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performed there by a clergyman, he would request the attendance of one of the Wesleyan preachers. Having been requested by the rector also, (who was anxious for the sake and credit of the established church,) I went three or four Sundays, as did he himself, till the zealous curate could be compelled to go by order of the vestry; which order he subsequently got, and a reprimand from one of the magistrates, who told him he thought it was a pity he did not give up the church and enter the army again. At this temporary chapel a very fair congregation of Negroes, and some white persons attended, as there were about twenty properties, with 3000 or 4000 Slaves, within four or five miles.

Another of these clergymen, a rector of a large parish, was exposed very lately in one of the public, or island papers, for his indecent observations on some coloured females at a funeral where he officiated.

Another, who had hesitated between an ironmonger's shop and the church, and who had been appointed curate to a large country parish, which was partially disturbed about Christmas last, was (instead of being at his post, where it may be supposed a clergyman might have been of some service) strutting about Kingston and Spanish-Town in large spurs, a la militaire, idling away his precious time, and taking his fill

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of pleasure. Can a serious man, who wishes well to the cause of religion in general, and to the church of England in particular, see such things without thinking of the words of the prophet Ezekiel, chap. xxxiii.?

By such persons as these being thrust into sacred offices, it is not only that the Negroes are suffered to remain in their heathenish and unconverted state, but some of the white people also are prevented attending the churches, out of the disrespect they have for these individuals, or the knowledge they have of their inability to instruct others, who have so little religion themselves. I have heard several gentlemen say, when asked if they had been at church, or if they go often, “No, I seldom or never go; for what is the use of going to hear him; at such and such a time he was so and so, or was with such a person; and going to England for a few months cannot have made much of a clergyman of him." The white part of the population are in general too fond of an excuse to keep away from a place of worship, and as to the Slaves, they, poor degraded beings, are almost beneath consideration or notice. This may be thought severe or satirical, but it is the truth; for most of the Creole young men, who are born in the midst of prejudices, and imbibe them from their mother's breasts, (so that they grow with

their growth, and increase with their strength,) as also most officers born, or living, or serving many years, in the West Indies, think so meanly of the Negro race, that they do not deem it worth while to take proper pains with them, even where they are encouraged so to do by the. parishioners. How then can they be expected to do any good, where so many obstacles are in general thrown in the way of giving the Slaves religious instruction?

I have no hesitation in saying, that the only clergymen who can possibly do much good in our western colonies, are men of real humanitymen of highly religious feeling—men who enter into the ministry of the church with the hope and view of saving souls, of turning sinful mortals from darkness to light; who will add precept upon precept, line upon line, and be instant at all seasons. For such labourers in the Lord's vineyard there is a glorious harvest in the West Indies; but very few such men are to be found among Creoles, (unless they have been educated altogether in England,) and therefore the less number of them that are ordained ministers of the Gospel, for that part of the world, so much

the better.

It is with sorrow I make these remarks, as it may be thought presumptuous in me, and that I am taking too much upon myself; but I can

conscientiously assure my readers, that it is not from a wish to expose others, nor yet from any personal dislike that I have to the individuals alluded to, but solely from that ardent desire which I have to serve the Negroes and other inhabitants; for however I may be disliked by some of the whites, and abused by others, I shall conscientiously endeavour to discharge what I consider an imperative duty, as pleasing God and not men. not the importance of true and vital religion, but are in gross darkness, and some of them perhaps will have cause to thank me hereafter for exhibiting the defects of religion and morality amongst them. If not, I have the consolation to know that I am engaged in a good cause; for religion not only benefits individuals, here and hereafter, but conduces to other great and high ends; as we are told in the book of truth, that "Righteousness exalteth a nation;" and we need not go far for a great example in proof of this, for what but religion has saved Great Britain in the midst of so many convulsions and terrible wars? What but the exercise of it, and its influence on their hearts, has kept the mass of the population from the contamination of infidelity, atheism, and rebellion, which so lately reigned around her? The same causes will have

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the same effects on blacks as on whites, in the West India Islands as in the British.

The evils of Slavery, great as they have already been shewn to be, would yet be less lamentable than they really are, if they affected the Slaves only; but truly distressing to an awakened and well-regulated Christian mind is it to witness the demoralizing effects brought on the white part of the population also, nearly the whole of whom live in a state of open and acknowledged, and even boasted fornication. It is a well-known and notorious fact, that very few of the white men in the West Indies marry, except a few professional men, and some few merchants in the towns, and here and there, in the country, a proprietor or large attorney. Most of the merchants and shopkeepers in the towns, and the whole of the deputy planters, (viz. overseers,) in all parts of the country, have what is called a housekeeper, who is their concubine or mistress, and is generally a free woman of colour; but the book-keepers, who are too poor and too dependent to have any kind of establishment, generally take some mulatto, or black female Slave, from the estate where they are employed, or live in a more general state of licentiousness.

This is so very common a vice, and so far from

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