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July 1. The lady of J. Cosmo Melvill, jun. Esq. son, at Hampstead.
JUNE 17. Capt. Michael Dawes, Bengal Art. to Louisa, daughter of the late Rev. John Burdett, at St. George's Church, Dublin. Richard Barnes Bell, Esq. of the firm of Binney and Co. Madras, to Elizabeth, daughter of John Scott, Esq. at St. John's Church, Paddington.
19. Lachlan Mackintosh Rate, Esq. to Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Spottiswoode, Esq. at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields.
21. Capt. G. F. Duckett to Isabella, daughter of the late Lieut. gen. Sir Lionel Smith, Bart. G.C.B. G.C.H. and niece to the Right Hon. Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart. at Hampton Court.
JULY 2. Walter Logan, Esq. to Jane, daughter of Capt. F. J. Bellew, Hon. East-India Company's service, at St. George's, Hanover-square.
Bengal Estab.—Capt. William Shortreed, 1st Europ. reg., L.W.
Lieut. William A. Cooke, 2nd N.1.
Madras Estab.-Capt. Henry A. Hornsby, 2nd Europ. reg. L. I.
Lieut. Roger D. Dansey, 30th N.I.
Bombay Estab.-Lieut. Hugh Spottiswoode, 1st lancers.
Capt. John S. Ramsay, 2nd Europ. regt. L.I.
Madras Estab.-The Rev. George K. Græme. The Rev. George Trevor.
PERMITTED TO RETURN TO THEIR DUTY.
Bengal Estab.-Mr. John T. Rivaz, per Oriental, 20th Aug.
Second-Lieut. Henry R. Courtenay, artillery overland, July.
Bengal Estab.-Lieut. William G. Prendergast, 8th It. cav. Major James Fraser, c.B., 11th It. cav., overland, Sept.
Lieut. Sulivan H. Steer, 46th N. I.
Madras Estab.-Lieut. Henry W. Rawlins, 30th N.I.
To rank from the 13th June, 1845, the day on which they passed their public examination, and in the following order, provided the ships by which they respectively proceed sail from Gravesend on or before the 13th Sept., viz.
Henry Parlett Bishop.
To rank from the 14th June, 1845, agreeably to the Court's
Mark Edward Currie, Great Liverpool, 20th March.
John Fulton, Lismore, from Liverpool, 15th May.
For the Infantry.
To rank from the 13th June, 1845, the day on which they passed their public examination, and in the following order, provided, the ships by which they respectively proceed sail from Gravesend on or before the 13th Sept,, viz.
Walter Rice Herbert Ited Howell.
John Weston Delamain.
vided the ships by which they respectively proceed sail from Gravesend on or before the 13th Sept., viz.
John Ramsay James Robertson.
Richard George Frederick Henegan. Philip Dassie Horne.
John Richard Magrath.
John McKenzie Macintyre.
George Gunning John Campbell.
William James Bradford.
To rank from the 14th June, 1845, agreeably to Court's resolution of the 10th July last, and in the following order, viz.:—
James Blair, Oriental, 20th April.
George Cayley Robinson, Great Liverpool, 20th March.
Charles Elliot, Oriental, 20th April.
George Godfrey Pearse, Great Liverpool, 20th March.
For the Infantry.
To rank from the 13th June, 1845, the day on which he passed his public examination, provided the ship by which he proceeds sails from Gravesend on or before the 13th September, viz. :— George Harcourt Stiles.
For the Infantry.
To rank from the 13th June, 1845, the day on which he passed his public examination, provided the ship by which he proceeds sails from Gravesend on or before the 13th Sept., viz. :—
Charles Edward Boodle.
To rank from the 14th June, 1845, agreeably to Court's resolution of the 4th December, 1833, and in the following order, viz. :
Joseph Hume Spry Pierce, Gilmore, 5th April-appointed 12th March.
Henry Beville, ditto-appointed 26th March.
