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from the Church of England

BY
ROBERT LEONARD TUCKER, M.A.

SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE
DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

Printed for the Author by
THE METHODIST BOOK CONCERN

New York City

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CONTENTS

PAGE

PREFACE

7

INTRODUCTION

9

CHAPTER I. THE METHODIST VIEW OF EIGHTEENTH CENTURY LIFE..

I. Methodist Dissatisfaction with the Customs and Religion of

the Times

II. Methodist View of the Church and the Clergy..

CHAPTER II. THE CHURCHMAN'S VIEW OF EIGHTEENTH CENTURY LIFE.. 17

I. Enthusiasm

17

II. The Church View of Enthusiasm..

23

III. Methodist Attempts to Check Extreme Enthusiasm.

30

IV. Methodism and Mysticism...

34

CHAPTER III. METHODIST DOCTRINE.

37

I. Original Sin

37

II. Justification by Faith.

39

III. The New Birth....

42

IV. Christian Perfection

V. The Witness of the Spirit.

53

VI. The Early Methodist Doctrine of the Church.

55

VII. The Orthodoxy of Early Methodist Doctrine.

57

CHAPTER IV. PRACTICES OF THE EARLY METHODISTS.

62

I. Early Field Preaching..

63

II. Early Irregular Indoor Preaching.

70

III. The Beginning of the Itineracy.

71

IV. The Use of Lay Preachers...

74

V. The First Methodist Ordinations..

83

CHAPTER V. THE GROWTH OF THE EARLY METHODIST ORGANIZATION..... 96

1. Methodist Societies

96

II. The Beginning of the Methodist Conferences..

104

III. Methodist Classes, Bands, Stewards, Quarterly Meetings

IV. The Methodist Press..

117

V. Summary

123

CHAPTER VI. DEVELOPMENT OF METHODIST SOLIDARITY......

125

I. Wesley's Opposition to the Unification of Methodism.

125

II. Bishops of the Established Church and Methodism.

130

III. Confusion of Methodists with Catholics..

136

IV. Opposition to the Methodists.....

138

CHAPTER VII. THE ACTUAL SEPARATION AFTER THE DEATH OF WESLEY. 144

I. Paternal Government

144

II. The Eucharist

145

III. Hours of Church Service.

149

IV. The Confusion after Wesley's Death.

153

V. Party Struggle and the Sacrament..

156

VI. Trusteeism and the Methodist New Connection..

161

VII. Plan of Pacification and Regulations of Leeds..

166

CONCLUSION

171

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