Sidor som bilder

it may be intimated that there is a possibility of carrying it ficulty. But the difficulty is worth surmounting-a rich too far. This life is not the "be all and end all," and if it reward awaits the student who labours with sufficient zeal were, so noble a creation as man should not place his chief to effectually accomplish his object. The language which good in the gratification of the lower passions of his nature. he has conquered, has been employed by some of the The higher and more generous sentiments should find a noblest poets, the deepest philosophers, and the most place; and though we could not but mourn at the reflection brilliant wits that ever existed, and if the pupil apply that a being capable of such sentiments should be doomed himself to the study of these writings in the manto enjoy only a few brief years of existence, we should feel ner in which the authors of Greece and Rome are that even in this world the man who concentrated all his studied in Europe, he will insensibly become accustomed powers upon the means of self-gratification understood not to habits of sound and manly thought; he will find his position ; he would neither be a wise nor a happy man. himself gradually imbued with the spirit of the great men

Thus much we have thought it necessary to remark with with whose works he holds converse, and advancing towards reference to that which appears to us to be a probable source an equality with them, though few may ever attain it. We of danger and of failure to the various plans for the diffusion know that many native young men study English, but we of education which the recently kindled desire for such fear that they do not always choose the authors best calcudiffusion continually brings forth. Most heartily do we lated to improve them, and further, we apprehend, in cases wish success to the great cause which they are designed to where they make a wise selection, that they are too often satispromote. We are only anxious that all advances in its fied with such a superficial acquaintance with the books which favour should be based upon sound principles—that “the they read, as enables them just to render the words without light that is in ” us should not be “darkness.”

committing any gross error—they read, but not critically. Applying the views which we entertain to India, we can- The tone of their remarks, in so far as they have come before not help remarking that something more than has yet been the public, is flippant: their views, narrow and crade, like done for the intellectual and moral advancement of its sons those of a school-boy, but destitute of the diffidence with is imperatively required. The Government have done much which those of a school-boy would be offered. We utter for education-much more than they have generally received

not this in censure. We know that what we have credit for, and probably as much as under the circum- pointed out is the natural consequence of imperfect study, stances surrounding them they could be expected to effect. and we are most anxious that a better system should preBut in accordance with opinions which we have before ex- vail. We wish to see the people of India in possession of pressed, we wish to see something done for the cultivation all the advantages which we enjoy. We believe that of the higher branches of study. The native mind seems education will effect this result. We therefore desire that 80 peculiarly adapted to the pursuit of the exact sciences, they should be educated. We believe further, that that we apprehend there would be little difficulty in leading education, to be really valuable, must be sound; we thereit forward to almost any extent. The introduction and culti- fore claim for India this qualification of the education which vation of a taste for elegant literature might be a matter of we trust she is destined to receive at our hands. We have greater difficulty, but the task is one with regard to which we derived from India a system of elementary instruction, should not be justified in despairing of success. It might be which, by its cheapness, has enabled us to communicate long indeed ere, by any process of education, we produced to the larger part of our population some acquaintance with philosophers or orators equal to those which England letters. We would repay the debt by making India a parboasts, but we should be content to wait in patient and taker of the glories of European intellect and learning, cheerful hope. We should not rest satisfied with giving and placing her in a condition to rival them. Long the nothing but purely elementary instruction, and saying that slave of ignorance and the prey of tyranny, we look forward the people are capable of nothing more. We know not of to brighter and better days, when India, reposing in peace what they are capable till we make the experiment; and it under a strong but mild and just government, shall become is our solemn duty, standing in the relation to them which identified in mind and feeling with her rulers, and differ we occupy, to afford them all the means of intellectual and from them in little or nothing but the trifling and accimoral elevation which we ourselves possess.

dental circumstances of form and complexion. Let us not hear of difficulties or discouragements. Let us rather look to the brighter side of the question, and it has a - From The Zuid-Afrikaan, we learn that Cape Town is in bright side. We have noticed the aptitude of the native a ferment. We hope there is sufficient military strength mind for scientific study, but we have not pretended that on the spot to preserve the peace, should matters proceed with regard to literature the prospect is equally promising. to an extremity. Everybody has heard of “the great Still there is ground for hope in one circumstance at Mott case :” Cape Town has got a great gas-light case in least. No one

who has the slightest tincture of hand, which, if duly nursed, may rival that most memorable learning will need to be reminded of the benefits subject of contest. Gas and the Polka have not as yet been derivable from the study of a foreign language. It is not naturalized in South Africa. It has been proposed to make merely that the student is providing himself with a key to a step in the march of civilization by introducing the former admit him to hidden stores of thought and feeling, but as a novelty, which made its debút in England, if we are not mere exercise for the mind the study is attended with ad- mistaken, some forty years ago. It seems that Dutchmen yantages not to be secured in any other way. The people are generally sticklers for things as they have been; and in of India are in a fortunate position in this respect. Those