Henry Harrison (abroad), para. vid Marseilles, 7th April -para. appointed 2nd April.
Archibald Williams Graham, Duke of Cornwall, 3rd May.
Donald Joseph Macdonnell, Persia, 15th May.
ASSISTANT-SURGEON FOR BENGAL.
To rank from the date of the sailing from Gravesend of the ship by which he proceeded, viz. :
Joseph Tuthill Glover, M.D. Judith Allan, 14th June.
ASSISTANT-SURGEON FOR BOMBAY.
To rank from the date of the transmission by the overland mail of the paragraph announcing his appointment, viz. :James George Fraser (abroad), viâ Marseilles, 7th June.
Bombay Estab.-Mr. William Henry Carpendale, appointed a
The under-mentioned Gentlemen Cadets appointed to the Engineer Service, and whose names appeared in our last number, have had assigned to them temporary commissions and local rank as Ensigns in H. M.'s army, whilst doing duty at the Establishment for Field Instruction, under the command of Lieut.-colonel Sir F. K. Smith, of the Royal Engineers, at Chatham, viz. :
Messrs. Cowper, Cadell, Innes, Donovan, Playfair, and
Major William H. Simpson has been granted the regulated pension for a wound received in action at Ching Keang Foo.
Mr. Edward Vernon Schalch, Professor of Hindustani at the East India College, has been permitted, in consequence of illhealth, to retire from the service on a pension.
Mr. John Fraser has been appointed to fill the office of Assistant to Mr. Simms, on that gentleman's mission to India, to superintend the surveys with reference to the formation of railways in that country.
Statistics of the Educational Institutions of the East India Com.
THIS paper contains that which we believe is no where else to be found, a complete account of the means pursued by the EastIndia Company for the promotion of education in the territories under their administration, and of the results of those means. The labour of collecting and arranging this information is so considerable, and that none but one whose heart was engaged in the work would have undertaken it. The benevolent author has long been known as one of the warmest friends of the noble cause in which we now find him labouring; and in the opening passage of the production before us affords indication at once of his solicitude for its success and of his just appreciation of its effects.
The Government educational institutions in India date comparatively from so recent a period, that the most ancient amongst them (with the exception of the Sanscrit College at Benares), the Hindoo College at Calcutta, was only in its 28th year in 1844, and very many of them are only of two or three years' standing. A gradual progress, however, is manifest, both in the number and character of these institutions; and though the time is far, very far distant when they will be commensurate with the wants of the people, yet a perseverance in the benevolent and politic activity, which has evidently been strengthening of late years, will ultimately fully realize, there can be little doubt, the objects contemplated-a healthy, moral, and intellectual standard in the native mind, and a bond of union between the governors and governed, by sympathies and tastes in common, derived from a common knowledge.
6,140 Hindoos. Some statisticians have estimated the Mahomedan population as low as 1 Mahomedan to 14 Hindoos; while the highest estimate, I believe, does not exceed 1 to 9. In either case, the proportion of the Mahomedan students far exceeds the proportion of the Hindoo students relatively to their respective population, being, in fact, 1 in 5:06 of the whole students. The next feature is, that more than five-eighths, or 5,132 of the whole students, learn English; while only 426 learn Sanscrit, 572 Arabic, and 706 Persian. The two former are necessary in the study of Hindoo and Mahomedan law, and it would hence appear that those studies can scarcely be prosecuted with a vigour proportioned to their importance. The Bengal language, after English, has the greatest number of students, viz. 2,718; followed by the Hindee, 1,819, and Oordoo, 1,504; the last two being chiefly spoken under the Agra Government. There are 253 Christians in the schools, and 189 who are neither Christians, Mahomedans, nor Hindoos: these are chiefly Buddhists, at Moulmein, or low castes of the Bhaugulpoor Hills. A marked feature of the tables, also, is the fact that, under the Agra Government, out of 2,420 pupils, only 42 pay for instruction. In Bengal 1,572 pay, and 4,211 receive gratuitous instruction.
