they were before. All, therefore, that can reasonably be proposed is, to guard them against a perverse opposition in points wherein they differ, and dispose them to mutual assistance in those wherein they are agreed; that so, instead of indulging a spirit of hostility, they might afford ready succour to each other in distress, and cordially co-operate against the common enemy. Thus, by
by their combined efforts, court and country, churchmen and dissenters, might more effectually promote the common cause of order, liberty, and true religion; and oppose a more powerful barrier against the inroads of sedition and tyranny, of fanaticism and superstition.
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The last general Rule we propose as proper
to be observed by a good Citizen is, Never forwardly to urge his public Claims or Pretensions, nor beyond what the common Good may require; and when this, on the Il hole, is provided for, to rest satisfied in the quiet and faithful Discharge of the Duties of his present Station.
As it is one character of a good man to endeavour to merit praise, but not to challenge it; so it is of a good citizen, to exert himself for the benefit of his country, but not forwardly to demand his reward in a participation of public honours or offices; which indeed, if offered, he will receive with gratitude, or decline with modesty; if withheld, though it may cost him a momentary displeasure, he will give place to no unmanly complaints or secret resentments. He will still cherish in himself a