every part of the world, whether in Batavia (witness their who, in the order of Divine Providence, have become their pestilence-gendering canals), at New York (teste WASHINGrulers, speak a language so widely different from their Ton IrviNG), or at Cape Town (according to our South Afriown, as'to render its acquisition a task of no ordinary dif

can cotemporary), they manifest the conservative spirit of that useful animal the cat, and regard with horror any departure the proceedings of military tribunals. If it were the pleasure of from what they have been accustomed to. Gas is accordingly

the House, he (Mr. Hogg) would state the case, not in his own

words, but by reading the charge preferred against Lieut. Hollis, voted a nuisance by a large number of those for whose benefit.

the finding of the court-martial, and the observations of the its introduction was meditated, and the conflict between Commander-in-Chief, without any comment; but he thought

it would be the opinion of the House that he should abstain gas and no gas is fierce and stormy. It seems to have been

With regard to the legality of the proceedurged that the purity of the atmosphere in the neighbourhood from doing so:

ings, he must express his astonishment that the hon. genof the place where the gas is evoked from its latent state would tleman (Mr. Escott) should suppose that he (Mr. Hogg) or

the Court of Directors would take upon themselves to judge be contaminated by the operation; and with all our love of

of the legality or illegality of the proceedings of a court-martial. well-lighted streets, we are, to use parliamentary slang, "free The whole power connected with military courts-martial was to confess” that we should not select such a vicinage for a vested, by warrant from the Crown, where it ought to be vested,

in the Commander-in-Chief. He, and he alone, was the supreme residence with a view to either health or pleasure. But the

and sole authority, without any appeal. The Court of Directors pro-gas advocates of Cape Town refer with some triumph to had no power to sanction, to review, to confirm, or to alter English feeling on this point, and aver that " it is said, on the proceedings of any military tribunal. The Mutiny Act

pointed out the course of proceeding, if there were any reasons respectable authority, that houses situate in the neighbour

for dissatisfaction with the decisions of such tribunals. In hood of gas establishments have of late become more in de- this country the remedy was by reference to the courts at mand.” It is new to us that there is any predilection for the

Westminster ; in India, by reference to the courts of law in this neighbourhood of a gas manufactory; but so, “on respect

country, or to her Majesty's courts in the different presidencies.

The Court of Direetors had not any power, and ought not to able authority,” it is declared to be, and we submit ; observ- have any power, to pass an opinion upon the legality of the ing only that in this case we certainly “ go from home to finding of a court-martial. By the 51st of George III. that

court had the power of restoring to the service any man sushear news of it.” It is fair to observe, indeed, that we have

pended or dismissed by the sentence of a court-martial; but the authority from Holland as well as from England; it has been House must observe that the power of the court, conferred ascertained “from a Dutch gentleman, who has seen the

upon them by statute, did not come into operation till the

finding of the court-martial was looked upon as a complete gas-light establishment in Rotterdam, and who recently

and legal finding, for it was not till the man had been dismissed arrived here (at Cape Town), that a similar establish- or suspended that the court could exercise this power. In the ment has been erected in the direct neighbourhood of the

present case, Lieutenant Hollis had made an appeal to the Court

of Directors, under the provisions of the act to which he had Boompjes '-(be it observed, this is the usual walk of the

referred. The court had considered the case, and they thought beau monde) - and that no particular nuisance is derived it one of some bardship. If Lieutenant Hollis bad retired from from it-less, at all events, than is effected by any common

the service voluntarily, he would have received 73l. a year as

half-pay. The court, after considering the circumstances of the soap manufactory, or tallow chandlery.” Now we cannot

case, and believing that some infirmity of temper rendered it unundertake to determine the average of the sensibility of advisable to restore Lieutenant Hollis to the service, awarded to Dutch noses, but we think the introduction of the manu.

him, as a voluntary gift, a pension of 701. a year--the half-pay to

which he would have been entitled being 731. Now, to shew facture of gas would not be thought to add any thing to the house how cautious the Court of Directors had been in erthe attractions of the Regents-park or Kensington- ercising the power vested in them by statute, of restoring to the gardens : in the famous city, the name of which recals

service any officer who by the verdict of his brother-officers bad

been declared unfit for the service, he might state that in the the delicate forbearance of Thomas Hood, they are perhaps course of twenty-seven years the court had only exercised this less particular. The gaseous effluvium is not quite so bad power on eight occasions; and in nearly all those instances the

cases had been referred to their consideration by the local authoas that of a “tallow-chandlery.” This is not saying much,

rities, and by the Commander-in-Chief himself. The Comman. but it is enough to reconcile the beau monde who congregate der-in-Chief had said," In the rigorous exercise of my duty I at “the Boompjes” to inhaling breezes differing greatly from must confirm the sentence; but in my civil capacity, as a mem-f those “which waft over gardens of Gul in their bloom.”