The preceding 11 tables suggest the following observations. The first feature is the proportion of the Mahomedan students to the Hindoo. Opinions are expressed in the reports that the Mahomedan population are averse to receive European instruction; but the final numbers in the returns do not seem to authorize these opinions. The total number of pupils in 1843 was 8,203, under the Bengal and Agra Governments, and of this number 1,621 were Moslems and
Dialogues of the Living upon our Colonies and upon our Colonial and Indian Administrations Compared. Part I. Interlocutors, Sir ROBERT PEEL, the EARL OF RIPON, and BARON STANLEY, &c. &c. &c. London, 1845. Richardson.
THE names of the performers here announced are sufficiently attractive to excite curiosity. The pamphlet, consisting of only nineteen pages, being denominated Part I., is to be regarded but as the prologue to the drama upon which the curtain is to rise hereafter. Prologues, like prospectuses, not unfrequently deceive; but unless this is more deceitful than usual, we may conclude that what is to follow will be interesting both to colonial and Indian readers.
Portrait of MAJOR-GENERAL SIR WILLIAM NOTT, G. C.B. Engraved by G. T. Payne, from an Original Picture painted by J. Diffet Francis. J. S. Welsh.
In a letter lately published in one of the Indian papers the
Portrait of MAJOR-GENERAL SIR WILLIAM NOTT, G. C.B.,
POUR BLANCHIR LA PEAU.
PATRONIZED BY HER MAJESTY AND THE ROYAL FAMILY.
To those who take an interest in the advance of the Indian mind, no part of this pamphlet will be more attractive than the answers given in the scholarship examination questions in the Bengal colleges, of which a very copious selection is furnished. The following summing up in regard to Bengal and Agra is MEEN FUN, or CELESTIAL SKIN POWDER,—important, as illustrating prevailing tendencies.
a truly wonderful cosmetique, which has for centuries been in constant use among the Chinese, possessing properties of a character unparalleled. Its application entirely counteracts those disagreeable appearances to which delicate skins are subject, more especially at this season of the year; it allays and averts discolouration and coarseness, at the same time rendering the skin beautifully white, smooth, and soft. The component parts are so perfectly harmless and simple in themselves, that those with the most delicate complexion may apply with safety.-Sold retail by all Perfumers and Chemists, in boxes, price 3s. 6d. and 7s. 6d. each; and wholesale by the sole Proprietors, FABIAN & Co. (late Watson, Fabian, & Co.), 24, Mark Lane, London, without whose signature on the labels none are genuine.
MAJOR-GENERAL WYATT, Bengal Army
Capital, £4,000,000, in 80,000 Shares of £50 each.
DEPOSIT, 5s. per SHARE, being the largest sum allowed to be taken under the Registration Act.
RICHARD HARTLEY KENNEDY, Esq., M.D., late Physician-General, Bombay, Eniscote House,
COLONEL SKARDON, late of the Bengal Army,
ARCHIBALD SPENS, Esq., late of the Bombay
The object of this Company is to construct a line
SIR FREDERICK DUNBAR, Bart., of Boath
G. FRITH, Esq., of the Firm of Frith, Wallace,
FREDERICK AYRTON, Esq., 3, Garden Court,
SAMUEL ROHDE, Esq., F.G.S., 3, Crosby
MAJOR WALLER, K.H., 15, St. James's Square
HENRY HADLOW, Esq., M.D.
