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Have we not numbers of deserving and meritorious officers in our army and navy, who once shouldered a firelock, or, at the words, " All hands furl the sails," climbed as brave tars to the yards; and who in their youth perhaps wrought with a spade in the Emerald Isle, or guided the plough in Britain's fertile soil? Can the Slaves in our West Indian Islands better their condition like this? No; they undoubtedly cannot. They are doomed to perpetual bondage; to work in the fields all day, and, one half of the year, a part of the nights also. They and their children are to have this bondage for ever, without a chance of release or emancipation, unless their friends in Britain interfere. Their children can go to no school; they, as yet, cannot learn to read, nor regularly attend public worship. They, old or young, cannot move a mile from their master's property without being liable to be taken up by any white man; nor can they learn a trade, or do anything to improve their condition, without leave and license from another. And if they are found with arms in their possession, or raise their hand, however much ill treated, against the privileged European, even though he were a buccaneer, (or one of M'Gregor's freebooters, and there are many of them employed in Jamaica,) they would be tried as rebels or traitors. And yet we are told

they are better off than the English poor!! Proh pudor, Coloni; Credat Judæus Apella! No disinterested and humane Briton will believe it. He, with his free spirit and noble port, would scorn the proudest and most honourable colonist that dared to insult him, by saying,

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My Slaves are superior to these your English labourers." Let the greatest of them come and try if he can maltreat them the same. Let him take his driver's whip, and go into any field where the humblest labourers are at work, and see if they will patiently allow him to lay it on their backs. I think after the first stroke, or even at the uplifted hand, a mattock or a spade, or any other implement, would be instantly raised in their own defence, to level the haughty and despotic Slavemonger with the dust. I will not insult the understandings of my readers, by entering into any further comparison on this odious subject.-Equal to poor and free Englishmen indeed! Why, I have seen the wandering Arab, in sultry Africa, travelling from plain to plain with his ragged family, resting under the patriarchal tent, and subsisting on the milk of his goats, the kids, a few fruits and a little parched corn; I have seen the half-slaved Berebber, near Algiers, where the lordly Turk reigns supreme; and even these are more content, and have more of the real comforts of life,

sweetened by a partial liberty, than the poor enslaved blacks. They can enjoy their fruits, their milk, with their small animals, and a little black bread, with the share of a fattened bullock or heifer now and then, and wander most of their time uncontroled about their native plains and rugged mountains; whilst the burthened Negro crouches like a thief, or prowls about at night like the wolf, for fear the petty white despot should see a look or gesture of his, at which to be displeased.

The Turks are certainly hard masters, and now and then rob and plunder the different races of people under them, besides obliging them to pay a certain tax; but in no part of their dominions is any people pressed down to that degraded state, so as to work five or six days out of seven for them, for a mere nothing, and to be held in the bonds of ignorance, and made perpetual hewers of wood and drawers of water. We are all much moved, and our bowels are made to yearn at the sufferings of the children of Israel during their captivity in Egypt, and yet we find at their going away, that they possessed much cattle and other wealth; for we are told, that a mixed multitude went up with them, and flocks and herds, even very much cattle; and also that they baked unleavened bread of the dough which they

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brought forth out of Egypt. The Negro Slaves are not allowed to have a single horse, mule, or cow, nor even an innocent sheep, much less flocks and herds; nor do they bake bread, as there is no flour for them. O Slavery! at best thou art a very bitter draught indeed, and wilt not bear examining into, for thy features are frightful and monstrous; thou art nature's illegitimate child.

Reports have been spread, in various parts of England, about the insufficiency of the Registry Act, to prevent fresh importations of Slaves from Africa. I think it but common justice to say, that as far as my observations and enquiries have gone, it has answered every purpose that was intended by it; and that no illegal importations of Slaves have taken place, in Jamaica at least, of late years. A considerable number have been imported there and sold from the Bahamas, particularly from New Providence, which is permitted by the colonial laws. Many from the same islands have also, I was credibly informed, been carried to Cuba and sold there, which, I imagine, is not legal; though it would be difficult to prevent its being done, as Cuba is only two or three days passage from some of the islands, in open boats.

PART II.

ON THE SABBATH, RELIGION, MORALITY,

MARRIAGE, &c.

THUS I have adverted to some of the physical evils of Slavery, and bad enough they are, as every humane person must allow ; these, however, relate principally to the present short life, and as my great object is to state the moral and religious condition of the Negroes, and to make the attempt of obtaining for them a better prospect of eternal happiness, by endeavouring to point out the faults and deficiencies of the present system, and to shew how it may be improved with great advantage to the Slave, and little or no injury to the master, I shall expatiate with particular attention on that very important part.

The goodness of the Almighty in ordaining every seventh day, a day of rest from labour, was of the greatest consequence to man, even in a temporal point of view, as most of the human race are labourers; for, by ceasing from work on that day, man is cheered and invigorated, and

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