ber of the council, I beg to recommend this case to the Court oe

Directors, with a view to the restoration of the officer to th It remains to be seen whether the beau monde of Cape Town service." The present case had been inquired into most care are equally indulgent, and we shall look with some anxiety fully and anxiously, and the directors had been influenced by

desire to do all in their power for Lieutenant Hollis, consiste for further intelligence as to the progress of this most mo

ently with the good of the service. He (Mr. Hogg) did not apmentous controversy.

pear as the organ of the Court of Directors; but he must state his own individual opinion that the court had gone as far as they

could do, consistently with their duty, in granting Lieutenant HOME INTELLIGENCE.

Hollis a pension of 70l. a year.

Mr. Escort made a few observations in reply, and the subject PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS.


Mr. Hume's motion for papers connected with the recal of THURSDAY, Mar 29.-Case of LIEUTENANT Hollis.- Mr. Lord Ellenborough was further postponed to Tuesday, 24th of B, Escort said, he would now put the question, of which he had

June. given notice, to the hon. member for Beverley (Mr. Hogg). He TUESDAY, JUNE 3. — Sir H. POTTINGER.--Mr. Hume rose, wished to ask that hon. gentleman whether the Court of Direc- pursuant to notice, to move That this house will resolve itself tors of the East-India Company bad instituted such examination into a committee of the whole house, to consider the following into the case of Lieut. Hollis, late of the Madras service, as en. resolution, -" That an humble address be presented to her Maabled him to give an opinion as to the legality of the proceedings jesty, that she will be graciously pleased to grant such a pension of the court-martial by which that officer was dismissed ? Se- as she shall think proper to the Right Hon. Sir Henry Pot condly, supposing the directors were of opinion that the court- tinger, Bart., K.C.B., as a reward for his eminent public sermartial was in itself an illegal court, whether the hon. gentleman vices, and especially for having, as her Majesty's Plenipotentiary did not think that some substantial compensation ought to be in China, brought the war in that country to a conclusion by a given to Lieut. Hollis for his illegal dismissal from the service peace alike honourable and advantageous; and to assure her of the Company,-a dismissal illegal, because the court by which Majesty that this house will make good the same." the sentence was passed was in itself illegal? He also wished tended that such important public services as Sir Henry Pottinger to ask whether the hon. member was not aware that, in the opi- had performed ought not to go unrewarded. He was bound, nion of very competent and learned persons, the court which

however, thus at the outset to say that he had never commu. sentenced Lieut. Hollis was an illegal court?

nicated with Sir Henry on the subject, and that he never had Mr. Hogo said, he felt some difficulty in answering the ques- seen him except in a public place, and Sir Henry was theretions of the hon, member. He thought that hon. gentlemen fore by no means answerable for the step that he (Mr. Hume) ought not to drag under the review and

discussion of that House was then about to take. With reference to this subject, the