N. B. E. BAILLIE, Esq., Oxford Terrace, Hyde
An extension of the line from Calcutta to Diamond Harbour, and from Patna to the important station of Dinapore, will form part of the scheme: it is the intention of this Company eventually to extend the main line further into the northern and western parts of India, by crossing the Ganges near Patna, and proceeding by way of Benares, Allahabad, and Agra,
MAJOR WHITE, Bengal Army, Pall Mall
Manager-P. H. Newall, Esq.
down to Calcutta from the north-west (where it is
W. P. ANDREW, Esq., late of Bengal, Grosvenor
The Company, in carrying out the above project,
THE HONORABLE D. S. ERSKINE, 81, Jermyn
In 1841 the number of chests of Opium brought from Behar and Benares amounted to 18,927.
The estimated traffic of the Ganges is rated at from 800,000 to 1,000,000 tons per annum; supposing only one half of this should be diverted to the Railway, the goods traffic at the estimate of Ope Penny per ton per mile, with the usual deductions of 40 per cent. for working charges, would yield (exclusive of Passengers and other traffic) a return exceeding 12 per cent. on the estimated capital of the Company. In that portion of the line between Burdwan and Calcutta, in 1843, nearly 13,000 tons of Salt and about 18,000 tons of Sugar were carried from thence to Calcutta at the cost of 3d. per ton per mile. The gross amount of traffic between these points alone has been estimated at 108,000 tons per year; and the return thereon amounted to nearly 120,000!.
In case the Government may think it expedient to alter the course of the railways as delineated in red upon the map, alternative lines are proposed, marked blue thereon.
The cost of transport of merchandise between Patna and Calcutta has been estimated at 25s. per ton by water, and about 41. to sl. by land, occupying about three weeks in the transit going down, and, on account of the great difficulty experienced by the boats going up the river, the time occupied is often more than double that of coming down.
The length of the main line is about 320 miles, and the extension to Sootee about 115 miles.
The Promoters have been in communication with,
and have memorialized the Court of Directors of the Honourable East-India Company upon the merits of this undertaking; and upon the 8th day of May, the letter, of which the following is a copy, was received from Mr. Melvill, the Secretary:
The country through which the lines are intended to be formed is, for the most part, well fitted for the purpose, presenting comparatively few engineering difficulties, being nearly a complete level throughout, except in one point, where a little cutting may be required, and whereby a plentiful supply of building stone can be obtained for the necessary purposes of the works.
"East-India House, May 8, 1845. "SIR,-With reference to the letter which you have addressed to the Court of Directors of the East-India Company, regarding the formation of Railroads in India, I am commanded to acquaint you that the Court have deemed it necessary, for the safe and satisfactory prosecution of undertakings for that purpose, that the general subject should, in the first instance, be referred for investigation and report to the Governor-General in Council, and that an eminent engineer will be deputed from this country to act under their directions in that investigation. No time will be lost in carrying this resolution into effect, and the opportunity will be hereafter afforded to you of ascertaining its result; in the mean time a copy of the Court's Dispatch to the Government of India on this subject is open for your perusal at this House.
"I am, Sir, your most obedient humble servant, "JAMES C. MELVILL. "W. B. James, Esq. Solicitor to the Company, "5, Basinghall-street."
In the present most inefficient state of internal communication in India, it is scarcely possible to arrive at any thing like an accurate statement as to the possible amount of passenger traffic; but the fact of the immense number of European and native troops, Government stores, passing and re-passing to the upper provinces, and the safe and accelerated transmission of the mail, the frequent and at the same time tedious and expensive palankeen travelling, which to Patna costs 260 rupees, and occupies four days, and the large amount of native traffic created by a more ready and rapid mode of intercourse between the several provinces through which the lines will pass, shew a strong case for expecting that large returns will eventually accrue to the shareholders of this undertaking.
From a statistical return of the inland trade of India, it is found that the Annual Imports and Exports of Calcutta amount to about 16,000,000/. sterling, of which the chief portion comes down from the interior, or is conveyed thither by the present expensive and tedious mode of carriage; in the article of Sugar alone the quantity that was brought
The Committee feel great pleasure in announcing to the public, that DWARKANAUTH TAGORE, Esq. has consented to act as Trustee for this Company in India; and has addressed his firm at Calcutta, requesting they would act as Agents there.
