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6 Jerome

Munah, or Mountain of the Moon. takes notice of this passage, and mentions how differently it has been rendered by expositors; a circumstance which must happen when writers are of different countries and of different times. Hieronymus et projiciemini inquit in locis Armeniæ, quæ vocantur Armona. Denique Symmachus ita interpretatus est, et projiciemini in Armeniâ: pro quibus LXX montem Remman, Aquila montein Armona, Theodotio montein Mona. ? Bochart, who quotes this passage, at the close asks, What if Mini, Minyas, and Monah, should after all prove to be the saine name, only differently expressed ? We may safely answer, that they are; and that they relate to the same history. Even the Remman of the LXX is a transposition of the true name; and a mistake for * Ar-Man, the same as Ar-Mini in the Chaldaic •Paraphrase, as Ar-Mona of Aquila, Ar-Muna of Amos, and the Mountain Mona of Theodotion. They all signify Mons Lunus, and relate to the

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Hieron. et Theodoretus. See Bochart. Geog. Sacra. I. 1. c. 3.

p. 20.

1 Bochart supra. p. 20. Θεοδωρητος, απορριφησεσθε εις το ορος τα Αρμανα, &c. ο δε Συμμαχος το Αρμανα Αρμενιαν ήρμηνευσεν· ο δε Θεοδοσιων υψηλον ορος. Ιbid.

This is - manifest from the Vulgate, in which it is rendered Et projiciemini in Ar-mon.

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Arkite emblem Selene, of which I have before treated.

The most common name given to the mountain was Ararat; and by this it has been distinguished by Moses. This is a compound of ArArat, and signifies the Mountain of Descent, and is equivalent to 779-77, of the Hebrews. That the name was a compound of Ar-Arat, is plain from Hatho the Armenian, who mentions it out of composition by the name of Arath. ' In Armeniâ est altior mons, quam sit in toto orbe terrarum, qui Arath vulgariter nuncupatur; et in cacumine illius montis arca Noæ post diluvium primo stetit. Josephus tells us expressly, that it was called by the natives the Mountain of Descent, which he translates anobarnesov, on account of the Patriarch here first descending from the ark.

Αποβατηριον τοπον τετον Αρμενιοι καλεσιν. . The same is mentioned by " Eustathius Antiochenus. By Jerome it is styled the place of exit.

12 Nunc locum Armenii exituin vel egressum vocant. The sacred writer seems always to express foreign

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II

9 Hatho Armenius. See Purchas. vol. 3. p. 110. 10 Josephus. Antiq. 1. 1. c. 3. p. 16. Και τον τοπον ετι και νυν εκεινον Αποβατηριον οι επιχωριοι καλεσι.

. Eustathius Antiochenus. See Bochart above. p. 20.

12 Hieron. in Eusebianis,

names of places, as they were exhibited by the natives. He accordingly calls this mountain in the provincial dialect " Ar-Arat; which would have been rendered Har-Irad by the Hebrews. By this is signified a Tobatngoy, or place of descent. The region round about was called Araratia, and also Minyas, where the Minyæ resided, of whom I have taken notice before. This probably, after the general migration, was one of the oldest colonies in the world. Nay, it is not impossible, but that the region may have been originally occupied by a people styled Minyæ, who out of a false zeal adhered to the spot, and would never depart from it. From the similitude which the natives of these parts bore to the Syrians and Arabians, in religion, customs, and language, it appears plainly, that they were one of the 14 Cuthite branches.

We may be assured, that the ask was provi, dentially wafted into Armenia; as that region seems to have been particularly well calculated

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,הווט Mosis reperitur in Codice Samaritano אורט Pro 13

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, Hararat. Le Clerc. vol. 1. p. 72.

Το γαρ των Αρμενιων εθνος, και το των Συρων και των Αραβων woramo oro guarav ede @asvet xa. Strabo. I. 1. p. 70. One of the principal cities in this part of Armenia was Cu-Cousus, which signifies the place of Chus. See Hierocles Evvexdmuos. p. 703. Κουκουσος, Κομανα, Αραραθια.

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for the reception of the Patriarch's family, and for the repeopling of the world. The soil of the country was very fruitful, and especially of that part where the Patriarch first made his descent. Some have objected to the Mosaic account of the dove and olive, and will not allow that the ark could have rested in Armenia, because travellers of late have discovered no olives in that

country: they therefore infer, that there never were any trees of this sort in that region. In like manner, there may be in these days no balsam at Jericho, nor date trees in Babylonia : but it does not follow, that there were none of old. We must not therefore set aside antient histories faithfully transmitted, because the same occurrences do not happen at this day. But the inference is not only trifling, but false. Strabo was a native of Asia Minor; and he speaks of the fertility of Armenia, and especially of the region Gogarene, which he particularly mentions as productive of the olive. 18 Ειθ' η Γωγαρηνη" Πασα γαρ η χωρα αυτη καρπός τε και τοις ημεροις δενδροις, και τοις αειθαλεσι πληθυει" φερει δε και Eλαιαν, , He had been speaking of various parts of Armenia, and then adds, After these succeeds Gogarene. All

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15 Tournefort, letter 7th,

L. 11. p. 800,

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this country abounds with fruits and trees for the use of man, and with those also which are evergreen. It likewise produces the OLIVE. I have mentioned that Arene was one name of the ark ; and many places were so denominated in memorịal of it. It is to be observed, that there is scarcely any eastern name which begins with a vowel, or common aspirate, but is at times to be found expressed with a guttural. The city Ur was called Cur, Cour, and Chora : Aza was rendered Gaza: Ham, Cham ; Hanes, Chanes: Hala, Habor, and Haran; Chala, Chabor, and Charan, $o Arene, an ark or ship, was expressed 17 Ca. rene: from whence came the Carina of the Romans. The term Go-Carene (fw-rægnun) signifies literally the place or region of the ark. I do not, however, imagine, that this was precisely the spot where the 18 descent was first made, though the name was given in memorial of that event; a circumstance common to many other places. I make no doubt but that the region of the Minyæ, at the foot of Mount Arad, or Ar,

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* Many places are to be found in Media, Susiana, and Armenia, named Carene and Carina. See Cluver. Geog.

Gogarene was beyond the Cyrus, and a northern province, See Strabo, Stephanus, and others. It was at too great distance from Ararat, which was upon the river Araxes.

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