He conGovernment had said that there was no precedent; but it ap. with motions of this description, declared himself prepared, in peared to him that the case of Lord Ashburton formed a perfect consideration of those great services, not merely to the British precedent. The merits of Sir Henry Pottinger bad been ac- nation, but to the cause of Christianity, to take this case out of knowledged by the East. India Company, and his services had the ordinary rule of civil routine. His opinion of the gallant been publicly a vowed by them to be most valuable. If, there- officer was fully confirmed, not only by distinguished and compefore, his own immediate employers, and all England, Scotland, tent authorities upon the matter, but by the commercial pros. and Ireland, united in acknowledging the value of Sir H. Pot- perity which followed upon his eminent and successful services. tinger's distinguished efforts, and had voted by acclamation In conclusion, the noble lord begged to say, that this motion was his services to have conferred important benefits upon his coun- in no degree intended as a reproach to her Majesty's Governtry, how was it that those services had hitherto passed unre- ment. (Hear, hear.) warded? If Sir H. Portinger, on his return from India, had Sir J. C. HOBHOUSE also considered that this was an especial not consented to go to China, and to act as the plenipotentiary case (hear, hear), which there was little danger would be drawn there, he would certainly have been nominated to a governor- into a precedent, and for this reason, that ages might roll over ship, or to the post of councillor at some of the presidencies ; before such services as it was now proposed to reward could either of which posts would have been worth to him from again occur. (Hear.) He thought it no exaggeration to say 10,0001. to 12,0001. a-year. What, let him ask, was Sir H. that he considered it impossible for such services to be rendered Potringer's situation, and in what manner was be enabled to by any other individual in a manner similar to that in which they maintain the distinguished rank to which his services had raised had been performed by Sir H. Pottinger. (Hear.) After taking him ? He was a major-general in the East-India Company's ser- a brief biographical review of the gallant officer, the right vice, and his retired pay was 4901. a-year, which was all that had honourable baronet stated that the only stipulation which Sir been granted to support his rank of G.C.B., to a man by whose H. Pottinger made previous to the expedition to China was, that brilliant diplomatic services in China the sum of 21,000,0001. he should be exclusively responsible, and that the orders of the had been poured into the coffers of the country. If precedents Government should be precise. He stipulated for no honours for granting pensions for such services were asked for, he could (hear, hear), and for no reward; which, considering how general refer to many such, granted in consideration of diplomatic ser- was such a course, was highly honourable to bim. (Hear, hear.) vices, compared with which those of Sir Henry Pottinger He said that he was sensible of the difficulties he was about to were certainly neither less successful nor less brilliant. Such encounter, but that with a Government that would support him, were the pensions enjoyed by the late Sir Gore Ouseley and the and with intentions which he felt to be just, he did not at all present Sir Henry Willock, to whom he meant nothing disre- despair of performing his duty, not only to the satisfaction of the respectful in saying that Sir Henry Pottinger's services at least then existing Government, but to the country at large. (Hear.) merited an equal testimonial of gratitude from the country. That anticipation having been fully borne out by the result, he These examples showed that the House had upon former oc- (Sir J. C. Hobhouse) hoped the house would not forget, in concasions acknowledged in this way the value of diplomatic sidering the present motion, that before Sir H. Pottinger went to services, and he hoped therefore that he had removed the ob- China he had strong expectations of obtaining a lucrative situajection which might be raised, that there was no precedent tion in consequence of his former services in India, and through for such pensions. They were recognized by Parliament, and by which he might have realized what was called an Indian fortune. legislation they had been respected. For extraordinary circum- (Hear, hear.) Sir Henry had more than one opportunity of stances it was always competent for her Majesty's ministers to making an Indian fortune; he regretted to say that in his ser. propose pensions for official and diplomatic services. Sir H. vice to his country he bad brought only a name which was an Pottinger had performed most important services, and he put it honour to the British nation. If he were refused the reward to the house whether those services bad not been admitted by now asked the result would be this he was only a lieutenantevery individual in the country, not excepting her Majesty's colonel, although he had the brevet of major-general, and he ministers themselves. He would put it to the house whether would be obliged to leave England; he could not live here. Sir H. Pottinger had not concluded his negotiations in a most (Cheers.) Was this fitting, that a gentleman who had opened surprising and satisfactory manner with the most cunning and à third of the whole world, not only for us but for other artful people on the surface of the globe? Had not those nations, who were not slow of availing themselves of the opporservices been performed in the most meritorious manner by Sir tunity, should not only be unable to live in England, but unable H. Pottinger's zeal, and steady and unflinching conduct, after also to keep that society in which he was an ornament? (Cheers.) every preceding plenipotentiary had failed in carrying out the The right hon. gentleman next referred in detail to the sevenwishes of the Government? And was it nothing that Sir Henry teen several addresses presented to Sir Henry from all classes Pottinger was the first man to conclude a commercial treaty with in England, including 14,000 workmen of Manchester, who in the people of China, attended with so many advantages to this nine hours signed an address attributing to his exertions the country-a treaty which he (Ms. Hume) contended did the revival of trade; and, in addition, Sir Henry bad received an greatest honour to Great Britain, extending as it did the advan. intimatiou that the freedom of the city of London would be con. tages which we received ourselves to every country on the face ferred on him at a public entertainment. The right hon. gen. of the civilized globe ? He spoke not his own sentiments only, tleman quoted also at length the speech and eulogy of Lord for he believed that there was not a man in England who Aberdeen, at the dinner given by the merchants of London to appreciated the blessings of peace, but eulogized the character Sir H. Pottinger. He did not know that he could use greater and conduct of Sir H. Pottinger. At a former period, when praise or more appropriate expressions than those of the Lord the thanks of the house were voted to the commander of the Provost of Glasgow, when he said that Sir Henry had done China expedition, and he (Mr. Hume) asked the right bon. ba- British merchants great good, and they thanked him for it. All ronet, wby Sir H. Potringer's name was not included in that classes of the country had done justice to Sir Henry, and he vote, the right hon. baronet stated his high sense of the services hoped the House of Commons would not think it against their of that distinguished man, but regretted that precedent would duty as guardians of the public purse to reward extraordinary not allow a civilian to be included in that vote. Having been exertions with some extraordinary favour. (Cheers.) excluded from the vote of thanks, he (Mr. Hume) did trust no Sir R. Peer said, the speeh of the right hon. gentleman was opposition would be made to the grant of a pension. The hon. a conclusive answer to that of the hon, mover. It might have member quoted the opinion of Napoleon upon the general sub- been inferred from the speech of the hon. gentleman, and ject of conferring honours upon civilians, from Allison's “ His- from his unjust and uncalled-for observations, that there was a tory of Europe." Napoleon stated, in a council where it was disposition on the part of her Majesty's Government to under. proposed to confer the order of the Legion of Honour on mili. rate the exertions and the merits of Sir Henry Pottinger. The tary men only, that it was science and skill that determined the house, however, would recollect that there had not been an opfate of nations, and if the preference belonged to any, it belonged portunity afforded in that house on which he had not freely adto civilians. In the opinion expressed by the right hon. baronet mitted those exertions and merits. (Hear, hear.) He did, howwith regard to the services of Sir H. Pottinger, to which he had ever, state that he had not included the name of Sir H, Pottinalready referred, Lord Aberdeen and Lord Stanley had fully con- ger in the vote to Sir Hugh Gough and to Sir W. Parker, because curred, the former in his place in Parliament, and the latter at it was so rare that the thanks of the house bad been voted for Liverpool, on the occasion of a dinner in honour of Sir H. Pot. civil or diplomatic services, and because there were often politi. tinger. He trusted that he had fully made out the necessity for cal considerations mixed up with diplomatic services; and he did the motion which he had the honour to propose, and he should not propose to vote the thanks of the house also to Sir Henry now, therefore, content himself with moving the resolution Pottinger, rather on account of the danger of establishing, or which he had read.