The Company will be managed by a Board of Directors in London, assisted by a Board of Direc tion in Calcutta, and arrangements will be immediately made to commence a preliminary survey, and competent parties will be sent out for that purpose, and also to promote the interests of the Company generally in Bengal.
The dividends will be paid in London and Calcutta at the usual rate of 28. per Rupee.
The deposit of 11. 5s. will be invested upon ap: proved security, and the interest will be applied towards defraying the expenses of preliminary surVeys, and the necessary disbursements of the Com
A Subscription Contract will be prepared to be executed by the Shareholders, and application will be made for a Charter of Incorporation, or Act of Parliament.
Applications for Shares to be made to the Secre tary, at the Offices of the Company, 147, Leadenhall-street, where Prospectuses and Forms of Appli cation may be had.
REAT INDIAN PENINSULAR RAILWAY COMPANY. RANCE COMPANY, 84, King William
THE MINERVA LIFE ASSU
Capital, £6,000,000, in 120,000 Shares of £50 each.
Deposit, £2. 10s. per Share.
Street, Mansion House, London.
The Registrar of Joint Stock Companies, under the 7th & 8th Vict. c. 110, is satisfied that this Company
Thomas Halifax, Jun., Esq. Francis Mills, Esq.
PROVISIONAL COMMITTEE OF MANAGEMENT.
Chairman.-The Hon. JOHN STUART WORTLEY, M. P.
The Right Hon. G. R. DAWSON.
RICHARD PATERSON, Esq. (Chairman of the
SWYNFEN JERVIS, Esq. (Director of the Lon-
Messrs. WHITE & BORRETT, 35, Lincoln's Inn Fields.-Messrs. AYRTON & WALKER, Bombay.
The proposed lines having for their object to connect the interior of the Peninsular with Bombay in one direction, and with the best port on the eastern coast in the other, while they lay the foundation for a connection between the three seats of British Government, will for the most part traverse rich and fertile districts, and accommodate (among others) the large and important towns of Poonah, Nassuck, Aurungabad, Ahmednuggur, Sholapoor, Nagpoor, Oomrawutty, and Hyderabad, affording increased facility for the export of cotton, sugar, silk, opium, gum, dye-woods, spices, &c., and for the import of salt, manufactured and other goods.
Upon the highest authority, the Provisional Committee are enabled to state that the population of Hyderabad alone amounts to 800,000, and that the population of the area accommodated by the line is not less than between 9,000,000 and 10,000,000.
The proposed ultimate length of this Railway is 1,300 miles. It will not, however, depend for success upon its completion as a whole, but is capable of being divided into successive parts, each of which will return a proportionate profit on the capital expended on it.
The great importance of the subject has been fully recognized both by the home and local governments, and from intelligence received by the last mail it appears that it is in India a topic of increasing interest, and that the greatest desire is manifested by the native merchants and others to obtain the benefits which a railway would bestow; and plans have even been formed, and surveys made, which only require British skill and capital to carry them out.
The proceedings at a meeting held at the Town Hall in Bombay, on the 19th of April last, and reported in the local newspapers, fully shew this to be the fact. Copies of this report may be obtained from the solicitors and agents.
The promoters of the present scheme have been in frequent communication with the Board of Control and the Honourable East-India Company, by both of whom their proceedings, as set forth in the original Prospectus, have been favourably received.
The data on which the cost of constructing and working the line, amount of traffic, and the like, have been estimated, are derived from official documents (to which access has been most liberally given by the Honourable East-India Company), and from information furnished by gentlemen of long residence, and who have filled high civil and military situations in the Indian Peninsula.
