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SÉ Ř MON XIX. : Benefit of the Sacrament, and Duties ::: :: thereupon.
[From a Discourse of Dr. BARROW's upon the ... Eucharift.] : '. .
EXOD. xii. 24. And ye shall observe this thing, for an òrå
dinance to thee, and to thy fons for ever.
T HESE words were delivered uponi
occasion of the Jewish passover:
Among the many wonderful works of power and kindness, performed by God Almighty in favour of the children of Israel, and in order to their delivery from the Egyptian slavery, there is none more remarkable than this į namely, the Amiting the first-born in every house of the Egyptians, and PASSING OVER the houses
of the children of Israel; wherein God declared his just wrath against their cruel oppreffors; depriving them in a sudden and dreadful manner of what was nearest and dearest to them, and wherein also he dea clared his gracious mercy towards the If raèlites, in preserving what was alike dear to them; from fo woeful a calamity; thus (as it is expressed in the chapter before my text) putting a difference between the Egyptians and the children of Israel.
Now that the memory of so remarkable à mercy might be preserved ; that their affections might be raised to a strong sense of God's goodness; and that their faith might be confirmed within them, so as in the like need to hope for the same favourable help and protection, by the consideration of so remarkable an experiment: It pleased God to appoint a sacrament, or mysterious rite, called the Passover, to be celebrated every year, representing and recalling to minds that act of God, wherein his special kindness was so eminently demonstrated towards his people; as may be seen at large in that chapter of which my text is a part Vol. IV. A a
This This facrament of the pallover (as were also several other rites and sacrifices insti- . tuted by God among that people) was a type and forerunner of that other great de. livery from sin andhell, which God in mercy designed towards mankind, to be atchieved by our Saviour; prefiguring, that as the lamb slain in the passover was to put the people in mind of their deliverance from the Egyptian bondage, so the shedding of the blood of our Saviour (who was that Lamb without spot, which was slain for the fins of the world) should put us in mind of the deliverance of our fouls, from the spi. ritual bondage of fin.
The occasion of celebrating this holy rite of the passover, our Saviour, we find, did improve, to the institution of the sacramint of the Lord's supper; which agrees with it very much in the design of it, as it represents and commemorates the greatest blessing and mercy that we are capable of receiving; and accordingly, some part of that ancient rite or sacrament is still preserved in our facrament of the Lord's supper..
This great Christian ordinance is plainly described to us in the four gospels, and in the first epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians; and is distinguishable into there chief parts:
First, The blessing and confecration (bý prayer and thanksgiving) of bread and wine.
Next, The breaking of bread, and handling of the cup:
Then, The delivery and distribution of them to the persons prefent.
Then, The declaration accompanying that delivery, that those symbolical things and actions did represent our Saviour's body given and broken, our Saviour's blood shed and poured out for us, in establishment of the new covenant:
And lastly, The actual partaking of those symbols, by eating the bread, and drinking the wine, done by all present.
These things we find done at the first inftitution of this holy ceremony; and which our Saviour obliged us to imitate; saying, Do this in remembrance of me.. - Such is the practice itself instituted and enjoined by our Saviour. In discourfing A a 2 a
whereupon I will consider particularly two things :
1. The great importance and use of this • facrament.
II. The duties incumbent upon us in respect thereof. . I. I propose to confider its importance and use.
One thing that shews it, is, its being intended to keep up within us, a perpetual remembrance of what our Saviour bath done and fuffered for us : It is an action very proper to remind us of it, to move us to consider it, and to beget in us affections suitable to the memory and consideration of it. Do this, says our Lord, in remembrance of me; that is, do it fo, as hereby to raise in your hearts a reflection upon those grievous pains which I endure for your fakes, to procure for you a remission of fins, and a reconciliation to God. And St. Paul' says, So often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye Mhew forth, or ye do
significantly express, the Lord's death till : be come, or, during the time of his absence