rather of continuing a precedent set by the hon. gentleman bimLord SANDON seconded the resolution. After passing a self, than from a desire to underrate the eminent services of this lengthened eulogium upon the civil and military services of Sir honourable man. (Cheers.) He would put aside for the present H. Pottinger, the noble lord, admitting the difficulty of dealing the question of the pecuniary reward, though the hon. gentleman


thought that no recognition of public services would be complete for his services to his country. Except the particular reward without a pecuniary reward. When the present Government which the hon. gentleman advocated, there were no rewards succeeded to office Sir H. Pottinger was not personally known and no honours which were withheld. The hon. gentleman to them, but he was known by name and repute, and they wrote said that they might have conferred a peerage ; but he was not out to assure him that he should have the same full and un- quite sure that hereditary honours were always a suitable re. bounded confidence from them as he had had from their prede. ward for services in such a case as this. He then came to

The hon. gentleman the member for Montrose drew the question of the pecuniary reward. It would be inferred from an invidious distinction between Sir Henry Pottinger and Mr. the speech of the hon. gentleman, that the Crown had the power Davis. The hon. gentleman said, that Sir H. Pottinger had of granting a pension to Sir H. Pottinger, and that this power only an allowance of 6,0001 a year, and that he had been distin- had not been exercised. Such was not the fact. If the Crown guished for his military services, and that the same remuneration had the power of granting a pension, he would not have hesitated was given to Mr. Davis ; but it was not because they gave a to advise the Crown to confer it, and he would have been tenfold particular salary that they distinguished the individual; the sa- more ready to do so after the disclosure by the right hon, gentle. lary was attached to the office, and not given to the man. Why, man of the facts which the modesty and forbearance of Sir H. then, did the hon. gentleman draw the distinction between the Pottinger had hitherto concealed from the Government. (Cheers.) merits of Sir H. Pottinger and Mr. Davis ?[" I drew no dis. The Crown had the power to grant the pensions to Sir Gore tinction," from Mr. Hume.] When the Government heard Ouseley, and in the other cases referred to, but it had not the that Sir H. Pottinger wished to retire, they did not seek power in this case. It was all very well for the House of Com. the patronage of the appointment; they hesought him to mons to say that the Crown was niggardly, but who imposed remain. The health, however, of Sir H. Pottinger obliged those limitations on the Crown? Why, the House of Commons him at length to retire, after a service in India alone of forty and the hon. gentleman. (Cheers.) The Crown could not grant a years, The Government were then bound to appoint a suc- diplomatic pension to any one, whatever might be his merits or cessor, and in that appointment they were influenced by no services, unless he had been in the diplomatic service for fifteen improper motives. They thought it important to select a years, and had actually served for ten years, nor could the Crown man having personal experience of the country, and of the appropriate more than 2,0001. for any such pension. Now, character of its inhabitants, and if the honourable baronet what was the power of the Crown to grant pensions on the civil the member for Portsmouth (Sir G. Staunton) were in his list? For claims on the royal beneficence, for personal services place he would admit that no_improper motives had in- to the Crown, for eminent public services, and for useful discove. Auenced the choice. (Cheers.) In the course of his duty Sir ries in science, her Majesty was limited to grants amounting to H. Pottinger had shewn the greatest discretion and modera- 1,200l. per annum in the whole. But it was asked, why had tion; the Government gave him the most ample credit for that not the Government come down to the house and asked for a exhibition of justice and moderation, which had obtained for special grant of an additional pension? Why, there was not a him the complete confidence of those who would not otherwise week in which a similar and really meritorious claim could not have dealt with the “barbarians," as they called us; they gave be made. Take the case of the family of Sir W. Noti, who, after him equal credit for the discretion and forbearance with which an exhibition of constancy, and valour, and success, which enti. he treated some of his own countrymen, and they knew not tled him to reward, returned broken in health, and unable even which to praise the most, his moderation towards the Chinese to receive the expression of public gratitude, or to be presented or his firmness towards his own countrymen. With respect to to his sovereign; who left two daughters, to whom the East-In. the hon. gentleman's remarks on the admission of other coun- dia Company had granted 1001, a year each; what a case might tries to the benefits of the improved intercourse with China, no be made out for him! (Cheers.) Or, again, the daughter of doubt Sir H. Pottinger was desirous of extending those benefits an eminent