The Provisional Committee, without professing to have the minute knowledge which can only be gained by actual survey and careful local inquiry, have satisfied themselves that from the existing traffic to and from the coasts, without reckoning on any receipts from passengers, mails, troops, government stores, or the local trade of the country, there is reasonable ground for expecting a profit of at least 12 per cent. per annum, after allowing 50 per cent. on the receipts for the cost of working and maintenance of way.
In the preliminary Prospectus, the anticipated profit was stated at 8 per cent., which was founded on a charge of 2d. per ton per mile, being the usual rate in this country for merchandize; but since the lowest cost of carriage in this part of India is 34d. per ton per mile, and often exceeds 8d. per ton per mile, the Committee assume that a mean between the English rate and the minimum existing charge in India, or 24d. per ton per mile, may be fairly adopted, by which the profit on the goods traffic only will amount to the per-centage now stated.
It is proposed immediately to make the necessary arrangements for commencing a preliminary survey, and for sending to India competent parties, who will obtain the fullest information on the subject generally. The result will be submitted to the Shareholders, with whom it will rest to decide on the future proceedings of the Company.
The Deposits of 21. 10s. per Share will be invested in approved securities, and the interest arising therefrom will be applied towards defraying the expenses of the preliminary surveys, and the disbursements of the Company connected with its general management; and should the Shareholders, on the preliminary surveys being submitted to them, determine not further to prosecute the work, the Deposits of 21. 10s. per Share will be returned, subject to the payment of all the necessary expenses not covered by the interest.
Applications for Shares to be made, in the subjoined form, to Messrs. White and Borrett, 35, Lincoln'sInn Fields, and Mr. L. M. Simon, 5, Warnford Court, Throgmorton Street, from whom further imformation may be obtained.
A portion of the Shares will be reserved for India.
J. STUART WORTLEY, Chairman of Provisional Committee.
FORM OF APPLICATION FOR SHARES.
To the Provisional Committee of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway Company.
Premiums, founded on correct data, have been
specially calculated for Assurances on Lives of OffiCompany, and the Lives of any persons proceeding cers in the Military or Civil Service of the East-India to any part of the world will be Assured on terms commensurate with the risk incurred.
Tables and every information can be obtained at the Office.
W. T. ROBINSON, Actuary and Secretary. vate interview with the Medical Adviser of the Com No appearance required before the Board.-A pri
pany considered sufficient.
ENEMA, manufactured solely by PHILP & WHICKER (late Savigny & Co.), 67, St. James's-street, London. Philp & Whicker take the liberty of soliciting the attention of the nobility, gentry, and medical pro fession, to the following description of their Patent Pneumatic Syringe, feeling assured that the long standing of their house, and the respectable manner they have always endeavoured to conduct their bu siness, will be a sufficient guarantee that they would not bring such an article before the public unless they were fully satisfied of its real merit and the general approval of the faculty.
ministered over every other means of relieving the The superiority of aqueous injections gently adbowels, has been for a long time universally acknowledged by the faculty, but owing to
The complicated nature of instruments hitherto used for this purpose,
The trouble attending their application,
The inconveniences and occasional ill-effects con
When worked with a moderate force, according to the directions given, it injects the fluid in an uninterrupted and well-sustained stream, free from all violence; but should occasion require it, the force can be increased.
From the facts that no air can pass with the fluid injected and that no fluid can by possibility escape from the apparatus, it admits of being used in almost any position, and is therefore of the greatest advantage and comfort to those who may require the administration of an Enema during an illness, or who may be otherwise confined to their beds; and, from the construction of the instrument, no undue force can be applied during its application, even by those who may be careless or ignorant of the illeffects but too frequently occurring from the use of the common Enema Syringe.
Shortly will be published,
PORTRAIT of the Rev. C. W. LE BAS, M.A., late Principal of the EastIndia College, Haileybury. Painted by Andrew Morton, and engraved by Atkinson.
Proof before letters, £3. 38. Proof with Letters, 2. 2s. Prints, 1. 1s.
London: R. LAMBE, 96, Gracechurch-street.