professor who died the other day in the execution of to all nations, but it was due to his noble friend Lord Aberdeen, his public duty at the Royal Society. (Hear, hear.) The house and to the noble lord whom he succeeded, to say that one of must admit these claims; but it had not given the Crown the the first acts of the present Government was to send out a power of meeting them, and there were numbers of unobtrusive despatch, dated 4th of November, 1841, to the same effect as cases, not so marked as Sir H. Pottinger's, but highly deserving, a previous despatch of the noble lord opposite, in which the -men, for instance, who devoted the best years of their lives, Government said, “To secure a well-regulated trade is all not to the acquirement of money, but the perfection of mechawe desire with China ;" and further, “We seek no exclusive nical science,-and left their families in distress. Was the advantage; we demand nothing we will not willingly see enjoyed minister to be always coming down to the house for a special by the subjects of other states." No doubt Sir H, Pottinger, grant? A period might come when the Legislature might exwithout those instructions, would have acted upon their spirit. tend the discretion of the Crown; but meanwhile he (Sir R. I believe, however, that those instructions were conformable to Peel) was unwilling to establish a precedent capable of so the previous instructions of the noble lord opposite. Let it be extensive an application. (Hear, hear.) The general rule was, said, therefore, to the credit of the whole country and of all that while public servants remained in health pensions should parties, that there was no wish, that there was not, on the part not be granted, the Crown having offices to bestow, implying of any one, a desire to secure for ourselves in our intercourse great trust and confidence, and carrying a proportionate reward. with China any peculiar or exclusive privileges. One desire Sir W. Parker, for instance, was still retained in the service was manifested by the noble lord as the representative of the of the Crown; and at the first opportunity for the employ. late Government, by his noble friend as the representative of the ment of Sir H Pottinger, he (Sir R. Peel) should think no present Government, and by Sir Henry Pottinger himself. man better qualified for a mark of the fovour of the Crown, and Let it be known, then, throughout Europe and the world, that no one fitter to be intrusted with the public service. (Cheers.) there was no party, that there was no man in the country who The question now was, whether the house was to make a precewished, on the termination of hostilities in China, to secure dent of a special grant, usurping the prerogative of the Crown to any narrow advantage, or one in which all nations should reward public servants. On the whole, however, considering not participate. (Cheers.) It would be inferred from the what appeared to be the general feeling of the house (hear, speech of the hon. gentleman, that the Government had hear, from both sides)-considering that Sir H. Pottinger was withheld from Sir Henry Pottinger something which they withdrawn from India, and thereby lost the advantage of conhad it in their power to confer. He (Sir R Peel) had not tinued service in a diplomatic capacity,-considering that the stated that Sir H. Pottinger had had the dignity of a baronet grace and favour of the House of Commons ought not to be imconferred upon him on account of his services in China- peded by the servants of the Crown,-believing that they had that dignity was conferred for his long services in India ; done their duty in opposing their own personal wishes, which but, for his services in China, the Crown had conferred upon must be in favour of the liberal reward of a public man, he (Sir him the highest and the most honourable distinction in its gift- R. Peel) should be sorry there should be any division of opinion except the Garter, which it could not bestow-when it created on the subject, and therefore he should not oppose a compliance him Grand Cross of the Bath. The hon. gentleman might think with the wishes of the house. (Cheers.) He should take upon this an inadequate reward, but the value which Sir Henry attached himself to advise her Majesty to make a provision for Sir H. to it was because it was a proof of the approbation and the favour Pottinger, as a reward for his eminent public services. (Renewed of a gracious sovereign. Again, Sir Henry was made a privy cheers.) councillor. The hon. gentleman said that this honour was use- Lord J. Russell said, he was rejoiced to hear this determinaless unless it was accompanied by a grant of money; but he tion; and he would at once say, that so far from casting any believed that Sir H. Pottinger was proud of it, not from any per- blame or reproach upon the Government, he thought they had sonal vanity, but as an additional mark of his sovereign's ap- ever been forward to recognize the merits of Sir H. Pottinger. proval. Further, when from the state of his health Sir Henry The House of Commons, however, having imposed the restricwas about to return home, the most marked and significant tions on pensions which had been referred to, might properly terms were used to convey to him the grateful acknowledgments express its opinion, that eminent services for a period not long

enough to come within the general rule which was established to prevent abuse, constituted a claim for an exception. (Hear, hear.) Continual applications to Parliament on the merits of individuals were no doubt inconvenient, but so extraordinary an exception as this was perfectly consistent with the maintenance of the rule. (Hear, hear.) He would only add, referring to Lord Aberdeen's instruction, that no exclusive privilege of trade was desired to be obtained for this country wbich should not be equally extended to other powers; that precisely the same direction was given by the late Government to Captain Elliot, when the disputes with China began. (Hear, hear.)

Lord Sandon explained, that he had never supposed that Sir H. Pottinger acted contrary to instructions, but without instructions. He would add, that he heard it stated by a cabinet minister in Liverpool, that upon his own responsibility, Sir H. Pottinger took upon himself to stipulate that foreign nations should be admitted to trade with China on the same footing as England.

Lord PALMERSTON supported the motion,

Mr. P. Howard said, that though Belfast might have been the birth-place of Sir Henry, yet he was closely connected with the county of Cumberland, and it therefore afforded him also much pleasure to concur in the present proposition.

Mr. Hume said that he could only express his regret that the right hon, baronet had not communicated his intentions to him, with respect to his motion, an hour before the House had met that evening, which would have totally prevented the necessity for his having encroached upon their time by bringing it forward in the terms he had done. He thought the right hon. baronet had acted with great prudence in the matter, and all he could now desire, since he had yielded to his motion, was, that it might be suffered to pass, nemine contradicente.

The motion being put from the chair, was agreed to; the hon. member for Montrose exclaiming loudly, after it had passed, Nemine contradicente."


FARQUHAR v. THE EAST-INDIA COMPANY. Lord LANGDALE gave judgment in this cause on the second set of objections, viz. those relating to the claim against the Company for 4,771 Spanish dollars, in respect of the accounts of the purchasers of the spices. The Master had found that the 4,771 dollars were due for spices collected for the Company by Farquhar at the Dutch settlements, and against this finding the Company excepted. His lordship recapitulated the circumstances and arguments, and expressed his opinion that the accounts produced did not afford evidence to establish the plain. tiff's claim. He was far from saying that the case was free from ambiguity. There was a manifest intention on the part of the defendants to favour the plaintiff as far as they could, but the onus probandi was upon the plaintiff, and he had not produced proof, nor was there any foundation for a presumption in his favour. He must allow the second exception, viz. that of the Company, and overrule the plaintiff's exception, but he could not give costs.

in the Iberia, and the Tagus will proceed to Constantinople. She sails on the 3rd of June.

TROOPS FOR BENGAL, Chatham, May 29.-Colonel Sir Thomas Willshire, K.C. B., commandant of this garrison, issued this day a battalion order, commanding Colonel Thomas Weare, K.H., to select and to hold the undermentioned detachments from the provincial battalion in readiness to embark at Gravesend on board the several ships for Bengal. The first embarkation takes place on the 3rd of June next, consisting of the following depôts :- The 10th regiment furnishes 3 privates ; the 29th, 101 privates ; the 50th, 37 privates, with the following officers: - Ensign James S. Richards, 29th; Ensign Charles H. Slessor, Ensign Charles A. P. James, and Ensign William Robert Farmar, of the 50th ; also Lieutenant T. R. Hickson, and Ensign C. Robertson, of the 80th. These troops proceed by the ship Lady M Naughton, and, on the same day, detachments of the 9th, consisting of 30 privates; 10th regiment, 87 privates ; and the 53rd, 45 privates, with the following officers :Lieutenant Mowbray and Lieutenant Oldfield, 53rd; Lieutenant Alexander M’Leod and Ensign William Henry Stirling, 9th. These latter troops are to proceed by the ship dsiatic. And on the 4th of June, a detachment consisting of 22 privates, belonging to the 80th, with Lieutenant Charles Duperier, and Ensign Benjamin H. Boxer, will proceed by the ship Thetis, and on the 10th of June the following troops will embark on board the ship Wellesley : -39th, 84 privates, and 36 privates of the 62nd, with Captain William Matthias, Lieutenant Charles Lambert, Lieutenant Robert Sharman, and Lieutenant Charles Young, all officers of the 62nd; and Ensign Agnew, of the 39th. The whole of the troops will undergo medical inspection at Fort Pitt, previous to their departure. Assistant-surgeon Willian Murphy, of the 80th, has orders to proceed with the ship Wellesley.

Cape Minerals. — Some enterprising persons in the eastern provinces are at this moment shipping large quantities of lead ore at Port Elizabeth, a beautiful specimen of which may be seen at the public library, Cape-town. In the vicinity of Kroom River, some time ago, a slender vein of coal was discovered, and near the Bushman's River an extensive vein of alum, particularly beautiful in its structure, the colour being purely white, of silky lustre, exhibiting delicate fibres six or eight inches in length, running parallel, sometimes straight, sometimes undulating. It is very pure alum and valuable. The lead ore is found in the same region, and it promises to become a valuable article of er. port. 10 or 50 years ago this lead ore was thought worthy of attention. It was mentioned Barrow and other writers as a rich lead ore of the species known by the name of "galena" (lead mineralized with sulphur). The masses seen by Mr. Barroir had no appearance of cubic crystallization, but were granular or amorphous in some species; the surfaces in others made up of small facets, called by miners white silver ore; the vein of the ore was three inches wide and one thick, increasing in size as it advanced under the stratum of rock with which it was covered. The matrix is a quartose sandstone of yellowish tinge, cellular and fibrous, harsh to the touch, and easily broken. Of this ore, when assayed by Major van Dheu, an officer in the Dutch ser. vice, 200lbs. weight yielded 100lbs. of pure lead, and 8ozs. of silver.

Persian STUDENTS. — Five young Persians of rank, selected by the Shah to proceed to France to receive a European education, have arrived in Paris. They are under the care of an Artillery Officer, who formed part of the body of French military men who received permission to proceed to Ispahan to instruct the Persian troops in European discipline.

Indian Law.-We understand that Mr. William Morley, of the Middle Temple, has nearly completed an analytical digest of all the reported cases decided in the Queen's and Company's courts in India, and on appeal to the Privy Council here. A work of this kind has long been a desideratum, and Mr. Morley's publication will be the more valuable inasmuch as it is enriched with a number of decisions of Sir E. West, Sir J. M‘Intosh, Sir A. Anstruther, and Sir Erskine Perry, which have never before been published. There will be an appendix, containing a col. lection of the dicta of the Hindú and Muhammadam law officers attached to the different courts, analytically arranged ; and another, in which will appear for the first time a minute on police by Sir James MʻIntosh, and other interesting documents concerning the administration of justice in India, hitherto unpublished. It is further stated that Mr. Morley has had access to sources not available to others in this country, and rare eren in India.

East-INDIA Company's COLLEGE AND SEMINARY.—The current term of the East-India Company's Military Seminary at Addiscombe will terminate on Friday, the 13th inst; the chairman (Sir Henry Willock), the deputy.chairman (J. W. Hogg,

MISCELLANEOUS. SIR HENRY POTTINGER. We have very great pleasure in stating that this gallant officer has just received a mark of the esteem in which his services are held by the Chinese authorities, in regard to the treaty lately concluded by him between this country and the Celestial Empire, in the shape of a portrait of the imperial Commissioner Keying, which has arrived in a vessel from China, as a present to Sir Henry from that exalted personage. So express and so direct a mark of the respect in which Sir Henry is held by the Chinese, and the proof thereby afforded of the sense of the highly creditable manner in which he performed his duty to his country, in the capacity of Plenipotentiary of her Majesty, in the conduct of the important affairs in. trusted to him, will, we feel assured, be equally a source of gratification to him, and to the public in general, by whom his emi. nent and successful services are so fully appreciated. — Times, May 28.

DANISH POSSESSIONS IN INDIA.-The Copenhagen Journal of the 17th publishes the text of a convention concluded at Calcutta on the 21st of last February, relative to the sale of the Danish possessions in India. The possessions sold are the towns of Tranquebar, and its districts on the coast of Coramandel, Serampore in Bengal, a territory in Belassore, and all the royal domains in those possessions. The price of sale is rupees 14 million.

THE MAILS.-Southampton, May 26. -The last India and China mails, with passengers, and a full cargo, will be taken out by the Tagus, Captain Brooks, to Malta, thence to Alexandria

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